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Austin Journal of Multiple Sclerosis & Neuroimmunology

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Austin Journal of Multiple Sclerosis & Neuroimmunology is an open access, peer review Journal publishing original research & review articles on aetiology, epidemiology, and pathogenesis of inflammatory demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system. Austin Journal of Multiple Sclerosis & Neuroimmunology is aimed to provide a strong platform for challenging cases that includes but not excludes the damage of insulating covers of both central nervous system and spine. It is a grounding platform for all neurologists, neuroimmunologists, neurovirologists, researchers, medical doctors, health professionals, scientists, and scholars to publish their research work & update the latest research information.

Topics include but not limited to Clinical Neurology, Biomarkers, Glial, Myelin Chemistry, Neuroimaging, Neuropathology, Neuroepidemiology, Therapeutics, Genetics/Transcriptomics, Experimental Models, Pathobiology, Neuroimmunology, Neuropsychology, Neurorehabilitation, Pathobiology of the Brain, Psychology, Measurement Scales, Teaching, and Neuroethics.

Austin Journal of Multiple Sclerosis & Neuroimmunology supports the scientific transformation and fortification in Medical and Clinical research community by magnifying access to peer reviewed scientific literary works. Austin also brings universally peer reviewed member journals under one roof thereby promoting knowledge sharing, collaborative and promotion of multidisciplinary science.

Veröffentlicht in: Gesundheit & Medizin
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Austin Journal of Multiple Sclerosis & Neuroimmunology

  1. 1. HISTORY The earliest description of MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS (MS) was recorded in Holland in August 4, 1421. But the researchers say that the history was actually begun in 19th century. The first actual case was diagnosed in the year 1849. It was Dr. Jean Martin Charcot who gave the signs and symptoms of MS for
  2. 2. DEFINITION Multiple Sclerosis is an Auto Immune Disease in which the body starts to destroy itself.  It is a life-long disease with no cure, can control symptoms.  In MS, the body attacks and destroys the fatty tissue called Myelin that insulates an axon/nerve, and is called demyelination.  If damage is severe, it can also destroy the nerve/axon itself  MS affects the central nervous system and inflames the white matter in the brain which creates plaques.
  4. 4. AREAS AFFECTED DUE TO MS MS affects the following areas of human body: Brain Spinal cord Optic nerves
  5. 5. ETIOLOGY Infection Physical injury Emotional stress Excessive fatigue Pregnancy Poor state of health
  6. 6. TYPES OF MS Relapsing – remitting MS Primary – progressive MS Progressive – relapsing MS Secondary – progressive MS Following are the different types of MS:
  7. 7. FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO MS Environmental factors Genetic factors Epigenetic, post genomic and regulatory events Internal state of mind Genome allelic variants
  8. 8. VARIOUS SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF MS Memory loss Depression Urinary and bowel problems Weakness and exhaustion Difficulty in walking Vision impairment Tingling and numbness of skin and limbs
  9. 9. CAUSES OF MS The exact cause of the Multiple Sclerosis is unknown. In MS affected patients, a higher number of immune cells can be seen which suggests that there might be an immune response, this is suspected due to a virus or the gene defect. Other causes may be mostly related to environmental and hereditary .
  10. 10. DIAGNOSISNo single test to diagnose Multiple Sclerosis. Diagnosis relies recognition of clinical patterns of the disease as well as the exclusion of the possible mimics. Waxing and waning neurological deficit is the Hall mark of the disease. Supported by MRI studies, CSF & provoked potential studies.
  11. 11. TREATMENT FOR MS Although there is no cure for the MS, treatment aims to reduce the number of relapse or attacks and to decrease the severity when they occur. Some of the treatments for MS are:  Medications  Chemotherapy  Occupational therapy  MRI devoted to neurological imaging
  12. 12. ALTERNATIVE TREATMENTS Yoga Aromatherapy Acupuncture Homeopathy Meditation Reflexology Dietary supplements Herbal medication Chiropractic Physiotherapy