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BLUE MARBLE Dec 7 1972, Apollo 17
Summary for Policymakers
Climate Change and Land
An IPCC Special Report on climate change, desertification, land
degradatio...
Figure ES.4. Global GHG emissions under different scenarios and the emissions gap by 2030
EmissionsGapReport2019
2°C
range...
P
oliticians, economists and even
some natural scientists have tended
to assume that tipping points1
in the
Earth system —...
FLOODED FUTURE:
Global vulnerability
to sea level rise
worse than previously
understood
October 29, 2019
Report by
Climate...
climate crisis is a water crisis
2018
wildfires California
typhoon Mangkhut Philipines
floods Japan
droughts Africa
understand
Blue planet?
All Earth's water, liquid fresh water, and water in lakes and rivers
Spheres showing:
(1) All water (sphere o...
Rising
temperatures
Desertification
Water consumption
2010 versus 2050 in km3
Source: Utrecht
University, PBL
2050
2010
El...
Source: CRED
Ethiopia
2.5
million
China
16.5
million
India
17.5
million
Bangladesh
5
million
China
67
million
India
19
mil...
Global
Population
growth
Young adults
population
growth
Urban
population
growth
The Bangladesh Government
expects to have ...
Somali refugees wait outside a UNHCR processing center at a
refugee camp outside Dadaab, eastern Kenya, on Aug. 5, 2011.
C...
Challenges
As urban areas expand, trillions of dollars worth
of infrastructure, industrial plants, office buildings
and ho...
an urban world
Source: PBL
Cities and population
density, 2050
Cities 2010
Cities 2050
Inhabitants
(millions)
10
20
30
Population density...
Rotterdam is #12 $ 82 B
global flood losses coastal cities will tenfold in 2050 US$52 billion / year
all losses global flo...
Flood-prone urban population, in millions
Flood-prone rural population, in millions
Deltas
Coastal zones
Deltas
Coastal zo...
Unsafe for
human health
Sewage
pipes not
separated
from storm
drains
Safe for
human
health
Threat to
aquaculture,
tourism,...
Agricultural production
in million tonnes
dry matter
per year
Agricultural
production
2010
Food and
feed crops
3 Mt
Grass ...
Potential in PWh
(per region)
0
0.25
0.75
0.50
1.00
Planned dams
(capacity in MW)
10,000
Technical potential
Economic pote...
Level of loss
in 2010
Decline in freshwater ecosystems with
high biodiversity levels (in 1000 km2)
Nutrient loading
to coa...
We are the turning point
Storm Intensity
Temperature Rise
Sea Level Rise
Urban Growth
210020501900 1950 20001850
We are he...
Bridge the gap
What comes next is the massive task to undo these failing
actions, mitigate their origins, adapt for their impacts and ret...
business as usual is not enough lethal
Storm Intensity
Temperature Rise
Sea Level Rise
Urban Growth
PRO-ACTIVE
From pre-crisis to
comprehensive solutions
RE-ACTI...
UNDERSTAND WATER
Commit to making evidence-based
decisions about water, and cooperate to
strengthen water data, such as th...
double challenge
parallel paths
2018
Sustainable Development Goal 6
Synthesis Report on Water and Sanitation
2018SustainableDevelopmentGoal6SynthesisRepor...
we need transformative capacity, upwards tipping points for
sustainable development
leapfrog our way out, incremental chan...
incremental change is critical important for cultural change
delay
system’s change
catalytic action
technical
solutions
climate
change
SDGs
time
Survival
delaycrisis
change
time
Systems change
technical
solutions
climate
change
SDGs
delaycrisis
scale
innovative approach:
inclusive, collaborative,
holistic, catalytic
SDGs
time
catalyst /
leverage
change
bend the
tre...
BLUE MARBLE Dec 7 1972, Apollo 17
A SYSTEMS APPROACH
long term &
comprehensive
short term &
innovative
programmatic approach
&
institutional capacity
ppp funding &
accountabil...
POLITICAL
aspirational &
inspirational
CAPACITY
TO CONNECT
scale
time
interests
SOLUTION
ORIENTED
innovative,
catalytic
pr...
enabling environment
We aspire that, by 2063, Africa shall be a prosperous continent with
the means and resources to drive its own development,...
LOW PERFORMANCELIMITED
OPPORTUNITIES
OPPORTUNITIES
TIME
CONCEPT PHASE IMPLEMENTATION PHASE
MAXIMIZED
OPPORTUNITIES
HIGH PE...
© Cynthia van Elk | Water As Leverage
Invest in the people - we need to change the billions…
enabling environment
&
institutional capacity
The Netherlands - culture of living with water
Trade, negotiations and crafts, stubbornness, luck and faith.
Managing risk...
Dijkenatlas - LOLA / NAI010
1122	-	the	first	collabora:on	started	
in	the	Utrecht	area,	where	20	
communi:es	worked	togethe...
“Water governance in the
Netherlands has an excellent
track record in several areas,
and its management is a multi-
level ...
Overview of OECD Principles on Water Governance
The OECD Principles on Water Governance are expected to contribute to impr...
two principles :
SAFETY and QUALITY
DUTCH DELTA APPROACH
global
COALITIONS
Verenigde Staten
New York: advies over
resilience en klimaat,
samenwerking met
Rockefeller Foundation.
Verenigde Staten
Bo...
