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What are Human Rights?What are Human Rights?
The Universal Declaration of Human RightsThe Universal Declaration of Human R...
Human RightsHuman Rights
Human rights are commonly
understood as being those rights which
are inherent to the human being...
Human RightsHuman Rights
Human rights are legally
guaranteed by human rights law,
protecting individuals and groups
again...
Human RightsHuman Rights
Human rights law places an
obligation on States to act in a
particular way and prohibits States
...
Human RightsHuman Rights
Treaties and other sources of law
generally serve to protect formally
the rights of individuals ...
Human RightsHuman Rights
The following are some of the most
important characteristics of human
rights:
17/03/16 6Redouane...
Human RightsHuman Rights
Human rights are founded on
respect for the dignity and worth of
each person;
17/03/16 7Redouane...
Human RightsHuman Rights
Human rights are universal,
meaning that they are applied
equally and without discrimination
to ...
Human RightsHuman Rights
Human rights are inalienable, in
that no one can have his or her
human rights taken away; they c...
Human RightsHuman Rights
Human rights are indivisible,
interrelated and interdependent, for
the reason that it is insuffi...
Human RightsHuman Rights
In practice, the violation of one
right will often affect respect for
several other rights.
All...
International Human Rights LawInternational Human Rights Law
A series of international human
rights treaties and other
in...
Human RightsHuman Rights
The creation of the United Nations
provided an ideal forum for the
development and adoption of
i...
Human RightsHuman Rights
Most States have also adopted
constitutions and other laws which
formally protect basic human ri...
Human RightsHuman Rights
International human rights law
consists mainly of treaties and
custom as well as, inter alia,
de...
Human RightsHuman Rights
A treaty is an agreement by States to
be bound by particular rules.
International treaties have ...
Human RightsHuman Rights
A State can become a party to a
treaty by ratification, accession or
succession.
Ratification i...
Human RightsHuman Rights
Ratification consists of two procedural
acts: on the domestic level, it requires
approval by the...
Human RightsHuman Rights
Accession entails consent to be
bound by a State that has not
previously signed the instrument.
...
Human RightsHuman Rights
A State may also become party to a
treaty by succession, which takes
place by virtue of a specif...
Human RightsHuman Rights
Most treaties are not self-executing.
In some States treaties are superior
to domestic law, wher...
Human RightsHuman Rights
A State may, in ratifying a treaty,
enter reservations to that treaty,
indicating that, while it...
Human RightsHuman Rights
However, a reservation may not
defeat the object and purpose of the
treaty. Further, even if a S...
Human RightsHuman Rights
Customary international law (or
simply “custom”) is the term used to
describe a general and cons...
Human RightsHuman Rights
General norms of international law
– principles and practices that most
States would agree on – ...
Human RightsHuman Rights
While no binding legal effect on
States ensues, they nevertheless
represent a broad consensus on...
Human RightsHuman Rights
The value of such instruments rests
on their recognition and acceptance
by a large number of Sta...
The Universal Declaration ofThe Universal Declaration of
Human Rights - UDHRHuman Rights - UDHR
All human beings are born...
The Universal Declaration ofThe Universal Declaration of
Human Rights - UDHRHuman Rights - UDHR
When children are born, t...
1

17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 30
UDHRUDHR
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and
freedoms set forth in this Declaration,
without distinction of any ki...
UDHRUDHR
Everyone can claim the following rights, despite
- a different sex
- a different skin colour
- speaking a dif...
2

17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 33
UDHRUDHR
Article 3
Everyone has the right to life, liberty
and security of person.
You have the right to live, and to l...
3

17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 35
UDHRUDHR
Article 4
No one shall be held in slavery or
servitude; slavery and the slave
trade shall be prohibited in all
...
4

17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 37
UDHRUDHR
Article 5
No one shall be subjected to
torture or to cruel, inhuman
or degrading treatment or
punishment.
Nobo...
5

17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 39
UDHRUDHR
Article 6
Everyone has the right to
recognition everywhere as a
person before the law.
You should be legally p...
6

