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HIV/AIDS 101

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The Pediatric AIDS Coalition Cause Education Committee – HIV/AIDS 101

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HIV/AIDS 101

  1. 1. HIV/AIDS 101
  2. 2. What is HIV? Human-- infects people Immuno-deficiency-- weakens the immune system Virus-- a microorganism that infects the body
  3. 3. Fluids of transmission Blood Semen Pre-seminal fluids Rectal fluids Vaginal Fluids Breast Milk Methods of transmission Needles Sex (Anal, Oral, Vaginal) Mother-to-Child
  4. 4. How does HIV turn into AIDS?
  5. 5. What is AIDS? Acquired-- develops overtime Immune-- affects the immune system Deficiency-- weakened Syndrome-- collection of syndromes that appear together
  6. 6. Fast Facts 36.9 million people globally were living with HIV in 2017 1.8 million people became diagnosed with HIV in 2017 400+ babies a day are born having acquired HIV. The epidemic is NOT over.
  7. 7. BUT perinatal transmission is PREVENTABLE! Antiretroviral Therapy can reduce the amount of virus in your body to a level that can no longer be detected with current blood tests or be passed on from an mother living with HIV to child during pregnancy $20 a day can provide 4 pregnant woman with the crucial HIV testing and counseling services. Today with the help of antiretrovirals and proper care the chance of perinatal transmission can be reduced from 45% to only 5%!!
  8. 8. Stigma & Discrimination HIV related stigma: ● Undermines efforts of progress ● Creates barriers to HIV prevention, treatment, care, and support ● Contributes to the expansion of the global HIV epidemic
  9. 9. What can we do about stigma? 1. Protect 1. Include 1. Educate 1. Empower

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