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"One MIL a Day Keeps the (IL) Literate Away"

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Lecture presented by Joseph Marmol Yap at PAARL's forum held before the 44th General Assembly on 27 January 2017 at De La Salle University Libraries, Henry Sy. Sr. Hall, Taft Avenue, Manila

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"One MIL a Day Keeps the (IL) Literate Away"

  1. 1. One MIL a day, keeps the (IL)literate away PAARL 44th General Assembly 12F Animo Labs, The Learning Commons, De La Salle University 27 January 2017 Joseph M. Yap De La Salle University Photo/Illustration credits: Marcus Banks https://americanlibrariesmagazine.org/2016/12/27/fighting-fake- news/
  2. 2. Why MIL? Media and Information Literacy recognizes the primary role of information and media in our everyday lives (UNESCO, 2016). http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/media-development/media- literacy/mil-as-composite-concept/ Photo credit: http://sbshrs.adpinfo.com/adp-hr-newsletter-social-media-and-recruiting-proceed-with- caution
  3. 3. Librarians have a big role to play how do we prepare ourselves to teach and train our students, our patrons, our community members? http://www.theverge.com/2016/11/16/13637294/school-libraries-information-literacy-fake-news-election-2016
  4. 4. Media and Information Literacy (MIL) “combination of knowledge, attitudes, skills, and practices required to access, analyse, evaluate, use, produce, and communicate information and knowledge in creative, legal and ethical ways that respect human rights” (Moscow Declaration on Media and Information Literacy, 2012).
  5. 5. MIL Media and information literacy (MIL) includes a set of competencies to search, critically evaluate, use and contribute information and media content wisely; knowledge of one’s rights online; understanding how to combat online hate speech and cyberbullying; understanding of the ethical issues surrounding the access and use of information; and engage with media and ICTs to promote equality, free expression, intercultural/interreligious dialogue, peace, etc. (UNESCO, 2016). http://en.unesco.org/global-mil-week-2016
  6. 6. Are we guilty? • Of bashing, discrimination and cyberbullying? • Of spreading hate? • Of disseminating misinformation (without verifying the source)? https://memegenerator.net/instance/21793924
  7. 7. Declarations Grunwald Declaration on Media Education 1982 Prague Declaration Towards an Information Literate Society 2003 Alexandria Proclamation on Information Literacy and Lifelong Learning 2005 Paris Agenda or 12 Recommendation s for Media Education 2007 Fez Declaration on Media and Information Literacy 2011 International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) Media and Information Literacy Recommendations 2011 Moscow Declaration on Media and Information Literacy 2012 Global Alliance for Partnerships on Media and Information Literacy (GAPMIL) Framework and Action Plan 2013 Paris Declaration on Media and Information Literacy in the Digital Era Paris Declaration on Media and Information Literacy in the Digital Era 2014 Khanty-Mansiysk Declaration on Media and Information Literacy for Building a Culture of Open Government Khanty-Mansiysk Declaration on Media and Information Literacy for Building a Culture of Open Government 2016 Sao Paulo Youth Declaration on Media and Information Literacy Sao Paulo Youth Declaration on Media and Information Literacy 2016
  8. 8. MILcompetencies
  9. 9. MIL component MIL subject matters MIL competency 1. Recognizing the demand for, being able to search for, being able to access and retrieve information and media content. 1.1 Definition and articulation of a need for information 1. Determine and articulate nature, role and scope of the information and media content through a variety of resources. 1.2 Search and location of information and media content 2. Search and locate information and media content. 1.3 Access to information, media content and media and information providers 3. Access needed information and media content effectively, efficiently and ethically as well as media and information providers. 1.4 Retrieval and holding / storage / retention of information and media content 4. Retrieve and temporally hold information and media content using a variety of methods and tools.
  10. 10. MIL component MIL subject matters MIL competency 2. Understanding, assessment and evaluation of information and media. 2.1 Understanding of information and media 5. Understand necessity of media and information providers in society. 2.2 Assessment of information and media content, and media and information providers 6. Assess, analyse, compare, articulate and apply initial criteria for assessment of the information retrieved and its sources, as well as evaluate media and information providers in society. 2.3 Evaluation of information and media content, and media and information providers 7. Evaluate and authenticate information and media content gathered and its sources and media and information providers in society. 2.4 Organization of information and media content 8. Synthesize and organize information and media content gathered.
  11. 11. MIL component MIL subject matters MIL competency 3. Creation, utilization and monitoring of information and media content. 3.1 Creation of knowledge and creative expression 9. Create and produce new information, media content or knowledge for a specific purpose in an innovative, ethical and creative manner. 3.2 Communication of information, media content and knowledge in ethical and effective manner 10. Communicate information, media content and knowledge in an ethical, legal and effective manner using appropriate channels and tools. 3.3 Participating in societal- public activities as active citizen 11. Engaged with media and information providers and self- expression, intercultural dialogue and democratic participation through various means in ethical, effective and efficient manner. 3.4 Monitoring influence of information, media content, knowledge production and use as well as media and information providers 12. Monitor the impact of created and distributed information, media content and knowledge as well as use existing media and other information providers.
  12. 12. GAPMIL The Global Alliance for Partnerships on Media and Information Literacy (GAPMIL) is a groundbreaking effort to promote international cooperation to ensure that all citizens have access to media and information competencies.
