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Urban Hub31 - Down To Earth

  1. IntegralUrbanHub Paul van Schaik integralMENTORS a meta-pragmatic approach Thriveable Worlds Down to Earth
  2. Urban Hub Down to Earth Paul van Schaik Integral UrbanHub 31 Thriveable Worlds
  3. Copyright ©©integralMENTORS– April 2023 ‘In fullness and Freedom A graphic series of integralMENTORS integral UrbanHub co-lab on Thriveable Cities-Worlds. Founder & Managing Editor Paul van Schaik “keepers of dreams” Irrupting consciousness
  4. Context It’s Down to Earth Earth Architecture/building African Earth Architecture competition Timber Revolution Bamboo Architecture City Ideas Village 3.0: Concept ReGen Village: Netherlands Orchid City Framework Soulful City Concept: Edmonton 15 Minutes Living Concept Amsterdam City Doughnut Framework City Slums Transition Towns Concept Regenerative Design Concepts Ekistics; RSVP Cycles; Design With Nature; Poverty Spotlight; Urban Profiling; Biomimicry; Cradle to Cradle; Circular Economics; Urban Wellbeing Psychology & the City Boundaries Boundaries; Sustainable Development Goals
  5. This book is ‘tastes’ of ideas, theories, graphics, praxis, and quotes, to spark interest for further explorations Best explored with the previous volumes in the series:
  6. People do not perceive worlds but enact them. Different mindsets bring forth different worlds.
  7. What is this series? A collection of visions, ideas, ideas, theories, actions, etc. that give rise to a taste of the many visions in our world. How we use all the best elements of the many worldviews, modern and ancient, visible and still hidden, together and in collaboration, will define how successful we are. It is the morphogenetic pull of caring that will determine how we succeed as a human race. It is the ability and need to generate an equitable, fair, resilient and regenerative ‘system’ that must drive us forward. The means will be a combination of many of the ideas showcased here but many more still to be discovered on our exciting journey into the future. Held together through a Integral Mythological Pluralistic approach. Sharing and listening to stories, philosophies, cosmologies and metaphysical understanding of each other and through experimentation, research and archology developing theories, praxis, and activities/interventions to move towards a more caring world of people, cultures, caring for the planet and systems of which are all a part. Too little courage and we will fail – too much certainty and we will fail. But with care and collaboration we have a chance of success. Bringing forth emergent impact through innovation, syngeneic enfoldment & collaborative effort. A deeper understanding of a broader framework will be required – this would be more that an integral vision and beyond the Eurocentric AQAL & SDI. Explore and enjoy – use as many of the ideas as possible (from the whole series) enfolding each into an emergent whole that grows generatively. At each step testing – reformulating – regrouping – recreating. Moving beyond, participating, through stake-holding, through share-holding, to becoming thrive-holders. Inordertofindyourway youmustbecomelost generouslylost- it’sonlywhenyouarelost thatyoucanbefound bysomethinggreater thanyou BayoAkomolafe
  8. Other Worlds Walking in the world not talking of the world No one vision is sufficient in and of itself – visions can guide but only by collaborative action in a creative generative process can visions grow and become part of an ongoing positive sociocultural reality. Without taking into account the many worldviews that currently co-exist and crafting ways of including them in a positive and healthy form we will continue to alienate vast sections of all communities and humankind. It is through the cultivation of healthy versions of all the different worldviews that we can attempt to move towards an equitable, regenerative and caring world living within the planetary boundaries. Through action we will move forward – through only ongoing talk we will stagnate and fail. These curation are to be dipped into – explored and used to generate ideas and discussion. A catalyst for collaboration and action. And most importantly grown, modified in a generative form. For more detail of integral theory and Framework see earlier books in this series. This is a living series - any suggestions for inclusion in the next volume send to: Dan Gluibizzi
  9. Humankind has not woven the web of life. We are but one thread within it. Whatever we do to the web, we do to ourselves.
  10. We have not heard the music of the spheres, The song of star to star, but there are sounds More deep than human joy and human tears, That Nature uses in her common rounds; The fall of streams, the cry of winds that strain The oak, the roaring of the sea's surge, might Of thunder breaking afar off, or rain That falls by minutes in the summer night. These are the voices of earth's secret soul, Uttering the mystery from which she came. To him who hears them grief beyond control, Or joy inscrutable without a name, Wakes in his heart thoughts bedded there, impearled, Before the birth and making of the world. Archibald Lampman
  11. It’s Down to Earth
  12. They rise from the ground like ancient monuments They blend with the landscape like natural elements They are made of the simplest material: earth They are the legacy of human ingenuity and worth Earth buildings are diverse and adaptable They can be rammed, poured, cobbed or adobe They can be shaped into domes, arches or walls They can be decorated with patterns, colours or carvings Earth buildings are resilient and sustainable They can withstand earthquakes, storms and fire They can regulate temperature, humidity and sound They can reduce energy consumption, waste and carbon footprint Earth buildings are more than just structures They are expressions of culture and identity They are reflections of history and tradition They are inspirations for creativity and innovation Earth buildings are a living art form They evolve with the people and the place They connect us to our roots and our environment They remind us of our potential and our grace (Bing AI) Earth Architecture
  13. Earth Architecture The earth was the only material that could withstand the harsh desert climate. It was everywhere and nowhere at once. The people of the desert knew how to use it. They built their homes into the earth, so they could stay cool during the day and warm at night. The walls were thick and made of mud bricks, which kept out the heat and sandstorms. The roofs were flat and made of palm fronds, which provided shade from the sun. The earth was a living thing in the hands of those who knew how to shape it. They moulded it into arches and domes that seemed to defy gravity. They carved intricate designs into its surface that told stories of their lives and beliefs. They built mosques and palaces that were both grand and humble at once. They used what they had to create something beautiful that would last for generations. (text AI generated) Earth Architecture Architecture The art and science of designing Buildings and spaces for living From the macro to the micro scale From the city to the detail Architecture is more than just construction It is also expression and communication It reflects the culture and the time It tells a story through its form and line Architecture is both function and beauty It serves both practical and aesthetic duty It balances the needs of people and place It creates harmony and grace Architecture is a creative endeavour It challenges the mind and the eye forever It shapes the world and makes it better It is architecture, the art of building
  14. Earth Architecture
  15. Timbuktu What survives today of the ancient city of Timbuktu in Mali. In the 14th century Timbuktu was five times bigger than the city of London at that time, and was the richest city in the world. Today it is 236 times smaller than London and has nothing of a modern city. Earth Architecture
  16. Fujian Hakka Earth Buildings Fujian Tulou were built in the Song and Yuan Dynasties and have a history of more than 1,000 years. This style of building was in its heyday in the late Ming Dynasty, the early Qing Dynasty and the era of the Republic of China, and has been preserved until now. The buildings are over two-stories tall, consisting of thick walls constructed of rammed-earth between outer panels. The main architecture materials were earth, wood, stones and bamboo. It was a mixture of clay and sandy soil in a specific proportion.
  17. Fujian Hakka Earth Buildings Fujian Hakka Earth Buildings can be found in the mountainous areas of southwestern Fujian where the topography is precipitous and at the time the population was sparse, with wild beasts and rampant bandits frequently attacking. Living together with the clan is not only a firmly established requirement of Confucian tradition in central China, but also a practical need to consolidate power to defend themselves against enemies. Making full use of the advantage of terrain, Fujian Hakka Earth Buildings enjoy a rational layout and absorb the Fengshui concept of Chinese traditional architectural design, satisfying the requirements of living together with the clan as well as the need for defence. At first, the local people followed the old earth construction techniques and took the local bamboo, wood, mud and stones as their raw materials. Gradually the primary simple log cabins and mud houses evolved into earth buildings with mud walls and tile roofs. Later, in order to satisfy the need to live together with the clan, the buildings developed into large multi-story earth buildings with complex organization.
  18. Shibam city : Yemen Introduction to Shibam – Skyscraper Fortress Shibam is a city in Yemen that is famous for its distinctive skyline of mud-brick towers. The city is often called the "Manhattan of the desert" or the "skyscraper fortress" because of its unique architecture. Shibam was founded in the 3rd century AD and has been a centre of trade, culture and religion for centuries. The city is located on a floodplain and is surrounded by a wall that protects it from floods and invaders. The towers of Shibam are built from mud bricks that are sun-dried and coated with lime and gypsum to make them waterproof. The towers range from 5 to 11 stories high and house hundreds of families. The towers are designed to provide shade, ventilation and privacy for the residents. Shibam is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and an example of urban planning that adapts to the environment and preserves the cultural heritage of the region.
