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PDC+++ Module 2 Class 5 Resources

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¿How do we ensure optimal resource use & best choice of materials, interventions & technologies?

This is something so basic that it is quite common to fall into old habits, simply copy what others have done or (even worse) use the materials 'we like', those we are familiar with, or technologies we find pleasant instead of those which do, in fact, best fit the criteria of sustainability.

In this class we look at the importance & thinking behind the hierarchy of resources & the scale of interventions, two tools amongst various which we use to ground our designs.

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PDC+++ Module 2 Class 5 Resources

  1. 1. Class 2.5 of the PDC+++ ¿How do we ensure optimal resource use & best choice of materials, interventions & technologies? This is something so basic that it is quite common to fall into old habits, simply copy what others have done or (even worse) use the materials 'we like', those we are familiar with, or technologies we find pleasant instead of those which do, in fact, best fit the criteria of sustainability. In this class we look at the importance & thinking behind the hierarchy of resources & the scale of interventions, two tools amongst various which we use to ground our designs.
  2. 2. Clase2.5 CDP+++ ¿How do we ensure optimal resource use & best choice of materials, interventions & technologies? Presenting your Designs Resources Scale of Resources Scale of Interventions Stocks in Systems
  3. 3. Clase2.5 CDP+++ ¿How do we ensure optimal resource use & best choice of materials, interventions & technologies? Presenting your Designs Resources Scale of Resources Scale of Interventions Stocks in Systems
  4. 4. The objective is to create systems that are ecologically sustainable , economically viable , that satisfy needs , don't exploit or contaminate & that are self-sufficient in the longer-term . Suggestions for your Design <ul><li>Make a sketch of your habitual design PROCESS (e.g.. of the last thing you designed) </li></ul><ul><li>Observe how it differs from the Design Frameworks (shown in class M2.4) </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze your Design Motivations (see class M2.3) & if it fits well with your Vision & Mission </li></ul><ul><li>Are there other designs that could represent a better use of resources (that YOU control) for sustainability? </li></ul><ul><li>Make a list of the various designs you could make (a brainstorming) & then a PMI analysis of each one. </li></ul><ul><li>Present this in your Design Portfolio! </li></ul>
  5. 5. Cycles in PermaCulture Design Review Think Reflect Act Observe Design
  6. 6. PermaCulture? Definition of the scientific method: “ A systematic method of investigation for the knowing of observable reality , that consists in formulating inquiries about that reality, trying to find solutions to the problems in question.” Action Learning What type of solutions? Is it a Science?
  7. 7. Steps of the Scientific Method <ul><li>4. Experimentation </li></ul>• 2. Hypothesis (a model) > Theory • 1. Observation • 3. Prediction
  8. 8. Steps in the Design Cycle trying to find solutions to the problems in question 1. Observe (discover) 2. Think (dream) 3. Design -> Sustainable Systems 4. Do / Create / Start up (deliver) 1. Observe Results .. Re-design Design Process A VERY DYNAMIC PROCESS 1. 2. 3. 4. & never &quot;finished&quot; – all are designs in development
  9. 9. Doing Presentations A basic & important skill An Essential part of Facilitating Speaking in public is fun! Expressing ideas clearly is interesting Convincing others is very useful DESIGN your presentation Resources in the e-book Module 0 > Tools > 7. Presentations www.PermaCultureScience.org PRACTICE, practice, Practice!
  10. 10. Provide a good answer to the basic questions: What Who How Where When & Why Try impersonating a &quot;sustainability detective&quot;
  11. 11. Investigation cycle <ul><li>I had 6 Humble servants that </li></ul><ul><li>taught me everything I know They are What, Who, How, Where, When and Why </li></ul>Yo don't know That you know (unconsciousness) You know That you don't know (consciousness) You investigate or ask (in-form-ation) use / apply the information (ACTION) PROBLEM to solve
  12. 12. !!We want to watch your presentation!! With your process + Your conclusions Sketch PMI s Motivation Vision and Mission Resources