  13. 13. GAPMIL seeks to globally reposition MIL around the core objectives of: • Articulating key strategic partnerships to drive MIL development globally and its application to eight key development areas: – Governance, citizenship and freedom of expression; – Access to information and knowledge for all citizens; – Development of media, libraries, Internet and other information providers; – Education, teaching, and learning - including professional development; Women, children and youth, disabled and other marginalized groups; – Linguistic and cultural diversity as well as intercultural and interfaith dialogue; – Women, children and youth, persons with disabilities and other marginalized social groups; – Health and wellness; – Business, industry, employment and sustainable economic development; – Agriculture, farming, wildlife protection, forestry and natural resources conservation as well as other areas. • Enabling the MIL community to speak and address, with a unified voice, certain critical matters, including the need for policies; and • Further deepening the strategy for MIL to be treated as a composite concept by providing a common platform for MIL related networks and associations globally that will ensure convergence of regional and international initiative and amplification of global impact.
  14. 14. Regional representation • Africa • Arab States • Asia-Pacific • Europe and North America • Latin America and Carribean
  15. 15. http://www.unesco-ci.org/cmscore/content/call-interest-global- forum-partnerships-media-and-information-literacy
  16. 16. GAPMIL award The GAPMIL Global MIL Awards will recognize information/library, media and technology specialists, educators, artists, activists, researchers, policy makers, NGOs, associations and other groups integrating MIL (media and information literacy) in an innovative way in their work and related activities. Specifically, the awards will recognize excellence and leadership in five sectors: Education, Research, Policy, Advocacy, Me dia and communication/information industries.
  17. 17. MILID Network • University Network on Media and Information Literacy and Intercultural Dialogue • Underpinning the Network is the need to give impetus to research that can inform policies on MIL and Intercultural Dialogue. The MILID Network is the research arm of GAPMIL
  18. 18. Ranganathan’s 5 Laws • Books are for use • Every reader his/her book • Every book its reader • Save the time of the reader • Library is an evolving organism
  19. 19. Law One Information, communication, libraries, media, technology, the Internet as well as other forms of information providers are for use in critical civic engagement and sustainable development. They are equal in stature and none is more relevant than the other or should be ever treated as such.
  20. 20. Law Two Every citizen is a creator of information/knowledge and has a message. They must be empowered to access new information/knowledge and to express themselves. MIL is for all – women and men equally - and a nexus of human rights.
  21. 21. Law Three Information, knowledge, and messages are not always value neutral, or always independent of biases. Any conceptualization, use and application of MIL should make this truth transparent and understandable to all citizens.
  22. 22. Law Four Every citizen wants to know and understand new information, knowledge and messages as well as to communicate, even if she/he is not aware, admits or expresses that he/she does. Her/his rights must however never be compromised.
  23. 23. Law Five Media and information literacy is not acquired at once. It is a lived and dynamic experience and process. It is complete when it includes knowledge, skills and attitudes, when it covers access, evaluation/assessment, use, production and communication of information, media and technology content.
  24. 24. MILCLICKS
  25. 25. What is MILCLICKS? • Media and Information Literacy: Critical- thinking and Creativity, Literacy, Intercultural, Citizenship, Knowledge and Sustainability
  26. 26. Fake news sites
  27. 27. http://www.rappler.com/technology/social-media/158885-magkaiba-yan-fake-news-fiction- trends-twitter
  28. 28. http://www.sickchirpse.com/bossaball/
  29. 29. • So, What's News? sowhatsnews. wordpress.com • Adobo Chronicles adobochronicle s.com • The Philippine Trend thephilippinetr end.com
  30. 30. Online MIL courses • 2015 UNESCO and Athabasca University's Media and Information Literacy Course • Media and Information Literacy Massive Open Online Course
  31. 31. Tookit • MIL Curriculum for Teachers; • Global MIL Assessment Framework; • Guidelines for Broadcasters to Promote MIL and User-Generated Content; • An online multimedia MIL teaching resources tool; • MIL Policy and Strategy Guidelines.
  32. 32. What can your libraries do? • Integrate MIL into your IL sessions • Study the Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education by ACRL (Adopted by the ACRL Board, January 11, 2016) • Direct collaboration with journalists / media • Develop lib guides addressing fake news • Join the GAPMIL
  33. 33. Storytellers Without Borders • Eight-week workshops at three library branches • Students will rotate among three DPL branch locations that represent the socioeconomic and cultural diversity of the city. Journalists will mentor students on how to ask focused questions, while librarians will describe how to use research databases to find accurate information. https://americanlibrariesmagazine.org/2016/1 2/27/fighting-fake-news/
  34. 34. MIL and the SHS Core Subject Description: The course introduces the learners to basic understanding of media and information as channels of communication and tools for the development of individuals and societies. It also aims to develop students to be creative and critical thinkers as well as responsible users and competent producers of media and information.
  35. 35. • Make information literacy a priority across the curriculum - Donald A. Barclay is Deputy University Librarian, University of California, Merced http://www.macon.com/opinion/readers-opinion/article124700439.html
  36. 36. AIJC project • Background paper: MIL in the Philippines (MIL Policy Framework). • A Media and Information Literacy (MIL) Policy Framework sets the principles and norms upon which the practice of MIL is built.
  37. 37. Photo credits: Michelle Esteban and Joseph Yap
  38. 38. DLSU Libraries Contribution to Global MIL • LORA the Librarian evaluation • Video pick of the week • Human Library
  39. 39. LORA the Librarian free half-day lecture to promote media and information literacy (MIL) was conducted to 15 teacher-librarians affiliated with the Department of Education Division of Imus City
  40. 40. Video Pick of the Week
  41. 41. Human Library
  42. 42. Huling mga paalala • Maging mapanuri sa impormasyon at pinanggalingan nito. • Bago magbahagi ng impormasyon, siguraduhing ang pinanggalingan ay may kredibilidad. • Magsaliksik, magsaliksik at magsaliksik.
  43. 43. Maraming salamat po at inaasahan ko ang pagiging Maalam sa Midya at Impormasyon nating lahat ☺ Thank you very much and I am looking forward that all of us will become Media and Information Literate individuals ☺ Email: joseph.yap@dlsu.edu.ph