  19. Buildings with ten or more floors in Yemen, earthen architecture has been used to build homes, churches, mosques, palaces, fortresses, pyramids, barns, defensive walls and all types of structures, many of which have survived for centuries and even millennia in drier climates. Shibam – Skyscraper Fortress
  20. Built from Mud Shibam – Skyscraper Fortress
  21. Built from Mud Shibam – Skyscraper Fortress
  22. Shibam – Skyscraper Fortress
  23. Built from Mud Yemen Shibam – Skyscraper Fortress
  24. Bayalpata Hospital is a medical complex in Achham, Nepal, built from rammed earth by American architecture office Sharon Davis Design. Serving one of Nepal's poorest and most remote regions, Bayalpata Hospital replaced an old clinic that was too small for the number of patients needing treatment. For the walls soil from the site was mixed with a small amount of cement to make the structure more durable and able to withstand the frequent seismic activity in the area. Sharon Davis Design also chose rammed earth to help give Bayalpata Hospital's facilities a warm and non-clinical feel. As many homes in the area are also made from earthen walls, it gives patients a calmer and more familiar experience. Bayalpata Hospital-Nepal Built from Mud
  25. "Without local materials, this project may not have been possible because of its incredibly remote location – a 10-hour drive from the nearest regional airport and a three-day drive on narrow, mountainous roads from the nearest manufacturing centres around Kathmandu." Bayalpata Hospital-Nepal
  26. Solar panels on all of the south-facing roofs of the complex help power the hospital, while passive heating and cooling means only the surgery rooms need mechanical air conditioning. Insulated roofs retain heat gain in winter and stop rooms from overheating in summer, while breezes can waft through from the courtyards, aided by ceiling fans. The campus has its own water supply and a network of terraces and bioswales help stop soil erosion in the monsoon season. Bayalpata Hospital-Nepal
  27. Goethe-Institut in Dakar perforated brick Goethe-Institut in Dakar Built from Mud
  28. Set to be built alongside former Senegal president Leopold Sedar Senghor's home in Dakar, which is now a museum, the two-storey building will be built from compressed earth bricks. It will be built from locally sourced bricks with lattices, created to allow air into the building, and topped with a roof garden covered by a steel canopy. Goethe-Institut in Dakar
  29. sustainable buildings in Nepal "Visitors and employees alike are to be provided with a space that speaks to and is home to the layered and storied cultural tapestry of Senegal's capital," said the studio. "One that is welcoming and versatile in speaking to the vast and complex history of cultural encounters and asking a diverse community to gather to define an inclusive and sustainable future." Goethe-Institut in Dakar
  30. Head office complex near Islamabad, Pakistan. Built from Mud
  31. Zhengzhou Jianye Football Town Tourist Center | SHUISHI Built from Mud
  32. African Earth Architecture competitions
  33. Earth Architecture
  34. Earth Architecture
  35. Earth Architecture
  36. Earth Architecture
  37. Earth Architecture Built from Mud
  38. Earth Architecture
  39. Earth Architecture
  40. Earth Architecture
  41. Earth Architecture
  42. Earth Architecture
  43. Earth Architecture
  44. The Timber Revolution
  45. Timber architecture and buildings are gaining popularity around the world as a sustainable and innovative way of creating structures that are durable, beautiful, and environmentally friendly. Timber is a renewable material that can be sourced from responsibly managed forests, reducing the carbon footprint and waste of the construction industry. Timber also has aesthetic and functional advantages, such as creating warm and inviting spaces, enhancing natural light and ventilation, and providing fire resistance and acoustic insulation. Timber architecture and buildings are not only a way of creating structures but also a way of expressing values and visions for the future. By using timber as a main material, architects can demonstrate their commitment to sustainability, innovation, culture, and social responsibility. "Using wood doesn't [automatically] make a building sustainable” Kromoser leads the Institute of Green Civil Engineering He believes that the main challenge for the building industry is using fewer raw materials overall, rather than simply switching from concrete and steel to biomaterials like wood. "Our aim is to minimise the environmental impact of buildings over the whole lifecycle," he said. "Using wood doesn't [automatically] make a building sustainable, because basically, what we have as a problem is that in total we need too much materials." The major challenge, according to Kromoser, is to decrease the use of raw materials while still enabling the growth of economies around the world. "Further development of society is always linked to an increase in materials, and that's the wrong direction," he said. "So what we really have to think about is how we decouple the connection between material use and the further development of society. That's the biggest issue and it's not linked to construction material." Timber Architecture
  46. Timber Architecture NEOMA Business School In line with the school’s strong commitments in terms of sustainable development, the future Reims site aims to be an environmental benchmark, with internationally recognised certifications such as LEED, WELL and E+C. The project also places the health and well-being of students and staff at the centre of its design.
  47. Timber Architecture Timber Architecture Some examples of timber architecture and buildings are: The Ørestad Church by Henning Larsen in Copenhagen, Denmark, which will be the first church to be built in the city in 30 years. The church will have a distinctive design with wooden roof domes that create a dynamic interior space for worship and community activities. The church will also have a green roof that connects to a public park.
  48. Timber Architecture Timber Architecture The Burj Zanzibar by OMT Architects in Zanzibar City, Tanzania, which will be Africa's tallest hybrid timber tower at 96 meters high. The mixed-use tower will use locally available wood to support the urban infrastructure and attract tech companies to the island. The tower will also feature recreational and conferencing facilities and 266 residences. ‘BURJ zanzibar’ is planned as a hybrid-timber tower. The conventional concrete core allows for fire and life safety standards to meet all code requirements. The structure around the central core is assembled with glue laminated timber columns and beams as well as cross laminated timber slabs. The interior of the apartments benefits from the natural look of exposed timber elements to add to the living quality. The timber building will promote the local available wood as the building material of the future and draw attention towards a more sustainable construction while offering living conditions to the highest standards. Following the world-wide trend to construct large buildings in timber, the ‘BURJ zanzibar’ will be the tallest hybrid-timber building in Africa.
  49. Timber Architecture Timber Architecture Some examples of timber architecture and buildings are: - The Gateway Project by Perkins & Will at the University of British Columbia, which will serve as a new hub for health sciences on campus. The project will use mass timber, a technology that uses laminated wood panels to create strong and stable structural elements. The project is inspired by the surrounding landscape and the Musqueam people who have lived on these territories for generations.
  50. view from above showing greenhouses and kitchen gardens Timber Architecture Timber Architecture Some examples of timber architecture and buildings are: Timber House, Canada, by Adjaye Associates Timber House by Adjaye Associates is expected to become one of the largest residential mass-timber structures in Canada. Once complete, it will combine affordable housing units with residences for senior citizens, enclosed by a distinctive gridded facade with planted balconies. The design forms part of the wider Quayside development in Toronto, which will also feature buildings by Alison Brooks Architects and Henning Larsen Architects and is hoped to become "the first all- electric, zero-carbon community at this scale".
  51. Bamboo Architecture
  52. view from above showing greenhouses and kitchen gardens Bamboo Architecture Bamboo is a natural composite material with a high strength-to- weight ratio that can be used for various purposes in architecture, such as scaffolding, bridges, houses and buildings³. Bamboo is also a rapidly renewable and low-carbon biomaterial that can sequester large amounts of carbon from the atmosphere¹. Due to its lightness and flexibility, bamboo can create structures that are resistant to natural disasters such as earthquakes and hurricanes¹. Bamboo architecture is not only sustainable but also versatile, as it can form different shapes and patterns, from arches and gridshells to lattices and lanterns¹². Bamboo can also be integrated into modern buildings as a decorative or supplementary element, such as fencing, fountains, grates and gutters³. Bamboo architecture demonstrates how this ancient construction material can offer a more habitable environment to the next generation². Source: (1) Bamboo construction - Wikipedia. (2) Ten impressive bamboo buildings that demonstrate the material ... - Dezeen. (3) Structures Made of Bamboo | Architectural Digest. in-the-world (4) Construction Techniques: 7 Innovative Ways to Build With Bamboo - Journal.
  53. Bamboo Architecture Bamboo is a natural composite material with a high strength-to-weight ratio, similar to timber, and it is rapidly renewable and carbon-sequestering. Bamboo also has a high aesthetic value and can create organic and elegant forms. Bamboo architecture has a long history in many parts of the world, especially in Asia and Latin America, where it is widely available and culturally valued. However, in the 20th century, bamboo was largely abandoned in favour of concrete and steel, which were seen as more modern and durable. Recently, bamboo has been rediscovered by architects and designers who appreciate its environmental, social and economic benefits, as well as its versatility and beauty. Some of the most impressive examples of bamboo architecture include: - The Arc by Ibuku: A self-supporting roof made entirely from bamboo for the gymnasium of Bali's Green School. The structure is composed of 14-metre-high cane arches connected by double- curved gridshells, creating a large enclosed space without columns.
  54. Bamboo Architecture - Rising Canes by Penda: A prototype bamboo pavilion for Beijing Design Week that illustrates the basic unit of construction for a future hotel project. The pavilion is made of interlocking bamboo rods that form a modular grid system.
