ORGANISATION AND ROLE
INDIAN ARMY IN NATION BUILDING
DETAILS OF SACRIFICED SOLDIERS
LIST OF INCIDENTS AND WARS
JOINING THE INDIAN ARMY
REGIMENTS OF INDIAN ARMY
FEATURES OF INDIAN ARMY
OATH OF INDIAN ARMY
Indian Army is the land based branch, organization or largest component of
the Indian Armed Forces.
Indian army is the Largest Standing Volunteer Army including 1, 129, 900
active personnel and 960,000 reserve personnel.
Indian army was originated from the armies of East Indian Company,
which eventually became the British Indian Army which also finally
became the national army after Independence.
The mission of the Indian Army is to ensure National Security and National
Unity, defending the nation from external aggression and internal threats,
and maintaining peace and security within its Borders.
Indian Army Conducted rescue operations during natural calamities and
other disturbances they are Like Operation Surya Hope, Operation Vijay,
Operation Meghdoot and Operation Cactus etc.
The COAS (CHIEF OF ARMY STAFF) is the professional head,
commander and usually the highest ranking military officer in Indian Army.
The Current COAS of Indian Army is General Bipin Rawat.
15. LOGISTIC SUPPORT SERVICES OF INDIAN ARMY
LOGISTIC SUPPORT SERVICES OF INDIAN ARMY IS ARE
1) ARMY SERVICE CORPS (ASC).
2) ARMY ORDINARY CORPS (AOC).
3) ARMY MEDICAL CORPS (AMC).
4) CORPS OF EME (CEME).
17. MEDALS AND AWARDS OF INDIAN ARMY
Indian Honours, and Awards of Indian Army can be divided into
1) Gallantry Awards:-
a) Those for gallantry in the face of the enemy.
b) Those for gallantry other than in the face of the enemy.
2) Non Gallantry Awards:-
18. ROLE OF INDIAN ARMY
To Safeguard the territorial integrity of the nation against external
Due to country’s long borders encompassing different geographical and
climatic conditions such as desert terrain on the west, snow covered
mountains in the north and thick rain fed mountainous jungles in the east,
the Army has to constantly prepare itself for diverse challenges.
In addition, the Army is often required to assist the Civil Administration
during internal security disturbances and in maintenance of law and order,
in organizing relief operations during natural calamities like floods,
earthquakes and cyclones and in the maintenance of essential services.
Demands of the army have increased manifold due to continuous
deployment of its forces in intense counter insurgency operations in Jammu
& Kashmir and the North East parts of the Country. To achieve these
objectives, the Army has to be constantly modernized, suitably structured,
equipped and trained.
Evolved from British Indian Army.
Immediately after Independence-fought first Indo Pak War and Liberation Of
Hyderabad in 1947-48.
Liberated Goa in 1961.
Fought Sino-Indian War of 1962.
Fought three subsequent wars with Pakistan in 1962, 1965 and 1971.
Other major operations undertaken by the Indian Army include Operation Vijay
(Kargil War of 1999), Operation Parakram (Mobililsation post parliament
Indian army also has been an active participant in United Nations Peacekeeping
21. FIRST INDO-PAK WAR (1947-48)
Invasion of Kashmir by Pakistan Army.
Indian army fought immediately after independence and
after Maharaja Hari Singh acceded with India.
After this, Indian Army (Indian Artillery Troops) airlifted
to Srinagar on 15th October 1947.
Intense war waged across the state and former comrades
found themselves fighting each other.
This First India Pakistan war of 1947 was ended with
United Nations sponsored Ceasefire in 1948.
26. LIBERATION OF HYDERABAD (1948)
After partition of India, Nizam of Hyderabad refused to
accede his state to the Union Of India.
Indian Troops ordered to secure the state on 12th
September 1948 by then deputy-Prime Minister Sardar
Hyderabad secured after 5 days of fighting by Indian
Armed Troops, backed by squadron of Hawker Tempest
aircraft of the Indian Air Force.
Five Infantry Battalions and one armoured squadron of
the Indian Army were engaged in the Operation.
State of Hyderabad proclaimed as a part of the Union Of
India on 17th September 1948.
31. LIBERATION OF GOA (1961)
Portugal refused to relinquish control of its Indian Colonies of
Goa, Daman and Diu after Independence.
Repeated attempts by India to negotiate with Portugal for return of
its territory spurned by Portuguese Prime Minister and dictator,
Antonio De Oliveira Salazar.
Indian army launched on 12 December 1961 to evict the
Portuguese General Manuel Antonio Vassalo e Silva surrendered
to the Indian Army, after twenty six hours and Goa, Daman and
Diu joined the Indian Union.
36. SINO-INDIAN WAR OF 1962
War started with small-scale clashes between the Indian and
Chinese patrols all long disputed McMahon Line.
China launched major attack in Arunachal Pradesh on 12th October
This war was caused by dispute over Aksai, Chin and Arunachal
Pradesh both claimed China & India.
Although Indian Army fought valiantly it suffered some reverses
because of lack of adequate weapons, ammunition and equipment.
