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The Colombian Presidential Agency
of International Cooperation
APC-Colombia
Challenges in Tracking International Cooperation
Resources for Climate and Biodiversity in Colombia
Jorge Ivan Escalante C...
Colombian biodiversity
 Colombia is a country with great biological and cultural diversity.
 Colombia is one of the worl...
 Colombia is the world’s third most vulnerable country to climate change, according to Frank Pearl,
who was Colombia’s Mi...
1. How are climate and biodiversity related activities identified in national, sub-national and sectorial budgets?
Annual ...
1. How are climate and biodiversity related activities identified in national, sub-national and sectorial budgets?
Nationa...
Interinstitutional commission
Technical Comittee
Ministry of Interior and Justice Ministry of Finance and Public Credit Na...
Tracking of International Cooperation
Total general US$ 373.009.464
40
33%
23
19%
22
18%
9
8%
17
14%
2
2%
7
6%
ODA Number ...
Tracking of International Cooperation
Total general US$ 373.009.464
$135,192,629
35%
$104,220,372
27%
$30,401,841
8%
$50,3...
Tracking of International Cooperation
$132,509,272
36%
$94,370,307
25%
$30,048,715
8%
$50,312,145
13%
$44,260,150
12%
$270...
3. What are the challenges experienced in tracking domestic climate and biodiversity related finance in national or sub-na...
3. What are the challenges experienced in tracking domestic climate and biodiversity related finance in national or sub-na...
Annexes
$-
$10,000,000
$20,000,000
$30,000,000
$40,000,000
$50,000,000
$60,000,000
$70,000,000
EE.UU.
ALEMANIA
COREA
UNIÓN…
CANADA...
$-
$5,000,000
$10,000,000
$15,000,000
$20,000,000
$25,000,000
$30,000,000
$35,000,000
$40,000,000
$45,000,000
$50,000,000
...
2.3 WORKSHOP ON PARTNER COUNTRY PERSPECTIVES FOR TRACKING DOMESTIC AND INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE- AND BIODIVERSITY-RELATED FIN...
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2.3 WORKSHOP ON PARTNER COUNTRY PERSPECTIVES FOR TRACKING DOMESTIC AND INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE- AND BIODIVERSITY-RELATED FINANCE

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Challenges in Tracking International Cooperation Resources for Climate and Biodiversity, Mr. Jorge Iván Escalante Castellanos, Presidential Agency for International Co-operation, Colombia

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2.3 WORKSHOP ON PARTNER COUNTRY PERSPECTIVES FOR TRACKING DOMESTIC AND INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE- AND BIODIVERSITY-RELATED FINANCE