  55. Bamboo Architecture Bamboo architecture is not only a way of building with a low-carbon material, but also a way of celebrating the beauty and diversity of nature. Bamboo architecture can offer a more habitable environment to our next generation.
  56. Look at all those people running whit no sense, they're losing precious moments of their lifes, no offense. They just think about work and fame but they are missing love and peace, and it's a shame. They don't know how the flowers smell, in their mind they only have chaos and hell. Do they stop and enjoy under the pouring rain, or for them there is only misery and pain? ! I'm so sorry, but it's not everything about your glory. Stop! Enjoy the day, enjoy the sun, find a woman and make your own son. Embrace your friends and tell them you care, destroy the fears and feel the love you share. Don't be afraid to go your own way, the right path is not where the others say. I know that this world is to blame, that's mad, but you can change it now, if you want, don't be sad. © 2016 Suzana Mustra Mad World Poem by Suzana Mustra
  57. Habitat ideas
  58. Thriving cities, bustling streets A place where people come to meet, Tall buildings reaching for the sky, A place where dreams can never die. The sound of cars and people's feet, The city's heartbeat can't be beat, A place where cultures come to blend, A place where people make amends. The city's lights that never sleep, A place where secrets are hard to keep, A place where anything can be found, A place where love and hope abound. Thriving cities, bustling streets, A place where people come to meet, A place where dreams can never die, A place where life is worth a try. ChatGPT
  59. Village 3.0 Concept
  60. a framework for dialogue on how to create thriving human life in the 21st century. “Oft-quoted, Buckminster Fuller proposed: ‘You never change things by fighting the existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the existing model obsolete.’ This idea is at the core of our message.” Village 3.0 seeks to find an authentic balance between old and new, rural and urban, individualism and community, technology and nature. A new generation of village, integrating the wisdom of philosophy, tradition, ecovillages and intentional communities combined with latest insights from systems-thinking, psychology, sociology, ecology and organisational design. A village designed around the possibilities of bottom-up, peer-to-peer global collaboration and location free-livelihoods enabled by the Internet. Village 3.0 is a place of thriving entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, whilst also nurturing intimacy, well being, consciousness and shared purpose. Village 3.0 is based on a holistic understanding of health and wealth. Village 3.0 draws upon many movements including next-stage organisations, intentional community, lifelong self-directed-learning, as well as permaculture, natural and ecological building. Village 3.0 : Smart & Global
  61. Village 3.0: a framework for dialogue on how to create thriving human life in the 21st century. Village 3.0 is based on a holistic understanding of health and wealth. Village 3.0 draws upon many movements including next-stage organisations, intentional community, lifelong self-directed-learning, as well as permaculture, natural and ecological building. We believe that there is a growing demand for Village 3.0’s where we can live truly balanced, thriving lives. In life everything is connected, so any division is arbitrary to an extent, but to enable learning and collaboration, especially between very different kinds of villages, we need a shared framework for dialogue. The following diagram is the framework we propose to use for Village 3.0, mapping out the integration of Purpose, People, Place, Livelihood, Learning, Health. Village 3.0
  62. The concept of smart villages is a new approach to rural development that aims to harness the potential of digital technologies, social innovation and community-led initiatives to improve the quality of life, resilience and sustainability of rural areas. Smart villages are not a one-size-fits-all solution, but rather a context- specific and participatory process that involves various actors and sectors in co-creating and implementing a shared vision and strategy for their territory. Smart villages can address various challenges and opportunities related to agriculture, energy, environment, education, health, mobility, governance and social inclusion. Village 3.0
  63. Village 3.0 is a term that refers to the idea of creating smart and sustainable communities that leverage the power of digital technologies and social innovation. Village 3.0 aims to address the challenges of rural development, such as depopulation, aging, environmental degradation, and social exclusion, by fostering a culture of collaboration, creativity, and entrepreneurship among the villagers. Village 3.0 is based on the following concepts: • Co-creation: Village 3.0 involves the participation of all the stakeholders in the design and implementation of solutions that meet the needs and aspirations of the local community. Co- creation fosters a sense of ownership, empowerment, and trust among the villagers. • Circular economy: Village 3.0 adopts a circular economy approach that aims to minimize waste and maximize the use of local resources. Circular economy promotes the principles of reduce, reuse, recycle, and regenerate in all aspects of production and consumption. Circular economy also fosters social and environmental responsibility and resilience. • Social innovation: Village 3.0 encourages the development of new solutions that address social problems and improve the well-being of the villagers. Social innovation involves the use of novel methods, processes, products, or services that create social value and impact. Social innovation also stimulates social capital and cohesion among the villagers • Smart technologies: Village 3.0 uses digital tools and solutions, such as big data, Internet-of- Things, e-services and e-governance, to improve the access to information, education, health, markets and public services for rural residents. Smart technologies also enable better management of natural resources, such as water, energy and land, and support the development of renewable energy sources and circular economy models. • Participatory approaches: Village 3.0 involves the active participation and empowerment of rural stakeholders, such as farmers, entrepreneurs, women, youth and vulnerable groups, in the identification, planning and implementation of local development initiatives. Participatory approaches foster bottom-up innovation, social capital and collective action, as well as ensure the responsiveness and accountability of service providers and policy makers. • Multisectoral partnerships: Village 3.0 promotes the collaboration and coordination of various actors from different sectors and levels, such as public, private, civil society and academic institutions, to provide integrated and holistic solutions to the complex challenges and opportunities faced by rural areas. Multisectoral partnerships also facilitate the exchange of knowledge, best practices and resources among different regions and countries. Village 3.0
  64. The concept of smart villages offers a promising perspective for the future of rural areas in Europe and beyond. However, it also faces some challenges and limitations in its implementation. Some of these are: - The lack of awareness and understanding of the concept among rural actors and policy makers - The lack of adequate funding and support mechanisms for smart village initiatives - The lack of appropriate skills and capacities among rural actors to use digital technologies and innovations - The lack of coordination and cooperation among different sectors and levels of governance - The risk of digital divide and social exclusion among rural populations To overcome these challenges and limitations, it is necessary to: - Raise awareness and disseminate good practices on smart villages among rural actors and policy makers - Provide tailored funding and support schemes for smart village initiatives - Enhance the digital literacy and competence of rural actors - Foster multi-stakeholder partnerships and networks for smart village development - Ensure the inclusiveness and accessibility of digital technologies and innovations for all rural residents : European Commission (2017). EU Action for Smart Villages. ahead/rur-dev-small-villages_en.pdf : European Network for Rural Development (2019). Smart Rural Development: The Concept. Village 3.0
  65. Village 3.0 — A new idea for urban renewal The Village 3.0 framework is intended to be applied to all types of human settlement, including urban and suburban. Village 3.0 is intended to “cross the chasm”, entering into the idea of return to village-centric life out into mainstream conversation to show how these ideas are valuable to broad demographics. One way of realising an urban Village 3.0 is as a “Virtual Village”. A group of people who get together to create a Village 3.0 community of mutual support, shared celebrations, and so on, could come together and create an organisation, a community, a shared culture. They could have a number of shared spaces such as a co-working, child-care, learning centre (aka school), but would not all have to live in direct proximity to each other, although being within easy walking or bicycling distance would be advantageous. Village 3.0 is not a fixed formula or blueprint, but a collection of recipes, conversations, case studies — a pattern language which can be applied and remixed according to the local context and needs of each community. Village 3.0
  66. Village 3.0
  67. Village 3.0
  68. Global village The term "global village" was coined by Marshall McLuhan, a Canadian media theorist and cultural critic, to describe the effects of mass media and communication technologies on the world. McLuhan argued that the advent of electronic media, such as radio, television, and the internet, had transformed the world into a single community, where people could interact and exchange information across time and space. He saw this as a positive development, as it would foster a greater understanding and empathy among different cultures and perspectives. However, he also warned that the global village could also create new forms of alienation, fragmentation, and violence, as people would be exposed to more information than they could process or cope with. He also suggested that the global village would require new forms of literacy and education, as well as new modes of thinking and perception, to adapt to the changing environment. McLuhan's concept of the global village has been widely influential and debated in various fields of study, such as communication, sociology, politics, and education. It has also been challenged and criticized by some scholars, who argue that it is too optimistic, simplistic, or deterministic. They point out that the global village does not account for the inequalities, power structures, and cultural differences that still exist in the world. They also question whether the global village is truly a reality or an idealized vision. Village 3.0
  69. ReGen. villages Netherlands
  70. ReGen. Sustainable villages
  71. Innovative Self-Sustaining Village Model Could Be the Future of Semi-Urban Living Energy Food Water Waste Urban dwellers across the world work hard to pay the commodities of their homes, such as mortgage, energy, water and heating, cooling and food. We envision homes that work for you, producing clean energy, water, food off the grid at affordable land prices outside our big cities, says, co-founder of EFFEKT. An innovative new housing model dubbed ReGen Villages (short for regenerative) has been developed in response to some of the world's most pressing environmental, social and economic issues. Helmed by Dutch holding firm ReGen Villages B.V. and Copenhagen-based architecture firm EFFEKT, the new model facilitates off-the-grid, self-sustaining communal neighborhoods that can be deployed across the globe. The first project site will be in Almere, the Netherlands, with work starting this year. ReGen. Village
  72. This redistribution of density fosters "a model that adds not only environmental and financial value but also social value by creating the framework for empowering families and developing a true sense of community, reconnecting people with nature and consumption with production." It brings back a sense of achievement that accompanies the environmental and social benefits, making it a more sustainable long-term model. After enlisting the backing of sovereign wealth funds looking for sustainable investments, ReGen will acquire suitable areas of land and begin contracting local consultants to help tailor the model to the local environment. The housing model is therefore optimized for the conditions at hand, with different technologies being applied accordingly. ReGen. Village Innovative Self-Sustaining Village Model Could Be the Future of Semi-Urban Living
  73. ReGen. Village
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  79. ReGen. Village
  80. Orchid Cities Framework
  81. Orchid City Orchid City is a future-proof and fully self- sustainable city that uses proven practices to build communities for up to 50,000 people². It is the first affordable, physically, socially, and environmentally sustainable city blueprint in the world¹. Orchid City goes beyond just being a beautiful place to live. It is a home for those who want to live happy, healthy lives, in harmony with the environment and the community around them2. By utilizing a holistic and climate-adaptive vision, Orchid City solves many infrastructure and systemic challenges related to clean energy generation, waste management, food production, and housing3. Source: Orchid City - Except Integrated Sustainability B.V.. Accessed (2) Orchid City – Reinventing the future of living. Accessed (3) Orchid City Press Release - Except Integrated Sustainability B.V.. press-release/ Accessed 25/03/2023.
