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LITERATURE- LITERARY APPRECIATION- Appreciating Literature*Teaching Literary Appreciation* *Fiction*Non-Fiction* *Teaching Poetry*Elements of Poetry* *Teaching Figurative Language*

  1. *Appreciating Literature*Teaching Literary Appreciation* *Fiction*Non-Fiction* *Teaching Poetry*Elements of Poetry* *Teaching Figurative Language* R a u c h a n e T i m B a n n a B a t t i k i n , L P T
  2. Literary Appreciation Literary Appreciation is the gift to comprehend, enjoy, and appraise a literary piece. It is to watch/read literary works and be able to give evaluations/opinions out of it. By reading and analyses, a language is improved. Increase comprehension on a material and establish a personal connection to a piece. We are able to indulge ourselves to known and unknown precepts of life, culture and etc. Literary Appreciation is to take a way moral messages, values and learn and unlearn things in life.
  4. POETRY Poetry is a type of literature that expresses ideas, feeling or tells a story in a specific form. It arouses emotions and use imagery. Suggest action or mood. It is grouped in a line called stanzas. COUPLET- 2 TRIPLET- 3 QUATRAIN- 4 QUINTET- 5 SESTET- 6 SEPTET- 7 OCTAVE- 8
  6. POETRY T YPES OF POEMS an d EXAMPL ES: 1 . Narrative p oem - T h e Raven by Ed gar Allan Poe • Epic - I liad and Odyssey by Homer • B allad - L a B elle Dame San a Merci by Joh n Keats • Tale - Girl with ou t Han d s by Margaret Atwood • I d yll - I d ylls of th e Kin g by Alfred L ord Ten nys on 2 . Dramatic poem - A dream by William Blake • Traged y - Hamlet by William Sh akes p eare • Comed y - Ever y Man in h is Hu mor by B en Joh n s on • Tragi -comed y - T h e Ch err y Orch ard by Anton Ch ekh ov • Mon ologu e - My L ast Du ch es s by Ro b ert B ro wn in g 3 . Clos et d rama - Pip p a Pas s es by Rob ert B rown in g 4 . Lyric p oem - A Dirge by Ch ristin a Ro s s etti • Elegy - Death Stan d s ab ove me by Walter Savage • Od e - Od e to th e West Win d by Percy Bys s h e Sh elley • Sonnet - Sonnet 116 by William Shakespeare
  7. POETRY ELEMENTS: 1.Sound- Poems are meant to be read aloud. 2.Rhyme- same sound/rhyme at the end of each line poem. 3.Rhythm- beat of the poem. 4.Repetition- it helps the poet emphasize an idea or create a certain feeling. 5.Free verse- no verse 6.Imagery- words or phrases that appeal to the five senses. 7.Figurative language- helps reader see ordinary things in a new way.
  8. PROSE
  9. DRAMA DRAMA is a story acted on a stage with costumes and backgrounds. It i practiced, mastered and presented in front of an audience. KINDS: 1. COMEDY- makes the audience laugh 2. TRAGIC- has a terrible or ad ending 3. ROMANCE- a drama that rolls about love and dating 4. TRAGICOMEDY- combination of tragedy and comedy. FORMS OF DRAMA: 1. OPERA- drama where characters usually sing to express their thoughts 2. PANTOMIME- an art of dramatic representation by means of facial expression and body movements rather than words. 3. CREATIVE DRAMA- includes dramatic activities and games used primarily in educational settings with children.
  10. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE Figures of Speech/ Figurative Language (poetic devices)
  11. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE Figures of Speech/ Figurative Language A word or phrase that has a meaning something different than its literal meaning. Commonly used by poets in composing poems in order to arouse feelings through evoking images in the mind.
  12. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE • Simile Is a comparison between two unlike things using the words ‘like’ or ‘as’. Examples: As blind as a bat As wise as an owl Like peas in a pod
  13. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE • Metaphor Compares two unlike things. Example: Time is money She is a night owl Heart of stone The world is a stage.
  14. • Alliteration Is the repetition of the beginning letter of the word. Example: Sally sells seashells in the seashore Fred fried frogs Walter Wonderland where Winnie was. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE
  15. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE • Hyperbole Uses exaggeration for emphasis or effect. Example: It cost a billion dollars I could do this forever Everyone knows that I’ll catch the stars for you.
  16. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE • Irony Using words where the meaning is the opposite of their usual meaning. Example: The Titanic was said to be unsinkable. Those braces looks good on you rabbit.
  17. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE • Euphemism Is a word or phrase that replaces a word or phrase to make it more polite or pleasant. Example: Letting him go instead of fired him Passed away instead of died Homeless instead of bum A little thin on top instead of bald
  18. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE • Oxymoron Is two contradictory terms used together. Example: Small crowd Dirty white Peace force
  19. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE • Personification Is giving human qualities or attributes to non-living things or ideas. Example: The flowers nodded. Snowflakes danced Wind howled
  20. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE • Synecdoche Is when a part represents the whole or the whole is represented by a part. Example: Wheels- a car Plastic- credit cards Army- soldier
  21. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE • Onomatopoeia A word that sounds like what it is describing. Example: Tweet Meow Oink kring
  22. • Anaphora A technique wherein several phrases or verses begin with the same word or words. Example: I came, I saw, I conquer. – Julius Caesar Mad world! Mad kings! Mad composition! – William Shakespeare We shall not flag or fail. We shall go on to the end. – Winston Churchill FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE
  23. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE • Assonance Is the repetition of vowel sounds in words that are closed together. Examples: A- For the rare and radiant maiden whom the angels named Lenore. –Poe U- Uncertain rustling of each purple curtain. – Poe I- From what I’ve tasted of desire, I hold with those who favor fire.- Frost
  24. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE • Apostrophe Figure of speech by which someone, abstract object or non- living thing is addressed directly as if it could hear it/were present though abent. Examples: Death be not proud! Rain rain go away!

Hinweis der Redaktion

  1. Watch attentively this video for you to have an outlook to what poetry is, its meaning, types and elements.
  2. There are three main branches of literature, namely poetry, drama and prose. The first one is poetry wherein it is the art of expression through verse.
  3. Watch this introductory!
  4. Here are the types of poems and some examples.
  5. Poems also has its elements.
  6. Next we have the prose which is a writing that is not a poetry. Doesn’t have verses or stanzas. It is divided into two, fiction and no- fiction. Fiction are made up and non-fiction are real or facts. The two also has types and is presented above.
  7. Back then dram is only shown on stages but as technology evolves, drama is also presented on the movies.
  8. A good poem doesn’t JUST consist of so words but combinations which are catchy. We have here our figures of speech usually used to write poems/stories.