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Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker                                                                       ...
Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker                                                                       ...
Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker                                                                       ...
Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker                                                                       ...
Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker                                                                       ...
Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker                                                                       ...
Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker                                                                       ...
Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker                                                                       ...
Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker                                                                       ...
Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker                                                                       ...
Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker                                                                       ...
Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker                                                                       ...
Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker                                                                       ...
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Petrochemical (Petroleum and Chemical) Catalysts: The U.S. Market

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Catalysts for chemical, petrochemical, and petroleum refining processes constitute a significant business in the United States. BCC estimates total merchant sales of these products in the U.S. in 2010 at about $4.1 billion. The total U.S. market value is forecast to increase at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of about 2.5% to reach more than $4.6 billion by 2015.For all types of chemical catalysts, we estimate a total 2010 market of almost $2.7 billion, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of about 2.5% to more than $3 billion in 2015. Polymerization is the largest chemical catalyst segment with a market of about $1.3 billion and a slightly higher CAGR.Petroleum refining catalysts are a smaller market at $1.4 billion in sales in 2010, but also are predicted to grow at about a 2.5% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) to more than $1.6 billion in 2015. Growth will be spurred by increasing demand for reformulated and other less-polluting gasolines, plus new regulations calling for drastic reductions in sulfur content in gasoline and diesel fuel.INTRODUCTIONSTUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVESCatalysts and the products made with them are all around us, even though most people know neither what a catalyst is nor what they do.

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Petrochemical (Petroleum and Chemical) Catalysts: The U.S. Market

  1. 1. Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker and Market Statistics >> Get this Report Now by email!Petrochemical (Petroleum and Chemical) Catalysts: The U.S. MarketPublished on January 2011 Report SummaryCatalysts for chemical, petrochemical, and petroleum refining processes constitute a significant business in the United States. BCCestimates total merchant sales of these products in the U.S. in 2010 at about $4.1 billion. The total U.S. market value is forecast toincrease at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of about 2.5% to reach more than $4.6 billion by 2015.For all types of chemical catalysts, we estimate a total 2010 market of almost $2.7 billion, growing at a compound annual growth rate(CAGR) of about 2.5% to more than $3 billion in 2015. Polymerization is the largest chemical catalyst segment with a market of about$1.3 billion and a slightly higher CAGR.Petroleum refining catalysts are a smaller market at $1.4 billion in sales in 2010, but also are predicted to grow at about a 2.5%compound annual growth rate (CAGR) to more than $1.6 billion in 2015. Growth will be spurred by increasing demand forreformulated and other less-polluting gasolines, plus new regulations calling for drastic reductions in sulfur content in gasoline anddiesel fuel.INTRODUCTIONSTUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVESCatalysts and the products made with them are all around us, even though most people know neither what a catalyst is nor what theydo. Some