War ended with China making a unilateral withdrawal of its troops
in November 1962.
42. INDO-PAK WAR OF 1965
War of 1965 between India and Pakistan over Kashmir is the
This war was Initiated by Pakistani President Ayub Khan by
Launching Operation Gibraltar in August 1965 by large scale
infiltration into India.
In retaliation, the India’s Army launched a major offensive
throughout its border with Pakistan, with Lahore as its Prime
Major battles with Pakistan fought in Kashmir, Punjab and
War ended with Cease Fire Agreement at Tashkent.
48. INDO-PAK WAR OF 1971
This war was caused by independence movement in East Pakistan, brutal suppression by
Pakistan Army resulting in massive influx of refugees into Indian states of WB/ Assam
In early, 1971, India declared its full support for the Bengali rebels, known as Mukti-
This indo pak war of 1971was started on 3rd December 1971 with pre-emptive bombing
by Pakistani Air Force.
India Launched major offensive in the East with three corps in East Pakistan while
remaining on Strategic Defensive in the West.
This war was ended with Surrender of Pakistani Army and birth of Bangladesh on 16th
December 1971 and capture of 90,000 prisoners.
53. INDO-PAK WAR OF KARGIL (OPERATION
Operation Vijay is one of the most important mission which was actively
handles by the Indian Army.
This war was started in mid 1999 when Shri. Attalbihari Vajpayee was the
Prime Minister Of India. At that time they declared India as the Nuclear
Country after completing successful Nuclear Test in Pokhran in Rajasthan. The
conflict i.e. Operation Vijay was started by Pakistani Paramilitary forces and
Kashmiri insurgents who captured deserted. But strategic, Himalayan Heights in
the Kargil district of India.
Kargil is one of the most sensitive area than Jammu and Kashmir. Kargil is
situated in the Districts of Leh & Laddakh.
Indian army launched attacks to re-capture thee posts fighting some major
battles in Kargil, Batalik and Dras.
This war i.e. Operation Vijay was completed and successful on 26th July 1999
after Indian Army re-captured all heights and Pakistan Army was forced to
In this Operation We loosed 4000 Army Soldiers and Officers.
58. RIFLEMAN SANJAY KUMAR (3RD MARCH 1976-4TH JULY 1999) WAS AN
ARMY OFFICER IN 13TH J&K (JAMMU AND KASHMIR) RIFFLES REGIMENT.
HE SACRIFICED HIS LIFE AFTER CAPTURING PT. 4875 OF THREE PIMPLE
SECTOR OF BATALIK SECTOR IN KARGIL.
59. CAPTAIN VIJAYANT THAPAR (26TH DECEMBER 1976-21TH
JULY1999) WAS OFFICER IN 2ND RAJPUTANA RIFFLES
AWARDED WITH ‘VIR CHAKRA’AFTER CAPTURING TOLOLING
SECTOR OF KARGIL IN 1999
60. COLONEL BALWAN SINGH PANGHAL (17TH OCTOBER 1973-22ND JULY
1999) WAS A DECORATED ARMY OFFICER AWARDED WITH “MAHA VIR
CHAKRA” AFTER SUCCESSFULLY RE-CAPTURING TIGER HILL.
61. CAPTAIN SAURABH KALIA (29TH JUNE 1976-9TH JUNE 1999) WAS AN
ARMY OFFICER IN 12TH RAJAPUTANAARTILLERY REGIMENT AND
WAS CAPTURED BY PAKISTANI ARMY AND GO UNDER BRUTAL
TORTURE BY PAKISTANI ARMY FOR 5 YEARS.
62. MAJOR AJAY SINGH JASTROTIA (31ST MARCH 1972-15TH JUNE 1999) WAS AN
OFFICER IN 13TH J&K (JAMMU AND KASHMIR) RIFLES REGIMENT. SACRIFICED HIS
LIFE AFTER AFTER RECAPTURING PT.5140, WHICH DOMINATED THE SRINAGAR –
LEH HIGHWAY. HE AWARDED WITH “SENA MEDAL” FOR HIS VALOUR, DEVOTION TO
63. LIST OF OPERATIONS AND WARS
HANDLES BY INDIAN ARMY
Operation Polo. (1948)
Operation Vijay. (1961)
Operation Steeplechase. (1984)
Operation Blue Star. (1984)
Operation Meghdoot. (1984)
Operation Sarp Vinash.(2003)
Operation Black Tornado.(2008)
Operation Surya Hope.(2013)
Operation All Out.(2015)
Indian Counter Insurgency operation in
Uri Base Camp Attack.(2016)
India Pakistan Military Confrontation
Operation Calm Down.(2016)
Balakot Pakistan Air Strike (26th Feb 2019)
Operation Safed Sagar (1999).
65. INTERNAL SECURITY
Apart from guarding the borders with China and Pakistan, Indian
Army is also deployed for internal security in a major way.