17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 41
UDHRUDHR
Article 7
All are equal before the law and
are entitled without any
discrimination to equal protection
of the l...
UDHRUDHR
 The law is the
same for everyone;
it should be applied
in the same way to
all.
17/03/16 43Redouane Boulguid Saf...
7

17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 44
UDHRUDHR
Article 8
Everyone has the right to an
effective remedy by the
competent national tribunals
for acts violating ...
UDHRUDHR
You should be able
to ask for legal help
when the rights your
country grants you
are not respected.
17/03/16 46R...
8

17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 47
UDHRUDHR
Article 9
No one shall be
subjected to
arbitrary arrest,
detention or exile.
17/03/16 48Redouane Boulguid Safi ...
UDHRUDHR
Nobody has the right to
put you in prison, to
keep you there, or to
send you away from
your country unjustly, or...
9

17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 50
UDHRUDHR
Article 10
Everyone is entitled in full
equality to a fair and public
hearing by an independent and
impartial t...
UDHRUDHR
If you must go on trial
this should be done in
public. The people who
try you should not let
themselves be influ...
10

17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 53
UDHRUDHRArticle 11
1. Everyone charged with a
penal offence has the right
to be presumed innocent
until proved guilty ac...
UDHRUDHRArticle 11
2. No one shall be held guilty of
any penal offence on account of
any act or omission which did not
c...
UDHRUDHR
You should be considered
innocent until it can be proved
that you are guilty. If you are
accused of a crime, you...
11
)1(
)2(
17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 57
UDHRUDHRArticle 12
No one shall be subjected to
arbitrary interference with his
privacy, family, home or
correspondence,...
UDHRUDHR
You have the right to ask
to be protected if someone
tries to harm your good
name, enter your house,
open your l...
12

17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 60
UDHRUDHRArticle 13
1. Everyone has the right to
freedom of movement and
residence within the borders
of each State.
2. ...
UDHRUDHR
You have the right to come
and go as you wish within
your country. You have the
right to leave your country to
g...
13
)1
)2
17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 63
UDHRUDHR
Article 14
1. Everyone has the right to seek
and to enjoy in other countries
asylum from persecution.
2. This ...
UDHRUDHR
If someone hurts you, you
have the right to go to
another country and ask it to
protect you. You lose this right...
14
)1
)2
17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 66
UDHRUDHR
Article 15
1. Everyone has the right to a
nationality.
2. No one shall be arbitrarily
deprived of his national...
UDHRUDHR
You have the right to belong to a
country and nobody can prevent
you, without a good reason, from
belonging to a...
15
)1
)2
17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 69
UDHRUDHR
Article 16
1. Men and women of full age,
without any limitation due to
race, nationality or religion, have
the ...
UDHRUDHR
Article 16
2. Marriage shall be entered into
only with the free and full consent
of the intending spouses.
3. ...
UDHRUDHR
As soon as a person is legally entitled, he or
she has the right to marry and have a family.
Neither the colour...
16
)1
)2
)3
17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 73
UDHRUDHR
Article 17
1. Everyone has the right to
own property alone as well as in
association with others.
2. No one sh...
UDHRUDHR
You have the right to own
things and nobody has the right
to take these from you without a
good reason.
17/03/16...
17
)1
)2
17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 76
UDHRUDHRArticle 18
Everyone has the right to freedom
of thought, conscience and religion;
this right includes freedom to...
UDHRUDHR
You have the right to
profess your religion freely,
to change it, and to practise
it either on your own or with
...
18

17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 79
UDHRUDHR
Article 19
Everyone has the right to
freedom of opinion and
expression; this right includes
freedom to hold opi...
UDHRUDHR
You have the right to think what
you want, and to say what you like,
and nobody should forbid you from
doing so....
19

