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Internet of Things Stack - Presentation Version

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Internet of Things Stack - Presentation Version

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What is in an Internet of Things Stack? A deep dive from Postscapes and Harbor Research

Infographic version can be found here:
http://www.slideshare.net/Postscapes/internet-of-things-stack

Full resolution can be found at: http://www.postscapes.com/internet-of-things-stack

What is in an Internet of Things Stack? A deep dive from Postscapes and Harbor Research

Infographic version can be found here:
http://www.slideshare.net/Postscapes/internet-of-things-stack

Full resolution can be found at: http://www.postscapes.com/internet-of-things-stack

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Internet of Things Stack - Presentation Version

  1. 1. Internet of Things Stack
  2. 2. Smart Systems and the Internet of Things is quickly becoming a massive, global digital nervous system — connecting billions of people, tens of billions of devices, and trillions of data points through a network of unprecedented scale. In this system-of-systems, every interaction with the physical world is also an interaction with the network. Overview User Experience Tech Business MarketPhysical World
  3. 3. As these intersections blend the physical with the digital, they are mediated by ongoing user interactions, business processes, technology architectures, and newly created market forces. Revenue Type - Physical Product // Software // Data Access // Service Region - North America, Europe, S. & Central America, Asia, Africa, Oceania, Worldwide Transaction Type - B2B // B2C // G2G // C2C Model - Indirect // One-time fee // Pay per use // Subscription License & Location Proprietary >> Open Source Cloud >> On Premise Edge Market Delivery Channel Direct // Distributors & Wholesalers // Resellers // Systems Integrators Direct Services Engineering // Consulting // Support // Training Business Physical World Value Added Apps - Analytics / Dashboards - Mobile & Collaboration - Asset Management // Supply Chain Management // Energy Management // Customer Support // Security Management System Applications - Monitoring and State // Location & Tracking // Diagnos- tics & Prognostics // Automation // Analytics - Application Enablement and Tools - Data Aggregation / Data Transformation & Man- agement / Edge Processing - Device Management - Connectivity Services Network Services Wireline / WPAN / WLAN / LWPAN / WWAN Connectivity & Device Enablement Software Device Software // Device Drivers // Security & Encryption // Comms Stacks // Operating Systems Network Hardware Routers & Gateways // Silicon, Boards & Modules Tech Actuators Sensors &Sens Instruments Power Supply Context Identity // Location //Time Interaction Visual // Audio // Tactile Device Embedded // Accessories // Mobile // Fixed User Experience Market Tech User Experience Business PhysicalWorld Market Institutional & Commercial - Healthcare - Retail / Commercial Facilities & Security - Buildings - Security Mobility - Transporation Resources & Production - Resources - Energy - Industrial Information Technology & Communications - Consumer - Professional Cloud Services Security Protocols Business
  4. 4. Overview + User Experience Layer Context Handheld / Mobile Fixed Embedded Accessories Interaction Internal Device Textile Adhere/Patches FootwearClipped Earbuds Strapped Eyewear Headware Identity Location / Surroundings TIme Visual / Audio / Tactile / Gaze Tracking Facial Expression Tracking Emotion Recognition Voice Recognition Haptic Sensors Pressure Sensors Taste/Smell Sensors Joysticks / Mice “User Experience” is the sum of our relationship with technology. It encompasses the practical—like which senses, gestures, and inputs we use to interact with our devices and surrounding environment—as well as the emotional: how the interaction makes us feel.
