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DISTRIBUTIVE-JUSTICE.pptx

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DISTRIBUTIVE-JUSTICE.pptx

  1. 1. DISTRIBUTIV E JUSTICE Presented By: Mark Steven Atilano
  2. 2. OBJECTIVES: To understand distributive justice To know the different principle of Distributive Justice To enumerate the types of distributive justice norms To reflect the importance of justice and fairness in everyday life
  3. 3. “God is just. He treats everyone fairly and shows no favoritism.”
  4. 4. refers to the extent to which punishments are fair and just. In general, punishments are held to be just to the extent that they take into account relevant criteria such as the seriousness of the crime and the intent of the criminal, and discount irrelevant criteria such as race. RETRIBUTIVE JUSTICE
  5. 5.  refers to the extent to which people are fairly compensated for their injuries by those who have injured them; just compensation is proportional to the loss inflicted on a person. COMPENSATORY JUSTICE
  6. 6.  Refers to the extent to which society's institutions ensure that benefits and burdens are distributed among society's members in ways that are fair and just. When the institutions of a society distribute benefits or burdens in unjust ways, there is a strong presumption that those institutions should be changed. DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE
  7. 7.  In social psychology, distributive justice concerns the perceived fairness of how rewards and costs are distributed across group members. For example, in a company, when workers are paid with different amount of salaries, distributive justice is absent. Therefore, everyone deserves to get the same amount of reward or costs without considering the input  People usually turn to the distributive norms of their group to determine whether distributive justice has occurred. A norm is the standard behavior that is required, desired, or designated as normal within a specific group. Distributive justice is said to have occurred if rewards and costs are allocated according to the designated distributive norm of the group
  8. 8. FIVE TYPES OF DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTIVE NORMS BY: Donelson R. Forsyth EQUITY EQUALITY  everyone must be given an equal amount of reward or cost regardless of the input.  This opposes the principle of equity. The allocation of rewards or costs between the members is based on the amount of their input.
  9. 9. POWER NEED  This refers to the people who have the authority, power or control over the group should receive a larger amount of reward over those in lower levels.  Those who are in need should be given the resources need in order to meet their needs. These people should be prioritized than those who have already enough resources regardless of their input.
  10. 10. RESPONSIBILITY  This concerns that those people who already have the most shared amount should give a part to those who have less
  11. 11. PRINCIPLES OF DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE  Egalitarian  Capitalist  Socialist
  12. 12.  Says that every person should have the same level of material goods (including burdens) and services. The principle is most commonly justififed on the grounds that people are morally equal and that equality in material goods and services is the best way to give effect to this moral ideal. EGALIATRIAN
  13. 13. TYPES OF EGALITARIANISM  Where legal rights of every citizen are equally observed  Where the distribution of socio-economic goods are equally observed Political Egalitarianism Economic Egalitarianism
  14. 14.  refers to the principle that everyone is subject to the same law Legal Egalitarianism
  15. 15.  One is concerned with just a distribution in terms of receiving one’s share according to how much one contributes to the overall success of the goal of the institutions where one is employed. One receives one’s share according to the proportion of one’s contribution. If one contributes more, one receives more. If one contributes less, the less one receives. CAPITALIST
  16. 16. Territorial organization  One is concerned with a just distribution in terms of one’s needs. We have various needs in life, and if we want to achieve those needs, we need to work hard according to the amount of needs we have. If one has greater needs, then one expects that his share is greater in the distribution scheme and vice versa SOCIALIST
  17. 17. Egalitarian: distribute equally to everyone Capitalist: distribute by contributions Socialist: distribute by need and ability
  18. 18. “Let justice and fairness flow like a river that never goes dry.” —Amos 5:24
  19. 19. THANK YOU FOR LISTENING!!

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