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atecommbsingh-210612151112 (2).pptx

28. Mar 2023
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atecommbsingh-210612151112 (2).pptx

  1. ATECOM Attitude, Ethics, Communication for MBBS students By dr m balaji singh M.D., Professor of Forensic Medicine ACS medical college and hospital, Chennai.
  2. Topics to be discussed  What is attitude, definition, dictionary meaning  Attitude among medical students  How to develop good attitude  Learning attitudes  Self directed learning  student centered learning  Attitude of a Doctor  Communication skills
  3. Attitude
  4. Meaning :A feeling or opinion Attitude about something . Usage of word ‘attitude’ in general  He has a very good attitude towards his work.  He undergone a change in his attitude, and became more cooperative.  I like your attitude (behavior).  A boy has a real attitude problem ( difficult to make relationship with him or work with him).
  5. It means favorable or unfavorable evaluative reactions toward something or someone exhibited on one’s beliefs, feelings, or intended behavior. Attitude
  6. Attitude Belief is an important element in the formation of attitudes. Information about other people, objects, or issues, that are considered to be factual for our belief.
  7. Change in attitude is common • Attitudes have a past, present, and future. • Attitude comes from the Latin word ‘aptus’ which means “fitness” or “adaptation.” Attitude
  8. Building a positive attitude ATTITUDE contributes to SUCCESS a. When a opportunity knocks at your door , you may complain of noise. b. The same opportunity never knocks twice. c. The next one may be better or worse, but it is never the same one. d. Hence develop a positive attitude towards available opportunity
  9. Our attitude towards our failures. • For a positive thinker, it can be a stepping stone to success. • To a negative thinker, it can be a stumbling block.
  10. A attitude of a successful man……… A popular quote “Success doesn't mean the absence of failures; it means the attainment of ultimate objectives. It means winning the war, not every battle.” - Edwin C. Bliss
  11. Three factors that influence our attitude. 1. Environment 2. Experiences we encountered 3. Level of education
  12. • Home: positive or negative influences • School: peer pressure • Work: supportive or over critical supervisor • Media: television, newspapers, magazines, radio, movies • Cultural background • Religious background • Traditions and beliefs • Social environment • Political environment Attitude- Environmental factors
  13. 2. Experiences Our behavior ( attitude) changes according to our experiences with people and events in our life. A positive experience with a event, a attitude towards it will be positive and vice versa. 3. Education Both formal and informal education, not just academic qualifications influence the attitude of the person Attitude and factors…….
  14. a. Student level b. As a medical practitioner Attitude- Importance of developing good attitude
  15. a. Towards course/ profession b. Towards self c. Towards team or classmates d. Towards institution e. Towards teachers f. Towards patients Student level attitude
  16. Attitude towards facilities 1. Ignore deficiencies 2. Proper utilization of all recourses 3. May criticize teacher but never give up learning from teachers 4. Convert knowledge in to wisdom 5. Attitude to use critical thinking , reasoning in subject matters 6. Simplifying difficult and complex subject matters for better memory 7. Expansion of academically important topics 8. Never hesitate to invite your casemates / seniors/ teachers for academic discussion 9. Follow simple principle of learning -Easy to difficult -Known to unknown 10. Good expressive attitude – in examinations ( writing theory/ oral )
  17. People with positive attitudes Personality traits – Caring, confidence, patience, and humble. High expectations and hard working attitude. Anticipating positive outcomes and contributing their effort accordingly. He is like a fruit of all seasons.
  18. BENEFITS OFA POSITIVEATTITUDE in students • Loyalty towards institution and course • Better learning capabilities. • Promotes – • Improves - problem based learning. quality of under standing. and patients. • Fosters - teamwork. • Better relationships with classmates, seniors ,teachers • congenial ( happy) study atmosphere. • Reduces stress • Positive out comes. • Becomes a skilled expert in medical field and an asset to the country.
  19. Quotes about attitude
  20.  Curriculum /syllabus……..is a Barden ? or pleasurable ? it will depend upon…………..attitude of the student
  21. Be regular and sincere
  22. Learning attitudes
  23. Stages of involvement in learning
  24. Triangle of Learning Books/ literature on internet patient/practical demo Teacher to facilitate learning
  25. Learning attitude Life long learning attitude Good Attitude towards - 1. Medical profession 2. Educational objectives 3. Curriculum/ syllabus, 4. Teaching and learning methods 5. Subject matters, and skills 6. Examinations and Evaluation procedure
  26. Attitude towards self 1. Be Positive 2. Self assessment and realization 3. Correctly judge your capability 4. Rectify your deficiencies 5. Self motivational attitude 6. Never give-up practicing learning
  27. 1. Record 2. Review 3. Repeat Triple ‘R’ for better output
  28. Observation and performance
  29. Active learning at bedside
  30. Small group discussion
  31. Hesitation to read a new topic Self motivation Reading books Learning something Feel of stress Familiarizing a new topic Ability to recall Stress released Relaxed mood Stress to relax Dr m balaji singh ACSMCH, chennai
  32. Our mind will do compilation and integration of various subject matters what we studied before during physical exercise - hence better understanding , - Develop self confidence, - hence relaxing smile on our face.
