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  1. Library Collection Managers in Higher Grounds: Weighing the Odds Marianita D. Dablio Lecturer, Library and Information Science
  2. Our lives have never been the same!
  3. Facts that figure: • It took two centuries for the Library of Congress to acquire today's analog collection—32 million printed volumes, 12.5 million photographs, 59.5 million manuscripts and other materials – a total of more than 134 million physical items. By contrast, with the explosion of digital information, it now takes only about 15 minutes for the world to produce an equivalent amount of information. Researchers at Cal- Berkeley produced estimates of the amount of information produced and circulated on the Internet in 2003 – it was equivalent to 37,000 times the content of one Library of Congress. Most of this information exists only in digital form: so-called born-digital items, many of which are already irretrievably lost.” Statement of Dr. James H. Billington The Librarian of Congress before the House Subcommittee on Legislative Branch U.S.House of Representatives March 20, 2007
  4. Have you read some of these? 4 The Wicked Problem of Too Many Books | From the Bell Tower Michael Todd in the State of the Stacks: Academic Libraries in the Digital age “ Digital Tsunami”
  5. Fr. Ambeth R. Ocampo • “My greatest fear to my digital library is this: Technology moves to fast that my present PDF files may not be computer-readable in the future” Ocampo , Ambeth. Old fashioned books in Looking Back. Philippine Daily Inquirer March 4, 2015
  6. I suggest that we find answers to the following: • In what ways have collection and collecting evolved in the changing digital landscape? • What key issues confront collection development/acquisition librarians in digital environment? • What strategies can library collection managers consider? • What roles /competencies are necessary in managing digital resources?
  8. Some things “old”, yet constant: • Simply put, collection management is the systemic, efficient and economic stewardship of library resources.1 • The goal of any collection development organization must be to provide the library with a collection that meets the appropriate needs of its client population within the limits of its fiscal and personnel resources. To reach this goal, each segment of the collection must be developed with an application of resources consistent with its relative importance to the mission of the library and the needs of its patrons.2 • Source: cited in Johnson
  9. Traditional activities associated with collection management • Selection & acquisition of materials; • Collection development policy; • Assessment of patron needs; • Collection analysis; • Budget management; • Space management including storage • Community outreach & liaison • Resource-sharing arrangements • De-selection/cancellation & preservation • Source: Horava
  10. Do these concepts of collection still hold true today? • Ownership • Control • Tangibility (mostly on-site materials) • Permanence • Predictability (eg formats) • Comprehensiveness • Implicit pride and prestige for the institution • Implicit value judgements -privileging/selecting sources
  11. Something “new” • New and non-traditional forms of knowledge, eg oral history, streaming audio and video, research datasets, blogs, tweets, etc.. • Collections have sense making function :translating information resources into knowledge to solve problems
  12. content in the 21st century • “The University of California Library Collection comprises all print and digital resources, archival collections, and shared purchases of the UC Libraries. It is an integrated, shareable user-centric collection that supports and enhances the mission of the University of California and whose strength is derived from the diverse nature of the individual campus library collections.”
  13. On a higher ground, library collection managers will be transitioning
  15. Source: Polanka
  16. If this is so,
  17. And noting others,
  18. Ebook as an example
  19. 2.The evolving scholarly record
  20. • Shift from print centric record to digital format • The boundaries are shifting and blurring • The shift from static nature to dynamic features
  21. Framing the Scholarly Record … OCLC Research, 2014Figure: Evolving Scholarly Record framework.
  22. 2. Collection Grid
  23. Low Stewardship p Institutional In few collections In many collections Research & Learning Materials Open Web Resources ‘Published’ materials Special Collections Local Digitization Licensed Purchased High Stewardship
  24. Journals 1. Licensed materials are now the larger part of academic library budgets 2. Publishers looking to research workflow (Elsevier – Mendeley, Pure) 3. National science/research policy and open access 4. A part only of the scholarly record – data, etc. Monographs 1. Emergence of ‘e’ (platform) 2. Shift to demand driven acquisition 3. Digital corpora 4. Disciplinary differences 5. Growing difference between market- available and distinctive (e.g. area studies) 6. Managing down print - shared print
  25. Special collections, archives, … 1. Release more value through digitization, exhibitions, … 2. Streamlining processing, production, … 3. Network level aggregation for scale and utility – DPLA, Europeana, Pacific Rim Digital Library, Research and learning material 1. Evolving scholarly record: research data, eprints, .. 2. IR – role and content? 3. Research information management (profiles, outputs, …) 4. Support for digital scholarship 5. Support for open access publishing
  26. 3.Collections as a service
  27. The ‘owned’ collection The ‘facilitated’ collection The ‘licensed’ collection The ‘borrowed’ collection • Pointing people at Google Scholar • Including freely available e- books in the catalog • Creating resource guides for web resources • Purchased and physically stored A collections spectrum The ‘demand- driven’ collection The ‘shared print’ collection OCLC Research, 2015.Figure: A collections spectrum.