17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 82
UDHRUDHR
Article 20
1. Everyone has the right to
freedom of peaceful assembly
and association.
2. No one may be compell...
UDHRUDHR
You have the right to organize
peaceful meetings or to take part
in meetings in a peaceful way.
It is wrong to ...
20
)1
)2
17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 85
UDHRUDHR
Article 21
1. Everyone has the right to
take part in the government of
his country, directly or through
freely ...
UDHRUDHR
Article 21
3. The will of the people shall be the
basis of the authority of government;
this shall be expressed...
You have the right to take part in your
country’s political affairs either by
belonging to the Government yourself of
by ...
21
)1
)2
)3
17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 89
Article 22
Everyone, as a member of society, has
the right to social security and is entitled
to realization, through na...
UDHRUDHR
The society in which you live
should help you to develop and to
make the most of all the
advantages (culture, wo...
22

17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 92
UDHRUDHR
Article 23
1. Everyone has the right to work, to
free choice of employment, to just and
favourable conditions o...
UDHRUDHRArticle 23
3. Every one who works has the right to
just and favourable remuneration
ensuring for himself and his...
UDHRUDHR
You have the right to work, to be
free to choose your work, and to get
a salary that allows you to live and
supp...
23
)1
)2
)3
)4
17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 96
UDHRUDHR
Article 24
Everyone has the right to rest
and leisure, including reasonable
limitation of working hours and
per...
UDHRUDHR
Each work day should not be too
long, since everyone has the right to
rest and should be able to take
regular pa...
24

17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 99
UDHRUDHR
Article 25
1. Everyone has the right to a standard of
living adequate for the health and well-being
of himself ...
UDHRUDHR
2. Motherhood and childhood
are entitled to special care and
assistance.
All children, whether born in or
out o...
UDHRUDHR
You have the right to have whatever
you need so that you and your family: do
not fall ill; do not go hungry; hav...
UDHRUDHR
Both a mother who is going to
have a baby and her baby should
get special help.
All children have the same righ...
25
)1
)2
17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 104
UDHRUDHR
Article 26
1. Everyone has the right to education.
Education shall be free, at least in the
elementary and fund...
UDHRUDHR
Article 26
2. Education shall be directed to the full
development of the human personality
and to the strengthe...
UDHRUDHR
Article 26
3. Parents have a prior right to choose
the kind of education that shall be given
to their children....
UDHRUDHR
You have the right to go to school and
everyone should go to school. Primary
schooling should be free. You shoul...
UDHRUDHR
Your parents have the right to
choose how and what you will be
taught at school.
17/03/16 109Redouane Boulguid S...
26
)1
)2
)3
17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 110
UDHRUDHR
Article 27
1. Everyone has the right freely to
participate in the cultural life of the
community, to enjoy the ...
UDHRUDHR
You have the right to share in your
community’s arts and sciences, and
in any good they do. Your works as
an art...
27
)1
)2
17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 113
UDHRUDHR
Article 28
Everyone is entitled to a social
and international order in which
the rights and freedoms set forth
...
UDHRUDHR
To make sure that your rights will
be respected, there must be an
“order” that can protect them. This
“order” sh...
28

17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 116
UDHRUDHR
Article 29
1. Everyone has duties to the
community in which alone the
free and full development of his
personal...
UDHRUDHR
Article 29
2. In the exercise of his rights and
freedoms, everyone shall be subject
only to such limitations as...
UDHRUDHR
Article 29
3. These rights and freedoms
may in no case be exercised
contrary to the purposes and
principles of ...
UDHRUDHR
You have duties towards the
community within which your
personality can fully develop. The
law should guarantee ...
29
)1
)2
)3
17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 121
UDHRUDHR
Article 30
Nothing in this Declaration may be
interpreted as implying for any
State, group or person any right ...
UDHRUDHR
No society and no human being in any
part of the world should act in such a
way as to destroy the rights that yo...
30

17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 124
ReferenceReference
 United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for
Human Rights:
http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Publi...
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What are human rights redouane boulguid lp ensa safi 2015 2016

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This course on Human Rights is for students of Professional Bachelors at the National School of Applied Sciences, Safi/Morocco (Continuing Education)..

