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OSFair2017 Workshop | Peer review at te crossroads

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Edit Gorogh & Tony Ross-Hellauer give insights on OpenUp & OpenAIRE research in alternative peer review services and methods | OSFair2017 Workshop

Workshop title: Peer review at the crossroads

Workshop overview:
The workshop builds on the results of the OpenUp landscape scan and the OpenAIRE report on open peer review. The workshop has multiple purposes including (1) assessing existing and evolving methods and functions of alternative peer review mechanisms, (2) breaking down peer review into the basic processes to identify the benefits and challenges, and (3) identifying questions and issues that need further investigation.

Group discussions will also touch upon issues such as the sustainability, long-term availability of alternative review tools, and their uptake by researchers, and the incorporation of these methods into institutional, national, funders’ and publishers’ policies.

OpenUP and OpenAIRE are dedicated to engage with different (disciplinary, inter-disciplinary) research communities from the social sciences, life sciences, energy, arts and humanities to identify the requirements from the emerging trends as posed by Open Science and e-infrastructural interconnected environments. Both projects aim at developing a sustainable framework that is relevant for and responsive to the Open Science needs.


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OSFair2017 Workshop | Peer review at te crossroads

  1. 1. PEER REVIEW AT THE CROSSROADS OPEN SCIENCE FAIR 2017, 8TH SEPTEMBER, ATHENS Crossroads: CC BY-SA http://flickr.com/photos/ 60359963@N00/5943132296
  2. 2. THE PLAN 1. Introduction OpenUp, OpenAIRE and our research in alternative peer review services and methods 2. Expert presentations Michael Markie: Recognition of review work, considering peer review as research output Jon Tennant: Barriers to open peer review, researchers’ attitude, Jadranka Stonajovski: Survey results and presenting PEERE activities 3. Round table discussion
  3. 3. OPENAIRE
  4. 4. Human Network 50 Partners from every EU country, and beyond Data centers, universities, libraries, repositories, legal experts Digital Network … fosters the social and technical links that enable Open Science in Europe and beyond
  5. 5. 5 OpenAIRE Dec. 2009 – Nov. OpenAIREplus Dec. 2011 – Dec. 2014 OpenAIRE2020 Jan. 2015 – Jun. 2018 Now in our third project phase …
  6. 6. Literature Repositories OA Journals Funding Info Validation Cleaning De-duplicating Inferring Linking Organiz- ations Projects AuthorsDatasets Publicati ons Data Providers … Monitoring Reporting Evaluation Impact Classification Clustering Analysis CRIS systems A mini EU-CRIS system Data Repositories Metadata Full text Usage data Discovery Crowdsourcing Zenodo APIs Data Providers ServicesOpenAIRE Platform
  7. 7. HUMAN INFRASTRUCTURE Human support network • 33 expert nodes all over Europe to helping with: • OA training and support • (OA) policy alignment • Technical assistance • Outreach to international community via COAR
  8. 8. • Support the Universal OA mandate for all projects • Run post-grant funding pilot for OA publications • Support the Open Data Pilot + Research and development into new trends in scholarly communication • Linked Open Data • Data Citation • Literature-Data Integration • Legal issues in Open Data • Metrics for Open Access • Open Peer Review New in OpenAIRE2020
  9. 9. OPENUP
  10. 10. OUR MISSION . within the Open Science ecosystem. peer review dissemination of research results impact measurement Analysis of available methods User centered evaluation Defining require- ments Involving stakeholder s Topics Use cases Methodology Arts and Humanities Social sciences Life sciences Energy pening UP new methods, indicators and tools for…
  14. 14. OPEN SCIENCE IS MORE THAN JUST OPEN ACCESS … It’s about opening up scientific processes and products from all levels to everyone … • Open Access (publications, data, software, educational resources) • Open Methodology (open notebooks, study preregistration) • Citizen Science • Open Evaluation / Open Peer Review
  15. 15. WHY OPEN PEER REVIEW? Time Accountability Bias Incentive Wasted effort Picture credit: AJ Cann, CC BY-SA 2.0 Problems with peer review ...
  16. 16. DEFINING OPR: ATTRIBUTES authors and reviewers are aware of each other's identity review reports are published alonside the relevant article direct reciprocal discussion between author(s) and reviewers, between reviewers de-coupled from publishing: facilitated by a different organizational entity than the venue of publication wider community to contribute to the review process Open identity Open interaction Open platform Open participation Open prereview manuscripts Open report manuscripts are made immediately available in advance of any formal peer review procedures review or commenting on final “version of record” publications Open final-version commenting Open Peer Review encompasses diverse constellations of many distinct aspects: • 122 definitions collected and analysed • 22 distinct configurations of 7 traits identified
  18. 18. ALTERNATIVE REVIEW SERVICES & PLATFORMS Publishers Publishing platforms Independent review services Repository based review platforms & tools Review/Annotation applications
  19. 19. ATTITUDES TO OPEN PEER REVIEW • OPR is already mainstream • 76.2% have practical experience • 60% believe OPR should be common practice • Positive reactions to most OPR traits (esp. open interaction, reports, participation) • However, surprisingly strong rejection of open identities (47.7% against) Online survey of 3,062 authors, reviewers and editors (Sep-Oct 2016) zenodo.org/record/570864
  20. 20. MORE TO COME…