  82. Orchid City at a Glance Fully self-sustainable in: • Producing energy, water supply, and waste management. • Organic food cultivation and regenerative agriculture. • Providing jobs and meaningful work. • Supplying all social services, including health and aged-care. • Offering educational programs for all ages. Offers a variety and choice of: • Housing options across a range of different designs, styles, and budgets. • Education, schooling, and day- care facilities. • Food and consumer goods. • Entertainment, cafes, and restaurants. • Car-free communities and self- driving electrified transport. Orchid City is fully sustainable in: Orchid City
  83. Resource circularity Regenerative resources cycles keep the city flourishing Orchid City's self sufficiency is driven by a closed-loop, circular approach, powered by ecosystem services. Besides food, energy, and water, it is mostly circular with regards to all other resources, including building materials, transport and equipment, and agriculture. Driven by ecosystem services, a true closed loop economy is created, capturing value as well as boosting ecosystem regeneration. On-site workshops create essential daily products, such as ceramics, textiles and clothing, construction materials, and tools Orchid City
  84. Orchid City
  85. Orchid City : Vietnam A VIBRANT AND DIVERSE COMMUNITY WHERE EVERYONE CAN STAY CONNECTED. A rediscovered life, in and with nature, connected to the community, from the start of life to the very end, for all. Orchid City re-imagines living by creating a safe, unique, and exciting place to live and work, for now and for in the future. Together. Trans-generational living Community services and program Safe, generation-proof homes Commute by bike or public transport Financial support for startups Social housing Workshop centres
  86. Orchid City : Brazil "The world is looking for answers. Sustainability has become the most prevalent challenge in policy and business strategy. The time is ripe for visions that go beyond single-issue solutions, that address an essential change in the foundations of how we live, work, produce, play, and prosper. The best way we can achieve this is if we combine the benefits of a multitude of solutions in a holistic blueprint of a new way of living. That is what this project is about. We developed a blueprint for a fully self-sustaining city, where all daily needs are met, including social, environmental, financial, and material. An open city, in full interaction with the rest of the world, yet that functions fundamentally differently. An inspiring place that offers a large part of our world population a perspective on a healthy, exciting, liveable future.” - Tom Bosschaert, Director of Except.
  87. Soulful City Edmonton
  88. “The Soulful City” is the result of this examination. It is an exploration of wellness rooted both in the experience of those living on the streets of Edmonton today, and a long history of philosophical thought. It looks to Indigenous, Eastern, Western, and interdisciplinary perspectives on what it means to be well. We might not think twice about words like wellness and well- being, but behind the words are ideas that shape how we organize our lives, distribute resources and define problems. This study of urban wellness has led us to a narrative, full of moments and characters, ideas and themes that can ground us in new and different ways of thinking and talking about living and being well: connected to self, body, land, culture, community, human development and spirit. Source: • Soulful City — Recover - Urban Wellbeing in Edmonton. • Recover: Our Present | City of Edmonton. ur-present • The Soulful City - Executive Summary (8.5x11) V2 - Edmonton. files/assets/PDF/SoulfulCity-ExecutiveSummary-v.2.pdf Soulful City
  89. The City of Edmonton’s vision and strategic plan for achieving its goals are encapsulated in seven foundational documents. The first, called “The Way Ahead” is a summary of the City’s consultation with various stakeholder groups including resi- dents, developers, businesses, and community advocates and the resulting vision for the City, strategic 10 year goals to achieve the vision and various measured targets and objectives along the way. Edmonton City Soul Following the introductory plan “The Way Ahead,” six documents aid in the visioning of Edmonton’s long- term vision. They are as follows: • The Way We Green Preserving and sustaining Edmonton’s natural environment and natural resources • The Way We Grow Transforming the urban form of the city • The Way We Live Increasing the livability of all neighbourhoods and new growth areas • The Way We Move Shifting Edmonton’s transportation priorities • The Way We Finance Investing in financial sustainability for the city • The Way We Prosper Diversifying Edmonton’s economy Soulful City
  90. The “People Plan” is meant to integrate existing initiatives and plans into the overall vision for a better quality of life for Edmonton residents. Plans such as the “Great Neighbourhoods Initiative,” the Downtown Plan, residential infill guidelines and master plans for Edmonton libraries, parks and recreation facilities, accomplish ongoing objectives for the City in addition to Community Strategies and Development branch programs. Concurrently, public input into the plan resulted in six goals for Edmonton that are bolstered by benchmarks and specific policy directives. The six goals to improve Edmonton’s liveability are as follows: 1. Edmonton is a vibrant, connected, engaged and welcoming city a. Relationships are an important part of Edmonton’s quality of life b. Objectives and policy directives focus on building neighbourhoods and public spaces for increased connectivity, connecting residents with city programs and services, and building an overall city identity as a diverse and culturally rich capital city. 2. Edmonton celebrates life! a. Enhancing the opportunities for active and healthy residents b. Objectives and policy directives focus on investment in leisure, social, and recreational prospects, improve upon the city’s rich arts community, and continue to improve on Edmonton’s festival culture. 3. Edmonton is a caring, inclusive and affordable community a. Building a city that allows all citizens to achieve their aspirations while finding a sense of belonging b. Objectives and policy directives focus on providing services to the marginalized and vulnerable and decreasing barriers for all residents to engage in an active lifestyle. 4. Edmonton is a safe city a. Connected and caring communities are safer communities b. Objectives and policy directives focus on enforcement, development design, and support networks to decrease crime and the effects of crimes. 5. Edmonton is an attractive city a. Highlighting Edmonton as a beautiful place in all seasons b. Objectives and policy directives focus on building civic pride through design initiatives, showcasing arts and culture, and preserving historical resources. 6. Edmonton is a sustainable city a. Social sustainability is achieved through empowering the next generation of community leaders b. Objectives and policy directives focus on “complete communities” through building a balance of social ser- vices, housing options, and businesses in every neighbourhood while investing in environmental resources and economic opportunities. Soulful City
  91. RECOVER’s learning journey has led us to focus on building and maintaining different types of connections, understanding them as being key to well-being. The heart of our wellbeing framework is the cultivation of a deep sense of connection and balance. We’ve identified six types of connection that are important to nourish in the pursuit of wellbeing. They are connection to: • friends, family and community • body and self • the sacred • culture • the human project (or self-actualization and purpose) • land and ground To affect these different forms of connection, RECOVER has identified six cultural or systems change levers. • frames and narratives - what is valued and believed • law, regulations, and incentives - what is reinforced or punished • knowledge and meanings - what’s understood • roles and resources - who’s equipped and in power • interactions and environments - what’s modelled • routines and repertoires - what’s practiced and habitual Soulful City
  92. The wellbeing framework Soulful City Wellness isn’t a linear pursuit, so much as a circuitous journey. Rather than reduce wellness to a hierarchical list of factors, we can identify lots of interwoven elements.