experts claim that catalysts are involved somewhere along the chain in the manufacture of products that represent aboutone-third of the entire U.S. material Gross National Product (GDP). Considering that a high percentage of chemical and refinedpetroleum products are made via catalytic reactions (some experts put the percentage at 90% or higher for chemicals), thispercentage seems logical.Some studies have estimated that catalysts are responsible for the manufacture of around $4 trillion in goods and services worldwideannually and that the total global catalyst business is well more than $10 billion. Indeed, some studies estimate the worldwide marketat more than $15 billion. Estimates vary, of course, depending on what is included; for example, if environmental correction catalystsand enzyme biocatalysts are included, the total will of course be larger. No matter what the number, this is a large multibillion market.Virtually every polymer, whether it is a synthetic fiber, a plastic resin, or an elastomer, is made with a catalytic process. Otherchemicals, from pharmaceuticals to pesticides, are produced catalytically. In petroleum refining, catalytic processes allow refiners toproduce the broad mix of fuels and other products that drive todays economy.There is also an entire body of catalysis, outside the scope of this report, in environmental correction; the most obvious examples arecatalytic converters on automobiles that clean up auto exhausts. Even our bodies are operated by catalysts, the biological catalystscalled enzymes, the important area of biocatalysis that is outside our scope as well.Catalysts have been used commercially for more than a century, dating from the Deacon and contact processes, first used in the late1800s. Fritz Habers ammonia synthesis of 1908 (which is still used in much the same form today) can be considered the process thatheralded the birth of modern industrial catalysis. The industry has grown to the point where some catalyst markets are consideredmature, and most continue to grow at moderate rates, often paralleling the national GDP, in keeping with chemical and refiningPetrochemical (Petroleum and Chemical) Catalysts: The U.S. Market (From Slideshare) Page 1/17
  2. 2. Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker and Market Statistics >> Get this Report Now by email!process technology and business in general. However, as has always been the case in innovative industries, some, such as thesingle-site/metallocene polymerization catalysts, have become a major growth area.Our goal in this report is to describe the compounds, products, and markets for catalysts that we describe as petrochemicals. That is,catalysts which are used in petroleum refining; in petrochemical processes in which the feedstocks come from crude oil or naturalgas; and in chemical reactions/processes in which the feedstock materials may come from other sources. This is big business; thepetrochemical industry in the U.S., driven by production of synthetic polymers, is one of the nations largest.Catalysis is highly technical, and its products and markets are large and diverse. The industries and applications that we cover arediscussed below in the subsection Scope.REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDYCatalysts are important materials of commerce, even if most people do not realize how catalysts touch them every day. Most of usdrive cars fueled with high-octane unleaded, often oxygenated or reformulated, gasoline, which is blended with components producedin catalytic oil refinery processes. Although the current major motor fuel oxygenate, ethanol, is primarily produced in the United Statesvia fermentation from corn, this is an exception to the basic rule that most major chemical products are made via catalyticprocesses. Bioprocessing of industrial chemicals from biomass sources is a growing and important technology, but at present is moreat the research and development stage than at the stage of commercial method of making large-scale industrial compounds for sale.We use plastic products everywhere, in everything from automobile interiors to much of our packaging. In addition, thepharmaceutical products we use have most likely been made with at least one catalytic reaction. Most of the food we eat has beengrown on land fertilized with an ammonia-based fertilizer; until the catalytic Haber ammonia process was developed, there was noway to fix nitrogen from the air to make it available for incorporation into chemical products.Some other applications of catalysts and catalytic reactions are not as well known to the average person, but are no less important,since they affect the manufacture of a vast number of chemical and other products in other important commercial and consumerbusinesses and markets.This report is the latest update in a series of BCC Research