  28. Example: • Provision of data services to support use of data(including geographic information systems and data visualization • Duke University Libraries
  29. 4. Workflow is the new content
  30. • arXiv, SSRN, RePEc, PubMed Central (disciplinary repositories that have become important discovery hubs); • Google Scholar, Google Books, Amazon  (ubiquitous discovery and fulfillment hubs); • Mendeley, ResearchGate (services for social discovery and scholarly reputation management); • Goodreads, LibraryThing (social description/reading sites); • Wikipedia, Yahoo Answers, Khan Academy (hubs for open research, reference, and teaching materials). • GalaxyZoo, FigShare, OpenRefine (data storage and manipulation tools) • Github (software management)
  31. Workflow is the new content • In a print world, researchers and learners organized their workflow around the library. • The library had limited interaction with the full process. • In a digital world, the library needs to organize itself around the workflows of research and learners. • Workflows generate and consume information resources.
  32. Sample workflow
  33. The inside out collection
  34. In the paradigm shift • The dominant model is outside in where the dominant model is buying and licensing material and make them accessible to the users • In the inside out model, the university and the library support resources that may be unique to the institution and the audience is both local and external • These unique collection may include archives and special collections and new generated learning materials • E.g. e prints,
  35. The outcome In the outside-in model , the librarian serves as broker, his goal is to maximize efficiency and its intended outcome is discovery • In the in-outside model, the librarian serves as provider, his goal is to maximize discoverability/
  36. 6. From curation to creation
  37. Libraries as publisher University of St. Andrews The Library's journal hosting service offers support for academic staff and students who are interested in setting up their own online journals s/researchsupport/journalhos ting/
  38. Other activities • Publishing conference proceedings • Supporting student publications • Assisting researchers for funding grants
  39. Beyond Information Literacy • Visual literacy • Quantitative literacy • Archival literacy • New ways to explore dimension of information • Opportunities for collaboration and curricular synergy
  40. 7. Towards the collective (print) collection
  41. • The bubble of growth in twentieth-century printed collections has left … librarians with a tricky problem. • Barbara Fister New Roles for the Road Ahead:Essays commissioned for ACRL’s 75th Birthday • The need to add print collections • Space to use library collections in new ways that will support new pedagogies • Consider the non- collection oriented uses of such collection
  42. The future of academic libraries • Art gallery • This semester, Duke is proud to host the Places & Spaces: Mapping Sc exhibit, visiting from Indiana University. Places & Spaces is a 10-year effort by Dr. Katy Börner (director of the Cyberinfrastructure for Networ ) to bring focus to visualization as a medium of scholarly communication
  43. Space for traveling exhibit • UI Libraries to host Shakespeare's First Folio exhibition in 2016 • 5/02/ui-libraries-host- shakespeares-first-folio- exhibition-2016
  44. As a performance center • ? q=academic+libraries+hosting+a+c ultural+performance+ +image&client=firefox- beta&hs=qq3&rls=org.mozilla:en- US:official&channel=np&biw=1366 &bih=667&source=lnms&tbm=isch &sa=X&ei=XzQzVd35KsSSuATYo oGgDA&ved=0CAYQ_AUoAQ#im grc=9p1FMx1MaQbG5M%253A %3BSxoI52j5AjAoNM%3Bhttp %253A%252F %252Fabout%252Fcultureimages %252Fshepherd.jpg%3Bhttp %253A%252F %252Fabout%252Fculture.html %3B900%3B586
  45. 50 Transformation of the academic library Kurt de Belder
  47. Issue 1: Budget • How do we allocate budget to meet the changing curriculum and research needs of our institution? • What budget strategies are appropriate to the multiplicity of challenges?