Indian Army’s Northern Command is deployed for fighting
Pakistan abetted proxy war in J&K, fighting Muslim
fundamentalist insurgent groups operating form save havens in
Indian Army’s Eastern Command is also deployed for internal
security in the North Eastern states of Assam, Nagaland and
66. DISASTER RELIEF
The following attributes make the Army a potent instrument for disaster relief:-
1) It is suitably poised for rapid response and for mobillising self-contained,
composite task forces to any part of the country. Even overseas, in conjunction
with the Indian Navy and Indian Air Force.
2) It is structured, organized and managed to provide support for a full range of
public relief services.
3) The versatille capabilities of the Army to respond to any form of disaster
situation can be exemplified by the assistance provides during the Following
1) Tsunami Disaster (2004).
2) Kashmir Earthquake (2005).
3) Leh Cloud Burst (2010).
4) Sikkim Earthquake (2011)
69. JOINING INDIAN ARMY AS A CAREER
An officer in the Indian Army inherits glorious heritage and timeless traditions,
blended perfectly with the latest technology in the fields of management,
engineering and medical sciences.
It offers a golden opportunity to be a part of the world’s finest Army and get
trained not only to be an Officer but also a Gentleman for life.
The Army teaches you all, moulding the officers into leaders capable of leading
from the front in any field.
Attractive pay and perks and a very good life style- social interaction, finest
clubs, golf courses, medical facilities and ample opportunities to indulge in
adventure and sports, Army has it all. In fact you are paid to lead a healthy life
in healthy environment.
Army Provides facilities like subsidized housing, free medical for self & family,
canteen facilities, group insurance cover, soft loans for house and/ or vehicle
and above all the feeling of belonging to a Army family which cares for you, are
the perks of the Army which no other organisation provides.
70. PERMANENT COMMISSION
UPSC Entrance exam after class
5 Day Service Selection Board
Interview and Medical Test.
Three Years (Graduation).
Move to OTA (Officers Training
UPSC or CDS (Combined Defense
Service) exam after Graduation.)
Staff Selection Board (SSB) & Medical
1 / ½ Years.
Move to IMA (Indian Military
71. SHORT SERVICE COMMISSION
UPSC + SSB + Medicals.
Both Men & Women
49 Weeks Training.
Short Service Commission for 10
At the end of this period- elect for
a Permanent Commission or Opt
72. WOMEN IN INDIAN ARMY
Short Service Commission
through Officers Training
Women Officers employed in
all arms/ services less combat
Women Officers treated on
par with male officers.
Women officers of JAG
O(Judge Advocate General
Officer)/ AEC (Army
Education Corps) have
opportunity to serve on the
74. FEATURES OF INDIAN ARMY
Our Indian Army is highly equipped with a number
of latest weapons.
Indian Army is having a number of powerful tanks
Indian Soldiers are considered as the very best hill
climbers in among other countries.
India has the biggest standing Volunteer Army in the
75. COURT MARTIAL
A court-martial or court martial (plural courts-martial or courts martial, as
"martial" is a postpositive adjective is a military court or a trial conducted in
such a court. A court-martial is empowered to determine the guilt of members
of the armed forces subject to military law, and, if the defendant is found
guilty, to decide upon punishment. In addition, courts-martial may be used to
try prisoners of war for war crimes. The Geneva Convention requires
that POWs who are on trial for war crimes be subject to the same procedures
as would be the holding military’s own forces. Finally, courts-martial can be
convened for other purposes, such as dealing with violations of martial law,
and can involve civilian defendants.
Most navies have a standard court-martial which convenes whenever a ship is
lost; this does not presume that the captain is suspected of wrongdoing, but
merely that the circumstances surrounding the loss of the ship be made part of
the official record. Most military forces maintain a judicial system that tries
defendants for breaches of military discipline. Some countries
like France and Germany have no courts martial in times of peace and use
civilian courts instead.
76. There are four kinds of courts-martial in India. These are the
General Court Martial (GCM), District Court Martial (DCM),
Summary General Court Martial (SGCM) and Summary Court
Martial (SCM). According to the Army Act, army courts can try
personnel for all kinds of offenses, except for murder and rape of a
civilian, which are primarily tried by a civilian court of law.
Higher government authorities do not deal with the military
doctrines. The President of India can use his judicial power,
(Article 72), to give either pardon, reprieve, respite or remission of
punishment or sentence given by a court martial.
77. OATH OF INDIAN ARMY
I, Parth Milind Bhagare do solemnly swear that I will
bear true faith and allegiance to the constitution of India
as by the law established and that I will, as in duty bound,
honesty and faithfully serve in the regular army of the
union of India and go wherever ordered, by land, sea or
air and that I will observe and obey all commands of the
President of the Union of India and the commands of any
officer set over me even to the peril of my life.
79. QUESTIONS ON THIS PPT
Explain the Organization Of Indian Army.
What are the Ranks Of Junior Commissioned Officers in
Give any 10 Names of the Regiments Of Indian Army.
Give any Five names of the officers who sacrifice his life in
Kargil War Of 1999 (Operation Vijay).
What are the Features of Indian Army?
What is Qualification required for permanent commission in
What is A Court Martial? Explain In Brief.
80. PARTH M. BHAGARE COMPANY SENIOR
UNDER OFFICER , NCC INDIAN ARMY
MASTERMIND OF THIS