  13. 13. Clase2.5 CDP+++ ¿How do we ensure optimal resource use & best choice of materials, interventions & technologies? Presenting your Designs Resources Scale of Resources Scale of Interventions Stocks in Systems
  14. 14. Energies coming into our system – Sun, wind, rain, people… Useful reserves RESOURCES Some are needed to keep the system Surplus = YIELD COMMON HERITAGE Forests, water, soils, air, seeds … RESOURCES Living components And technologies trade conserves Too much = pollution PEOPLE's Work
  15. 15. Clase2.5 CDP+++ ¿How do we ensure optimal resource use & best choice of materials, interventions & technologies? Presenting your Designs Resources Scale of Resources Scale of Interventions Stocks in Systems
  16. 16. Some are needed to keep the system Forests, water, soils, air, seeds … CLASSIFICATION - For analysis of USE - RESULTS Managing resources - regulate all uses to create a sustainable harvest Use 4 y 5 only to create infrastructure RESOURCES Energíes coming into our system – Sun, wind, rain, people … living components And technology Useful Reserves RESOURCES Surplus = YIELD trade conserve Too much = pollution COMMON HERITAGE PEOPLE work 0) cause pollution if NOT used, all our 'junk' ...
  17. 17. Old barrels
  18. 18. Car pieces
  19. 19. bottles
  20. 20. old carpet broken wire mesh old plastic broken mesh, wire sticks and pieces of iron
  21. 21. Some are needed to keep the system Forests, water, soils, air, seeds … CLASSIFICATION - For analysis of USE - RESULTS Managing resources - regulate all uses to create a sustainable harvest Use 4 y 5 only to create infrastructure RESOURCES Energíes coming into our system – Sun, wind, rain, people … living components And technology Useful Reserves RESOURCES Surplus = YIELD trade conserve Too much = pollution COMMON HERITAGE PEOPLE work 0) cause pollution if NOT used, all our 'junk' 1) INCREASE by modest use, Cut-&-come-again salads, information, creativity ...
  22. 22. Creativity play Micro-risas (Micro-laughs) Information
  23. 23. Fruits and seeds
  24. 24. Plants
  25. 25. Some are needed to keep the system Forests, water, soils, air, seeds … CLASSIFICATION - For analysis of USE - RESULTS Managing resources - regulate all uses to create a sustainable harvest Use 4 y 5 only to create infrastructure RESOURCES Energíes coming into our system – Sun, wind, rain, people … living components And technology Useful Reserves RESOURCES Surplus = YIELD trade conserve Too much = pollution COMMON HERITAGE PEOPLE work 0) cause pollution if NOT used, all our 'junk' 1) INCREASE by modest use, Cut-&-come-again salads, information, creativity 2) UNAFFECTED by use Returned water (hydroplant),well managed ecosystems, a view, good climate … ...
  26. 26. wood From well managed ecosystems
  27. 27. Leaves, Reeds
  28. 28. Some are needed to keep the system Forests, water, soils, air, seeds … CLASSIFICATION - For analysis of USE - RESULTS Managing resources - regulate all uses to create a sustainable harvest Use 4 y 5 only to create infrastructure RESOURCES Energíes coming into our system – Sun, wind, rain, people … living components And technology Useful Reserves RESOURCES Surplus = YIELD trade conserve Too much = pollution COMMON HERITAGE PEOPLE work 0) cause pollution if NOT used, all our 'junk' 1) INCREASE by modest use, Cut-&-come-again salads, information, creativity 2) UNAFFECTED by use Returned water (hydroplant),well managed ecosystems, a view, good climate … 3) DISAPPEAR/ DEGRADE if not used waste water, crop not harvested, fish-escapes ...
  29. 29. Solar Energy
  30. 30. Eggs from rebellious chickens Contacts Relationships Meetings
  31. 31. Some are needed to keep the system Forests, water, soils, air, seeds … CLASSIFICATION - For analysis of USE - RESULTS Managing resources - regulate all uses to create a sustainable harvest Use 4 y 5 only to create infrastructure ENERGY ACCOUNTING RESOURCES Energíes coming into our system – Sun, wind, rain, people … living components And technology Useful Reserves RESOURCES Surplus = YIELD trade conserve Too much = pollution COMMON HERITAGE PEOPLE work 0) cause pollution if NOT used, all our 'junk' 1) INCREASE by modest use, Cut-&-come-again salads, information, creativity 2) UNAFFECTED by use Returned water (hydroplant),well managed ecosystems, a view, good climate … 3) DISAPPEAR/ DEGRADE if not used waste water, crop failure, fish-escapes 4) REDUCED by use natural forests, coal, oil, poorly-managed marine and forestry resources ...
