To make students understand regarding the
Meaning of Alternative System of Medicine.
It will make students understand the borderline
concepts related with different system, shall
train a students to be competent enough to
know about the same.
3. Allopathic medicine
A system of medicine that embraces all methods of
proven value in the treatment of disease.
Conventional medicine, western medicine
Complementary and alternative medicine
A group of diverse medical and health care systems,
practices, and products that are not presently considered
to be part of conventional medicine.
4. Alternative medicine
used in place of conventional medicine using special diet to
treat cancer instead of chemotherapy, surgery, etc...
used together with conventional medicine using aroma
therapy to relieve discomfort following surgery.
combines mainstream and CAM therapies for which there
is some high-quality scientific evidence of safety and
7. Ayur (life) and veda (science or knowledge)
Upaveda of Atharveda
Ayurveda deals with
- herbs plants, anatomy and physiology of body and principles of
treatment of diseases
Charaka samhita- Oldest text of Ayurveda edited from Agnivesh
Samhita by Charaka (Physician of Kanishka)
Agnivesh- founder of medicine(diciple of Sage Atreya)
Sushruta samhita- author Sushruta (Father of surgical medicine)
Nagarjuna- App. Of chemistry, metallurgy & alchemy to
medicine (Philosopher, Physician and alchemist)
AYURVEDA-INDIAN SYSTEM OF MEDICINE
8. Ayurveda is based on three fundamental principles
Theory and Basic Concepts
9. Every substance is combination of panchamahabuta
Each of it have own features, properties & means of identification
Prithvi- Shape and form of body
Apa- Moisture , Liquidity & lubrication
Agni & Fire- Heat & energy
Vayu- Prana-Vital force controlling respiration
Akash- Vacuoles and pores responcible for
tranportation of nutritional elements
Pancha Mahabhuta Siddhanta
10. Dosha means impurities
Imbalance of doshas cause disease.
Vata- Vayu & Akash- Chr’: lightness & mobility balanced
vata bring about by respiration and imbalace is bring by cold
weather & vata quality diet
Pitta- Agni & Fire- Chr’: hot,bright & acidic balanced pitta
helps in digestion & energy production and inbalance is
caused by hot, spicy food & in summer
Kapha- Prithvi & Apa- Chr’: Watery & heavy balanced
kapha affords lubrication of joints & stability of body while
imbalance is by weeather, spring, heavy metal & too much
11. • Important pharmacological principle of dravya or
• These principles cover all characters of drug
Rasa- Therapeutically active agent
Virya- Active principle by which potency is
Vipaka- End product of digestion
Prabhava- Actual therapeutic activity of drug
12. • Procedures adopted for cleansing of body and mind
Smoothnig of body with massage with antivatic sesame oil
Steaming of body for removal of sweda and for lightning
Expulsion of Kapha dosha with large quantities of qwath (8 to 10
Expulsion of sputum with of Rechak Dravya
Clansing of urino genital systm with medicated enemas.
13. Treatment of the disease consists of -
avoiding causative factors responsible for
disequilibrium of the body matrix through the use of
Panchkarma procedures, medicines, suitable diet,
activity and regimen for restoring the balance and
strengthening the body mechanisms to prevent or
minimize future occurrence of the disease.
14. Shodhana therapy
(Purification Treatment with panchkarma)
(Palliative Treatment for reconstitution of humor-doshas)
(Prescription of diet and activity- do’s and don’ts of diet )
(Avoidance of disease causing and aggravating factors)
(used of immunomodulators and rejuvenation medicines.
Types of Treatment
15. POWDERS LIQUIDS SEMISOLIDS SOLIDS
CHURNA TAILA KALKA VATIKA
BHASMA ASAVA GHRITA GUTIKA
SATVA ARISHTA MALHAM VATI
KSHAR ARKA AVLEHA
MANDUR KWATH RASAYOGA
Types of Drug Formulation
17. There is an increasing public demand for Integrated Medicine.
They believe that it is effective when surveyed. A high touch verses
a high tech trend will continue.
Alternative methods were used by a 1/3 of Americans in 1997,
often in combination with their traditional medical care.
More Americans seeking medical care, in 1997 sought alternative
practitioners than primary care family physicians or internists.
More individuals worldwide are being treated by alternative
medical systems then conventional medical systems.
18. What Do you Think about
following . . .
Q.1. Define Alternative system of Medicine.
Q.2. Explain in detail the merits and demerits of
Q.3. State the importance of these system in