reports on this subject, the most recent ones by the same author. BCCResearch continues to do this study to provide a comprehensive reference for those interested and/or involved in these products; thiscovers a wide and varied group of petroleum, petrochemical, chemical, and other companies that make and supply catalysts,chemicals, process technology, and equipment. Other interested parties will be designers and marketers, politicians of all stripes, andthe general public. We have sorted through and condensed information from a large amount of literature and other referencematerials to compile this report.INTENDED AUDIENCEThis report is intended to assist those involved in several different segments of the U.S. industrial and commercial businesssectors. These organizations and people include those who are involved in the development, formulation, manufacture, sale, and useof catalysts, catalytic processes, and ancillary businesses such as catalyst supports, additives, and regeneration. This audienceincludes process and product development experts, process and product designers, purchasing agents, construction and operatingpersonnel, marketing staff, and top management. BCC Research feels that this report will be of great value to technical and businesspersonnel in the following areas, among others:Marketing and management personnel in companies that produce, market, and sell petrochemical (i.e., chemical and petroleumrefining) catalystsCompanies involved in the design and construction of process plants that use catalystsPetrochemical (Petroleum and Chemical) Catalysts: The U.S. Market (From Slideshare) Page 2/17
  3. 3. Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker and Market Statistics >> Get this Report Now by email!Financial institutions that supply money for these facilitiesPersonnel in end-user companies and industries, such as chemical processing, packaging, and consumer and household productsPersonnel in government at many levels, primarily at the federal level, but also state and local environmental and other regulatorswho must implement and enforce the laws regarding water and air quality, etc.SCOPE OF REPORTThis study covers many of the most important technological, economic, political, and environmental considerations in the U.S. catalystindustry. It is primarily a study of U.S. markets, but because of the global nature of chemistry, it touches on some noteworthyinternational activities; these are primarily those that can have an impact on the U.S. market, such as imports/exports and,increasingly, foreign firms that operate there.All market value estimates and forecasts are given in constant 2010 dollars, and growth rates are all compounded, presented ascompounded annual growth rates or CAGRs. Market values are all rounded to the nearest million dollars. Because of rounding to thenearest million, some growth rates may not agree exactly with figures in the market tables, especially for small values.This report is segmented into nine chapters, of which this is the first, and an appendix including a glossary of some important terms,abbreviations, acronyms, etc.SCOPE OF REPORT (Continued)The Summary encapsulates our findings and conclusions and includes a summary major market table of estimates ad forecasts. It isthe place where the busy executive can find the major findings of the study in summary format.We follow with an Overview of catalysis and catalysts with some history of the principal types of catalysts and catalytic reactions, andprocesses and materials used to produce catalysts. Its intent is to introduce the reader to the field of chemical catalysis.The next chapter discusses and forecasts markets for catalysts used in chemical processes; that is, processes that usually do nottake place in a petroleum refinery. We subdivide the market into catalysts for six large classes of catalytic chemical reactions:hydrogenation, dehydrogenation, organic synthesis, oxidation, polymerization, and synthesis gas/syngas processes. Our marketanalysis and forecast is for base year 2010 and forecast year 2015, all in constant 2010 dollars.Next we discuss and forecast the markets for catalysts used in petroleum refining. Processes analyzed and forecasted include the sixbasic classes of catalytic refining processes: alkylation, fluid catalytic cracking (FCC), hydrocracking, hydrotreating/ desulfurization,isomerization, and catalytic reforming. In addition, we cover gas processing, usually devoted to sulfur removal.The next chapter is devoted to catalyst technologies, with emphasis on both established and new catalyst technologies. Thesecontinue to be exciting times in catalysts, for example, with continuing development of more homogeneous catalysts, developmentand fine-tuning of single-site catalysts for polymerization of major plastics, chiral catalysts for fine chemical syntheses, and