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What are human rights redouane boulguid lp ensa safi 2015 2016

  1. 1. What are Human Rights?What are Human Rights? The Universal Declaration of Human RightsThe Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)(1948) A Course for Students of Professional Bachelors National School of Applied Sciences School-Year 2015/2016 - Redouane Boulguid
  2. 2. Human RightsHuman Rights Human rights are commonly understood as being those rights which are inherent to the human being. The concept of human rights acknowledges that every single human being is entitled to enjoy his or her human rights without distinction as to race, colour, sex, language, religion, politi- cal or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. 17/03/16 2Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  3. 3. Human RightsHuman Rights Human rights are legally guaranteed by human rights law, protecting individuals and groups against actions that interfere with fundamental freedoms and human dignity. They are expressed in treaties, customary international law, bodies of principles and other sources of law. 17/03/16 3Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  4. 4. Human RightsHuman Rights Human rights law places an obligation on States to act in a particular way and prohibits States from engaging in specified activities. However, the law does not establish human rights. Human rights are inherent entitlements which come to every person as a consequence of being human. 17/03/16 4Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  5. 5. Human RightsHuman Rights Treaties and other sources of law generally serve to protect formally the rights of individuals and groups against actions or abandonment of actions by Governments which interfere with the enjoyment of their human rights. 17/03/16 5Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  6. 6. Human RightsHuman Rights The following are some of the most important characteristics of human rights: 17/03/16 6Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  7. 7. Human RightsHuman Rights Human rights are founded on respect for the dignity and worth of each person; 17/03/16 7Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  8. 8. Human RightsHuman Rights Human rights are universal, meaning that they are applied equally and without discrimination to all people; 17/03/16 8Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  9. 9. Human RightsHuman Rights Human rights are inalienable, in that no one can have his or her human rights taken away; they can be limited in specific situations (for example, the right to liberty can be restricted if a person is found guilty of a crime by a court of law); 17/03/16 9Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  10. 10. Human RightsHuman Rights Human rights are indivisible, interrelated and interdependent, for the reason that it is insufficient to respect some human rights and not others 17/03/16 10Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  11. 11. Human RightsHuman Rights In practice, the violation of one right will often affect respect for several other rights. All human rights should therefore be seen as having equal importance and of being equally essential to respect for the dignity and worth of every person. 17/03/16 11Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  12. 12. International Human Rights LawInternational Human Rights Law A series of international human rights treaties and other instruments have emerged since 1945 conferring legal form on inherent human rights 17/03/16 12Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  13. 13. Human RightsHuman Rights The creation of the United Nations provided an ideal forum for the development and adoption of international human rights instruments. Other instruments have been adopted at a regional level reflecting the particular human rights concerns of the region. 17/03/16 13Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  14. 14. Human RightsHuman Rights Most States have also adopted constitutions and other laws which formally protect basic human rights. Often the language used by States is drawn directly from the international human rights instruments. 17/03/16 14Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  15. 15. Human RightsHuman Rights International human rights law consists mainly of treaties and custom as well as, inter alia, declarations, guidelines and principles. 17/03/16 15Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  16. 16. Human RightsHuman Rights A treaty is an agreement by States to be bound by particular rules. International treaties have different designations such as covenants, charters, protocols, conventions, accords and agreements. A treaty is legally binding on those States which have consented to be bound by the provisions of the treaty – in other words are party to the treaty. 17/03/16 16Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  17. 17. Human RightsHuman Rights A State can become a party to a treaty by ratification, accession or succession. Ratification is a State’s formal expression of consent to be bound by a treaty. Only a State that has previously signed the treaty (during the period when the treaty was open for signature) can ratify it. 17/03/16 17Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  18. 18. Human RightsHuman Rights Ratification consists of two procedural acts: on the domestic level, it requires approval by the appropriate constitutional organ (usually the head of State or parliament). On the international level, pursuant to the relevant provision of the treaty in question, the instrument of ratification shall be formally transmitted to the depositary which may be a State or an international organization such as the United Nations. 17/03/16 18Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  19. 19. Human RightsHuman Rights Accession entails consent to be bound by a State that has not previously signed the instrument. States ratify treaties both before and after the treaty has entered into force. The same applies to accession. 17/03/16 19Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  20. 20. Human RightsHuman Rights A State may also become party to a treaty by succession, which takes place by virtue of a specific treaty provision or by declaration. 17/03/16 20Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  21. 21. Human RightsHuman Rights Most treaties are not self-executing. In some States treaties are superior to domestic law, whereas in other States treaties are given constitutional status, and in yet others only certain provisions of a treaty are incorporated in domestic law. 17/03/16 21Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  22. 