  93. The wellbeing framework Soulful City Mental wellness is a balance of the mental, physical, spiritual, and emotional. This balance is enriched as people have: HOPE for their future and those of their families that is grounded in a sense of identity, unique Indigenous values, and having a belief in spirit; a sense of BELONGING and connectedness within their families, to community, and to culture; MEANING and an understanding of how their lives and those of their families and communities are part of creation and a rich history and finally, a sense of PURPOSE in their daily lives whether it is through education, employment, care-giving activities, or cultural ways of being and doing;
  94. Soulful City
  95. Soulful City
  96. 15-Minute City Concept
  97. The 15-minute city is an urban planning concept that aims to create cities where most daily needs and services can be reached within a 15-minute walk or bike ride from any point in the city. This concept is based on the idea of reducing car dependency, promoting healthy and sustainable living, and improving wellbeing and quality of life for city dwellers. The 15-minute city requires a multi-disciplinary approach, involving transportation planning, urban design, and policymaking, to create well-designed public spaces, pedestrian-friendly streets, and mixed-use developments. The concept has gained popularity in recent years, especially after the COVID-19 pandemic, as a way to build more resilient, inclusive, and livable cities. ¹²³⁴ Source: (1) 15-minute city - Wikipedia. (2) 15-minute cities: What are they and how do they work?. work/a-64907776. (3) How '15-minute cities' will change the way we socialise. change-the-way-we-socialise. (4) What is the '15-minute city' conspiracy theory? - ABC News. conspiracy/102015446 15 Minute City
  98. 15 Minute City This concept relies on seven basic principles: human-scale urban design, • density, • diversity, • flexibility, • proximity, • digitalization, and • connectivity, that can contribute to social, economic, and environmental sustainability. However, the 15-minute city has been criticized for being: • physically deterministic, • taking a one-size-fits-all approach, • failing to take into account the needs of different demographic and socio-economic groups, and • ignoring environmental protection, • biodiversity, • energy-efficient structures, • green and clean energies, • as well as local vernacular, culture and heritage. 15 Minute City
  99. The 15 minute city concept is a vision of urban planning that aims to create more livable and sustainable neighborhoods. The idea is that people should be able to access most of their daily needs within a 15 minute walk or bike ride from their homes, such as shops, services, schools, parks, culture and leisure. This would reduce the need for cars and long commutes, and promote more social interaction and community engagement. The 15 minute city concept also encourages more mixed- use development, where residential, commercial and public spaces coexist and complement each other. Some of the benefits of the 15 minute city concept are: improved health and well- being, reduced carbon emissions and air pollution, increased local economy and resilience, enhanced social cohesion and diversity, and more vibrant and attractive urban environments. 15 Minute City
  100. Every city is a creative ecosystem While the first real experiences of smart cities, dead on arrival for the most part, have been bottomless money pits, Carlos Moreno, a researcher in the fields of complex systems, robotics, and artificial intelligence, contrasts this notion with a new vision of the “living city. ” While he is aware of the importance of digital tools in the design and evolution of the urban fabric, he nevertheless criticizes the techno-centric and universalist dimension of the smart city, which erases the place of the living and its interactions, literally generating dead cities. The living city seeks to understand the other and the way that it interacts with its socio-territorial-urban environment. Technological but first and foremost human, the living city advocates relationships and exchange to bring forth new ideas and practices. It is a creative ecosystem not dictated by the vertical nature of technology or of architecture, but based on metabolic exchanges and citizens’ re-appropriation based on a DIY approach. 15 Minute City
  101. The living city is the ability to understand the other and the way that they interact with their socio-territorial-urban environment. Augustin Berque calls this relationship with the milieu the ecumene, updating the idea of anthropized lands already established by Eratosthenes in the third century A.D. At the beginning of his book he quotes the phrase from Jean-Marc Besse, “Between me and myself, there is the Earth.” The world is a whole and man, to cite Edgar Morin, has artificially separated things that are naturally connected. We are a part of a complex world, made up of transversal elements, or interrelationships and interdependencies. The living city is nothing other than a city that takes into consideration all of these relationships in order to allow the emergence of new ideas, practices, and creations. beyond-the-smart-city-114 15 Minute City
  102. The idea of a 15-minute city is not an entirely new one, but one which has been discussed for decades back to Jane Jacobs, and William H Whyte. Jacobs touted that proximity is the key in The Life and Death of Great American Cities. Here we are many years later with real cause to investigate these theories again. The idea is that most things we need on a daily basis can be found within a specific walking or cycling radius from our homes. This automatically brings to mind a town rather than a city. So what would this mean for our capital and global cities like London? How does this idea of a much more local town-like environment fit into a large, complex, sprawling city? 15 Minute City
  103. Is the 15-minute city having its 15 minutes of fame, or is it here to stay? Holly Harrington discusses what the 15-minute city could mean for our capital My view of the 15-minute city is ultimately about flexibility and choice for everyone who inhabits it. We would have the option to work from home, work locally, and still work in the city centre for part of the week or every day still if we choose. If any silver linings are to be found out of this crisis it is that we are adaptable and resilient. Our cities should follow this lead. In my earlier research I was proposing London as Archipelago-polis or a connected set or urban islands that work together to make a whole. The idea was that by embracing, enhancing and activating these unique islands and their connections to other islands, local culture could be retained, and we could avoid the sprawl of glass skyscrapers and global architecture that doesn’t respond to its surroundings. Six years on from that research, it seems that a series of urban islands links in very well with the 15-minute city concept and could very well become a new manifesto for London. 15 Minute City
  104. Copenhagen, Sweden, Amsterdam and several cities in China have all embraced this concept in the recent years and have already started upon several legislative and supporting infrastructure developments. Considering these moves were made before the pandemic, there is evidently validity in many of its principles. Barcelona is not Paris, and neither is London so each city across the world will have to review what this means to them, their culture and how best to implement the approach. With a new outlook on our daily and working lives, I am sure many of us would like the ease and flexibility that less commuting and more proximity could provide. Whilst the idea is having its 15 minutes of fame, I think it is safe to say it may not only be wishful thinking and could be the beginnings of our future cities. 15 Minute City
  105. 15 Minute City
  106. 15 Minute City
  107. Have you heard of the 15 minute concept? It's a simple but powerful idea that can help you improve your productivity, creativity and well-being. The concept is based on the premise that you can achieve a lot in just 15 minutes if you focus on one task at a time and avoid distractions. Here are some examples of how you can apply the 15 minute concept to different aspects of your life: - Work: Instead of multitasking or procrastinating, set a timer for 15 minutes and work on one project or task without interruption. You'll be surprised by how much progress you can make in a short amount of time. You can also use the 15 minute concept to break down larger or more complex tasks into manageable chunks. - Learning: Whether you want to learn a new skill, language or hobby, you can use the 15 minute concept to make it easier and more fun. Dedicate 15 minutes a day to learning something new and practice it regularly. You can use online courses, books, podcasts, videos or any other resource that suits your learning style and goals. - Health: You don't need to spend hours at the gym or follow a strict diet to improve your health. You can use the 15 minute concept to incorporate some simple but effective habits into your daily routine. For example, you can do a 15 minute workout at home, go for a 15 minute walk outside, meditate for 15 minutes, cook a healthy meal in 15 minutes or read a book for 15 minutes before bed. - Fun: The 15 minute concept is not only about work and learning, but also about having fun and enjoying life. You can use it to carve out some time for yourself and do something that makes you happy. For example, you can listen to your favorite music for 15 minutes, play a game for 15 minutes, call a friend for 15 minutes or watch a funny video for 15 minutes. The 15 minute concept is a simple way to make the most of your time and energy. By focusing on one thing at a time and doing it well, you can achieve more with less stress and more satisfaction. Try it out and see what you can accomplish in just 15 minutes! 15 Minute concept
  108. “People today will mostly focus on the points of connection, the nodes of interest like stars in the sky. But the real understanding comes in the spaces in- between, in the relational forces that connect and move the points.” TysonYunkaporta
  109. Amsterdam City Doughnut
  110. Doughnut Boundaries The Doughnut, or Doughnut economics, is a visual framework for sustainable development – shaped like a doughnut or lifebelt – combining the concept of planetary boundaries with the complementary concept of social boundaries. The name derives from the shape of the diagram, i.e. a disc with a hole in the middle. The centre hole of the model depicts the proportion of people that lack access to life‘s essentials (healthcare, education, equity and so on) while the crust represents the ecological ceilings (planetary boundaries) that life depends on and must not be overshot. The diagram was developed by University of Oxford economist Kate Raworth in her 2012 Oxfam paper A Safe and Just Space for Humanity and elaborated upon in her 2017 book Doughnut Economics: Seven Ways to Think Like a 21st-Century Economist and paper. The framework was proposed to regard the performance of an economy by the extent to which the needs of people are met without overshooting Earth's ecological ceiling. The main goal of the new model is to re-frame economic problems and set new goals. In this model, an economy is considered prosperous when all twelve social foundations are met without overshooting any of the nine ecological ceilings. This situation is represented by the area between the two rings, considered by its creator as the safe and just space for humanity.