  32. 32. Pioneers' Patience Ali Sharif
  33. 33. But in 'fertile ground' (curiosity + preparation for someone) the same patience is a resource That increase by use Ronaldo
  34. 34. Some are needed to keep the system Forests, water, soils, air, seeds … CLASSIFICATION - For analysis of USE - RESULTS Managing resources - regulate all uses to create a sustainable harvest Use 4 y 5 only to create infrastructure ENERGY ACCOUNTING RESOURCES Energíes coming into our system – Sun, wind, rain, people … living components And technology Useful Reserves RESOURCES Surplus = YIELD trade conserve Too much = pollution COMMON HERITAGE PEOPLE work 0) cause pollution if NOT used, all our 'junk' 1) INCREASE by modest use, Cut-&-come-again salads, information, creativity 2) UNAFFECTED by use Returned water (hydroplant),well managed ecosystems, a view, good climate … 3) DISAPPEAR/ DEGRADE if not used waste water, crop failure, fish-escapes 4) REDUCED by use natural forests, coal, oil, poorly-managed marine and forestry resources 5) POLLUTE if used pesticides, nuclear, oil, scorn, contempt ...
  35. 35. Cement
  36. 36. Cement
  37. 37. Bricks Cement but they are PERMANENT infrastructures well designed to harvest other resources, Type 0, 1, 2, 3
  38. 38. Some are needed to keep the system Forests, water, soils, air, seeds … CLASSIFICATION - For analysis of USE - RESULTS Managing resources - regulate all uses to create a sustainable harvest Use 4 y 5 only to create infrastructure ENERGY ACCOUNTING RESOURCES Energíes coming into our system – Sun, wind, rain, people … living components And technology Useful Reserves RESOURCES Surplus = YIELD trade conserve Too much = pollution COMMON HERITAGE PEOPLE work 0) cause pollution if NOT used, all our 'junk' 1) INCREASE by modest use, Cut-&-come-again salads, information, creativity 2) UNAFFECTED by use Returned water (hydroplant),well managed ecosystems, a view, good climate … 3) DISAPPEAR/ DEGRADE if not used waste water, crop failure, fish-escapes 4) REDUCED by use natural forests, coal, oil, poorly-managed marine and forestry resources 5) POLLUTE if used pesticides, nuclear, oil, scorn, contempt ...
  39. 39. autoridad beneficiosa Make an analysis of resources for your designs
  40. 40. Clase2.5 CDP+++ ¿How do we ensure optimal resource use & best choice of materials, interventions & technologies? Presenting your Designs Resources Scale of Resources Scale of Interventions Stocks in Systems
  41. 41. Range of interventions 1.Do nothing 2.Mechanical intervention 3.Biological intervention 4.Chemical intervention 5. Re-design!!
  42. 42. Clase2.5 CDP+++ ¿How do we ensure optimal resource use & best choice of materials, interventions & technologies? Presenting your Designs Resources Scale of Resources Scale of Interventions Stocks in Systems
  43. 43. Howard Odum & Dana Meadows Father & Mother of Integral Permaculture always remember .... that we are NOT designing landscapes but SYSTEMS >> & systems that self-regulate , & that we want to self-regulate in a permacultural DIRECTION quick review Design with Systems
  44. 44. 1) have these components Summary ... of Systems Structures 2) complex systems made up of sub-systems 3) sub-systems organized in nested hierarchies (holarchies) 4) we have a symbols language to map systems Elements interConnections Purpose
  45. 46. Stocks Renewable Stocks Non-Renewable Stocks eg. chemicals, minerals (oil, coal, copper, etc.). eg. biological (forests, fish, water, etc.). Use 4 and 5 only to create infrastructure 4) REDUCED by use 5) POLLUTE if used 1) INCREASE by modest use 2) UNAFFECTED by use 3) DISAPPEAR / DEGRADE if not used
  46. 47. Extraction rate (oil) Capital stock (maquinery) Reserve stock (oil) Non-Renewable Stock
  47. 48. Extraction rate (fish) Capital stock (ships, etc.) Reserve stock (fish) Renewable stock
  48. 49. Class 2.5 of the PDC+++ ¿How do we ensure optimal resource use & best choice of materials, interventions & technologies? This is something so basic that it is quite common to fall into old habits, simply copy what others have done or (even worse) use the materials 'we like', those we are familiar with, or technologies we find pleasant instead of those which do, in fact, best fit the criteria of sustainability. In this class we look at the importance & thinking behind the hierarchy of resources & the scale of interventions, two tools amongst various which we use to ground our designs.

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