others.The next chapter covers some important facets of government regulation and public policy. Catalysts are not as regulated as manyother industries are, since they are not supposed to be in final products, but political forces have driven the petroleum refining industryfor years and continue to do so until this day, with greater emphasis on cleaner burning fuels. For this reason our prime discussion ison governmental regulations regarding refined motor fuels, both gasoline and diesel.The next chapter covers the structure and activities of the catalyst industry, with emphasis on the major domestic producers andsuppliers, customer service, and the growing trend in supplier-user alliances. We briefly discuss some international aspects of thecatalyst business, including the global nature of the business, major foreign-owned supplier companies that operate in the UnitedStates, and imports and exports.SCOPE OF REPORT (Continued)Petrochemical (Petroleum and Chemical) Catalysts: The U.S. Market (From Slideshare) Page 3/17
  4. 4. Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker and Market Statistics >> Get this Report Now by email!Our last narrative chapter consists of profiles of those supplier companies that BCC Research considers to be among the mostimportant in these businesses. There are many more companies that operate in one or more niche markets, but in our opinion theyare not important enough to be considered major producers and suppliers.We end with an appendix, a glossary of some important terms, abbreviations, acronyms, etc. used in the chemical, petroleum, andcatalyst industries.The scope of this study is restricted to catalysts used in the chemical process industry (CPI) in process operations. We define the CPIbroadly to include petroleum refining (an industry sometimes called the hydrocarbon processing industry or HPI). By confining ourstudy to process catalysts, we do not cover a major market, one that has many studies on its own, of environmental catalysts,primarily for air pollution control. Because such environmental catalysts are chemical catalysts, we do introduce them and theirapplications in the Overview chapter; however, we do not make market estimates or forecasts for environmental catalysts since theyare outside the scope of this study.Since this study focuses on chemical catalysts, we also exclude from our market analyses biocatalysts (such as enzymes),electrocatalysts, photocatalysts (catalysts that allow light or other waves in the electromagnetic spectrum to influence reactions andprocesses), and other exotic ideas such as sonocatalysts (high-frequency ultrasound waves that generate heat and pressure). Theseare all exciting fields of study, but are outside the scope of this report. We do introduce some of these ideas in the Technologychapter.Thus, please note that there are some new and exciting areas of catalysis, discussed in the Overview and/or Technology chapters,which are either (1) outside the scope of this study (e.g., environmental catalysts) or (2) new, cutting-edge technologies likephotocatalysts, which are too new and small to attempt to analyze and forecast. The products and markets that we analyze and forwhich we estimate and forecast sales are those in the chapters on commercial catalysts for chemical and refinery processes.For consistency in style and format, trade names are indicated by initial upper case letters, while generic names are all in lowercase. Because many chemical names are long and complicated, we often use abbreviations, acronyms, or chemical formulae. Manyof these acronyms, such as HDPE (high-density polyethylene) and PVC (polyvinyl chloride) for common polymers, are in capitalletters.Chemical elements and compounds can all be designated by chemical symbols and formulae; after introducing the element orcompound we often use such symbols, such as Ni for nickel and HF for hydrofluoric acid. Our glossary at the end contains definitionsand explanations for many of the most important abbreviations and acronyms. We do assume that most readers have had at least aninitial introduction to chemistry and understand the principles of chemical nomenclature.METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCESSearches were made of the literature and the Internet, including many of the leading trade publications, as well as technicalcompendia and government publications. Much product and market information was obtained whenever possible from the companiesinvolved. The information for our corporate profiles was obtained primarily from the companies, especially the larger publicly ownedfirms. Other sources included directories, articles, and Internet sites. Table of ContentChapter- 1: INTRODUCTIONPetrochemical (Petroleum and Chemical) Catalysts: The U.S. Market (From Slideshare) Page 4/17
