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Commercial Paper
• Commercial Paper emerged as a source of short
term finance in our country in the early nineties.
Commercial paper is an unsecured promissory
note issued by a firm to raise funds for a short
period, varying from 90 days to 364 days.
• It is issued by one firm to other business firms,
insurance companies, pension funds and banks.
The amount raised by CP is generally very large.
As the debt is totally unsecured, the firms having
good credit rating can issue the Commercial
Paper.
Advantages
• i) A commercial paper is sold on an unsecured basis
and does not contain any restrictive conditions;
• (ii) As it is a freely transferable instrument, it has high
liquidity;
• (iii) It provides more funds compared to other sources.
Generally, the cost of Commercial Paper to the issuing
firm is lower than the cost of commercial bank loans;
• (iv) Companies can park their excess funds in
commercial paper thereby earning some good return
on the same
Disadvantages
• i) Only financially sound and highly rated firms can
raise money through commercial papers. New and
moderately rated firms are not in a position to raise
funds by this method;
• (ii) The size of money that can be raised through
commercial paper is limited to the excess liquidity
available with the suppliers of funds at a particular
time;
• (iii) Commercial paper is an impersonal method of
financing. As such if a firm is not in a position to
redeem its paper due to financial difficulties, extending
the maturity of a Commercial Paper is not possible.

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secpndary market

  • 1.
  • 2. Commercial Paper • Commercial Paper emerged as a source of short term finance in our country in the early nineties. Commercial paper is an unsecured promissory note issued by a firm to raise funds for a short period, varying from 90 days to 364 days. • It is issued by one firm to other business firms, insurance companies, pension funds and banks. The amount raised by CP is generally very large. As the debt is totally unsecured, the firms having good credit rating can issue the Commercial Paper.
  • 3. Advantages • i) A commercial paper is sold on an unsecured basis and does not contain any restrictive conditions; • (ii) As it is a freely transferable instrument, it has high liquidity; • (iii) It provides more funds compared to other sources. Generally, the cost of Commercial Paper to the issuing firm is lower than the cost of commercial bank loans; • (iv) Companies can park their excess funds in commercial paper thereby earning some good return on the same
  • 4. Disadvantages • i) Only financially sound and highly rated firms can raise money through commercial papers. New and moderately rated firms are not in a position to raise funds by this method; • (ii) The size of money that can be raised through commercial paper is limited to the excess liquidity available with the suppliers of funds at a particular time; • (iii) Commercial paper is an impersonal method of financing. As such if a firm is not in a position to redeem its paper due to financial difficulties, extending the maturity of a Commercial Paper is not possible.