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Measuring Progress in Implementing National Adaptation policies.pdf

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Measuring Progress in Implementing National Adaptation policies.pdf

  1. 1. MEASURING PROGRESS IN IMPLEMENTING NATIONAL ADAPTATION POLICIES TFCCA – 28 November 2022 Mikaela Rambali, Catherine Gamper & Maike Kirsch OECD Environment Directorate 1
  2. 2. PWB 2021-22: Objectives Are our actions effective in reducing climate risk? How can the learnings help increase accountability?  Are our actions effective in reducing climate risk?  What are the learnings that can inform future adaptation actions?  How can the learnings help increase accountability? Support countries in their efforts to understand progress in implementing their national adaptation policies
  3. 3. What re the learnings that can inform future adaptation actions? Cross-country Peer-learning Country case studies Forthcoming • State of play on challenges, methodology and approaches • United Kingdom [ENV/EPOC/WPCID(2022)5] • Korea • Chile • Slovak Republic Find out more on: oe.cd/adaptation-measurement PWB 2021-22: Activities • Measuring progress in implementing national adaptation policies • Tracking a moving target: How to measure progress and policy effectiveness in adapting to climate change • Developing meaningful adaptation policy indicators • Contributions to OECD/DAC Results Community Thematic Dialogue on Using Evidence and Learning to Achieve Climate Adaptation Results • Measuring progress in implementing national adaptation policies – COP27 Korean pavilion • Making effective progress on adaptation from project to national and global levels - OECD IDDRI Deval
  4. 4. An overview of the OECD Adaptation Measurement survey o Adaptation policy context, adaptation measurement processes and approaches o Key challenges and emerging good practices Responding countries & not responding 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 OECD member countries Accession countries Key partners 25 OECD 4 Cross-country analysis
  5. 5. Countries set both qualitative and quantitative objectives Insights from the OECD Adaptation Measurement Survey 15 countries define some, most or all objectives/targets quantitatively 28 countries define some, most or all objectives/targets qualitatively Note: 30 responses received to multiple answer question “Does your country define the following elements in its NAS/NAP/SAP? “ Source: 2022 OECD Adaptation Measurement Survey
  6. 6. CRA inform priorities and objectives only to some extent Note: 24 responses received to question 3 “If a climate risk assessment has been developed, to what extent does it inform the development of adaptation policies in terms of priority and objectives setting?” as a total of 29 respondents to the questionnaire. Source: 2022 OECD Adaptation Measurement Survey Insights from the OECD Adaptation Measurement Survey
  7. 7. Note: 29 responses received to question 6 “If applicable, what is the process followed for developing the objectives and targets?” as a total of 29 respondents to the questionnaire. 14% of country respondents have other types of consultation (i.e. public consultation and sectoral consultation). Multiple answer question. Source: 2022 OECD Adaptation Measurement Survey Yes No Objectives are set collaboratively Insights from the OECD Adaptation Measurement Survey
  8. 8. Note: 29 responses received to question 10 “What are the roles and responsibilities of the following institutions or stakeholders in the process of measuring progress on adaptation?” as a total of 29 respondents to the questionnaire. ‘Other’ includes business Councils and contractors. Multiple answer question. Source: 2022 OECD Adaptation Measurement Survey A range of actors are involved in adaptation measurement Insights from the OECD Adaptation Measurement Survey
  9. 9. Measuring climate risks: a baseline Hazard Heat, cold, flooding [determined by mitigation levels] Climate impact Deaths, health impacts, economic damages or benefit Vulnerability Age, wealth, adaptive capacity Exposure Location, settings
  10. 10. 10 6 13 12 16 18 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Other Past and/or projected socio-economic and environmental impacts Past and/or projected exposure Past and/or projected vulnerability Past and/or projected climate hazards Note: 22 responses to question: "If a climate risk assessment has been developed, what does it assess?"; Responses under “other” include the following: France: Cost of inaction; Germany: adaptive capacity, climate risk with and without adaptation; Hungary: Vulnerability analyses of the Hungarian National Adaptation Geo-Information System; Lithuania: Inter-connected risks; UK: actions being taken, adaptation shortfall and potential for actions, prioritisation of risks using an urgency framework. Source: 2022 OECD Adaptation Measurement Survey Elements measured Insights from the OECD Adaptation Measurement Survey