  5. 5. Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker and Market Statistics >> Get this Report Now by email!STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 2INTENDED AUDIENCE 3SCOPE OF REPORT 3SCOPE OF REPORT (CONTINUED) 4SCOPE OF REPORT (CONTINUED) 5METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES 6AUTHORS CREDENTIALS 6RELATED BCC WORK CREDENTIALS 6BCC ONLINE SERVICES 7DISCLAIMER 7Chapter-2: SUMMARYSUMMARY 8SUMMARY TABLE ESTIMATE OF U.S. CATALYST MARKETS BY PROCESS THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 9SUMMARY FIGURE ESTIMATE OF U.S. CATALYST MARKETS BY PROCESS 2010 AND 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 10Chapter-3: OVERVIEWCATALYSIS AND CATALYSTS: HISTORY AND BACKGROUND 11DEFINITION 11HISTORY 12PROCESSES 13Catalyst Makeup 14HETEROGENEOUS CATALYSTS 14Reaction Parameters 15Theory of Heterogeneous Catalysis 15HOMOGENEOUS CATALYSTS 16Advantages 17Molecular Catalysts 17Commercial Applications 18Multiphase Homogeneous Catalysis 19Phase-Transfer Catalysis 20Phase-Transfer (Continued) 21ACID AND BASE CATALYSIS AND CATALYSTS 22Heterogeneous Acid Catalysts 22Homogeneous Acid/Base Catalysts 23FREE RADICAL CATALYSTS 24THE PERIODIC TABLE AND TRANSITION ELEMENTS 24Transition Group Metals 25TABLE 1 TRANSITION METALS IN THE PERIODIC TABLE 26TABLE 2 CHEMICAL SYMBOLS FOR COMMON CATALYTIC ELEMENTS 26CHEMICAL PROCESSING 27Importance of the U.S. Chemical Industry 27Types of Catalytic Chemical Reactions 28PETROLEUM REFINING 29Historical Background 30Petrochemical (Petroleum and Chemical) Catalysts: The U.S. Market (From Slideshare) Page 5/17
  6. 6. Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker and Market Statistics >> Get this Report Now by email!Petroleum Refining Processes 31Petroleum (Continued) 32Industry Structure 33Market Leaders 34The Refining Margin 34Refining Capacity 35Importance to the U.S. and World Economies 35Importance to (Continued) 36Major Petroleum Products and Applications 37Petroleum Refinery Streams and Products 38Petroleum (Continued) 39Types of Petroleum Refineries 40Types of (Continued) 41Refinery Catalytic Processes and Catalysts 42OTHER APPLICATIONS FOR CATALYSTS 42Automotive Emission Controls 42Automotive (Continued) 43Stationary Source Emissions Control 44Other Environmental Catalysis 45MATERIALS USED TO PRODUCE CATALYSTS 45BASE METALS AND COMPOUNDS 45Aluminum (Al) 45Aluminum Alkyls 46Bismuth (Bi) 47Chromium (Cr) 47Cobalt (Co) 48Copper (Cu) 48Hafnium (Hf) 49Iron (Fe) 49Lithium (Li) 50Magnesium (Mg) 51Manganese (Mn) 51Mercury (Hg) 51Molybdenum (Mo) 52Nickel (Ni) 52Raney Nickel 53Phosphorus (P) 54Potassium (K) 54Rhenium (Re) 55Tin (Sn) 55Titanium (Ti) 55Tungsten (W) 56Vanadium (V) 57Zinc (Zn) 57Zirconium (Zr) 57NOBLE (PRECIOUS) METALS 58Gold (Au) 58Iridium (Ir) 59Petrochemical (Petroleum and Chemical) Catalysts: The U.S. Market (From Slideshare) Page 6/17
  7. 7. Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker and Market Statistics >> Get this Report Now by email!Palladium (Pd) 59TABLE 3 AVERAGE PRICES FOR NOBLE METALS, 1995-LATE 2010 ($ PER TROY OUNCE) 60Platinum (Pt) 61Rhodium (Rh) 62Ruthenium (Ru) 63Silver (Ag) 63ALUMINOSILICATES 63Zeolites 64Natural Zeolites 65Synthetic Zeolites 65Synthetic Zeolites (Continued) 66ExxonMobils ZSM-5 Zeolites 66TABLE 4 SOME CATALYTIC APPLICATIONS OF ZSM-5 ZEOLITES 67Molecular Sieves 68ORGANIC PEROXIDES 69TABLE 5 TYPICAL TYPES OF ORGANIC PEROXIDES 69OTHER NONMETALLIC CATALYSTS, CARRIERS, AND SUPPORTS 70Powdered Supports 71Particulate Supports 72Alumina 72Activated Carbon 73Clays 74Synthetic Ion Exchange Resins 74Other Catalyst Supports 75Calcium Carbonate 75Barium Sulfate 75Kieselguhr 76Magnesium Compounds 76Silica 76Chapter-4: CHEMICAL PROCESS CATALYSTS: APPLICATIONS AND MARKETSSUMMARY MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 77TABLE 6 ESTIMATES OF U.S. CHEMICAL CATALYST MARKET BY PROCESS, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 78SUMMARY MARKET ESTIMATE AND (CONTINUED) 79HYDROGENATION 80MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 80TABLE 7 ESTIMATES OF U.S. HYDROGENATION CATALYST MARKET BY TYPE, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 80TABLE 8 ESTIMATES OF U.S. HYDROGENATION CATALYST MARKET BY REACTION OR PROCESS, THROUGH 2015 ($MILLIONS) 81FATS AND OILS 82Fats and Oils (Continued) 83Fats and Oils (Continued) 84CYCLOHEXANE FROM BENZENE 85BY-PRODUCT HYDROGENATION IN ETHYLENE PLANTS 85AMINES FROM NITRO COMPOUNDS 85PHARMACEUTICAL AND FINE CHEMICAL HYDROGENATIONS 86DEHYDROGENATION 86Petrochemical (Petroleum and Chemical) Catalysts: The U.S. Market (From Slideshare) Page 7/17
