• Plain Selvedges
These selvedges are constructed of the simple
plain weave with the same size yarns as the rest
of the fabric, but with the threads packed more
• Tape Selvedges
• The tape selvedges are sometimes
constructed with the plain weave but often
are made of the basket or twill weaves, which
makes a flatter edge.
• Tape selvedges are made of heavier yarns or
ply yarns, which provide greater strength.
• Split Selvedges
• These are made by weaving a narrow width
fabric twice its ordinary width with two
selvedges in the center.
• The fabric is then cut between the selvedges,
and the cut edges are finished with a chain
stitch or hemming.
• Split selvedges are used when items such as
towels are woven side by side and cut apart
• Fused Selvedges
• These selvedges are made on fabrics of
thermoplastic fibers, such as
polypropylene, nylon, etc., by pressing a hot
mechanical element on the edges of the
• The fibers melt and fuse together, sealing the
• Leno Selvedges
• The leno selvedges are obtained by binding
the wefts with strong additional threads
working in leno or gauze weave and by
eliminating through cutting the protruding
• Half cross leno weave fabrics have excellent
shear resistance. They are made with special
leno weaving harnesses. The leno selvedge is
used on some shuttle less looms.
The tucked selvedge is a technique used on some shuttle
less looms. A device is used to tuck and hold the cut ends
into the fabric edge.
In tucked-in selvedge, the fringed edges of the weft yarns
are woven back into the body of the fabric using a special
tuck-in mechanism. As a result, the weft density is doubled
in the selvedge area.
The tucked-in selvedge was being only used for projectile
weaving machines in the past; however, it is now also
applied to other shuttle less weaving machines.