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Anthony Cox
Environment Directorate
Climate Change Expert Group Meeting
Paris, 7 March 2018
Climate, Growth and Infrastruc...
Boosting economic growth does not mean locking the world
into a high-emissions future,
provided pro-growth reforms are com...
More ambitious climate policies will not harm growth
The combined actions of more ambitious climate policies and economic ...
Getting investment flowing: three components of a well-
aligned policy framework for climate and growth
An ambitious 2°C scenario requires only a 10% increase
in infrastructure investment …
Increased expenditures are needed
in...
... This is more than offset by USD 1.6 trillion savings in
fossil fuel expenditures per year
By 2021, only 1/3 of the renewable GWs required by 2025 in a well
below 2°C scenario may have been built.
0
500
1000
1500
...
Acceleration of the green bond market
 Diversification of
players and countries
 Proliferation of
standards and
guidelin...
Taking steps towards a financial system that fully accounts for
climate factors
Source: Recommendations of the Task Force ...
Paris Collaborative on Green Budgeting
1. Elaborate on green budgeting definition
2. Scope potential green budgeting tools...
Multilateral Development Banks are key
But only about 1/3 of commitments by MDBs are to infrastructure sectors that
will c...
Making the transition progressive, inclusive and good for
business
 Avoiding stranded
assets
 Dealing with heavy
industr...
Carbon entanglement: G20 governments’ dependency on
fossil fuel rents is a challenge for climate policy
Next steps – Making financial flows consistent with the goals of
the Paris Agreement
“We invite the OECD, UNEP and the Wor...
Infrastructure and financing for climate futures
• Taking a systems approach to examine a range of possible
futures in 205...
The full report and further information on
Investing in Climate, Investing in Growth
can be found at
http://oe.cd/G20clima...
CCXG Global Forum March 2018, Climate, Growth and Infrastructure: Where to from here? by Anthony Cox
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CCXG Global Forum March 2018, Climate, Growth and Infrastructure: Where to from here? by Anthony Cox

  1. 1. Anthony Cox Environment Directorate Climate Change Expert Group Meeting Paris, 7 March 2018 Climate, Growth and Infrastructure: Where to from here?
  2. 2. Boosting economic growth does not mean locking the world into a high-emissions future, provided pro-growth reforms are combined with coherent climate policy and alignment of policies across the economy.
  3. 3. More ambitious climate policies will not harm growth The combined actions of more ambitious climate policies and economic reform still deliver a net GDP increase in the long run.
  4. 4. Getting investment flowing: three components of a well- aligned policy framework for climate and growth
  5. 5. An ambitious 2°C scenario requires only a 10% increase in infrastructure investment … Increased expenditures are needed in energy demand and electricity USD 3.4 -4.4 trillion: Current total infrastructure spending
  6. 6. ... This is more than offset by USD 1.6 trillion savings in fossil fuel expenditures per year
  7. 7. By 2021, only 1/3 of the renewable GWs required by 2025 in a well below 2°C scenario may have been built. 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 Additional capacities under construction WB2DS capacity additions (2016-25) GW Planned capacity additions to 2021 verses an estimate of needed additions in WEO well below 2° scenario
  8. 8. Acceleration of the green bond market  Diversification of players and countries  Proliferation of standards and guidelines  Emergence of “sovereign” green bonds Source: SEB analysis provided to OECD, based on Bloomberg data Annual issuance of green bonds (USD billion)
  9. 9. Taking steps towards a financial system that fully accounts for climate factors Source: Recommendations of the Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosures – Final Report (2017), https://www.fsb- tcfd.org
  10. 10. Paris Collaborative on Green Budgeting 1. Elaborate on green budgeting definition 2. Scope potential green budgeting tools 3. Engage working groups for further scoping 4. 4.Develop new methodological approaches 5. Pilot and refine new green budgeting tools
  11. 11. Multilateral Development Banks are key But only about 1/3 of commitments by MDBs are to infrastructure sectors that will contribute to climate mitigation and adaptation
  12. 12. Making the transition progressive, inclusive and good for business  Avoiding stranded assets  Dealing with heavy industry  Ensuring a just transition
  13. 13. Carbon entanglement: G20 governments’ dependency on fossil fuel rents is a challenge for climate policy
  14. 14. Next steps – Making financial flows consistent with the goals of the Paris Agreement “We invite the OECD, UNEP and the World Bank to compile ongoing public and private activities within the G20 for making financial flows consistent with the Paris goals and, building on this, to analyse potential opportunities for strengthening these efforts and present this analysis in 2018.”
  15. 15. Infrastructure and financing for climate futures • Taking a systems approach to examine a range of possible futures in 2050 • The shift in infrastructure systems and technologies that will be necessary to achieve Paris goals under this range of possible futures • The implications on business models and financing for achieving these objectives • The present implications of those scenarios, and the range of policy options and innovative practices that G20 countries should scale-up Are our systems “fit for purpose”?
  16. 16. The full report and further information on Investing in Climate, Investing in Growth can be found at http://oe.cd/G20climate

Presentation from CCXG Global forum from March 2018

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