  5. 5. Technology Layer From the design of silicon to the end-user experience, the technologies of the IoT are driven by data. Sensors, software, and networked infrastructure collect, analyze, transmit and present data for the users and devices who need it most. Overview + Routers & Gateways - 2G, 3G, 4G Routers - Ethernet Routers - Gateways & Proxy Servers - Data Aggregator - Residential Gateways - Set Top Box - Voice Gateway - WAP Gateway Silicon / Boards / Modules - 64 bit Microcontrollers - 32 bit Microcontrollers - 16 bit Microcontrollers - 8 bit Microcontrollers - 4 bit Microcontrollers - DSP Controllers - Graphic Processors - System on a Module - Systems on a Chip - Single Board Computers Software Device Management - FOTA (Firmware Over the Air) - Distributed Version Control - Configuration Management - Software Versioning - Device Drivers Network Hardware Security & Encryption - Security / Anti-Virus - Encryption - Patch Mgmt - End Point Authentication - Anti-Device Tampering - Preboot Verification - IP SEC - Certificate Management - Cryptography - Data at Rest Encryption Comms Stacks - Wireline - WPAN - WLAN - LPWAN - WWAN Operating System - Virtualization S/W - Desktop and Mobile GUI OS - Embedded / GUI based RTOS - Commercial RTOS - Open RTOS - Boot Loaders / Comm’s stacks Connectivity & Device Enablement Network Services Wireline WPAN WLAN WWAN Cloud Services Security / Data Policies & Governance Protocols / Frameworks System Applications Application Enablement - API Services - Application Enablement Tools Data: Agg / Transformation / MGMT // Edge Processing - Storage - Data Normalization - Data Classification - Data Governance - Ad Hoc Queries - Rules Engine - Statistical Analysis - Streaming Analysis - Real-Time (time series) Analysis - Presentation & Visualization - Event Processing Device Management & Connectivity - Upgrades and Versioning - System Configuration - Device Registry - Identify, Security and Encryption - Device Provisioning & Commissioning - Firmware Management - Gateway Management Monitoring & State Prognostics Automation / Analytics Location & Tracking Diagnostics Security Management Energy Management Supply Chain & Logistics Customer Support Asset Management Mobile & Collaboration Analytics & Dashboards Value Added Applications - Bluetooth - 6LoWPAN - NFC - RFID - Cellular (4G/LTE - 2G/GSM 3G GPRS) - WiMax - Ethernet - Modbus - Powerline - WiFi - DECT - Thread TCP / UDP IPv4 / IPv6 CoAP MQTT XMPP RESTful HTTP AMQP LWM2M Thread OneM2M DDS DTLS uIP Telehash UPnP AllJoyn SMPP (Short Message Peer to Peer) Virtual IC SMS OMA Device Management CPE WAN Management Protocol (CWMP) Weave REST API Node JS HTML 5 Web Sockets JSON/JSONP Physical - Power - Sensors - Actuators LPWAN - Sigfox - LoRA SaaS PaaS IaaS Core Messaging / Application
  6. 6. Market Layer Some markets adopt new technologies faster than others, but no sector of the economy is immune to the expanding influence of the IoT. While there are similarities that apply across the board, each vertical has its own set of needs and challenges that shape the way networked technologies add value. Overview + Transportation Infrastructure Aerospace • Traffic Management • Toll Collection • Parking Systems • Military Aircraft • Commercial Aircraft • Personal Aircraft • Military Watercraft • Commercial Watercraft • Personal Watercraft • Rolling Stock • Urban Transit • Locomotives • Infrastructure Marine Rail • Construction Off-road • Military Off-road • Personal On-road • Commercial On-road • Emergency On-road Vehicles Mobility Information Technology & Communications Industrial • Lighting • Power Distribution • Life Safety • Climate Control • Water & Gas • Security & Access Ctrl ResidentialCommercial & Institutional • Lighting • Power Distribution • Life Safety • People Moving • Climate Control • Water & Gas • Security & Access Control • Climate Control • Appliances • Security & Access Control • Power Distribution • Water & Gas • Life Safety • Lighting Facilities & Security Borders & Ports of Entry Security Campuses, Bases & Public Venues • Access Control • Security & Detection • Surveillance • Access Control • Security & Detection • Surveillance Industrial Hybrid/Converting • Processing • Auxiliary Equipment • Controls & Instrumentation • Processing • Converting • Handling & Packaging • Controls Manufacturing Supply Chain • Fabrication • Material Handling • Assembly/Test • Controls • Handling • Warehouse / Distribution Systems Resources & Production Resources Power Generation Alternative Power Conventional Generation Power Transmission & Distribution Transmission & Distribution Power Quality & Electrical Backup Energy Institutional & Commercial Transport Retail/ Commercial • Restaurants • Hotels • Goods & Groceries • Convenience/ Gas Healthcare • Patient Care • Surgery • Labs Hospitals & Health Facilities Home / Personal Healthcare • Home Care • Mobile Care • Lifestyle • Entertainment • Public Venues & Stadiums • Advertising • Vending • Repair Services • Cleaning Services Commercial Services Public Venues HospitalityRetail Enterprise • Computing • Communication • Office • Mobile • Field Professional Consumer Home • Communication • Infotainment • Home Office Water Utility Oil & Gas • Oil & Gas Extraction • Oil & Gas Processing • Oil & Gas Transport Agriculture • Farming • Cultivation • Livestock Management • Water Extraction • Water Processing / Treatment • Water Transport Mining • Extraction • Material Handling • Material Processing Environment & Infrastructure • Infrastructure Monitoring • Environment Monitoring Power Generation Buildings • • • •
