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Effect of plastic waste on tile by using thermosetting method

  3. INTRODUCTION  India is developing country, Because of this civilization is done. Due to this many types of pollutants are produce like CO2, CO, plastic waste. Now also population is increase and for daily uses large amount of plastic products like plastics bags, Water bottles, pipe line etc. In India there is about 15342 tonnes plastic waste produce every day, scientist says that it take 300 year for complete combustion so it is very dangerous for environment & human life.  So we produced technic from waste is used in building material. By using this plastics waste we produce material which can be used as building material & other places like parking footpath etc. While making this material we used plastic waste which crushed and convert into small particle or plastic granules, sand, epoxy resin, MEKP. By mixing we produce a material which is used in making tile, blocks etc. It replace concrete from it.  By making this material we can keep environment healthy and free from plastic waste.
  4. LITERATURE REVIEW NAME OF SCIENTIST YEAR DESCRIPTION 1. Pierre Jean Couquet (et,al) 1970 Pile or plastic tiles for flooring and like applications. 2. Roberts Mar (et,al) 1974 Study the possibility of using plastic waste as a binding material instead of cement in the manufacturing of tiles. 3. Athos Polidori(et,al) 1998 It concerns a manufacturing process and a related product constituted of a tile in plastic material. . 4. Gaggino Rosana (et,al) 2013 The percentage of plastic waste also there are possibility to change the binding. Ecoligical tiles made with used of rubber or plastic wastes and rock sand.
  5. NAME OF SCIENTIST YEAR DESCRIPTION 5. Amber Mulyono(et,al) 2013 Prior research on roof tile waste treatment has attempted to find the appropriate technology to reuse old roof tile waste by create wall cladding materials from it. 6. Temitope AK( 2015 A pilot recycling of plastic pure water sachets/bottles into composite floor tiles: A case study from selected dumping site in ogbomoso. 7. Mohammad N. Akhtar (et,al) 2016 The result of this study recommends that the fly ash based roof tiles provides a sustainable supplement to the traditional clay roof tiles, they increase the efficiency of traditional roof tiles and significantly help to reduce the environmental issues associated with the disposal of these waste materials
  6. NAME OF SCIENTIST YEAR DESCRIPTION 8. Dinkar pawar(et,al) 2017 Waste plastic from indusrties and epoxy resin along with hardner were mixed and tile were casted. 9. Mehdi seghiri(et,al) 2017 This work focuses on the Possibility of Making a Composite Material from à sand dune (A natural source abounds) and recycled height density polythene (HDPEr) by mixing the amount. The composite has been designated as roof tile. 10. J. shri indu(et,al) 2017 The fibers from the PET bottle wastes taken to improve the flexural capacity of the concrete can be proven by many of the researchers
  7. PROBLEM STATEMENT  Due to fast developing infrastructure in country usage of plastic has been increased.  Due to disposal of plastic in open atmosphere the human life has came into danger.  Plastic consists unwanted substance and chemical, if we burn plastic then it produce poisonous gases, bad smell and hazardous.  The available amount of plastic waste are abundant according to “central pollution control board of India” produce 15343 tones of plastic every year.  To keep environment clean and healthy, the plastic waste should be reduce as early as possible.  So in our project we mainly concentrated on using of waste plastic as a raw material for production of tiles.
  8. OBJECTIVES  Minimize the plastic disposal problems.  Availability of better alternative to cement tile.  To use wastage of plastic material in manufacturing of plastic tiles.  Increase strength of tile.  Increase aesthetic view of tile.  Reduced cost of tiles.  Reduced land pollution.
  9. METHODOLOGY 1. Use of plastic wastes as a binding material in the manufacture of tiles  Author:athos polidori(1998) :  According to athos the plastic waste tiles have low porosity hence it makes tiles impervious in opposition to micro-concrete tiles.  The proportion of 40% of plastic binder gives best result hence it is used.
  10. 2. Material used  Waste Crushed Solid Plastic Material  M E K P (Methyl Ethyl Ketone Peroxide )  Epoxy Resin  Sand
  11. 3. PROPORTIONS We used trail and error method for deciding proportions  First Proportion: - 1:1:4:2 ( Epoxy Resin: MEKP: Plastic Granules: Sand )  Second Proportion: - 1:1:3:3 ( Epoxy Resin: MEKP: Plastic Granules: Sand )  Third Proportion: - 1:1:2:4 ( Epoxy Resin: MEKP: Plastic Granules: Sand )
  12. 4. Process of tiles  Prepare the mould.  Crushing waste plastic material.  Binding material.  Mixing of binding material in waste plastic & rock sand.  Use of thermosetting method.