  48. Issue 2: Threats to digital information • Hybridity • Multiplicity • Fragility • Mutability • “...these potential threats include media failure, hardware failure, software failure, communication errors, failure of network services, media and hardware obsolescence, software obsolescence, operator error, natural disaster, external attack, internal attack, economic failure, and organizational failure.”
  49. Issue 3: Digital rights management • Author’s rights • Open access • Institutional repositories
  50. Issue 4: New collection metrics • Standards • Performance measurements • Outcome-based • Evidence-based
  51. Issue 5: Core values • Access • Confidentiality/Privacy • Democracy • Diversity • Education and training • Intellectual freedom • Professionalism • Public Good • Service • Social Responsibility • Can collection managers maintain the core values as collection management practices and scholarly communication practices are undergoing radical change?
  53. Some suggestions 1. Focus on what is sustainable. Prioritize 2.Strategize on what format to support 3.Plan innovative ways of repurposing your physical collection and library space 4.Seek wider opportunities for collaboration: vendors, publishing industry, the learning ecosystem, research infrastructure
  55. Sample titles • Selectors • Bibliographers • Collections librarians • Subject specialists • Subject liaisons • Collection managers • Collection developers • Copyright and licensing librarian • Electronic resource and acquisition librarian • Collection strategists
  56. Electronic resource librarians • Nasig Core Competencies for Electronic Resources Librarians. North American Serials Interest Group. 2013.
  57. Rising expectations: • Collection librarians need to expand their traditional skills and expertise • Developing a keen understanding of the scholarly communications, publishing and technological landscapes • A passion for exploring new forms of knowledge and new approaches to learning • Imagination, leadership and creativity in how we acquire and deliver information resources Source : Horava
  58. Evolving roles as collection managers • curators • collaborators • teachers • publishers • knowledge managers • information policy guide
  59. As a concluding note: • Crisis? • Crossroads? • Is the road ahead going to a evolving state: NEW NORMAL?
  60. Volume Velocit y Vibrance Valence / Relevance Lee Rainee suggests that there is “New Normal”
  61. And finally: • “ The challenges we face are both fundamental and essential. We have moved from an era of equilibrium to a new normal, an era of constant disequilibrium. Our ways of working, ways of creating value and ways of innovating must be reframed” •John Seely Brown
  62. Sources cited • Bell, Steven. The wicked problem too many ebooks. • DeBelder., Kurt. Transformation of the Academic Library • Dempsey Lorcan and Constance Malpas Evolving collection directions OCLC Jan 30 2015 • Hillesund, Tirje. Will ebooks end the world. • Horava , Tony Collection management in the digital age • IFLA 2012 • Imre,Andrea • Johnson, Peggy. Fundamentals of collection development and management. 2nd ed. • Nasig Core Competencies for Electronic Resources Librarians. North American Serials Interest Group. 2013. article=1510&context=nasig
  63. • Ocampo , Ambeth. Old fashioned books in Looking Back. Philippine Daily Inquirer March 4, 2015 • Polanka, Sue Purchasing ebooks for your • .” Statement of Dr. James H. Billington The Librarian of Congress before the House Subcommittee on Legislative Branch U.S. House of Representatives March 20, 2007 • The Googlelization of Everything. • The future of the Internet and how to stop it • Michael Todd in the State of the Stacks: Academic Libraries in the Digital age • The HKU Scholar’s Hub • University of St. Andrews Library • The University of California Library Collection: Content for the 21st Century and Beyond UC Libraries’ Collection Development Committee1
  64. • Presented during the PAARL National Summer Conference 2015, Cagayan de Oro City April 22-24, 2015

Hinweis der Redaktion

  1. The info ecology changes thanks to rise of internet/broadband. Volume of information rises 20-30% per year. Never had anything close to this in human history. Velocity of information increases, especially in groups. Personally relevant news speeds up as people customize personal feeds, alerts, listservs, group communications. Vibrance of information/media increases as bandwidth increases and computing power grows so media experiences become more immersive and compelling Valence/relevance of information grows in the era of the “Daily Me” and “Daily Us” and custom feeds. 2 mins