  33. 1. Recognition 2. Recording 3. recall Triple ‘R’ for better memory
  34. Student centered learning –new method Teacher directed – old method
  35. Student- centered learning Pedagogical innovation Student centered seminars
  36. Student- centered learning  learner autonomy and independence.  Focuses on skills and practices that enable lifelong learning and independent problem-solving.  Student’s interests first.  acknowledging student voice as central to the learning experience.  Learning setting - an indoor or outdoor location, either actual or virtual.  Active in their own learning and foster transferable skills such as problem-solving, critical thinking, and reflective thinking.  Encourages students in creating the learning process
  37. Pedagogy to involve all learners Student’s needs - first All the students should understand the subject matters Teacher is accessible to each and every student
  38. For a medical student from the bottom of the flow chart all the skill are important up to academic skills.
  39. 5 ‘R’ Learning attitudes reasoning
  40. Every student should have Expressiveness – writing and oral answering in exams Good learning behavior Learning mindset Self motivation Reading and language skills Listening skills Understanding by reasoning Memory Recall Expressiveness
  41. Once you became a medical practitioner…………your attitude should be……..
  42. a. Towards profession and service b. towards patients c. Towards professional colleges d. Towards state (Government) e. Towards development or research Attitude of a medical practitioner
  43. Attitude For a registered medical practitioner These 5 skills are necessary.
  44. Thank you…..for watching next topic is…..
  45. Communication skills
  46. 1. Active listening 2. Empathy 3. Straight and clear talk 4. Non verbal communication 5. Emotional balance Communication skills- 5 points
  47. Open-ended questions- cannot be answered with a simple ‘yes’ or ‘no’. demands elaborate answers on their points. Paraphrase ; listener express the meaning of the words, what he heard , to achieve greater clarity. Probing questions are designed to deepen the knowledge and understanding. 1.Active listening…….
  48. 2.Empathy- the ability to understand and feel the mind setup and emotions of other person. a. Empathy is the capacity to understand or feel what another person is experiencing from within their frame of reference. b. capacity to place oneself in another's position.
  49. sympathy is feeling sorry for someone, while empathy is understanding their pain. These words are related, but they are not synonyms.
  50. • Empathy is stronger than sympathy. • It goes beyond feeling compassion for their loss. • It is the ability to put yourself in the place of another and understand someone else's feelings by identifying with them. • Sympathy is just feeling bad for the other person, • But showing empathy involves sharing their feelings. Empathy, is putting yourself in another's place and view the situation through their eyes
  51. 3.straight and clear talk - effective and direct talk
  52. 4.Non-verbal communication
  53. non-lexical component of speech, intonation, pitch and speed , hesitation noises, gesture, facial expression. Intonation the rise and fall of the pitch of voice Paralanguage
  54. i P st h re os xt u ed y mo f ih cu m sa nuse of space and the effects in communication. Chronemics is the role of time in communication. Artifacts can include clothes, accessories, props, jewelry, and other things that can be attributed to a persons style.
  55. Personality types- based on timing and relations
  56. Communication skills
  57. Proxemics- intimate
  58. Intimate proxemics
  59. Proxemics- close
  60. Close proxemics
  61. Proxemics- close
  62. Proxemics - social
  63. Mass communication -proxemics
  64. Scene it self SPEECKS……. a. A festival b. A funeral c. A crime scene d. A tranquility and peace e. A scene of joy and celebration f. A scene of study and learning…….etc. Environmental factors Circumstantial Evidence
  65. Non verbal communication – Our face is very expressive
  66. Body language
  67. Advantages…..of N V C
  68.  Emotions are manifestations of neurophysiological changes  They associated with thoughts, feelings, behavioral responses, pleasure, displeasure etc..  linked with mood and personality.  Expressed consciously or subconsciously.  27 categories of emotions.  With this many emotions, it is important to know how and when to use them.  Even when it comes to communication, we need to know how to use our emotions. 5. Emotions
  69. Why Emotions Are Important In Communication 1. It allows us to express ourselves. 2. It gives others to better understand. 3. It makes people relate. 4.It creates opportunities to be heard. The last three points all come down to this. When you have emotions in your communication, you create opportunities for more people to listen to you. Emotional expression is the main source in mass communication/ entertainment (cinema) 5. Emotional speech
  70. Thank you for active listening…….
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