  8. 8. Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker and Market Statistics >> Get this Report Now by email!MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 87TABLE 9 ESTIMATES OF U.S. DEHYDROGENATION CATALYST MARKETS BY REACTION OR PROCESS, THROUGH 2015 ($MILLIONS) 87COMMERCIAL DEHYDROGENATION REACTIONS 87STYRENE SYNTHESIS 88ORGANIC SYNTHESIS 89MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 90TABLE 10 ESTIMATES OF U.S. ORGANIC SYNTHESIS CATALYST MARKET BY TYPE, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 90TABLE 11 ESTIMATES OF U.S. ORGANIC SYNTHESIS CATALYST MARKET BY REACTION OR PROCESS, THROUGH 2015 ($MILLIONS) 90ALKYLATION 91Ethylbenzene 91Cumene 92Linear Alkylbenzene 93AMINATION 94AROMATIZATION 94BUTANEDIOL FROM MALEIC ANHYDRIDE 94CONDENSATION REACTIONS 95DISPROPORTIONATION AND METATHESIS 95Disproportionation and Metathesis (Continued) 96ESTERIFICATION 97FUEL OXYGENATE ETHERS 97Energy Policy Act of 2005 98Technology 99In-Refinery Ether Production 99Grassroots MTBE Plants 100MTBE from Tertiary Butyl Alcohol 101HYDRODEALKYLATION 101ISOMERIZATION 102NITRATION 102OLEFINS PRODUCTION 103Propylene Production 104Propylene (Continued) 105OXIDATION 106MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 107TABLE 12 ESTIMATES OF U.S. OXIDATION CATALYST MARKET BY TYPE, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 108TABLE 13 ESTIMATES OF U.S. OXIDATION CATALYST MARKET BY REACTION OR PROCESS, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS)108ACRYLIC ACID 109ACRYLONITRILE 109ADIPIC ACID 110ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE 111FORMALDEHYDE 112OLEFIN EPOXIDATION: ETHYLENE AND PROPYLENE OXIDE 113NITRIC ACID 114SULFURIC ACID 115MALEIC ANHYDRIDE 115PHTHALIC ANHYDRIDE 116Petrochemical (Petroleum and Chemical) Catalysts: The U.S. Market (From Slideshare) Page 8/17
  9. 9. Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker and Market Statistics >> Get this Report Now by email!TEREPHTHALIC ACID 116OTHER OXIDATION REACTIONS 117POLYMERIZATION 118MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 119TABLE 14 ESTIMATES OF U.S. POLYMERIZATION CATALYST MARKET BY TYPE, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 119TABLE 15 ESTIMATES OF U.S. POLYMERIZATION CATALYST MARKET BY REACTION OR PROCESS, THROUGH 2015 ($MILLIONS) 120TABLE 16 U.S. PLASTICS PRODUCTION, 20062009 (BILLION LBS) 121POLYOLEFIN HISTORY 122Polymethylene 122Polyethylene 122Polyethylene (Continued) 123Polypropylene 124Higher Alpha-Olefin Polymers 124Polyolefin Steric Regularity 124COMMERCIAL PRODUCTION PROCESSES FOR ADDITION POLYMERS 125Polyethylene: High-Pressure Processes 125Polyethylene: Low-Pressure Processes 126Polyethylene: Gas-Phase Processes 127Polyethylene: (Continued) 128Polypropylene 129Polystyrene 130Polyvinyl Chloride 131Other Addition Polymers 131ORGANIC PEROXIDE POLYMERIZATION CATALYSTS 132ORGANOMETALLIC COMPLEX POLYMERIZATION CATALYSTS 133Ziegler-Natta Catalysts 133Single-Site/Metallocene Catalysts 134CONDENSATION POLYMERS AND CATALYSTS 135THERMOSETTING POLYMERS 136Epoxy Resins 137Phenolic Resins 137Unsaturated Polyester Resins 137Polyurethane Resins 138Urea- and Melamine-Formaldehyde Resins 138Other Thermosets 138SYNTHESIS GAS AND SYNGAS PROCESSES 139SYNTHESIS GAS AND SYNGAS PROCESSES (CONTINUED) 140THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY 141MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 142TABLE 17 ESTIMATE OF U.S. SYNTHESIS GAS PROCESS CATALYST MARKET BY TYPE, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 142TABLE 18 ESTIMATE OF U.S. SYNTHESIS GAS PROCESS CATALYST MARKET BY REACTION OR PROCESS, THROUGH2015 ($ MILLIONS) 143STEAM REFORMING 144Steam Reforming (Continued) 145AMMONIA SYNTHESIS 146Ammonia Synthesis (Continued) 147FISCHER-TROPSCH PROCESS 148Petrochemical (Petroleum and Chemical) Catalysts: The U.S. Market (From Slideshare) Page 9/17
  10. 10. Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker and Market Statistics >> Get this Report Now by email!Fischer-Tropsch Process (Continued) 149Fischer-Tropsch Process (Continued) 150COAL GASIFICATION, INTEGRATED GASIFICATION COMBINED-CYCLE (IGCC) TECHNOLOGY 151Coal Gasification, Integrated(Continued) 152GTL: NATURAL GAS TO FUELS/CHEMICALS: MODIFIED FISCHER-TROPSCH 153Market Players 154Market Outlook 155THE NATURAL GAS REFINERY 156HYDROFORMYLATION (OXO) PROCESS 157METHANOL SYNTHESIS 158Methanol Synthesis (Continued) 159Chapter-5: PETROLEUM REFINING CATALYSTS: APPLICATIONS AND MARKETSPETROLEUM REFINING CATALYSTS: 160TRENDS IN PETROLEUM REFINING 161MOTOR GASOLINE 162TABLE 19 SOME U.S. MOTOR GASOLINE SPECIFICATION CHANGES IN RECENT YEARS 163DIESEL FUEL 163TABLE 20 SOME U.S. DIESEL FUEL SPECIFICATION CHANGES IN RECENT YEARS 164HEATING OIL 164CHEMICAL PROCESSES 164CAPACITY 165OTHER TRENDS 165SUMMARY MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 166TABLE 21 ESTIMATE OF U.S. REFINERY CATALYST MARKET BY PROCESS, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 167ALKYLATION 167MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 168TABLE 22 ESTIMATE OF U.S. REFINERY ALKYLATION CATALYST MARKET BY TYPE, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 