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Information and 
communications 
technologies (ICTs) 
for Development 
A course prepared for students of 
Information Syst...
 Years ago, a broad international 
consensus has emerged that 
information and communications 
technologies (ICTs) offer ...
ICTs For Development 
 Generally, ICTs promote development 
across many dimensions. 
 ICTs enable organizations to be mo...
 ICTs can also expand the reach and 
effectiveness of social development 
projects and have already yielded 
important be...
 Public-sector uptake of ICTs is also 
making governments more efficient and 
their decision-making more transparent. 
07...
 Several recent studies have described 
remarkable success in using ICTs to 
help underserved communities and to 
create ...
 As an example, Microsoft , is 
dedicated to working closely with 
underserved peoples, developing 
countries, and the br...
 Because ICTs can be applied to a 
tremendously diverse range of human 
experience, they are transforming virtually 
ever...
 As many developing nations have 
recognized, ICTs have the potential to 
spur local economic growth and to 
expand the r...
 the information age: the rich get their 
information almost free, 
 while the poor have to pay dearly for it, 
(in the ...
 The system has a concurrent capacity 
to include and exclude people based 
upon a capacity to network, 
 and this is wh...
 Human Development is the process of 
expanding human capabilities and 
access to opportunities in social, 
economic and ...
 It is a standard means of measuring 
well-being, especially child welfare. 
 It is used to distinguish whether the 
cou...
 The index was developed in 1990 by 
Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq 
and Indian economist Amartya Sen. 
07/12/14 
ICT&...
 The Human Development Index (HDI) is 
a comparative measure of life 
expectancy, literacy, education, 
standards of livi...
 "The basic purpose of development is 
to enlarge people's choices. In principle, 
these choices can be infinite and can ...
 People often value achievements that 
do not show up at all, or not 
immediately, in income or growth 
figures: 
07/12/1...
 greater access to knowledge, better 
nutrition and health services, more 
secure livelihoods, security against 
crime an...
 The objective of development is to 
create an enabling environment for 
people to enjoy long, healthy and 
creative live...
 There is a connection between ICTs 
and the human development 
dimensions of agriculture, culture, 
governance, educatio...
 Poverty is widely recognised as 
multidimensional, encompassing food 
security, health, education, rights, 
security and...
ICT & POVERTY 
 By definition, ICTs include electronic 
networks – embodying complex 
hardware and software - linked by a...
 ICTs are embedded in networks and 
services that affect the local and global 
accumulation and flows of public and 
priv...
 According to the United Nations Economic 
Commission for Africa, ICTs cover Internet 
service provision, telecommunicati...
 Most arguments related to poverty 
focus on insufficient nutrition, 
inadequate shelter and so on. It is only 
recently ...
 Therefore, if properly deployed, ICTs 
have enormous potential as tools for 
increasing information flows and for 
empow...
 ICTs are a means or mechanism that 
can make a significant contribution to 
the fight for poverty reduction. 
 ICTs can...
What are the MDGs 
 The Millennium Development Goals are 
8 International development goals that 
were established follow...
 All 189 UN member states at that time 
(there are currently 193) & at least 23 
International Organizations committed 
t...
1. To eradicate extreme poverty & 
07/12/14 
ICT&Development_Redouane 
Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 30 
hunger; 
2. To ach...
5. To improve maternal health; 
6. To combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria & other 
Diseases; 
7. To ensure environmental sustainabili...
07/12/14 
ICT&Development_Redouane 
Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 32
References Used 
 ICTs and Poverty: A Literature Review, by C. Nyaki 
Adeya, PhD. ( 
http://kambing.ui.ac.id/onnopurbo/li...
