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SPECIAL
EDUCATION
SPECIAL EDUCATION
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• Meets the unique needs of a child with a disability.
•...
• According to KIRK & GALLAGHER (1986): “When youngsters in the same
class room are remarkably different, it is difficult ...
CHARACTERISTICS
• special education meeting the special needs & requirements of the
exceptional children
• Diagnostic
• In...
OBJECTIVES
• For all round development in their personality.
• To make familiar with their abilities & capacities.
• Guida...
PRINCIPLES OF SPECIAL
EDUCATION
• Zero reject
• Nondiscriminatory Identification & Evaluation
• Free, Appropriate Public E...
ZERO REJECT
• School must educate all children with disability.
• No rejection on the basis of color, native, sex, disabil...
NONDISCRIMINATORY
IDENTIFICATION & EVALUATION
• Rule requiring schools to evaluate students fairly to determine if they
ha...
FAPE
• FAPE means a “Free Appropriate Public Education”.
• FREE education of each child with disability must be provide at...
LRE
12/19/2014 copyright 2006
www.brainybetty.com
10
• LRE means students the special needs will be educated with students...
DUE PROCESS SAFEGUARD
12/19/2014 copyright 2006
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11
• The rights of children with disabilities & their ...
PARENTS & STUDENTS
PARTICIPATION
• Equal participation in decision making process.
• The right to receive notice.
• The ri...
CONTINUUM OF SERVICES
Regular classrooms
Regular classrooms with teacher consultant
Regular classrooms with itinerant
teac...
HISTORY OF SPECIAL
EDUCATION
We can say history is the description of the person, institution &
societies in terms of thei...
HISTORY OF SPECIAL
EDUCATION
We divide the history in two parts that are:
• The Global Scenario
• The Indian Scenario
12/1...
THE GLOBAL SCENARIO
Now a days we use terms specialty & exceptionality lets take a look for
that period when these people ...
THE INDIAN SCENARIO
For understand the status of special education in India, we have two
divisions that are- before and af...
POST INDEPENDENCE ERA
• Sargent Report (1944)
• The National Education Commission (1964-66)
• National Education Policy (1...
THANK YOU
THE END
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special education,characteristics, objectives & principles.

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special education,characteristics, objectives & principles.