168Market Estimate and Forecast (Continued) 169Market Estimate and Forecast (Continued) 170HYDROGEN FLUORIDE-CATALYZED ALKYLATION 171SULFURIC ACID-CATALYZED ALKYLATION 172SOLID ACID ALKYLATION CATALYST TECHNOLOGY 173OLIGOMERIZATION 173FLUID CATALYTIC CRACKING 174MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 174TABLE 23 ESTIMATE OF U.S. FLUID CATALYTIC CRACKING CATALYST MARKET BY CATALYST TYPE, THROUGH 2015 ($MILLIONS) 175FIGURE 1 ESTIMATE OF U.S. FLUID CATALYTIC CRACKING CATALYST MARKET BY CATALYST TYPE, 2010 AND 2015 ($MILLIONS) 175TABLE 24 ESTIMATE OF U.S. FLUID CATALYTIC CRACKING CATALYST MARKET BY PROCESS, THROUGH 2015 ($MILLIONS) 176Market Estimate and Forecast (Continued) 177TOWER BOTTOMS (RESID) CRACKING 178FCC CATALYST REGENERATION 179HYDROCRACKING 179MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 180Petrochemical (Petroleum and Chemical) Catalysts: The U.S. Market (From Slideshare) Page 10/17
  11. 11. Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker and Market Statistics >> Get this Report Now by email!TABLE 25 ESTIMATE OF U.S. HYDROCRACKING CATALYST MARKET BY TYPE, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 180TABLE 26 ESTIMATE OF U.S. HYDROCRACKING CATALYST MARKET BY PROCESS, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 180LUBE OIL DEWAXING 181HYDROTREATING/HYDRODESULFURIZATION 182MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 182TABLE 27 ESTIMATE OF U.S. HYDROTREATING/HYDRODESULFURIZATION CATALYST MARKET BY TYPE, THROUGH 2015($ MILLIONS) 183Background 183Technology 184ISOMERIZATION 185MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 186CATALYTIC REFORMING 187MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 188TABLE 28 ESTIMATE OF U.S. CATALYTIC REFORMING CATALYST MARKET BY TYPE, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 188TABLE 29 ESTIMATE OF U.S. CATALYTIC REFORMING CATALYST MARKET BY PROCESS, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 189REFORMER OPERATION TO PRODUCE RFG BLENDSTOCKS 189GAS PROCESSING 190GAS PROCESSING (CONTINUED) 191MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 192Chapter-6: TECHNOLOGYCATALYST PROPERTIES 193ACTIVITY 193REGENERABILITY 193SELECTIVITY 194STABILITY 195CATALYST RECOVERY 195RECOVERY VS. REGENERATION 196NOBLE METAL CATALYSTS 196BASE METAL CATALYSTS 197NEW REACTION SCHEMES, PROCESSES, AND FEEDSTOCKS 198NEW REACTION SCHEMES, (CONTINUED) 199ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES 200NEW CATALYST TECHNOLOGY 201BASIC QUESTIONS OF CATALYST STRUCTURE 201BASIC QUESTIONS OF (CONTINUED) 202Characterization of Catalyst Structure 203Surface Chemistry 203PROCESSES THAT NEED NEW CATALYSTS 204Processes That Need (Continued) 205CATALYST DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT 206Catalyst Design and (Continued) 207Bench or Micro Scale Testing 208Laboratory Experiments 208Pilot Plant Scale Testing 209The Commercial Production Unit 210Post-Start-up Changes and Improvements 210Petrochemical (Petroleum and Chemical) Catalysts: The U.S. Market (From Slideshare) Page 11/17
  12. 12. Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker and Market Statistics >> Get this Report Now by email!NEW HETEROGENEOUS CATALYST MATERIALS AND SUPPORTS 211Bimetallic Cluster Catalysts 211Designed Pore Structures 212Nanoscale Catalysts (Nanocatalysts) 212Nanoscale Catalysts (Continued) 213Nanotube Composites 214Promoters 214Solid Acid Catalysts 215Microencapsulation 216Nanostructured Solid Acid Catalysts 216New Zeolites 216Heterogeneous Chiral Catalysts 217HOMOGENEOUS CATALYSTS 218Homogeneous Chiral Catalysts 219Use of Supercritical Fluids as Solvents 220Use of Supercritical (Continued) 221Supported Homogeneous Catalysts 222SINGLE-SITE POLYMERIZATION CATALYSTS 223Characterization of Single-Site Catalysts 224Single-Site Catalyzed Polymers 225TABLE 30 COMMERCIAL SINGLE-SITE POLYMERS AND COMMON APPLICATIONS 226Homogeneous Metallocene Catalysts 227Commercial and Semi-Commercial Single-Site Polymers 227Multicomponent Catalysts: Single-Site Catalysts with Others 228Single-Site Co-Catalysts: Aluminoxanes 228OTHER NEW CHEMICAL CATALYSTS 229REFINERY CATALYSTS 229Lighter Products 229Lower Aromatic Content 229Lower Light Olefin Content 230OTHER CATALYST TECHNOLOGIES 230Biocatalysis 230Plant-Derived Feedstocks and Processes 231Organocatalysis 232Photocatalysis 233Combinatorial Chemistry in Catalytic Research 233Computational Methods in Catalyst Design 234Use of Oxygen in Oxidation Reactions 235Advances in Hydrogenation 235Advances in Hydrogenation (Continued) 236Copolymerizing Polar and Nonpolar Monomers 237Cooperative Catalysis 237Chapter-7: GOVERNMENT ACTIVITIES/REGULATION AND PUBLIC POLICYGOVERNMENT ACTIVITIES AND REGULATION 238CONTROLS ON THE CHEMICAL AND PETROLEUM INDUSTRIES 238CONTROLS THAT DIRECTLY AFFECT CATALYSTS AND THEIR MARKETS 239Petrochemical (Petroleum and Chemical) Catalysts: The U.S. Market (From Slideshare) Page 12/17
