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Presented By :-
NISCHITH B S
FUELS
 Fuels are any materials that store potential energy in
forms that can be practicably released and used for
work or...
Solid Fuels
Gaseous Fuels
Liquid Fuels
Fossil Fuels
Fission
Fusion
When Fossil Fuels are Exhausted?
http://www.4thtransition.ws/4TUIT10.htm
SOLUTION
Electric cars
Solar power
Wind power
Or
Biofuels
WHAT IS BIO FUEL?
 Bio fuel Is a type of fuel whose energy
is derived from biological carbon
fixation.
 Bio fuel is the ...
History
 In 1890s Rudolf Diesel was a first person who made biodiesel from
vegetable oil.
 In 1970s and 1980s environmen...
Classification of Biofuels
 Also called conventional biofuels. It includes sugar, starch, or
vegetable oil
 known as adv...
FIRST GENERATION BIOFUELS ARE:
 1)BIO-DIESEL
 2)GREEN-DIESEL
 3)BIO-ETHERS
 4)BIO-GAS
 5)SYN-GAS
SECOND GENERATION BI...
Cassava Palm oil Certain fungi
Animal fat Agricultural wastes
Biofuels
Bioethanol
Biodiesel
Biogas
Biobutanol
BIO-DIESEL
o Biodiesel, an alternative diesel fuel, is made from
re-new able biological sources such as vegetable
oils and animal fat...
BIODIESEL PRODUCTION
Biodiesel from Different Oil
Plant Oil Alcohol Temperature Reaction
Time
Catalyst
Soybean and
Castor (Brazil)
Ethyl 70 3 H...
Application of Biodiesel
 Railway usage
 Aircraft use
 As a heating oil
 Cleaning oil spills
 Biodiesel in generators...
Advantages-Disadvantages of Biodiesel
Can be used pure biodiesel B100. Biodiesel is significantly more
expensive compared ...
Biogas
 A mixture of CH4 , CO2 and other gases
Gas %
Methane 50–75
Carbon dioxide 25–50
Nitrogen 0–10
Hydrogen 0–1
Hydrog...
Biogas
 Biogas is a fuel used as domestic purpose
 Obtained from cow manure, fruit and vegetable waste
 Biogas is produ...
Biogas Plant
Stops air getting into
the digester- creates
anaerobic condition
Gas to kitchen
Sludge used as
a fertiliser
Advantages Biogas
 Reduce air and water pollution
 more environmentally friendly fertilizers
 Reduced greenhouse gas em...
Application of Biogas
 Cooking
 Lighting
 Fuel for engine
BIO-FUEL PRODUCTION IN INDIA:
 Biofuel development in India centers mainly
around the cultivation and processing of Jatro...
Advantages of Biofuels
 Renewable
 Reduce Greenhouse Gases
 Economic Security
 Easy to Source
 Lower level of Polluti...
Disadvantages of Biofuel
 High Cost of Production
 Industrial Pollution
 Future Rise in Price
 Shortage of Food
 Use ...
• Reduce wastes
• Cleaner air
• New agricultural markets
• Improve balance of payments
• global warming reduction
• Benefi...
REFERENCES
 http://www.biodiesel.org/resources/biodiesel_basics/defau
lt.shtm
 Biofuels: Production, Application and Dev...
Biofuels
Biofuels
Biofuels
Biofuels
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Biofuels