  111. Safe and just space If getting into the Doughnut’s safe and just space between these social and planetary boundaries is humanity’s 21st century goal, then – it comes as no surprise – we have a big job ahead. Many millions of people still lack life’s essentials, living daily with hunger, illiteracy, insecurity and voicelessness. At the same time, humanity’s collective pressure on the planet has already overshot at least four planetary boundaries: for climate change, land conversion, fertilizer use, and biodiversity loss. In other words, today’s global economy is deeply divisive – riven with extreme inequalities – and it is degenerative too, running down the living world on which everything depends. Doughnut Boundaries
  112. Amsterdam City Doughnut
  113. Amsterdam City Doughnut
  114. Amsterdam City Doughnut
  115. Amsterdam City Doughnut
  116. Amsterdam City Doughnut
  117. Amsterdam City Doughnut
  118. Transition Towns Concept
  119. Transition Towns Transition towns are a movement of communities that aim to create more resilient, sustainable and equitable ways of living in the face of global challenges such as climate change, peak oil and economic instability. Transition towns are based on the idea that local action can have a global impact, and that by working together, people can create positive solutions for the future. Transition towns follow a self-organizing model that encourages creativity, collaboration and participation. Transition towns can be found in different types of places, such as villages, regions, islands and cities. ³¹² Source: (1) Transition town - Wikipedia. . (2) Transition Network | Transition Towns. (3) Transition Groups Near Me | Transition Towns - Network. .
  120. Transition is an ongoing social experiment; a movement of communities coming together to reimagine and rebuild our world through a process of creating healthy human culture. Transition is deeply ambitious. It wants to change the way the places we live feed themselves, house themselves, employ themselves, power themselves. That’s a big ask. And it will take time, determination and togetherness. But what’s vital to remember is that how you do your projects matters as much, if not more, than what the projects are. What we are doing here isn’t just creating projects that reimagine and rebuild the world. What is just as important is that the way we work, the organisational cultures we create, should also model the kind of world we want to create. There’s no use trying to create a new, healthier and more resilient culture if we end up replicating the unhealthy ways of relating and working that underpin our current culture. Transition Towns
  121. Transition is a movement that has been growing since 2005. It is about communities stepping up to address the big challenges they face by starting local. By coming together, they are able to crowd-source solutions. They seek to nurture a caring culture, one focused on supporting each other, both as groups or as wider communities. In practice, they are reclaiming the economy, sparking entrepreneurship, reimagining work, reskilling themselves and weaving webs of connection and support. It’s an approach that has spread now to over 50 countries, in thousands of groups: in towns, villages, cities, Universities, schools. One of the key ways it spreads is through telling inspiring stories, and that’s what we aim to do on this website. We really hope you feel inspired to take part, we’d be honoured if you did. Transition Towns
  122. PERM(anent)(agri)CULTURE is focused on using ecological ethics and principles as design tools to consciously design landscapes which mimic the relationships and patterns found in nature, aiming to establish systems to provide an abundance of food, fibre, medicine, water, shelter, energy and therefore health, in a way that does not destroy the natural ecosystems of the earth. On a personal level, it results in a lifestyle of integrating ecologically sustainable qualities into our lives and communities. Transition Towns & Permaculture
  123. Transition Towns Guided by the permaculture principles and ethics as decision- making tools and strategies, we can take action as individuals, influencing sustainable practices starting at Home, engaging Community, supporting our Bioregion and influencing beyond. By progressively integrating all the domains mentioned, we can develop networks of locally appropriate solutions of localised techniques (T) and be far better equipped to thrive in the uncertain future. Some Goals of Permaculture • Grow food where people are • Re-Forest the Earth • Reclaim and build soil • Sequester carbon to balance the biosphere • Create Regenerative Culture • Catalyse a Global Grassroots Movement Ecological, Social, Cultural Healing • Restorative Justice • Education for Self- Reliance • Connect with nature • Right livelihoods. Transition Towns & Permaculture
  124. Colonialism had a profound impact on Africa. It did not allow for industrialization of Africa and assigned Africa the role of production of primary goods or raw materials in the international division of labour. Colonialism encouraged and intensified class struggle, tribalism, and ethnicity within the African colonies ¹. The establishment of colonial rule over the African interior reinforced Africa’s commodity export growth. Colonial control facilitated the construction of railways, induced large inflows of European investment, and forced profound changes in the operation of labour and land markets ³. Imperialism is a policy of extending a country's power and influence through colonization, use of military force, or other means. Over the past 500 years there have been different phases of colonization ⁵. Source: 1. What did colonialism do to Africa?. colonialism-do-to-africa 2. (2) How Africa’s colonial history affects its development. affects-its-development/ 3. (3) The Impact of Colonialism | South African History Online. 4. (4) Positive and Negative Effects of Colonialism in Africa. 5. (5) Colonisation of Africa - Wikipedia. Acu8 Poverty: a sign of the times
  125. Slum upgrading is an integrated approach that aims to turn around downward trends in an area. It involves improving the physical environment such as water supply, sanitation, waste collection, electricity, drainage, road paving and street lighting. Additional strategies may be included to improve access to health, education and social services, increase residents’ income and secure legal rights to the land¹². UN-Habitat's Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme has helped slum dwellers with improved tenure security in 190 cities in 40 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific regions³. Improving the urban poor's quality of life and access to services can improve a city's economy, environment, public health, education levels, and more. In fact, upgrading slums in place to be safer, more liveable and more resilient against climate change is written into the New Urban Agenda⁵. Source: (1) The effect of slum upgrading on slum dwellers' health ... - Cochrane. dwellers-health-quality-of-life-and-social-wellbeing (2) Slum upgrading - Wikipedia. (3) Slum Upgrading | UN-Habitat. (4) To Fix City Slums, Don't Just Knock Them Down: Involve Residents in .... upgrading-efforts. (5) Community-led upgrade to a Nairobi slum could be a model for Africa .... community-led-upgrade-nairobi-slum-could-be-model-for-Africa§ City Slums
  126. Slum upgrading projects aim to improve the physical environment such as water supply, sanitation, waste collection, electricity, drainage, road paving and street lighting. Additional strategies may be included to improve access to health, education and social services, increase residents’ income and secure legal rights to the land¹². For example, slum upgrading projects in Indonesia and Pakistan are working to improve marketplaces and kiosks for street vendors. In Buenos Aires’ Barrio 31 neighbourhood, among other efforts, the World Bank is supporting an entrepreneurship centre that’s helping formalize 900 informal businesses². In a participatory approach, UN-Habitat engages a wide range of stakeholders in the process of slum upgrading: local communities, national and local governments, financial partners and key stakeholders from non-governmental organisations (NGOs), community based organizations, foundations and institutions, as well as private sector and academia⁴. Examples of Slum Upgrading Projects include Technical cooperation on a citywide slum upgrading programme in São Paulo⁵. Source: COVID-19 Turns Spotlight on Slums - World Bank. (2) COVID-19 Turns Spotlight on Slums - World Bank. slums Accessed 26/03/2023. (3) Slum Upgrading | UN-Habitat. (4) Examples of Slum Upgrading Projects | Cities Alliance. (5) Slums and Slum Upgrading | Cities Alliance. Urban Slums
