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How can places turn around and stay resilient - Edward Glaeser

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How can places turn around and stay resilient - Edward Glaeser

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Presentation by Edward Glaeser, the Fred and Eleanor Glimp Professor of Economics and the Chairman of the Department of Economics at Harvard University, United States at the 18th OECD Spatial Productivity Lab webinar held on 6 December 2022.

More info https://oe.cd/spl

Presentation by Edward Glaeser, the Fred and Eleanor Glimp Professor of Economics and the Chairman of the Department of Economics at Harvard University, United States at the 18th OECD Spatial Productivity Lab webinar held on 6 December 2022.

More info https://oe.cd/spl

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How can places turn around and stay resilient - Edward Glaeser

  1. 1. Urban Resilience © Ad Meskens/Wikimedia Commons
  2. 2. Urban Resilience: Short Run Disasters and Long-Term Effects • A long literature documents that cities bounce back after physical shocks (Davis and Weinstein on Japanese bombing in WWII). • Still plenty of short run damage. • The impact of disaster is always and everywhere mediated by the strength of civil society at the moment that the disaster strikes (Kahn, 2005) true for impact of plagues as well. • Quality of government; education level. • True for the plagues as well. • Shocks to human capital (entrepreneurship) seem to have a larger long term effect. • Attracting and retaining smart people seems critical for long-term resilience – but protecting cities from climate harm requires something else.
  3. 3. The Cyprian Plague of the Third Century
  4. 4. The Decline of the Costs of Moving Goods Dollars per Ton Mile (Real) Railroad Revenue per Ton Mile year 1890 2000 .02323 .185063
  5. 5. Sprawl in the New World and Old Photo by Simon P Photo by David Monniaux
  6. 6. 0 .02 .04 .06 .08 .1 Average Population Growth by County, 2000-2010 1 2 3 4 5 Average Population Growth by Average January Temperature (Quintiles)
  7. 7. Cheap Transport killed Urban Industry, Like NYC Garments
  8. 8. City 1950 Pop. 2000 Pop. Change New York 7,891,957 8,008,278 +1.5 % Chicago 3.620,962 2,896,016 -20% Philadelphia 2,071,605 1,517,550 -27% Los Angeles 1,970,358 3,694,820 +87% Detroit 1,849,568 951,270 -52% Baltimore 949,708 651,154 -32% Cleveland 914,808 478,403 -48% St. Louis 856,796 348,189 -60% Washington 802,178 572,059 -29% Boston 801,444 589,141 -26%
  9. 9. Will the last person to leave Seattle (and Boston) please turn out the lights? Photo by Postdil Image by M2545
  10. 10. Share of Adults with B.A.s 2000 Per Capita GDP 2010 . .1 .2 .3 .4 .5 20000 40000 60000 80000 100000 o Bakersfi o o o Las Vega o o o o o o o o oo o o o o o o Detroit o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o New York o o o o o o o Atlanta o Boston o o o o o o San Jose oSan Fran
  11. 11. 0 .05 .1 .15 Average Population Growth by County, 2000-2010 1 2 3 4 5 Average Population Growth by Share with BA in 2000 (Quintiles)
  12. 12. The rise of urban knowledge industries Image by Runner1928
  13. 13. Chinitz: Contrasts in Agglomeration: New York and Pittsburgh
  14. 14. 0 .5 1 1.5 2 Average Percent Growth in Employment, 1977-2010 1 2 3 4 5 Smallest firms are in Quintile 1 MSA Employment Growth (1977-2010) by Average Firm Size (1977) Quintiles Economic Growth and Firm Size
  15. 15. Zoom Means More Competition for Global Talent Image by perzon seo

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