  13. 5. PREPARATION OF MOULD Size of mould :-300 x 300 x 15 mm After selecting the mould material, we went to industry for the prepearation of mould in actual. fabrication consists of following process:-  Cutting a sheet  Drilling a sheet  Welding a frame  Polishing frame and sheet  Fixing frame and sheet  Finishing both
  14. Fig-1 Preparation of mould
  15. 6. FLOW CHART
  16. TEST ON MATERIAL 1. TEST ON PLASTIC Table No. 1 Test on Plastic
  17. TEST OF TILE As per IS 1237:2012 We take two test on tile 1. Flexural Test: - Determine transverse strength of casting material for flooring tiles. 2. Abrasion Test: - Determine the abrasion resistance of plastic tile.
  18. OBSERVATION TABLE Table No.2 Observation Flexural test
  19. Graph no.1 Deflection of tiles
  20. Graph No. 2 Strength of tiles
  21. Table No. 3 Observation of Abrasion Test
  22. Graph No. 3 Abrasion Test of Plastic tiles
  23. COMPARISON Table No.3 Comparison of ordinary tile & Plastic Tile
  24. REQUIRENMENT AS PER IS CODE 1237: 2012 TEST IS CODE REQUIRENMENT ORDINARY TILE PLASTIC TILE Flexure strength: >3 N/mm2 2.245 N/ mm2 95 N / mm2 Abrasion: a. For general purpose <3.5 mm 1.326 mm 0.87 mm b. For Heavy duty <2 mm 1.326 mm 0.87 mm
  25. Advantages : -  It doesn’t produce any type of pollutant.  For making this tile we doesn’t required water for casting and curing.  It doesn’t required more time to cast.  It casting is done in 1 day only.  It doesn’t produce any type of heat Disadvantages : -  Uneconomical as compare to ordinary tile.  It doesn't resist high temperature more then 108-110 Degree/ Cel.
  26. Properties :-  High strength  Tough and hard  Permeable  Light weight  Deflection  Elasticity Application : -  It can used were high loaded work is done.  It can used as pavement.  It can used in parking.  It can used were high loaded machine are place.  It can used were high loaded machine are repair.  It look very attractive. So we used this tile for decoration.
  27. CONCLUSION The plastic tiles are more durable than the traditional tiles with respect to various perspectives as written in results. Looking towards the flexural capacity of the tiles, those can be used under heavy loads. The areas of heavy loads can be garages, workshops, parking, etc. The less wear and tear will be seen in these plastic tiles. Only thing, the cost of the tiles is slightly more than the traditional tiles but this can be overseen with the other properties. As above project studied that the plastic is harmful for environment and very much amount plastic waste discard in surrounding in daily routing. So, we try to minimize as well as utilization of this plastic waste in civil construction field by production of plastic tiles with waste plastic material. We trying to best to do efficient tiles from this materials but presently this tough task to us because of uneconomical production of this tiles. But it is possible to use another chemical for binding material such as polyester or other which may be economical in future.
  28. FUTURE SCOPE  After completion of above project is noted that this plastic tiles presenting un economical but in future research on that issue will be possibility make that this tiles economical.  We will change the percentage of plastic waste also there are possibility to change the binding material like resin-melamine resin polyester etc this are the chemical which will be economical.  If we use fire proof reagent, modern method, colour reagent for making this tiles then it will more glossiness and efficient.  If we increase our production in large aspects then chemical will be present it in large quantity also at low cost.
  29. REFERANCE 1. Pile or plastic tiles for flooring and like applications, Inventer:- Pierre jean couquet, Levelanet,France, Filed:- May 19,1970. 2. Use of plastic waste as a binding material in the manufacture of tiles: case of Waste with a basis of polypropylene, Inventer:- Roberts mar,USA, Filed:- Aug 1974. 3. Method of making composit tiles containing waste plastic, Inventer:- Athos polidori,Saludecio, Italy, Filed:- April 21,1998.
  30. 4. Ecoligical roofing tiles made with rubber or plastic wastes, Inventer:- Gaggino rosana,UK Filed:- June 2013. 5. Recycling Roof Tile Waste Material for Wall Cover Tiles. Inventer: - Ambar Mulyono Filed: -2013 6. Experimental Investigation on Concrete Floor Tiles with Plastic Fibers. Inventer: - J. Shri Indhu Filed: -2017 7. The Possibility of Making a Composite Material from Waste Plastic. Inventer: - Mehdi Seghir Filed: April 24,2017
  31. 8. A pilot recycling of plastic pure water sachets/bottles into composite floor tiles: A case study from selected dumping site in ogbomoso. Inventer: - Temitope AK Filed: -2015 9. Behaviour of plastic tiles under flexure test abrassion test. Inventer: - Dinkar Pawar. Filed: - June 6,2017 10. . Sustainable Fly Ash Based Roof Tiles with Waste Polythene Fiber: An Experimental Study Inventer: - Mohammad N. Akhtar Filed: -March 6,2017 11. IS code 1237:2012 : cement concrete flooring tile – specification.