POLICY PERSPECTIVES
OECD ENVIRONMENT POLICY PAPER NO. 11
Financing water
Investing in sustainable growth
THE ROUNDTABLE ON...
Delta Coalition - launched at UNISDR
Sendai DRR Conference March 2015
The Netherlands, Japan,
Colombia, Philippines,
Vietn...
An Agenda forWater Action
Making
Every Drop
Count
ADAPT NOW: A GLOBAL CALL FOR
LEADERSHIP ON CLIMATE RESILIENCE
#AdaptOurWorld
Image UN
Water Action Track
©	Alex	MacLean ©	Fred Boltz
©	Fred Boltz ©	Fred Boltz©	Nature
Sustaining an Earth system suitable for humanity to thrive
B...
Preparedness Resilient basins Resilient cities
Then
City(state)Inclusive
Network
PragmaticidealismDistributionCooperationSharing
Tra
Now
NationExclusive
Hub
Paternalisti...
Dutch River Region
4 million
Rural
Just above
EUR 2.3
billion
Extremely high water levels. That
is the greatest challenge ...
Bangladesh Delta
155 million
Rural,
with several rapidly
urbanising cities
Just above
EUR
7.65 million
Bangladesh, encompa...
Nile Delta
10 million
Urban
and rural
Just above
EUR 2.4
million
The Nile delta is heavily
populated, with up to 1,600
inh...
Ayeyarwady
Delta
6.6 million
+3 m
Rural
The Ayeyarwady Delta in
Myanmar is extremely fertile.
The area, which is plagued b...
Beira
0.6 million
Urban
Just above
Approx. EUR 2 million
Beira and Rotterdam: two
low-lying cities in densely
populated de...
Vistula and Oder
Delta
2 million
Urban
and rural
-1.8 m to +2.5 m
Poland is a country of water,
although it does not have ...
Mekong Delta
17 million
(expected shrink to 15 or
growth to 30 million)
Urbanisation 28%
Greater parts + 1.5 m
In the past...
Upper valley of the Cauca
River
4,5 million
Rural and urban
+1,000 to +1,200 m
Approx. EUR
2.5 million
Inundation in the C...
North East
region USA
NYC 9.5 million,
New Jersey 8.8 million
Urban
2.5
metres (lowest point NYC)
USD 930
million
Hurrican...
© New Jersey Governor’s Office/Tim Larsen
Hurricane Sandy, October 29, 2012
Launch
June 20 2013
Select 10 Teams
August 8 2013
Present Research and opportunities
October 28 2013
Present final designs...
10 TEAMS
1 REGION
“…building on the successful model set forth by HUD’s Rebuild by
Design competition.”
REPLICATE NATIONALLY
Sandy, NY USA:
post disaster clean up the mess
>>
pre-disaster, prepare, be ready, resilient!
“…building on the successful model set forth by HUD’s Rebuild by
Design competition.”
REPLICATE INTERNATIONALLY
REPLICATE REGIONALLY
Climate change adaptation benefits
InThe San Francisco Bayareaare maintained several monitoring networks bydifferent organ...
transformative
bankable
CATALYTIC
replicable & scalable
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10...
The great
diversity of water
issues in Asia’s
coastal regions
means that
challenges are also
opportunities
extreme wet bul...
WATERAS LEVERAGE
Water as Leverage
Rethinking the approach for
urban climate resilience
The World Economic Forum ranked wa...
THE WATER AS LEVERAGE APPROACH
All stakeholders involved from day one
Responsive to changing
environment
Scalable and
repl...
ADAPTIVE
BUILDINGS
FORESTRY
CONSTRUCTED
WETLAND
BIOSWALES
NEW
TANKS
HISTORIC
TANKS
RENATURALIZED
RIVER + CANAL
MYLAPORE
CH...
NATURE & BIODIVERSITY
4a 6.6 12.8 15.1 15.5
IMPROVED URBAN ENVIRONMENT
8.9 11.1 11.7 12.b11.6
SANITATION
1.5 3.3 6.2 6.3 1...
REPLICABILITY
CITY OF 1,000 TANKS
14 million beneficiaries
3,630 MLD
JAL SHAKTI ABHIYAN
CHENNAI SCHOOL
PROGRAMME
415 schoo...
act now organize & prioritize
step up, scale up & replicate
put your money where your heart is
NO SILVER BULLET - NOT EASY
© Cynthia van Elk | Water As Leverage
Have
Rising
orld Is
ng
w York Times
n these
we are
ure that
xt storm
region
r and
pared
an
TOO BIG to Ignore.
The Biggest ...
© Cynthia van Elk | Water As Leverage
BLUE MARBLE Dec 7 1972, Apollo 17
Then City(state)Inclusive Network PragmaticidealismDistributionCooperationSharing Tra
Then City(state)Inclusive Network PragmaticidealismDistributionCooperationSharing Tra
Then City(state)Inclusive Network PragmaticidealismDistributionCooperationSharing Tra
Then City(state)Inclusive Network PragmaticidealismDistributionCooperationSharing Tra
Then City(state)Inclusive Network PragmaticidealismDistributionCooperationSharing Tra
Then City(state)Inclusive Network PragmaticidealismDistributionCooperationSharing Tra
Then City(state)Inclusive Network PragmaticidealismDistributionCooperationSharing Tra
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Then City(state)Inclusive Network PragmaticidealismDistributionCooperationSharing Tra Keynote presentation: Mr. Henk Ovink, Special Envoy International Water Affairs, Government of the Netherlands

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