Biofuels - the future energy

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Biofuels

  1. 1. Presented By :- NISCHITH B S
  2. 2. FUELS  Fuels are any materials that store potential energy in forms that can be practicably released and used for work or as heat energy.  And are broadly classified into o Chemical Fuel o Nuclear Fuel
  3. 3. Solid Fuels Gaseous Fuels Liquid Fuels Fossil Fuels Fission Fusion
  4. 4. When Fossil Fuels are Exhausted? http://www.4thtransition.ws/4TUIT10.htm
  5. 5. SOLUTION Electric cars Solar power Wind power Or
  6. 6. Biofuels
  7. 7. WHAT IS BIO FUEL?  Bio fuel Is a type of fuel whose energy is derived from biological carbon fixation.  Bio fuel is the fuel which is produced from organic products and wastes.  Bio fuels include fuels derived from biomass conversion as well as solid biomass, liquidfuel and solid biomass
  8. 8. History  In 1890s Rudolf Diesel was a first person who made biodiesel from vegetable oil.  In 1970s and 1980s environmental protection agency EPA situated in America suggested that fuel should be free from sulphur dioxide, carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides.  In 1998 EPA allowed the production of biofuel on commercial level which was the alternative source of the petrol.  In 2010 the production of biofuels reaches up to 105 billion liters worldwide.  In 2011, European countries were the largest that made biodiesel almost about 53%. The international Energy Agency set a goal to reduce the usage of petroleum and coal and will be switched on to biofuels till 2050.
  9. 9. Classification of Biofuels  Also called conventional biofuels. It includes sugar, starch, or vegetable oil  known as advanced biofuels and can be manufactured from different types of biomass. The biomass contains lignocellulosic material like wood, straw and waste plastic  Extract from algae mostly marine algae
  10. 10. FIRST GENERATION BIOFUELS ARE:  1)BIO-DIESEL  2)GREEN-DIESEL  3)BIO-ETHERS  4)BIO-GAS  5)SYN-GAS SECOND GENERATION BIO-FUEL: Many second generation biofuels are under development such as Cellulose ethanol,algae fuel, biohydrogen,bioethanol,bioethanol,DMF,Bio DMF,Fisher tropesh disel, biohydrogen diesel, mixed alcohols and wood diesel.
  11. 11. Cassava Palm oil Certain fungi Animal fat Agricultural wastes
  12. 12. Biofuels Bioethanol Biodiesel Biogas Biobutanol
  13. 13. BIO-DIESEL
  14. 14. o Biodiesel, an alternative diesel fuel, is made from re-new able biological sources such as vegetable oils and animal fats. o Similar to petroleum diesel fuel in structure (straight chain) and number of carbon atoms (10 to 21) o The Biodiesel can be prepared by Transesterification. BIODIESEL
  15. 15. BIODIESEL PRODUCTION
  16. 16. Biodiesel from Different Oil Plant Oil Alcohol Temperature Reaction Time Catalyst Soybean and Castor (Brazil) Ethyl 70 3 Hours NaOH Wastes frying oil Methyl 60 1 Hours NaOH Rapeseed Methyl 60 33 mins KOH Sunflower Methyl 25 45 mins KOH
  17. 17. Application of Biodiesel  Railway usage  Aircraft use  As a heating oil  Cleaning oil spills  Biodiesel in generators  Vehicles
  18. 18. Advantages-Disadvantages of Biodiesel Can be used pure biodiesel B100. Biodiesel is significantly more expensive compared to standard diesel Biodiesel has shorter ignition delay compared to standard diesel Biodiesel can release nitrogen oxide which can lead to the formation of smog. Biodiesel has no sulfur content, and so it doesn't contribute to acid rain formation Pure biodiesel has significant problems with low temperatures Biodiesel has good lubricating properties better than standard diesel Food Shortage can be occurred
  19. 19. Biogas  A mixture of CH4 , CO2 and other gases Gas % Methane 50–75 Carbon dioxide 25–50 Nitrogen 0–10 Hydrogen 0–1 Hydrogen sulfide 0–3 Oxygen 0–2
  20. 20. Biogas  Biogas is a fuel used as domestic purpose  Obtained from cow manure, fruit and vegetable waste  Biogas is produced by the breakdown of organic waste by bacteria without oxygen anaerobic digestion
  21. 21. Biogas Plant Stops air getting into the digester- creates anaerobic condition Gas to kitchen Sludge used as a fertiliser
  22. 22. Advantages Biogas  Reduce air and water pollution  more environmentally friendly fertilizers  Reduced greenhouse gas emissions  concerns about waste management in the agriculture and food industry  Energy security
  23. 23. Application of Biogas  Cooking  Lighting  Fuel for engine
  24. 24. BIO-FUEL PRODUCTION IN INDIA:  Biofuel development in India centers mainly around the cultivation and processing of Jatropha plant seeds which are very rich in oil (40%). The drivers for this are historic, functional, economic, environmental,moral and political.  On 12 September 2008, the Indian Government announced its 'National Biofuel Policy'. It aims to meet 20% of India's diesel demand with fuel derived from plants.
  25. 25. Advantages of Biofuels  Renewable  Reduce Greenhouse Gases  Economic Security  Easy to Source  Lower level of Pollution
  26. 26. Disadvantages of Biofuel  High Cost of Production  Industrial Pollution  Future Rise in Price  Shortage of Food  Use of Fertilizer
  27. 27. • Reduce wastes • Cleaner air • New agricultural markets • Improve balance of payments • global warming reduction • Benefit developing nations
  28. 28. REFERENCES  http://www.biodiesel.org/resources/biodiesel_basics/defau lt.shtm  Biofuels: Production, Application and Development Alan H. Scragg.  Satyendra Nath Mishra. 2014. Design of Resource Use: case of jatropha based biodisel in India. Journal of Rural Development. 33(1). 1–13.  "Biofuels Make a Comeback Despite Tough Economy". Worldwatch Institute. 2011-08-31. Retrieved 2011-08-31.

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