  1. 1. The Colombian Presidential Agency of International Cooperation APC-Colombia
  2. 2. Challenges in Tracking International Cooperation Resources for Climate and Biodiversity in Colombia Jorge Ivan Escalante Castellanos
  3. 3. Colombian biodiversity  Colombia is a country with great biological and cultural diversity.  Colombia is one of the world’s “mega diverse” countries, close to 10% of the planet’s biodiversity.  Bird species richness (1.850 species), amphibians (669 species) and wealth of mammals (471 species). It is estimated that there are about 40.000 species of plants, accounting for 15% of global diversity.  With 314 types of ecosystems, Colombia possesses a rich complexity of ecological, climatic, biological and ecosystem components..  This varied richness represents a significant challenge for developing sustainable initiatives.  Colombia’s biodiversity is essential for assuring basic conditions, in the present and future, for the improvement of human wellbeing, social equality and economic development.  Moreover, biodiversity with its functions and processes, provides indirect-use services, such as: climate regulation, prevention of disasters, soil formation, water purification and recreation.
  4. 4.  Colombia is the world’s third most vulnerable country to climate change, according to Frank Pearl, who was Colombia’s Minister of Environment and Sustainable Development (Sep. 2011 – Sep. 2012)  Colombian people have recently seen an increase in floods during the “Ola Invernal” or “seasonal rains”, while others faced continuous threats of drought.  Both the public and private sector in Colombia are aware of this hazard, with 95% of Bogotá’s inhabitants considering that climate change affects their life quality.  The country has reasons to worry as it relies on its agricultural sector which has already seen a decline in the production and exportation of its high quality coffee, mainly due to global warming. Colombian biodiversity
  5. 5. 1. How are climate and biodiversity related activities identified in national, sub-national and sectorial budgets? Annual operation plan to be approved by CONPES Ministry of Finance and Public Credit includes it in the General Nation Budget Law Investment proyects information to register in the projects national bank •Institutional improvement •Biodiversity •Climate Change •Sectorial Environmental management •Knowledge management •Healthy sea management •Water resource management •Environmet governance and management Environment and Sustainable development Conpes : Superior Economic Council National Development Plan 2014-2018
  6. 6. 1. How are climate and biodiversity related activities identified in national, sub-national and sectorial budgets? National Development Plan 2014-2018 Climate Change Direction In order to track Unique Territory Report - FUT Climate change investment Investments in climate change (adaptation-mitigation) in territory Control Tracking Monitoring Designed Follow Unique Territory Report - FUT Sectorial Investment Territories Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development. International Affairs Office Mayo 14 de 2015 Ministries , Administrative Departments formulate the investment projects. Unified System for Public Investment– SUIFP. NATIONALTERRITORIES
  7. 7. Interinstitutional commission Technical Comittee Ministry of Interior and Justice Ministry of Finance and Public Credit National Planning Department National Statistics Department National Public Service Department Nation General Accounter Health and Public Services Superintendence Ministry of Education Ministry of Health Ministry of Housing, City and Territory of Colombia Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development Ministry of Interior and Justice Ministry of Finance and Public Credit National Planning Department National Statistics Department National Public Service Department Nation General Accounter INSTITUTIONAL ARCHITECTURE 1. How are climate and biodiversity related activities identified in national, sub-national and sectorial budgets? Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development. International Affairs Office Mayo 14 de 2015 National Development Plan 2014-2018
  8. 8. Tracking of International Cooperation Total general US$ 373.009.464 40 33% 23 19% 22 18% 9 8% 17 14% 2 2% 7 6% ODA Number of projects by marker 2011-2014 AMBIENTE BIODIVERSIDAD CC-ADAPTACIÓN CC-BOTH MITIGACIÓN Y ADPATACIÓN CC-MITIGACIÓN DESERTIFICACIÓN MULTI-VARIOS TEMAS 61 34% 56 32% 25 14% 9 5% 18 10% 2 1% 7 4% Number of projects by marker 2011-2014 AMBIENTE BIODIVERSIDAD CC-ADAPTACIÓN CC-BOTH MITIGACIÓN Y ADPATACIÓN CC-MITIGACIÓN DESERTIFICACIÓN MULTI-VARIOS TEMAS
  9. 9. Tracking of International Cooperation Total general US$ 373.009.464 $135,192,629 35% $104,220,372 27% $30,401,841 8% $50,312,145 13% $46,350,800 12% $270,760 0% $21,238,115 5% International Environment Cooperation 2011 - 2014 in US$ by marker AMBIENTE BIODIVERSIDAD CC-ADAPTACIÓN CC-BOTH MITIGACIÓN Y ADPATACIÓN CC-MITIGACIÓN DESERTIFICACIÓN MULTI-VARIOS TEMAS
  10. 10. Tracking of International Cooperation $132,509,272 36% $94,370,307 25% $30,048,715 8% $50,312,145 13% $44,260,150 12% $270,760 0% $21,238,115 6% ODA in US$ by marker 2011-2014 AMBIENTE BIODIVERSIDAD CC-ADAPTACIÓN CC-BOTH MITIGACIÓN Y ADPATACIÓN CC-MITIGACIÓN DESERTIFICACIÓN MULTI-VARIOS TEMAS Total general US$ 373.009.464 $2,683,357 18% $9,850,065 66% $353,126 2% $2,090,650 14% New source by marker 2011-2014 AMBIENTE BIODIVERSIDAD CC-ADAPTACIÓN CC-MITIGACIÓN
  11. 11. 3. What are the challenges experienced in tracking domestic climate and biodiversity related finance in national or sub-national government budgets? 1. Classify the nature of the investments and determine which are the attributes that would make a project might be classified as climate change or biodiversity marker. 2. The preparation of statistics by country or sector on biodiversity-related aid, climate change-related aid or desertification-related aid must be coherent with the OECD information (CRS). 3. The information between the cooperation provider and the country should be the same. 4. Centralize total finance flows information that includes national Budgets, other regional or local financial flows and international cooperation flows that are not considered by Presidential Agency for International Co-operation, Colombia 5. Consolidate ONE Information System to track international cooperation finance flows in biodiversity and climate change. 6. Results information (geographical, municipalities, beneficiaries, results) 12 recomendations for Tracking of International Cooperation
  12. 12. 3. What are the challenges experienced in tracking domestic climate and biodiversity related finance in national or sub-national government budgets? 7. Tracking and articulation for international cooperation in environment and sustainable development that creates dialog with cooperants and to identify opportunities and best practices. 8. Have a national definition for “climate finances” to identify if a cooperation flow is in climate change or not. 9. Climate change will be a priority area for international cooperation to benefit mitigation or adaptation. 10. Increase investment budgets for biodiversity and climate change. Not function budgets. 11. The investments made with few resources will have long term results. 12. Coordinate the investment in the different entities of the National System of Environment to simplify efforts and prioritize important areas. 12 recomendations for Tracking of International Cooperation
  13. 13. Annexes
  14. 14. $- $10,000,000 $20,000,000 $30,000,000 $40,000,000 $50,000,000 $60,000,000 $70,000,000 EE.UU. ALEMANIA COREA UNIÓN… CANADA PAISESBAJOS SUIZA BM PNUD-UNDP FINLANDIA UN-HABITAT BID CAF REINOUNIDO ESPAÑA JAPON UNICEF OEI International Contribution for Environment marker 2011-2014 $- $5,000,000 $10,000,000 $15,000,000 $20,000,000 $25,000,000 International Contribution for Biodiversity marker 2011-2014 $- $2,000,000 $4,000,000 $6,000,000 $8,000,000 $10,000,000 $12,000,000 $14,000,000 International Contribution for adaptation marker 2011-2014 $- $5,000,000 $10,000,000 $15,000,000 $20,000,000 $25,000,000 International Contribution for Mitigation marker 2011-2014
  15. 15. $- $5,000,000 $10,000,000 $15,000,000 $20,000,000 $25,000,000 $30,000,000 $35,000,000 $40,000,000 $45,000,000 $50,000,000 EE.UU. PNUD-UNDP BID FAO REINO UNIDO CAF International Contribution for adaptation+mitigation markers 2011-2014 $- $50,000 $100,000 $150,000 $200,000 $250,000 $300,000 FINLANDIA International Contribution for desertification marker 2011-2014 $- $2,000,000 $4,000,000 $6,000,000 $8,000,000 $10,000,000 $12,000,000 EE.UU. ALEMANIA UNIÓN EUROPEA FRANCIA PAISES BAJOS International Contribution for different markers 2011-2014

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