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Skills Requirements for Future Jobs - 10 Facts

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Lee Rainie, Director of Internet and Technology research, spoke about the skills requirements for jobs in the future at the International Telecommunications Union’s “capacity building symposium” for digital technologies. He discussed the changing structure of jobs and the broad labor force and the attitudes of Americans about the likely changes that robots, artificial intelligence (AI) and other advances in digital life will create in workplaces. The session took place in Santo Domingo on June 18, 2018.

Veröffentlicht in: Technologie
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Skills Requirements for Future Jobs - 10 Facts

  1. 1. Skills requirements for future jobs 10 facts Lee Rainie Director, Internet and technology research Email: Lrainie@pewresearch.org Twitter: @Lrainie
  2. 2. 1) The nature of jobs is changing as the knowledge economy rises 50% 83 77 18 All occupations Occupations requiring higher levels of ... Analytical skills Physical skills Social skills % change in employment, 1980-2015 http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2016/10/06/the-state-of-american-jobs/
  3. 3. Employment growth projected to be greater in occupations with higher social or analytical skills % change in employment, 2014-2024 6.5% 8.1 7.0 6.3 All occupations Social skills Analytical skills Physical skills Occupations requiring higher levels of ...
  4. 4. Math science occupations STEM-related teachers Computer occupations STEM-related management STEM-related sales Physical scientists Life scientists Architects, surveyors, cartographers Life, physical science techs Engineers Drafters, engin. techs, mapping techs Projected growth rates for types of STEM occupations, 2014-2024 – U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
  5. 5. Computer occupations Projected new jobs for types of STEM occupations, 2014-2024 – U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Engineers STEM-related management Math science occupations STEM-related postsecondary teachers STEM-related sales Physical scientists Life and physical sci techs Life scientists Architects, surveyors, cartographers Drafters, engin. techs, mapping techs
  6. 6. 2) Two-thirds of Americans expect that robots and computers will do much of the work currently done by humans within 50 years % of adults who say that in the next 50 years robots and computers will do much of the work currently done by humans http://www.pewinternet.org/2016/03/10/public-predictions-for-the-future-of-workforce-automation/
  7. 7. 3) People think many professions are at risk – but not their own jobs % of U.S. adults who think it is ___ likely that the following jobs will be replaced by robots or computers in their lifetimes http://www.pewinternet.org/2017/10/04/automation-in-everyday-life/
  8. 8. 4) People express more worry than optimism about future automation http://www.pewinternet.org/2017/10/04/automation-in-everyday-life/ % of U.S. adults who say they are enthusiastic or worried about …
  9. 9. 5) Automation, robots, artificial intelligence will even take over sophisticated tasks https://arxiv.org/pdf/1705.08807.pdf 45 years The timeframe estimated by artificial intelligence experts when “high level machine intelligence” – unaided machines that can accomplish any given task better and more cheaply than humans – will be developed 2024: outperform language translators 2027: drive a truck 2031: work in retail 2049: write best selling book 2053: work as a surgeon
  10. 10. 6) Self-driving cars, intelligent digital agents that can act for you, and robots are advancing rapidly. Will networked, automated, artificial intelligence (AI) applications and robotic devices have displaced more jobs than they have created by 2025? 52% - more jobs created than destroyed 48% - more jobs displaced than created http://www.pewinternet.org/2014/08/06/future-of-jobs/
  11. 11. 7) People think knowledge of computers, social dexterity, communications skills and access to training are key to success 40 35 37 33 22 23 10 10 45 49 48 49 47 41 27 25 Extremely important Very important 12 12 13 16 26 26 40 43 Somewhat important Having a detailed understanding of how to use computer technology Being able to work with people from many different backgrounds Training in writing and communicating Access to training to keep skills up to date Mastering social media Knowing a foreign language Training in math and science Knowing a computer or programming language 85% 85 85 82 69 64 37 36 NET % saying these traits are … for workers to be successful in today’s economy http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2016/10/06/the-state-of-american-jobs/
  12. 12. 8) Accenture: Look at the ‘missing middle’ Human + Machine – Paul Daugherty, James Wilson
  13. 13. 9) Training is now seen as essential http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2016/10/06/the-state-of-american-jobs/
  14. 14. 10) In the next 10 years, do you think we will see the emergence of new educational and training programs that can successfully train large numbers of workers in the skills they will need to perform the jobs of the future? 70% - “yes” 30% - “no” http://www.pewinternet.org/2017/05/03/the-future-of-jobs-and-jobs-training/
  15. 15. Theme 1) The training ecosystem will evolve, with a mix of innovation in all education formats Theme 2) Lifelong learners must cultivate 21st-century skills, capabilities and attributes: Tough-to-teach intangibles such as emotional intelligence, curiosity, creativity, adaptability, resilience and critical thinking will be most highly valued Theme 3) New credentialing systems will arise as self-directed learning expands http://www.pewinternet.org/2017/05/03/the-future-of-jobs-and-jobs-training/
  16. 16. Conclusions • Human-machine relationship is changing: We will all be cyborgs • “Stair-stepping” skills upgrades will be ubiquitous • Data mastery will be a primary “growth” area • Human consciousness and creativity is our best survival trait to survive our “computer overlords” • Adapting our organizational systems of learning and work will be as important a task as adjusting our behavior
  17. 17. Thank you! Email: lrainie@pewresearch.org Twitter: @lrainie @pewinternet @pewresearch