  11. 11. Note: 26 responses received to question 8 “Does your country measure inputs, outputs, outcomes or impacts in measuring the implementation of national adaptation policies?” as a total of 29 respondents to the questionnaire. Multiple answer question. Source: 2022 OECD Adaptation Measurement Survey Input Spending on afforestation Output Hectares of peatland restored Outcome Peatland in favourable conditions Policy impact Carbon stocks are resilient Elements measured Insights from the OECD Adaptation Measurement Survey
  12. 12. Adaptation measurement results are frequently made available Insights from the OECD Adaptation Measurement Survey Yes, 79% No, 21% Is progress documented in a report? 21 countries Every 5-year Every 4-year Every 3-year Every 2-year Every year Regularly (n.a) Note: 29 responses received to question 13 “Is progress on the implementation of adaptation policies documented in a report?” and 25 responses received to question 14 “If yes, at what frequency are they published?” as a total of 29 respondents to the questionnaire. Only respondents that answered positively to question 13 are able to answer to question 14. Question 14 is a multiple answer question. Source: 2022 OECD Adaptation Measurement Survey Regularly
  13. 13. Note: 23 responses received to question 15 “If yes, how can results be accessed?” as a total of 29 respondents to the questionnaire. Only respondents that answered positively to question 13 are able to answer to question 15. 21% of countries responding to question 13 did not answer question 15. Open-ended question. Source: 2022 OECD Adaptation Measurement Survey Adaptation measurement results are usually made available Insights from the OECD Adaptation Measurement Survey Publicly available Only under EU reporting Publicly available in the future Not publicly available
  14. 14. OECD report on adaptation measurement Key elements to measure Adaptation measurement in practice 1 2
  15. 15. 15 INDICATORS 15
  16. 16. Note: 16 responses received to question 21 “What challenges have you encountered in defining and using adaptation indicators?” as a total of 29 respondents to the questionnaire. Open-ended question. Note: 29 responses “Have you developed indicators to help measure progress on policies that support adaptation?” Source: 2022 OECD Adaptation Measurement Survey Deciding what is useful to measure Data availability & Existing data often dispersed across data owners Measuring impacts and attributing these to implemented actions 83% engaged in adaptation indicators Key challenges in defining and using adaptation indicators Insights from the OECD Adaptation Measurement Survey
  17. 17. 17 Developing relevant adaptation policy indicators • Linking policy objectives and indicators • Mixing approaches for robust measurement • Enhancing collaboration between data and information providers and users • Overcoming data and information gaps Highlights from recent event on adaptation indicators
  18. 18. 18 PWB 2023-24 18
  19. 19. Note: 21 responses received to question 26 “In your view, how can the OECD help support your country in measuring progress on adaptation?” as a total of 29 respondents to the questionnaire. Open-ended question Source: 2022 OECD Adaptation Measurement Survey Sharing progress/experience in measuring progress on climate change adaptation from member countries, key partners and accession countries Assisting in the development of indicators and revising national M&E drafts Creating space for discussion and promoting international and horizontal exchanges Providing technical support (e.g. lists of data, indicators and case studies) to measure progress on adaptation and improve capacity development Promoting a similar structure (e.g. scoreboards) to measure progress on climate change adaptation Potential OECD role Insights from the OECD Adaptation Measurement Survey
  20. 20. 20 NEXT STEPS PWB 2023-24 Scoping note for comment by 31 December 2022 [EBV/EPOC/WPCID(2022)/25] Setting objectives and targets Design measurement frameworks Focus on adaptation policy indicators Develop policy guidance Scope? Local level Sectors Hazards Activities? Peer learning Case studies
  21. 21. Questions for discussion 1. Would it be useful, and if so how, to help establish policy guidance on: a. designing measurement frameworks b. setting adaptation objectives and targets c. supporting the development of adaptation indicators? 2. How can the proposed work on indicators contribute to advancing your national efforts? Would it be useful to provide a “typology” of adaptation indicators and assess the extent of their use to support adaptation measurement? 3. If a focus is chosen to narrow down the analysis, what angle might be most useful for your country such as sectoral- or local-level focus, hazard-focus (e.g. wildfires, droughts)? Would more work on developing local to national measurement systems be useful? 4. Do you want to be more actively involved in ongoing activities, and if so, how?
  22. 22. www.oecd.org/climate-change/adaptation-measurement/ Thank you! Catherine.Gamper@oecd.org Mikaela.Rambali@oecd.org Maike.Kirsch@oecd.org

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