instrumentation applications principle molecular weight wavelength particle size concentration of particles nephelometry & turbidimetry rayleigh scattering raman tyndall nephelometry and turbidimetry heavy metals static quenching concentration quenching collisional quenching chemical quenching types of quenching process jablonski  diagram theory of fluorescence and pho chemiluminescence phosphorescence spectroscopy fluorescence spectroscopy luminescence fluorometry application zeeman effect background corre background absorption interferences non flame atomizer premixed burner total consumption burner chopper electodeless discharge lamp hollow cathode lamp atomization atomic emission spectroscopy atomic absorption spectroscopy
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