  7. 7. Integrating smart systems into business processes requires restructuring long-held assumptions about how products and services are brought to market. Collaboration between and among users, customers, developers and partners will be a minimum requirement for success. Revenue Model License & Location Market Delivery Revenue Type Location On Premise Bundled / Hybrid Hosted Co-location Cloud License Proprietary - Commercial Proprietary - Shareware Open Source Apache / BSD / GPL / GNU / MIT Mozilla / Eclipse / Creative Commons / Public / LGPL / AGPL Model North America, Europe, S. & Central America, Asia, Africa, Oceania, Worldwide Region B2B / B2C / C2B / ETC Transaction Type Indirect One-time Pay-per Subscription • Per seat • Per device • Affiliate • Per application • Per site • Royalty • Usage-based • Tiered/ Freemium • Unit-based • Transaction • Value-based • Timed • Flexible - Capped • Open / One-time • P2P Loyalty Internal Use • • Direct ServicesChannel Direct Distributers & Wholesalers Professional / Tech Services OEM / ODM VARs Systems Integrators Maintenance / Service Monitoring After-Market Support & Logistics Training System Selection / Integration Type Physical Product Software Data Service Business Layer Overview +
  8. 8. Actuators &A Subsystemsms Sensors &SSSSSen Instruments Power Supply Physical Layer What distinguishes the IoT from the Internet of the past is its relationship with the physical world. At its most basic level, the IoT depends on sensors that collect digital data about objects, envi- ronments and people; actuators and equipment that allow digital data and networked communi- cations to affect the physical world; and the power supplies needed to keep it all running. Overview +
  9. 9. Smart Systems and the Internet of Things will be built from complex interrelationships between the stack. Integrating these layers together is the Interaction Seam— A bi-directional link between digital user experiences and the physical world. Physical Business Market Tech User Experience OverviewOverview + Interaction Seam The Interaction Seam represents the convergence of users, devices, partners, data, and networks.
  10. 10. Success will increasingly go to those that effectively utilize their combined potential...
  11. 11. USER EXPERIENCE INTERACTION SEAM TECH BUSINESS Your Product / Service MARKET PHYSICAL WORLD Rethinking Things as Systems Questions to help frame your own connected device and smart system Where do I fit in the bigger picture? How do I connect with other devices, users and systems? What allows me to think and communicate? Value Added Applications Security / Data Policies Sector Device Application System Applications Network Services Connectivity & Device Enablement Sensors, Actuators & Subsystems Power Who are my family, friends, coworkers, acquaintances, and frenemies? How do we communicate? Do we need a mediator? How do people engage with me? What’s my name and current location? What am I feeling, sensing, touching? How do I make changes in my environment? How do I get my energy? Connections (People, Processes & External Systems) Where can my distinct skills be applied? Who can access my information? How do I know it has been secured? Where can I be found? What am I doing? Interaction Context Device Revenue Model License & location Market Delivery What’s my form factor? How can I be accessed? How and where can I be used? How do I reach the market? Revenue Type How do I bring home the bacon?
  12. 12. To discover, design and develop innovative smart systems, organizations must consider all the elements involved and the context they fit into. The IoT demands that we think about opportunities as systems, not products.
  13. 13. Postscapes.com // tharwood@postscapes.com // 720.306.1214 HarborResearch.com // aglaser@harborresearch.com // 303.786.9000

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