“There are no problems we can not solve together, and very few
that we can solve by ourselves” – President Lyndon Johnson.
“Individuals play the game, but teams win championships”.
“United we stand but divided we fall”.
“People have been known to achieve more as a result of working
with others and not against them”
… differences between teamwork and collaboration.
… characteristics of an effective team.
… factors influencing team work and its effectiveness.
… approaches to improve team effectiveness.
… benefits of teamwork.
… apply their knowledge to practical situations
What is a team?
Is a group of two or
more persons working
together in sympathetic
resonance to achieve a
What is teamwork?
Team work is when two or
more people work together
cohesively, towards a common
goal, creating a positive working
atmosphere, and supporting
each other to combine
individual strengths to enhance
What is Collaboration?
Collaboration is a process that requires relationship
and interaction between professionals regardless of
whether or not they perceive themselves as part of a
Differences between Team work and
Has a defined and same goal
Is itself affected by collaboration
Rarely happens without
Can be considered a form of
May have different goals in mind
Affects and enhances team work
Can take place whether or not
professionals consider themselves
to be part of a team
Aspects of Teamwork
Pre-requisites for teamwork
Characteristics of teamwork
Characteristics of teamwork
Components of team work
Effectiveness of a team
Factors that promote
Essential skills for teamwork
Benefits of teamwork
Characteristics of Teamwork members
Collaborate for deliverables
Benefit from working collaboratively
Share information which may lead to shared decision
Know when team work should be used to optimize results.
Characteristics of effective Team
Production of high quality product
Viability (Ability of team members to continue to work
together in the future
Improved well-being and professional growth of
Effectiveness of a Team
What is the task of a team
What are the specific features that distinguish a team
What is the composition of a team (size, age, gender)
What process exist to enhance team work
(communication and co-ordination
Effectiveness of a Team (cont.…)
What are the psychosocial traits of a team (norms and
What is the organizational context in which team exists
(setting, resources, leadership)
What is the social and policy context related to teams
Factors that promote Teamwork
Not gender/age/ race
Benefits of Teamwork
Fosters Creativity and Learning
Blends Complementary Strengths
Teaches Conflict Resolution Skills
Improves client satisfaction
Promotes a Wider Sense of
Encourages Healthy Risk-Taking.
Reduces work load
Reduces staff shortages
Reduces stress and burnout amongst
Effective teamwork to enhance productivity can only be achieved
when all the levels within the work place work in synchrony.
Workers need to understand the processes required for
collaboration and share a common understanding of the notions of
“team” and “team work.”
Organization and management structures must be in place to
support teamwork through policy, infrastructure and framework.
The understanding of “team” and practice of “team work” is yet to
be a reality in our work places.
If professionals are expected to work in teams, their orientation
must prepare them to do so or else they will continue to work in
status quo work environments (collaborations rather than