  127. According to Habitat for Humanity International, some common barriers to slum upgrades are¹: - Insufficient legal and regulatory systems - Excessive land regulation - Gender discrimination - Corrupt, inefficient, or inadequate land registration systems - Disintegration of customary and traditional protections - Lack of political will around the issue Commitment to large scale slum upgrading programs will necessarily involve policy reforms in land regulations. A major challenge in slum neighborhoods is that the land space is conscripted and may not be able to cater for all the residents after an upgrading exercise. Upgrading process almost inevitably requires the demolition of some dwellings to pave way for infrastructure runs, sites for schools and clinics, and the removal of dangerously located dwellings³. Slum upgrading requires substantial and sustained investments from various sources, such as public budgets, private sector, international donors, civil society, and slum dwellers themselves². Source: (1) Slum upgrading - Wikipedia. (2) Global slum upgrading practices : identifying the contemporary challenges. (3) Financing Slum Upgrading: Challenges and Opportunities. financing-slum. (4) AN INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF SLUM UPGRADING PRACTICES - Cities Alliance. 03/Cities%20Alliance_Informality%20Papers%20Series_Intnl%20Review%20 Slum%20Upgrading%20Practices.pdf (5) Slum Upgrading | UN-Habitat. upgrading Urban Slums
  128. Regenerative Design Concepts
  129. Ekistics RSVP Cycles Design with Nature Poverty Spotlight Urban Profiling
  130. C. A. Doxiadis Ekistics is the science of human settlements including regional, city, community planning and dwelling design¹. It involves the descriptive study of all kinds of human settlements and the formulation of general conclusions aimed at achieving harmony between the inhabitants of a settlement and their physical and sociocultural environments². Ekistics aims to understand the physical, social, and economic aspects of settlements and how they interact with each other and with the environment³. EKISTICS creates memorable places that are balanced and sustaining⁴. Source: Conversation with Bing, 25/03/2023(1) Ekistics - Wikipedia. Accessed 25/03/2023. (2) Ekistics | sociology | Britannica. Accessed 25/03/2023. (3) EKISTICS DEVELOPMENT THEORY ⋆ Archi-Monarch. Accessed 25/03/2023. (4) EKISTICS - Creating Great Places. Accessed 25/03/2023. (5) Ekistics Definition & Meaning - Merriam-Webster. Accessed 25/03/2023. Ekistics
  131. Ekistics C. A. Doxiadis
  132. © integralMENTORS Definition of ekistics: a science dealing with human settlements and drawing on the research and experience of professionals in various fields (as architecture, engineering, city planning, and sociology). Ekistics concerns the science of human settlements, including regional, city, community planning and dwelling design. The study involves every kind of human settlement, with particular attention to geography, ecology, human psychology, anthropology, culture, politics, and occasionally aesthetics. As a scientific mode of study, ekistics currently relies on statistics and description, organized in five ekistic elements or principles: nature, anthropos, society, shells, and networks. It is generally a more scientific field than urban planning, and has considerable overlap with some of the less restrained fields of architectural theory. In application, conclusions are drawn aimed at achieving harmony between the inhabitants of a settlement and their physical and socio-cultural environments Constantinos A. Doxiadis - Architect & Urban Planner Ekistics C. A. Doxiadis
  133. Ekistics C. A. Doxiadis
  134. RSVP Cycles
  135. Lawrence Halprin was a renowned landscape architect and urban designer who developed a creative process model called RSVP Cycles. RSVP stands for Resources, Scores, Valuaction and Performance. The model is based on the idea that any design project can be seen as a dynamic and collaborative process that involves multiple participants, inputs and outputs. Halprin used RSVP Cycles to guide his own design work as well as to facilitate workshops and community engagement. In this article, we will introduce the main concepts and components of RSVP Cycles and how they can be applied to different design contexts and challenges. The main concepts of Lawrence Halprin's RSVP Cycles are: - Resources: These are the raw materials or inputs that are available for a creative process, such as people, places, ideas, tools, etc. - Scores: These are the plans or guidelines that shape the creative process, such as scripts, maps, diagrams, rules, etc. - Valuaction: This is the evaluation or feedback that occurs during and after the creative process, such as critique, reflection, revision, etc. - Performance: This is the outcome or output of the creative process, such as a product, a service, an event, a presentation, etc. The RSVP Cycles are a way of understanding and facilitating any creative process, whether it is artistic, scientific, social, or personal. They emphasize the importance of iteration, collaboration, and adaptation in generating innovative and meaningful results RSVP Cycles
  136. Design with Nature Source: (1)What does it mean to design with nature now? | The McHarg Center. (2) The place of nature in the city. A practical take on Ian McHarg's… | by .... place-of-nature-in-the-city-bd518742446d (3) Design with Nature, 25th Anniversary Edition | Wiley. us/Design+with+Nature,+25th+Anniversary+Edition-p-9780471114604 (4) Design With Nature by Ian L. McHarg | Goodreads. (5) What does it mean to design with nature now? | The McHarg Center. . (6) DESIGN WITH NATURE- Ian L. McHarg. mcharg-ar-shriya-agrawal The main concepts of Ian McHarg design with nature are based on the idea that human activities should be in harmony with the natural environment, rather than dominating or destroying it. McHarg proposed that design should be guided by ecological principles, such as respecting the diversity and integrity of natural systems, adapting to the local context and conditions, and minimizing negative impacts on the environment. He also advocated for a holistic and interdisciplinary approach to design, involving collaboration among experts from different fields and stakeholders from different sectors. McHarg's design with nature is considered a pioneering and influential contribution to the fields of landscape architecture, environmental planning, and sustainable development.
  137. Introduction to McHarg Design with nature McHarg Design with nature is a design approach that aims to create sustainable and resilient human settlements that are in harmony with the natural environment. McHarg Design with nature was developed by Ian McHarg, a Scottish landscape architect and environmental planner, who published his influential book Design with Nature in 1969. McHarg Design with nature is based on the idea that every place has its own unique ecological and cultural characteristics, and that design should respect and enhance these qualities. McHarg Design with nature uses a method of ecological analysis that considers various factors such as climate, topography, hydrology, vegetation, wildlife, and human activities. McHarg Design with nature also advocates for public participation and interdisciplinary collaboration in the design process. McHarg Design with nature has inspired many projects and movements in the fields of landscape architecture, urban planning, environmental design, and conservation. Design with Nature
  138. Design with Nature
  139. Design with Nature
  140. Poverty Stoplight Poverty Stoplight is an approach that helps people progress out of poverty by empowering them to understand and map their own choices³. The Poverty Stoplight defines what it means "not to be poor" across 6 dimensions: Income & Employment, Health & Environment, Housing & Infrastructure, Education & Culture, Organization & Participation, Interiority & Motivation¹. It offers a self-assessment survey and intervention model that enables people to develop practical solutions to overcome their specific needs². (1) Poverty Spotlight | Learning In Reach. spotlight/ (2) What is Poverty Stoplight?. (3) Poverty Stoplight.
  141. Poverty Stoplight Overcoming poverty is not a gesture of charity. It is an act of justice. It is the protection of a fundamental human right, the right to dignity and a decent life". - Nelson Mandela fundacion paraguaya
  142. 2010 Microfinance program Fundación Paraguaya 28/07/2010 IKATU POVERTY ELIMINATION Poverty Stoplight fundacion paraguaya
  143. Urban Profiling The Urban Profile Process is primarily intended as a way of developing a comprehensive and interpretative description of the sustainability of an urban region and its immediate hinterland. There are many such tools for measuring sustainability, but most of those tools either depend upon developing hugely expensive banks of statistics or turning to one-off, narrow and limited surveys. The profile template can be used for a region of any size including a city, metropolis, town, municipality, or village.
