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New adverbs and adverbial phrases

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New adverbs and adverbial phrases

  1. 1. ADVERBS AND ADVERBIAL PHRASES Formation, Types and Position
  2. 2. Formation of adverbsFormation of adverbs Adverbs are often formed from adjectives by adding –ly BUT There are also many other adverbs which are NOT formed from adjectives And which do NOT end in –ly always, never, just, twice a week There are also some words in –ly which are NOT adverbs friendly, likely, lovely, silly, lonely
  3. 3. Angry, Bad, Basic, Careful, Dramatic, Fast, Good, Healthy, Incredible, Lucky, Occasional, Probable, Scientific, Slow, Straight, Terrible, Unfortunate + -ly -le→-ly -y→-ily -ic→-ically Irregular
  4. 4. Angry, Bad, Basic, Careful, Dramatic, Fast, Good, Healthy, Incredible, Lucky, Occasional, Probable, Scientific, Slow, Straight, Terrible, Unfortunate + -ly -le→-ly -y→-ily -ic→-ically Irregular Badly Carefully Occasionally Slowly Unfortunately Probably Incredibly Terribly Angrily Healthily Luckily Basically Dramatically Scientifically Fast Well Straight
  5. 5. Types of AdverbsTypes of Adverbs Manner How? well, happily Place Where? here, there Time When? now, today Frequency How often? always, never Degree How much? extremely Sentence A comment hopefully
  6. 6. Positions of Adverbs a) Tom has been working. b) extremely tired PRECEDING the modified word (adj/adv) FRONT MIDDLE END
  7. 7. Positions of Adverbs a) Tom has been working. b) extremely tired PRECEDING the modified word (adj/adv) DEGREE FRONT SENTENCE Time! Frequency! MIDDLE FREQUENCY Manner! Sentence! END MPT
  8. 8. 1. I LIKE VERY MUCH CHAT SHOWS AND PHONE- INS. 2. SOMETIMES THE WEATHER FORECAST IS COMPLETELY WRONG. 3. HE’S PROBABLY GOT LOST. 4. I RARELY GO TO THE CINEMA NOW I’VE GOT CABLE TV. 5. I’LL GET IN TOUCH NEXT WEEK WITH HIM. 6. SHE DANCES BRILLIANTLY THE TANGO. 7. FORTUNATELY NOBODY WAS INJURED SERIOUSLY IN THE ACCIDENT. 8. ALMOST SHE MISSED THE INTERVIEW BECAUSE HER CAR BROKE DOWN. 9. I JUST CALLED TO SAY I LOVE YOU. 10.SHE EVEN DIDN’T SAY GOODBYE WHEN SHE LEFT.
  9. 9. Using adverbs to make a story more vivid
  10. 10. Make your language more vivid 1. It was raining. A man was walking along the pavement. He looked round and saw that a woman was following him. 2. It was raining heavily. A tall middle-aged man was walking quickly along the wet pavement. Suddenly he looked round and saw that an attractive dark-haired woman was following him.
  11. 11. A tortoise / t (r)t s/ was walking along the middle of theˈ ɔː ə road. It was raining. He wasn’t looking where he was going and he crashed into a snail which was crossing the road. The tortoise disappeared into the crowds but the snail was injured. An ambulance arrived and took him to hospital, where he was operated on. It was a difficult operation but it was a success. After three days the snail felt better and was sitting up in bed reading. The police came to interview him and showed him photos of different tortoises to see if he could identify the one who had hit him. After seeing fifty photos of identical tortoises, the snail started crying and said, ‘I’m sorry. I can’t remember. Everything happened so quickly’
  12. 12. One day, a tortoise / t (r)t s/ was walkingˈ ɔː ə very slowly along the middle of the road. It was raining hard/a lot. Unfortunately he wasn’t looking where he was going and suddenly he crashed into a snail which was slowly crossing the road. The tortoise disappeared quickly into the crowds but the snail was seriously injured. Soon an ambulance arrived and took him to hospital, where he was operated on immediately .
  13. 13. It was a difficult operation but fortunately it was a success. After three days the snail felt much better and was sitting up in bed reading happily. The police came to interview him and showed him photos of different tortoises to see if he could possibly/correctly identify the one who had hit him. After seeing fifty photos of identical tortoises, the snail started crying quietly/sadly and said, ‘I’m terribly sorry. I can’t remember. Everything happened so quickly’
  14. 14. EASILY CONFUSED WORDS
  15. 15. • In the last few weeks, recently
  16. 16. lately • In the last few weeks, recently
  17. 17. • now
  18. 18. At the moment • now
  19. 19. • Not on time, not early
  20. 20. late • Not on time, not early
  21. 21. • Making big effort, not easy
  22. 22. hard • Making big effort, not easy
  23. 23. • The fact is, to tell the truth
  24. 24. actually • The fact is, to tell the truth
  25. 25. • Not far
  26. 26. near • Not far
  27. 27. • Almost nothing
  28. 28. hardly • Almost nothing
  29. 29. • For a particular reason (goes with adjectives)
  30. 30. specially • For a particular reason (goes with adjectives)
  31. 31. • Above all , in particular
  32. 32. especially • Above all, in particular
  33. 33. • almost
  34. 34. nearly • almost
  35. 35. • Finally (used on its own)
  36. 36. In the end • Finally (used on its own)
  37. 37. • The last part of (must be used with a noun)
  38. 38. At the end • The last part of (must be used with a noun)
  39. 39. SENTENCE ADVERBS
  40. 40. 1. I lost my wallet last week, but __________ I didn’t have any money or credit cards in it at the time. • a) luckily • b) hopefully • c) generally • d) unfortunately luckily
  41. 41. 2. I waited ages for the bus; one _____________ came an hour later! • a) generally • b) presumably • c) ideally • d) eventually eventually
  42. 42. 3. I’ve studied hard, so ___________ I’ll pass the exam. • a) originally • b) hopefully • c) generally • d) apparently hopefully
  43. 43. 4. My grandad _________ has a little sleep after lunch. • a) eventually • b) generally • c) hopefully • d) originally generally
  44. 44. 5. Have you heard the news? ____________ she’s left her husband for a younger man! • a) luckily • b) presumably • c) potentially • d) apparently Apparently,
  45. 45. 6. If he’s found guilty he could __________ go to prison for a very long time. • a) potentially • b) originally • c) eventually • d) luckily potentially

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