3. After determining the legal status of an Assessee
u/s. 2 (31) the Residential Status of an Assessee is
to be determined.
1. Determined of every PREVIOUS YEAR:
Residential Status is determined for every
previous year. It depends on the number of days
a person is in India during the concerned
2. Different terms of Citizenship
An Individual may be a Citizen of Britain, but a
resident in India. In the same way a Citizen of
India may be a non-resident of India.
3. Residential Status is important in deciding whether
Foreign Income of a person is Taxable (or) not.
Residential Status: SEC. 6 (1)
4. Tax incidence of an assessee depends on his
For instance, whether an income, accrued to an
individual outside India, is taxable in India
depends upon the residential status of the
individual in India.
Similarly, whether an income earned by a foreign
national in India (or) outside India is taxable in
India, depends on the residential status of the
individual, rather than on the citizenship.
Therefore, the determination of the residential
status of a person is very significant in order to
find out his tax liability.
6. Basic Conditions
Stayed in India
182 days (or) more
in the PY (2017-18)
60 days (or) more
in the PY (2017-18)
365 days (or) more
in the 4 PPYs4 PPYs
7. Additional Conditions
Stayed in India
At least 2 out of
730 days (or) more
in the 7 PPYs
Resident in India AND
(This means that the assessee must have satisfied at least one
of the basic condition for 2 years out of 10 PPYs)
Additional conditions [Sec. 6(6)(a)]
To test as to when a resident individual is
ordinary resident in India (or) not
7PPYs = 2016-17 to 2010-11
8. Conditions to be satisfied
Resident – Satisfies any one of the basic condition.
Ordinary Resident – Satisfies any one of the basic
condition and both the additional conditions.
Not ordinary Resident – Satisfies any one of the
basic condition but does not satisfies one (or)
none of the additional conditions.
Non-Resident – Does not satisfies any of the
9. Residential status in nutshell
Ordinary Resident (OR)
Not Ordinary Resident
= Does not satisfies
= Not to consider
10. Residential Status of HUF
The residential status of HUF depends upon the control
and management of its affairs.
Resident HUF: If the control and management of the affairs of
HUF is situated wholly or partly in India then HUF is said to
be Resident in India.
Non- Resident HUF: If the control and management of the
affairs of HUF is situated wholly outside India then HUF is
said to be Non- Resident in India.
Not Ordinarily Resident HUF: A resident HUF is said to be
‘Not Ordinarily Resident’ in India if Karta or manager
thereof, satisfies any of the additional conditions u/s 6(6).
11. Residential Status of Company
According to section 6(3) an Indian
Company is always Resident in India.
A foreign Company will be resident in
India if Control (or) Management of its
affairs is wholly situated in India.
12. Residential Status of Firm (or) AOP
Residential Status of a firm or AOP or other person
depends upon control and management of its
Resident: If the control and management of the affairs
of a firm or AOP or other person is situated wholly
or partly in India then such a firm or AOP or other
person is said to be resident in India.
Non-Resident: If the control and management of the
affairs of a firm or AOP or other person is situated
outside India then such a firm or AOP or other
person is said to be non-resident in India.
13. Incidence of tax
(Scope of Total Income)
The tax is levied on total income of a person.
The total income is based upon the residential status
of an assessee.
The incidence of tax is –
highest on Ordinary Resident (OR),
little lower on Not Ordinary Resident (NOR) and
lowest on Non-Resident (NR) assessees.
The scope of total income varies on the basis of status.
Scope of income = Indian Income + Foreign Income
14. Income earned in India;
Income accrues and arises in India;
Income received (or) deemed to be received in India;
Income payable in India. ( i.e., Income may have been
earned in foreign country but it is payable in India)
Income earned (or) accrued in India but it is received
(or) payable outside India.
Income earned (or) accrued outside India and also
received outside India;
Any income which is not earned (or) accrued or arises
15. Ordinary Resident [OR] = Indian income +
Not Ordinary Resident [NOR]= Indian income
+ One particular type of foreign income
(i.e., business in foreign but controlled from India).
Non-Resident [NR]= Indian income only
Scope of income to Residents
16. Rules for determining the scope of total
income and incidence of tax:
Type of Income Ordinary
1. Income received (or) deemed to be received in
India, whether earned in India (or) outside India.
2. Income accrued (or) deemed to accrue in India,
whether received in India (or) outside India.
3. Income received outside India from a business
(or) profession controlled from India.
4. Income received outside India from a business (or)
profession controlled from outside India.
5. Income received outside India from any other
source apart from business.
6. Income earned outside India in earlier years
brought to India in previous year
(Past untaxed profit).
= Not Taxable