  144. Living City - AI Generated by DALLI.E
  145. Biomimicry Cradle to cradle Circular Economy Urban wellbeing
  146. Biomimicry is an approach to innovation that seeks sustainable solutions to human challenges by emulating nature’s time-tested patterns and strategies. The goal is to create products, processes, and policies— new ways of living—that are well-adapted to life on earth over the long haul. The core idea is that nature has already solved many of the problems we are grappling with. Animals, plants, and microbes are the consummate engineers. After billions of years of research and development, failures are fossils, and what surrounds us is the secret to survival. Biomimicry
  147. “We envision biomimicry to be a societal and economic game changer, turning what is unexplored today into an ecosystem of vibrant, sustainable innovation.” “Only such a function-oriented mindset will lead us to entirely novel solutions as opposed to trying to pimp mediocre existing ones.” Driven by the prospects of disruptive innovation, biomimicry remains a magnet for solving design challenges in novel ways. By forging a positive instead of an adversarial relationship between technology, business, and the environment, we envision biomimicry to be a societal and economic game changer, turning what is unexplored today into an ecosystem of vibrant, sustainable innovation. “The relation of mobility to urban space and resources in the modern city has failed in all aspects of sustainability.” Biomimicry: Designing Cities According to Nature Biomimicry
  148. Cradle-to-cradle design (also referred to as Cradle to Cradle, C2C, cradle 2 cradle, or regenerative design) is a biomimetic approach to the design of products and systems. It models human industry on nature's processes viewing materials as nutrients circulating in healthy, safe metabolisms. It suggests that industry must protect and enrich ecosystems and nature's biological metabolism while also maintaining a safe, productive technical metabolism for the high- quality use and circulation of organic and technical nutrients. Put simply, it is a holistic economic, industrial and social framework that seeks to create systems that are not only efficient but also essentially waste free. The model in its broadest sense is not limited to industrial design and manufacturing; it can be applied to many aspects of human civilization such as urban environments, buildings, economics and social systems. Cradle to Cradle
  149. Cradle to Cradle Cradle-to-cradle (C2C) is a way of designing products or processes that work more like natural systems. This design method is intended to replace a make-take-dispose approach which begins with resource extraction and ends with waste disposal¹. The “cradle-to-cradle” concept is a revolutionary vision of how life on Earth works from a circular economy point of view². It aims to consume only what can be produced by the planet and to replace the current economic system with a C2C framework as an alternative solution³. (1) What Is Cradle to Cradle? - Treehugger. to-cradle-5191335. (2) The meaning of the “cradle-to-cradle” concept. nment/cradle-to-cradle-circular-economy/ (3) Cradle-to-cradle design - Wikipedia. cradle_design
  150. The image above shows a comparison between linear and circular economy models. As the name suggests, the resource goes through a take-make-consume-dispose sequence linearly to finally produce a larger amount of waste material in a linear economy. On the other hand, in circular economy, the resource cycles through the production loop with lesser waste as well as some useful biproducts, which is well in tune with the aspirations of many SDGs. Circular Economy A circular economy is a model of production and consumption that involves sharing, leasing, reusing, repairing, refurbishing and recycling existing materials and products for as long as possible². The circular economy gives us the tools to tackle climate change and biodiversity loss together while addressing important social needs¹. It aims to tackle global challenges such as climate change, biodiversity loss, waste, and pollution by emphasizing the design-based implementation of the circular economy². Source: (1) Circular economy - Wikipedia. (2) What is a circular economy? cular-economy-introduction/overview. (3) Exploring a circular economy in South Africa | UCT News. 2021-07-06-exploring-a-circular-economy-in- south-africa. Linear economy Circular economy
  151. The concept of a circular economy A circular economy is restorative and regenerative by design, and aims to keep products, components, and materials at their highest utility and value at all times. The concept distinguishes between technical and biological cycles. As envisioned by the originators, a circular economy is a continuous positive development cycle that preserves and enhances natural capital, optimises resource yields, and minimises system risks by managing finite stocks and renewable flows. It works effectively at every scale Circular Economy
  152. Circular Economy
  153. Circular Economy
  154. Circular Economy
  155. The concept of a circular economy An Introduction to Circular Economy Lerwen Liu · Seeram Ramakrishna Editors Circular Economy
  156. Urban wellbeing is people's capacity to balance healthy, fulfilling lives within and beyond the context of a dense, geographical location that recognizes city-based morphologies and stressors alongside processes of urbanization⁴. At the core of delivering urban wellbeing is that residents live in clean, safe and healthy spaces. Beyond those basics, they should also have equal opportunities to live, work and move around in environments that promote healthy living³. They found that the best (and simplest) statistical model to understand patterns of urban well-being contained four demographic factors and no natural features at all. People with the highest levels of personal and neighbourhood well-being tended to be older, own their own home, have a higher income, and keep physically active. These factors affected human well-being much more than the number of birds and trees in a suburb. Source: (1) Urban Well-Being 030-51812-7_229-1 (2) A tale of two cities: inequalities in urban wellbeing in the Global .... wellbeing/ (3) (4) Urban Wellness. (5) About – URBAN WELLBEING. Urban Wellbeing
  157. HOW PPS DRIVES CHANGE Transforming Places: We help communities and cities shape their future through individual public spaces and broad placemaking campaigns. Building the Placemaking Movement: We convene, amplify and build the capacity of the placemaking movement globally and locally. Campaigning for Systemic Change: We make the case for placemaking and engage with like-minded people and movements to influence policies, disciplines, hearts and minds. Urban Wellbeing
  158. Placemaking Placemaking is both a philosophy and a practical process for transforming public spaces. It is centred on observing, listening to, and asking questions of the people who live, work, and play in a particular space in order to understand their needs and aspirations for that space and for their community as a whole. Project for Public Spaces is a non-profit organization dedicated to helping people create and sustain public spaces that build strong communities. We are the central hub of the global Placemaking movement, connecting people to ideas, resources, expertise, and partners who see place as the key to addressing our greatest challenges. Urban Wellbeing
  159. Psychology & the city
  160. Psychogeography is the intersection of psychology and geography. It focuses on our psychological experiences of the city, and reveals or illuminates forgotten, discarded, or marginalised aspects of the urban environment¹. Many studies have shown that people born and raised in cities have higher rates of psychosis, anxiety disorders, and depression². Psychology seeks to understand why we act the way we do in cities³. It is astonishing that psychology has not been taken sufficiently seriously as an urban discipline, not only by psychology itself but also urban decision makers³. Source: Psychogeography: a way to delve into the soul of a city. the-soul-of-a-city-78032. (2) Stress and the City | Psychology Today. wandering/201208/stress-and-the-city (3) Psychology & the City | Charles Landry. . (4) Home | Psychology and the City. (5) Urban Psyche – Psychology and the City. Psychology & the city
  161. Psychology & the City Charles Landry In a constant cycle of influencing and being influenced the city impacts upon our mind and our emotional state impacts upon the city with untold effects. It is astonishing that psychology, the study exploring the dynamics of feeling and emotion, has not been taken sufficiently seriously as an urban discipline, not only by psychology itself but also urban decision makers, since it seeks to understand why we act the way we do. The city is not a lifeless thing. People have personality, identity and, as they are congregations of people, so do cities. To see the urban fabric, its dynamics and city life as empty shells devoid of human psychological content is careless. To be blind to its consequences is foolish, as the city is primarily an emotional experience with psychological effects. Just as the body is the museum of human evolution so the psyche is the mental museum of our primeval psychological past, and we have carried anciently formed elements of it into this new urban age. Psychology & the city
  162. Ultimately, the most successful cities will be those that can build psychological resilience, to adapt, to deal with adversity and complexity, to bounce back and continue to function competently, and to provide the conditions where inhabitants can achieve their larger aims. Psychology & the city
  163. Boundaries
  164. Planetary Boundaries Planetary boundaries are a framework to describe limits to the impacts of human activities on the Earth system. Beyond these limits, the environment may not be able to self-regulate anymore. This would mean the Earth system would leave the period of stability of the Holocene, in which human society developed.
  165. •Novel entities are created and introduced into the environment by humans, and can have disruptive effects on the earth system. The novel entities boundary is one of nine planetary boundaries, defined to monitor a safe operating space for humanity. •The planetary boundary of novel entities is exceeded, as annual production and releases are increasing at a pace that exceeds the global capacity for assessment and monitoring •Along with chemical pollution, plastic pollution is highlighted as a particular aspect of high concern among novel entities •A set of complimentary control variables measuring trends of production, emission and impacts are suggested to quantify the planetary boundary and establish a safe operating space •Immediate action aiming to prevent harm before the stage of Earth system effects should be taken even though data collection and parameter definition is still going on. integrity/ Planetary Boundaries
  166. Sustainable Development Goals
  167. Sustainable Cities More than half of the world’s population now live in urban areas. By 2050, that figure will have risen to 6.5 billion people – two-thirds of all humanity. Sustainable development cannot be achieved without significantly transforming the way we build and manage our urban spaces. The rapid growth of cities in the developing world, coupled with increasing rural to urban migration, has led to a boom in mega-cities. In 1990, there were ten mega-cities with 10 million inhabitants or more. In 2014, there are 28 mega-cities, home to a total 453 million people. Extreme poverty is often concentrated in urban spaces, and national and city governments struggle to accommodate the rising population in these areas. Making cities safe and sustainable means ensuring access to safe and affordable housing and upgrading slum settlements. It also involves investment in public transport, creating green public spaces, and improving urban planning and management in a way that is both participatory and inclusive. & Communities
  168. “Tell me a fact and I’ll listen. Tell me a truth and I’ll learn. But tell me a story, and it will live in my heart forever.” There is a Native American saying: Life shows its harmony, when you discover your connection to what unfolds.
  169. Urban Hub series
  170. Key to an Integral approach to urban design is the notion that although other aspects of urban life are important, people (sentient beings), as individuals and communities, are the primary ‘purpose’ for making cities thriveable. All other aspects (technology, transport & infra-structure, health, education, sustain- ability, economic development, etc.) although playing a major part, are secondary. Urban Hub Series These books are a series of presentations for the use of Integral theory or an Integral Meta-framework in understanding cities and urban Thriveability. Although each can stand alone, taken together they give a more rounded appreciation of how this broader framework can help in the analysis and design of thriveable urban environments. Guides for Integrally Informed Practitioners The Guides for Integrally Informed Practitioners (adjacent) cover much of the theory behind the Integral Meta-framework used in these volumes. For topics covered in other volumes in this series see the following page. Pdf versions are gratis to view & download @: Hardcopies can be purchased from Amazon Urban Hub series
  171. SPANISH
  172. Urban Hub manuals prepared for C40 Cities Thriving Cities Initiative and others published by IntegralUrbanHub
  173. Pub. April 2022 Other books published by vS Publishing
  174. Notes
  175. Urban Hub Integral UrbanHub Thriveable Worlds A series of books from integralMENTORS Integral UrbanHub work on Thriving people & Thriveable Cities Without taking into account the many worldviews that currently co-exist and crafting ways of including them in a positive and healthy form we will continue to alienate vast sections of all communities of humankind. No one vision is sufficient in and of itself – visions can guide but only by collaborative action in a creative generative process can visions grow and become part of an ongoing positive sociocultural reality. Down to Earth