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  1. 1. Information and communications technologies (ICTs) for Development A course prepared for students of Information Systems Engineering National School of Applied Sciences – Safi School-Year 2014/2015 - By Redouane BOULGUID
  2. 2.  Years ago, a broad international consensus has emerged that information and communications technologies (ICTs) offer a potentially powerful mechanism for promoting social and economic growth. 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 2
  3. 3. ICTs For Development  Generally, ICTs promote development across many dimensions.  ICTs enable organizations to be more productive.  thereby spurring economic growth and helping firms be more competitive. 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 3
  4. 4.  ICTs can also expand the reach and effectiveness of social development projects and have already yielded important benefits in such areas as healthcare, education, and environmental preservation. 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 4
  5. 5.  Public-sector uptake of ICTs is also making governments more efficient and their decision-making more transparent. 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 5
  6. 6.  Several recent studies have described remarkable success in using ICTs to help underserved communities and to create new opportunities in developing countries. 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 6
  7. 7.  As an example, Microsoft , is dedicated to working closely with underserved peoples, developing countries, and the broader international development community to realize the full potential of ICTs for human development. 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 7
  8. 8.  Because ICTs can be applied to a tremendously diverse range of human experience, they are transforming virtually every sector of society and the economy. Digital breakthroughs are creating new possibilities for improving health and nutrition, expanding knowledge, stimulating economic growth and empowering people to participate in their communities. 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 8
  9. 9.  As many developing nations have recognized, ICTs have the potential to spur local economic growth and to expand the reach and effectiveness of development initiatives. 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 9
  10. 10.  the information age: the rich get their information almost free,  while the poor have to pay dearly for it, (in the case for instance of the price poor people have to pay to make a simple telephone call). 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 10
  11. 11.  The system has a concurrent capacity to include and exclude people based upon a capacity to network,  and this is where the poor in developing countries suffer from exclusion. (Digital Divide) 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 11
  12. 12.  Human Development is the process of expanding human capabilities and access to opportunities in social, economic and political arenas and therefore the overall improvement in the quality of life. (UNDP 2002: Kenya Human Development Report: 2001:2 ) 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 12
  13. 13.  It is a standard means of measuring well-being, especially child welfare.  It is used to distinguish whether the country is a developed, a developing or an underdeveloped country, and also to measure the impact of economic policies on quality of life. 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 13
  14. 14.  The index was developed in 1990 by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq and Indian economist Amartya Sen. 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 14
  15. 15.  The Human Development Index (HDI) is a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education, standards of living, and quality of life for countries worldwide. 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 15
  16. 16.  "The basic purpose of development is to enlarge people's choices. In principle, these choices can be infinite and can change over time. 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 16
  17. 17.  People often value achievements that do not show up at all, or not immediately, in income or growth figures: 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 17
  18. 18.  greater access to knowledge, better nutrition and health services, more secure livelihoods, security against crime and physical violence, satisfying leisure hours, political and cultural freedoms and sense of participation in community activities. 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 18
  19. 19.  The objective of development is to create an enabling environment for people to enjoy long, healthy and creative lives." - Mahbub ul Haq (1934-1998), founder of the Human Development Report. 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 19
  20. 20.  There is a connection between ICTs and the human development dimensions of agriculture, culture, governance, education, health and gender. 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 20
  21. 21.  Poverty is widely recognised as multidimensional, encompassing food security, health, education, rights, security and dignity, among other elements. 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 21
  22. 22. ICT & POVERTY  By definition, ICTs include electronic networks – embodying complex hardware and software - linked by a vast array of technical protocols (Mansell and Silverstone, 1996). 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 22
  23. 23.  ICTs are embedded in networks and services that affect the local and global accumulation and flows of public and private knowledge. 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 23
  24. 24.  According to the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, ICTs cover Internet service provision, telecommunications equipment and services, information technology equipment and services, media and broadcasting, libraries and documentation centres, commercial information providers, network-based information services, and other related information and communication activities. (ECA, 1999). 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 24
  25. 25.  Most arguments related to poverty focus on insufficient nutrition, inadequate shelter and so on. It is only recently that some have started to argue that lack of access to information and communications technologies (ICTs) is an element of poverty. (Kenny, 2001) 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 25
  26. 26.  Therefore, if properly deployed, ICTs have enormous potential as tools for increasing information flows and for empowering poor people. 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 26
  27. 27.  ICTs are a means or mechanism that can make a significant contribution to the fight for poverty reduction.  ICTs cannot solve poverty on their own, but they can make a contribution to the processes that lead to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 27
  28. 28. What are the MDGs  The Millennium Development Goals are 8 International development goals that were established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000.(Adoption of the UN Millennium Declaration). 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 28
  29. 29.  All 189 UN member states at that time (there are currently 193) & at least 23 International Organizations committed to help achieve these Goals by 2015: 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 29
  30. 30. 1. To eradicate extreme poverty & 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 30 hunger; 2. To achieve universal primary education; 3. To promote gender equality & empowering women; 4. To reduce child mortality rates;
  31. 31. 5. To improve maternal health; 6. To combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria & other Diseases; 7. To ensure environmental sustainability; 8. To develop a global partnership for development. 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 31
  32. 32. 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 32
  33. 33. References Used  ICTs and Poverty: A Literature Review, by C. Nyaki Adeya, PhD. ( http://kambing.ui.ac.id/onnopurbo/library/library-ref-eng/ref-)  GOOD PRACTICE PAPER ON ICTs FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH AND POVERTY REDUCTION – OECD 2005.  Wikipedia 07/12/14 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2014/2015 33

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