22. Human RightsHuman Rights A State may, in ratifying a treaty, enter reservations to that treaty, indicating that, while it consents to be bound by most of the provisions, it does not agree to be bound by certain specific provisions. 17/03/16 22Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  23. 23. Human RightsHuman Rights However, a reservation may not defeat the object and purpose of the treaty. Further, even if a State is not a party to a treaty or if it has entered reservations thereto, that State may still be bound by those treaty provisions which have become part of customary international law or constitute peremptory (authoritative) rules of international law, such as the prohibition against torture. 17/03/16 23Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  24. 24. Human RightsHuman Rights Customary international law (or simply “custom”) is the term used to describe a general and consistent practice followed by States deriving from a sense of legal obligation. Thus, for example, while the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is not in itself a binding treaty, some of its provisions have the character of customary international law. 17/03/16 24Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  25. 25. Human RightsHuman Rights General norms of international law – principles and practices that most States would agree on – are often stated in declarations, proclamations, standard rules, guidelines, recommendations and principles. 17/03/16 25Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  26. 26. Human RightsHuman Rights While no binding legal effect on States ensues, they nevertheless represent a broad consensus on the part of the international community and, therefore, have a strong and undeniable moral force in terms of the practice of States in their conduct of international relations. 17/03/16 26Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  27. 27. Human RightsHuman Rights The value of such instruments rests on their recognition and acceptance by a large number of States, and, even without binding legal effect, they may be seen as declaratory of broadly accepted principles within the international community 17/03/16 27Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  28. 28. The Universal Declaration ofThe Universal Declaration of Human Rights - UDHRHuman Rights - UDHR All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood (Article 1). 17/03/16 28Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  29. 29. The Universal Declaration ofThe Universal Declaration of Human Rights - UDHRHuman Rights - UDHR When children are born, they are free and each should be treated in the same way. They have reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a friendly manner. 17/03/16 29Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  30. 30. 1  17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 30
  31. 31. UDHRUDHR Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty. 17/03/16 31Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  32. 32. UDHRUDHR Everyone can claim the following rights, despite - a different sex - a different skin colour - speaking a different language - thinking different things - believing in another religion - owning more or less - being born in another social group - coming from another country. It also makes no difference whether the country you live in is independent or not. 17/03/16 32Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  33. 33. 2  17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 33
  34. 34. UDHRUDHR Article 3 Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person. You have the right to live, and to live in freedom and safety. 17/03/16 34Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  35. 35. 3  17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 35
  36. 36. UDHRUDHR Article 4 No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms. Nobody has the right to treat you as his or her slave and you should not make anyone your slave. 17/03/16 36Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  37. 37. 4  17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 37
  38. 38. UDHRUDHR Article 5 No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Nobody has the right to torture you. 17/03/16 38Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  39. 39. 5  17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 39
  40. 40. UDHRUDHR Article 6 Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law. You should be legally protected in the same way everywhere, and like everyone else. 17/03/16 40Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  41. 41. 6  17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 41
  42. 42. UDHRUDHR Article 7 All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination. 17/03/16 42Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  43. 43. UDHRUDHR  The law is the same for everyone; it should be applied in the same way to all. 17/03/16 43Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  44. 44. 7  17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 44
  45. 45. UDHRUDHR Article 8 Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law. 17/03/16 45Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  46. 46. UDHRUDHR You should be able to ask for legal help when the rights your country grants you are not respected. 17/03/16 46Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  47. 47. 8  17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 47
  48. 48. UDHRUDHR Article 9 No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile. 17/03/16 48Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  49. 49. UDHRUDHR Nobody has the right to put you in prison, to keep you there, or to send you away from your country unjustly, or without a good reason. 17/03/16 49Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  50. 50. 9  17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 50
  51. 51. UDHRUDHR Article 10 Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him. 17/03/16 51Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  52. 52. UDHRUDHR If you must go on trial this should be done in public. The people who try you should not let themselves be influenced by others. 17/03/16 52Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  53. 53. 10  17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 53
