Más contenido relacionado


WWII- pres civi 2.pptx

  1. The Second World War (1939-1945)
  2. The Road to War… By the 1930s people were suffering unemployment and poverty gripped the country, and radical political governments in Europe meant that war loomed once again. The Treaty of Versailles The Great Depression The Rise of Fascism Ethnical problems
  3. Appeasement and Betrayal  The British PM, Neville Chamberlain, joined by the French and Italian heads of government met Hitler and signed the Munich Peace Treaty. They agreed that Hitler could take some territories, and in return, he promised not to invade any others countries.
  4. A Broken Promise  Chamberlain had been tricked. Hitler’s tank swarmed into the rest of Czechoslovakia, and invaded Poland. Chamberlain made a radio speech telling the British people that they were at war with Germany.
  5. Blitzkrieg or Lightning War  How the tactic worked: Bombers attacked enemy air bases, military headquarters, ammunition depots and train stations. Stuka dive bombers swooped in machine-gunning and bombing enemy front line troops. Tanks broke through, calling in dive bombers to help clear any obstacles. Enemy groups were then surrounded and crushed, while the main attack force advanced.
  6. Allies vs. Axis • Allies: Britain, France, and Poland, were joined in December 1941, by the United States. Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, and Japan. Neutral Countries: The soviet Union announced its neutrality before the war and agreed not to attack Germany in return for a share of land in Poland. Later, Hitler attacked the Soviets, who then joined the Allies.
  7. Preparing for War…
  8. The Phoney War The Nation waited anxiously, wondering when the first air raids would strike, but nothing happened. People began talking about a “phoney” war and some British politicians thought it might still be possible to arrange a peace.
  9. Winston Churchill • Chamberlain was forced to resign, opening the way for the old soldier and statesman, Winston Churchill, to become Prime Minister on May, 1940.
  10. Dunkirk On May, 1940, the British army and thousand of their French and Belgian allies were trapped at Dunkirk. Hitler sent the German air force to destroy the crowded port. In response, Chruchill orderer and emergency evacuation. He expected the Royal Navy to bring back only one tenth of his army. But, against all odds, the Dunkirk rescue turned into a breathtaking triumph.
  11. The Battle of Britain Three weeks after Dunkirk, France surrended and Hitler’s conquering army began drawing up plans to invade England. On July, 1940, the Battle of Britain started, with German bombers attacking ships and airbases along the southern coast of England. Their plan was simple: to lure Britain’s RAF fighter planes into the sky and shoot them down.
  12. A first victory When the Battle of Britain began, the RAF had just over 600 fighter planes to defend the country against the Luftwaffe’s 2,000. The British pilots, who became known as The Few, were often young fresh out of school, and many had never flown into battle before. But they had good reasons to fight. By September, the German Air Force accepted that their mission to crush the RAF had failed. It was Britain’s first victory in the war.
  13. Hell came to London • Having failed to crush the RAF, the German air force had changed tactics. They began pounding the British capital with high explosive bombs, trying to force Churchill and his government to beg for peace.
  14. Life during the Blitz Despite all the dangers and disruption, most Londoners managed to get on with their lives. The fighting spirit of London was never broken.
  15. The Stronger Sex As men were drafted into the army, millions of women took up new Jobs to keep the country fighting. At the height of the war, a third of all factory workers were female. Every woman aged 18 to 50 was called up for some kind of war service. Even in the countryside, life was changing. By 1944, tens of thousands of women toiled in the fields as part of Women’s Land Army, helping farmers plant and harvest their crops.
  16. The secret War Churchill assambled a secret army of spies, scientists and elite soldiers. The war’s most amazing spying success took place far from any battlefield. A grups of British and allied scientists had gathered at Bletchley Park, to make sense of the German military’s radio messages. They built a machine that could quickly run through millions of calculations and by 1940 they were decoding the German messages.
  17. Cracking the Code The most important brain behind Enigma was a man called Alan Turing. His machine saved thousands of lives and helped the Allies win the war.
  18. Nazi Propaganda  The propaganda used by the Nazis was a crucial instrument for acquaring and maintaining power, and for the implementation of Nazi policies. Moreover, was a strategy used to target some minrity groups as enemies in the public mind. The Ministry of Propaganda produced differents elements of culture such as textbooks, radio, newspapers, pamphlets, posters, and films.
  19. The Holocaust The Nazi Regimen wasn’t only about war in itself and conquest territories, it was also about target and exterminate those minority groups Hitler had blamed for the economic and social crisis of Germany. For accomplish this aim, the Nazis set up hundreds of concentration camps across occupied Europe.
  20. People in the camps were forced to do slave work and lived in awfully conditions, suffering from hunger and diseases, and in constant fear of their lives.
  21. Jews, and anyone who didn’t conform to the Nazi’s insane visión of the world died in the camps, victms of the Nazi’s racial prejudice. They were shot, gassed or worked to death by guards who had been taught that camps inmates were no better tan wild animals.