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National School Lunch Program Presentation

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Presentation about the National School Lunch Program and how it helps our children across the United States.

Veröffentlicht in: Gesundheit & Medizin
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National School Lunch Program Presentation

  1. 1. NATIONAL SCHOOL LUNCH PROGRAM Nizhoni Jacob (Nutrition Student- Arizona State University)
  2. 2. WHAT IS THE NATIONAL SCHOOL LUNCH PROGRAM?  Federally assisted meal program, assisting over 100,000 public and non profit private schools and child care institutions.  Provides Low-Cost or Free lunches to children  Includes snacks served to children in afterschool programs  The program at state level is administered by education agencies that operate the program through agreements with school food authorities
  3. 3. HOW DOES THE NATIONAL SCHOOL LUNCH PROGRAM WORK?  School Districts and independent schools get cash subsidies and USDA foods from the USDA (U.S. Department of Agriculture) for each meal they serve.  The participating schools must serve lunches that meet Federal requirements.  The participating schools must also offer free or reduced price lunches to eligible children (snacks are also reimbursable for after school programs)
  4. 4. WHAT ARE THE NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SCHOOL LUNCHES?  Meals must meet the nutrition standards based on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans.  This includes an increase of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains on the lunch menu.  Dietary specifications are set to ensure appropriate meals per age groups K-5, 6-8, and 9-12.
  5. 5. WHAT ARE THE NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SCHOOL LUNCHES? CONT..  Reduced Sodium targets must also be met and vary from year to year, gradually reducing sodium content dramatically on the lunch menu.  School MUST meet these requirements, BUT decisions about the specific foods to serve and how they are prepared are made by local school food authorities.
  6. 6. HOW DO CHILDREN QUALIFY FOR FREE AND REDUCED PRICE MEALS?  All children are eligible to purchase a meal through the program.  Children from low income families at 130% or below poverty level are eligible fro free meals.  Children 130% - 185% of the poverty level are eligible for reduced-priced meals (40 cents).  130% of the current poverty level is $30,615 for a family of four.  185% of the current poverty level is $43,568 for a family of four.
  7. 7. HOW DO CHILDREN QUALIFY FOR FREE AND REDUCED PRICE MEALS?  Families with incomes over 185% pay full price, BUT the meals are still subsidized to some extent  Non-profit pricing set by local food authorities, which are still a lot less expensive!  After school snacks are provided to children on the same income eligibility
  8. 8. HOW MUCH REIMBURSEMENT DO SCHOOLS GET?  Most support from USDA comes in the form of a cash reimbursement for each meal served.  Current basic cash reimbursement rates if serving less than 60% free and reduced lunches. Free Lunches Reduced-Price Paid Lunch $2.93 $2.53 $0.28 Free Snacks Reduced Snacks Paid Snacks $0.80 $0.40 $0.07
  9. 9. HOW MUCH REIMBURSEMENT DO SCHOOLS GET? CONT…  If you comply with the requirements made for meals, you will receive an additional 6 cents of cash reimbursement for each meal!  Latest Reimbursement Rates: http://www.fns.usda.gov/school-meals/rates-reimbursement
  10. 10. WHAT OTHER SUPPORT DO SCHOOLS GET FROM USDA?  Not only Cash reimbursement is available! Schools are also entitled by law to receive USDA foods or “entitlement” foods.  Value of these foods are $0.23-$0.25 cents per meal served.  Bonus foods are also available from surplus stock.  Training and assistance is available to help food service staff prepare healthy meals through nutrition education. This includes nutrition education to students as well.
  11. 11. WHAT TYPES OF FOODS DO SCHOOLS GET FROM USDA?  Each state can select “entitlement” foods for their schools from a list provided by the USDA.  Bonus foods are offered as they become available.  USDA and Department of Defense has helped provide fresh produce from local farmers through this program.
  12. 12. HOW MANY CHILDREN HAVE BEEN SERVED OVER THE YEARS? 1946 National School Lunch Program Started 1946 7.1 million participants 1970 22 million participants 2012 31.6 million participants
  13. 13. HEALTHIER FOOD, HEALTHIER TEST SCORES?  Recent study of the National School Lunch Program found that long-term positive effects on educational outcomes increase.  This program is not just for low-income children. But for schools to offer better quality foods for all children to enjoy.  Thus, with better quality foods, more fruits and vegetables. Students test scores will increase.
  14. 14. HEALTHIER FOOD, HEALTHIER TEST SCORES? CONT…  According to the Economics of Education Review, a study was conducted to see how school lunch and breakfast, regardless of income impacted test scores and overall participation, attendance and academic achievement.  In this study (school in New York) all children were participating in the National School lunch program. And due to the programs requirements of food choices, the meals were nutritious and better quality than what was previously being given by the district.
  15. 15. CONCLUDING  The National School Lunch Program will benefit not only low income children to have healthy meals, but all children who are in a school who participates in the program.  The requirements of the program ensure that healthy food is only allowed in the school, thus increasing academic achievement and personal health.
  16. 16. WORKS CITED Leos-Urbel, J., Ellen Schwartz, A., Weinstein, M., & Corcoran, S. (2013). Not just for poor kids: The impact of universal free school breakfast on meal participation and student outcomes. Economics of Education Review, 36, 88-107. National School Lunch Program (NSLP). (n.d.). Retrieved March 19, 2015, from http://www.fns.usda.gov/nslp/national-school-lunch-program-nslp.