  54. 54. UDHRUDHRArticle 11 1. Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence. 17/03/16 54Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  55. 55. UDHRUDHRArticle 11 2. No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a penal offence, under national or international law, at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time the penal offence was committed.17/03/16 55Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  56. 56. UDHRUDHR You should be considered innocent until it can be proved that you are guilty. If you are accused of a crime, you should always have the right to defend yourself. Nobody has the right to condemn you and punish you for something you have not done. 17/03/16 56Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  57. 57. 11 )1( )2( 17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 57
  58. 58. UDHRUDHRArticle 12 No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks. 17/03/16 58Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  59. 59. UDHRUDHR You have the right to ask to be protected if someone tries to harm your good name, enter your house, open your letters, or bother you or your family without a good reason. 17/03/16 59Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  60. 60. 12  17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 60
  61. 61. UDHRUDHRArticle 13 1. Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each State. 2. Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country. 17/03/16 61Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  62. 62. UDHRUDHR You have the right to come and go as you wish within your country. You have the right to leave your country to go to another one; and you should be able to return to your country if you want. 17/03/16 62Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  63. 63. 13 )1 )2 17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 63
  64. 64. UDHRUDHR Article 14 1. Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution. 2. This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations. 17/03/16 64Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  65. 65. UDHRUDHR If someone hurts you, you have the right to go to another country and ask it to protect you. You lose this right if you have killed someone and if you yourself do not respect what is written here. 17/03/16 65Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  66. 66. 14 )1 )2 17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 66
  67. 67. UDHRUDHR Article 15 1. Everyone has the right to a nationality. 2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality. 17/03/16 67Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  68. 68. UDHRUDHR You have the right to belong to a country and nobody can prevent you, without a good reason, from belonging to another country if you wish. 17/03/16 68Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  69. 69. 15 )1 )2 17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 69
  70. 70. UDHRUDHR Article 16 1. Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. 17/03/16 70Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  71. 71. UDHRUDHR Article 16 2. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses. 3. The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State. 17/03/16 71Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  72. 72. UDHRUDHR As soon as a person is legally entitled, he or she has the right to marry and have a family. Neither the colour of your skin, nor the country you come from nor your religion should be impediments to doing this. Men and women have the same rights when they are married and also when they are separated. Nobody should force a person to marry. The Government of your country should protect your family and its members. 17/03/16 72Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  73. 73. 16 )1 )2 )3 17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 73
  74. 74. UDHRUDHR Article 17 1. Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others. 2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property. 17/03/16 74Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  75. 75. UDHRUDHR You have the right to own things and nobody has the right to take these from you without a good reason. 17/03/16 75Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  76. 76. 17 )1 )2 17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 76
  77. 77. UDHRUDHRArticle 18 Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and 17/03/16 77Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  78. 78. UDHRUDHR You have the right to profess your religion freely, to change it, and to practise it either on your own or with other people. 17/03/16 78Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  79. 79. 18  17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 79
  80. 80. UDHRUDHR Article 19 Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless 17/03/16 80Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  81. 81. UDHRUDHR You have the right to think what you want, and to say what you like, and nobody should forbid you from doing so. You should be able to share your ideas – also with people from any other country. 17/03/16 81Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  82. 82. 19  17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 82
  83. 83. UDHRUDHR Article 20 1. Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association. 2. No one may be compelled to belong to an association. 17/03/16 83Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  84. 84. UDHRUDHR You have the right to organize peaceful meetings or to take part in meetings in a peaceful way. It is wrong to force someone to belong to a group. 17/03/16 84Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  85. 85. 20 )1 )2 17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 85
  86. 86. UDHRUDHR Article 21 1. Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives. 2. Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country. 17/03/16 86Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  87. 87. UDHRUDHR Article 21 3. The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secrete vote or by equivalent free voting procedures. 17/03/16 87Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  88. 88. You have the right to take part in your country’s political affairs either by belonging to the Government yourself of by choosing politicians who have the same ideas as you. Governments should be voted for regularly and voting should be secret. You should get a vote and all votes should be equal. You also have the same right to join the public service as anyone17/03/16 88Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  89. 89. 21 )1 )2 )3 17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 89