  1. 1. SPECIAL EDUCATION
  2. 2. SPECIAL EDUCATION 12/19/2014 copyright 2006 www.brainybetty.com 2 • Meets the unique needs of a child with a disability. • Adapting what a child learns & how he or she learns it. • Special curriculum education is not just a, but a process…. that makes it individualized for each child.
  3. 3. • According to KIRK & GALLAGHER (1986): “When youngsters in the same class room are remarkably different, it is difficult for the teacher to help them reach their educational potential without some kind of assistance. The help that the schools devise for children who differ significantly from the norm is called special education” • According to YSSELDYKE & ALGOZZINE (1990): “Special education is the instruction designed for students with special learning needs. Some of these have difficulty in the regular classrooms; they need special education to function in school. Others generally do well in regular classrooms; they need special education to help them master addition skills to reach their full potential in short. Special education is evidence of society’s willingness to recognize and respond to the individual needs of student and the limits of special school programmers to accommodate these needs” 12/19/2014 copyright 2006 www.brainybetty.com 3 DEFINITATION
  4. 4. CHARACTERISTICS • special education meeting the special needs & requirements of the exceptional children • Diagnostic • Interventory • Developmental • Quite specific & specialized • Mobile • Continuous • Goal directed • Research oriented & experimental • Measurable & testable • universal 12/19/2014 copyright 2006 www.brainybetty.com 4
  5. 5. OBJECTIVES • For all round development in their personality. • To make familiar with their abilities & capacities. • Guidance for parents. • Bring educational opportunities at the doorstep. • Make independent. • Help in adjustment in environment. • Change the attitude towards them. • Provide appropriate education, personal & vocational guidance. • Utilize contribution for the progress of country. • Aware about their rights & facilities provide by government. 12/19/2014 copyright 2006 www.brainybetty.com 5
  6. 6. PRINCIPLES OF SPECIAL EDUCATION • Zero reject • Nondiscriminatory Identification & Evaluation • Free, Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) • Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) • Due Process Safeguard • Parents & Students Participation 12/19/2014 copyright 2006 www.brainybetty.com 6
  7. 7. ZERO REJECT • School must educate all children with disability. • No rejection on the basis of color, native, sex, disability, mother tongue etc… • Rule against excluding any student. • Cannot exclude no matter how severe the disability. 12/19/2014 copyright 2006 www.brainybetty.com 7
  8. 8. NONDISCRIMINATORY IDENTIFICATION & EVALUATION • Rule requiring schools to evaluate students fairly to determine if they have a disability, &, if so, what kind of extensive or disability they have. • An appropriate evaluation provides information to be used to determine the child’s eligibility for special education and related services & the educational needs of the child & set the curriculum accordingly. • Without subjecting a child to unnecessary tests & assessments. • Requires states & local agencies to evaluate students in such a way that strengths & weakness are revealed. 12/19/2014 copyright 2006 www.brainybetty.com 8
  9. 9. FAPE • FAPE means a “Free Appropriate Public Education”. • FREE education of each child with disability must be provide at public expense under the age of 21. • APPROPRIATE education is determine on an individual basis. • PUBLIC school system must educate students with disabilities, respond to their individual needs, & help them plan for their future. • EDUCATION act that guarantees that children with disability will receive a public education include special education & related services. 12/19/2014 copyright 2006 www.brainybetty.com 9
  10. 10. LRE 12/19/2014 copyright 2006 www.brainybetty.com 10 • LRE means students the special needs will be educated with students who are not disabled. • Rule requiring schools to educate students with disabilities with nondisabled students to the maximum extent appropriate. • One of the most important & controversial element of special education reform. • School may not remove student from general education unless he/ she cannot be educated successfully there.
  11. 11. DUE PROCESS SAFEGUARD 12/19/2014 copyright 2006 www.brainybetty.com 11 • The rights of children with disabilities & their parents are protected. • All information needed to make decisions about the provision of a FAPE of the student is provided to parents of children with disability. • Parents have to right inspect & review their child’s educational records.
  12. 12. PARENTS & STUDENTS PARTICIPATION • Equal participation in decision making process. • The right to receive notice. • The rights to give ideas for certain activities such as evaluations, changes in placement & release of information to others. • The right to participate in all meetings concerning their child’s special education. 12/19/2014 copyright 2006 www.brainybetty.com 12
  13. 13. CONTINUUM OF SERVICES Regular classrooms Regular classrooms with teacher consultant Regular classrooms with itinerant teacher Regular classrooms with resource room facilities Special classes Special schools Residential institutions 12/19/2014 copyright 2006 www.brainybetty.com 13
  14. 14. HISTORY OF SPECIAL EDUCATION We can say history is the description of the person, institution & societies in terms of their existence from the earliest to the latest. When we talk about the history of special education, we must have its description in terms of growth & development of the ways & means of its delivery, objective sets & the system of schooling. The term special or exceptional children does not exist in our historical past. The description related to the history of special education in the text is covered by the history of the case & provision made by the society & states for the various types of disabilities found in human beings. Therefore history of special education is the mesh up of two, one deals with educational & institutional arrangements first formally established in the eighteenth century, the other with the people who have present in the society since the beginnings. 12/19/2014 copyright 2006 www.brainybetty.com 14
  15. 15. HISTORY OF SPECIAL EDUCATION We divide the history in two parts that are: • The Global Scenario • The Indian Scenario 12/19/2014 copyright 2006 www.brainybetty.com 15
  16. 16. THE GLOBAL SCENARIO Now a days we use terms specialty & exceptionality lets take a look for that period when these people are pronounced with their disability, trying to trace the roots of today’s special education. Historical description divided into some specific period or eras that are: 1). The Era of Exclusion- extermination & abandonment 2). The Era of Acceptance- as a subject of amusement & use 3). The Era of Legal Discrimination & Witchcraft 4). The Era of Sympathy & Asylum- institutionalization 5). The Era of Isolated Settings- special schools 6). The Era of Segregated Settings-special classes 7). The Era of Inclusive Settings- regular classes 12/19/2014 copyright 2006 www.brainybetty.com 16
  17. 17. THE INDIAN SCENARIO For understand the status of special education in India, we have two divisions that are- before and after gaining independence in 1947. 1). Pre- Independence Era 2). Post- Independence Era 12/19/2014 copyright 2006 www.brainybetty.com 17
  18. 18. POST INDEPENDENCE ERA • Sargent Report (1944) • The National Education Commission (1964-66) • National Education Policy (1968) • National Policy on Education (1986) • Rehabilitation Council of India Act (1992) • Person with Disability (1995) • National Trust Act (1999) • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (2000-01) • Action Plan For Inclusive Education of Children and Youth with Disabilities (2005) • 12/19/2014 copyright 2006 www.brainybetty.com 18
  19. 19. THANK YOU THE END 12/19/2014 copyright 2006 www.brainybetty.com 19

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