  13. 13. Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker and Market Statistics >> Get this Report Now by email!Controls that Directly (Continued) 240PETROLEUM REFINING ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS 241The Lead Phase-out of 1975 241The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 241The Clean Air (Continued) 242Reformulated/Oxygenated Gasolines 243MBTE Use and Phase-out 244MBTE Use and (Continued) 245Reid Vapor Pressure 246Motor Gasoline Olefins Content 247Changes in Feedstocks and Product Mix 248Tier II Sulfur and Other New Rules 249Diesel Fuel 249Diesel Fuel (Continued) 250Motor Gasoline 251PUBLIC POLICY AND ATTITUDES 251PUBLIC POLICY AND ATTITUDES (CONTINUED) 252Chapter-8: CATALYST INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND ACTIVITIESCOMPANIES THAT MAKE AND SUPPLY CATALYSTS 253INDUSTRY CONCENTRATION AND SUPPLIER DOMINANCE 254CUSTOMER AND TECHNICAL SERVICE 255CATALYST SUPPLIER-USER ALLIANCES 256CATALYST DEVELOPMENT OUTSOURCING 257INTERNATIONAL ASPECTS 257THE GLOBAL CATALYST BUSINESS 258Growth in Different Parts of the World 258Growth in Different (Continued) 259MAJOR FOREIGN PLAYERS 260IMPORTS AND EXPORTS 261TRENDS IN THE GLOBAL CATALYST INDUSTRY 261Trends in the Global (Continued) 262Chapter-9: SUPPLIER COMPANY PROFILESINTRODUCTION 263SUPPLIER COMPANIES 264AIR PRODUCTS & CHEMICALS, INC. 264ACCELRYS, INC./SYMYX TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 265Symyx 265ALBEMARLE CORP. 266ARKEMA, INC. 267AVANTIUM TECHNOLOGIES B.V. 268AXENS NORTH AMERICA, INC. 268BADGER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC 269BASF CORP. 270BASF Corp., Catalysts Division 270Petrochemical (Petroleum and Chemical) Catalysts: The U.S. Market (From Slideshare) Page 13/17
  14. 14. Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker and Market Statistics >> Get this Report Now by email!BAYER TECHNOLOGY SERVICES 271CARUS CORP. 272CATALYTIC DISTILLATION TECHNOLOGIES (CDTECH) 272Catalytic Distillation (Continued) 273CB&I 274Lummus Technology 274CHEVRON CORP./CHEVRON LUMMUS GLOBAL/ADVANCED REFINING, TECHNOLOGIES, LLC 275Chevron Corp./(Continued) 276CHEVRON PHILLIPS CHEMICAL CO., LLC 277CONOCOPHILLIPS CO. 277Conocophillips Co. (Continued) 278CRI/CRITERION, INC. 279THE DOW CHEMICAL CO. 280E.I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS & CO. 281EASTMAN CHEMICAL CO. 282EURECAT U.S., INC. 283EVONIK DEGUSSA CORP. 283EXXON MOBIL CHEMICAL CO. 284FMC CORP. 285GE ENERGY 286W.R. GRACE & CO./GRACE DAVISON DIVISION 287HALDOR TOPSOE, INC. 288HEADWATERS, INC. 289INEOS TECHNOLOGIES 290INTERCAT, INC. 291JOHNSON MATTHEY, INC. 292Johnson Matthey Catalysts 292KBR, INC. 293KBR, Inc. (Continued) 294KING INDUSTRIES, INC. 295LYONDELL BASELL INDUSTRIES N.V. 295MATERIA, INC. 296NOVA CHEMICALS CORP. 297OM GROUP, INC. 298PQ CORP. 299REAXA, LTD. 300RENTECH, INC. 301Rentech, Inc. (Continued) 302SAINT-GOBAIN NORPRO CORP. 303SCIENTIFIC DESIGN CO., INC. 304THE SHEPHERD CHEMICAL CO. 305SIGMA-ALDRICH CO. 305SÜD CHEMIE, INC. 306Süd Chemie, Inc. (Continued) 307SYNTROLEUM CORP. 308UOP, LLC 309UOP, LLC (Continued) 310WAKO CHEMICALS USA, INC. 311Petrochemical (Petroleum and Chemical) Catalysts: The U.S. Market (From Slideshare) Page 14/17
  15. 15. Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker and Market Statistics >> Get this Report Now by email!ZEOCHEM, LLC 311ZEOLYST INTERNATIONAL 312Chapter-10: APPENDIXAPPENDIX 313GLOSSARY OF IMPORTANT TERMS, ABBREVIATIONS, ACRONYMS, ETC. 313GLOSSARY OF IMPORTANT TERMS(CONTINUED) 314GLOSSARY OF IMPORTANT TERMS(CONTINUED) 315Petrochemical (Petroleum and Chemical) Catalysts: The U.S. Market (From Slideshare) Page 15/17
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  17. 17. Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker and Market Statistics >> Get this Report Now by email! Payment Information Please indicate the payment method, you would like to use by selecting the appropriate box. Payment by credit card Card Number: ______________________________________________ Expiry Date __________ / _________ CVV Number _____________________ Card Type (ex: Visa, Amex…) _________________________________ Payment by wire transfer Crédit Mutuel RIB : 10278 07314 00020257701 89 BIC : CMCIFR2A IBAN : FR76 1027 8073 1400 0202 5770 189 Payment by check UBIQUICK SAS 16 rue Grenette – 69002 LYON, FRANCE Customer signature:   Please note that by ordering from Reportlinker you are agreeing to our Terms and Conditions at http://www.reportlinker.com/index/terms Please fax this form to: Europe, Middle East and Africa : + 33 4 37 37 15 56 Asia, Oceania and America : + 1 (805) 617 17 93Petrochemical (Petroleum and Chemical) Catalysts: The U.S. Market (From Slideshare) Page 17/17

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