  90. 90. Article 22 Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international cooperation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality. 17/03/16 90Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  91. 91. UDHRUDHR The society in which you live should help you to develop and to make the most of all the advantages (culture, work, social welfare) that are offered to you and to all the men and women in your country. 17/03/16 91Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  92. 92. 22  17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 92
  93. 93. UDHRUDHR Article 23 1. Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment. 2. Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work. 17/03/16 93Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  94. 94. UDHRUDHRArticle 23 3. Every one who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection. 4. Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests. 17/03/16 94Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  95. 95. UDHRUDHR You have the right to work, to be free to choose your work, and to get a salary that allows you to live and support your family. If a man and a woman do the same work, they should get the same pay. All people who work have the right to join together to defend their interests. 17/03/16 95Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  96. 96. 23 )1 )2 )3 )4 17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 96
  97. 97. UDHRUDHR Article 24 Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay. 17/03/16 97Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  98. 98. UDHRUDHR Each work day should not be too long, since everyone has the right to rest and should be able to take regular paid holidays. 17/03/16 98Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  99. 99. 24  17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 99
  100. 100. UDHRUDHR Article 25 1. Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including foods, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control. 17/03/16 100Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  101. 101. UDHRUDHR 2. Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection. 17/03/16 101Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco Article 25
  102. 102. UDHRUDHR You have the right to have whatever you need so that you and your family: do not fall ill; do not go hungry; have clothes and a house; and are helped if you are out of work, if you are ill, if you are old, if your wife or husband is dead, or if you do not earn a living for any other reason you cannot help. 17/03/16 102Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  103. 103. UDHRUDHR Both a mother who is going to have a baby and her baby should get special help. All children have the same rights, whether or not the mother is married. 17/03/16 103Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  104. 104. 25 )1 )2 17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 104
  105. 105. UDHRUDHR Article 26 1. Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit. 17/03/16 105Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  106. 106. UDHRUDHR Article 26 2. Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace. 17/03/16 106Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  107. 107. UDHRUDHR Article 26 3. Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children. 17/03/16 107Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  108. 108. UDHRUDHR You have the right to go to school and everyone should go to school. Primary schooling should be free. You should be able to learn a profession or continue your studies as far as you wish. At school, you should be able to develop all your talents and you should be taught to get on with others, whatever their race, their religion or the country they come from. 17/03/16 108Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  109. 109. UDHRUDHR Your parents have the right to choose how and what you will be taught at school. 17/03/16 109Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  110. 110. 26 )1 )2 )3 17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 110
  111. 111. UDHRUDHR Article 27 1. Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits. 2. Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author. 17/03/16 111Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  112. 112. UDHRUDHR You have the right to share in your community’s arts and sciences, and in any good they do. Your works as an artist, a writer or a scientist should be protected, and you should be able to benefit from them. 17/03/16 112Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  113. 113. 27 )1 )2 17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 113
  114. 114. UDHRUDHR Article 28 Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized. 17/03/16 114Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  115. 115. UDHRUDHR To make sure that your rights will be respected, there must be an “order” that can protect them. This “order” should be local and worldwide. 17/03/16 115Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  116. 116. 28  17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 116
  117. 117. UDHRUDHR Article 29 1. Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible. 17/03/16 117Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  118. 118. UDHRUDHR Article 29 2. In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic 17/03/16 118Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  119. 119. UDHRUDHR Article 29 3. These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations. 17/03/16 119Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  120. 120. UDHRUDHR You have duties towards the community within which your personality can fully develop. The law should guarantee human rights. It should allow everyone to respect others and to be respected. 17/03/16 120Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  121. 121. 29 )1 )2 )3 17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 121
  122. 122. UDHRUDHR Article 30 Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein. 17/03/16 122Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  123. 123. UDHRUDHR No society and no human being in any part of the world should act in such a way as to destroy the rights that you have just been reading about. 17/03/16 123Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco
  124. 124. 30  17/03/16 Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco 124
  125. 125. ReferenceReference  United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights: http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Publications/ABCannexesen.pdf 2003 17/03/16 125Redouane Boulguid Safi Morocco

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