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Osteologi

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Osteologi

  1. 1. OSTEOLOGI MYOLOGI ARTHROLOGI Department of Anatomy Hasanuddin University
  2. 2. ventral dorsal Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 2
  3. 3. FUNGSI : 1. Menegakkan dan memberi bentuk pada tubuh 2.Melindungi alat dalam 3.Tempat melekatnya otot 4.Sebagai alat gerak pasif 5.Tempat pembuatan sel darah merah 6.Tempat menyimpan mineral (Ca, PO4) Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 3
  4. 4. 1. SKELETON AXIALE • CRANIUM • VERTEBRA • COSTA • STERNUM 2. SKELETON APPENDICULARE • EXTREMITAS SUPERIOR • EXTREMITAS INFERIOR Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 4
  5. 5. ventral dorsal Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 5
  6. 6. 1. EXTREMITAS SUPERIOR (Ossa Membri Superior) 1. CINGULUM EXTREMITAS SUPERIOR 2. EXTREMITAS SUPERIOR LIBERAE Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 6
  7. 7.  Os SCAPULA  Os CLAVICULA Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 7
  8. 8. Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 8
  9. 9. Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 9
  10. 10. Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 10
  11. 11.  Os HUMERUS  Os RADIUS  Os ULNA  Ossa CARPALIA  Ossa METACARPALIA  Ossa PHALANGES (=Ossa Digitorum) Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 11
  12. 12. Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 12 Figure 7.23
  13. 13. Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 13 Figure 7.24
  14. 14. Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 14 Figure 7.24
  15. 15.  Skeleton of the hand contains wrist bones (carpals), bones of the palm (metacarpals), and bones of the fingers (phalanges) Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 15 Figure 7.26a
  16. 16.  Consists of eight bones  Scaphoid, lunate, triquetral, and pisiform proximally  Trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, and hamate distally Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 16
  17. 17.  Five numbered (1-5) metacarpal bones radiate from the wrist to form the palm  Their bases articulate with the carpals proximally, and with each other medially and laterally  Heads articulate with the phalanges Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 17
  18. 18.  Each hand contains 14 miniature long bones called phalanges  Fingers (digits) are numbered 1-5, beginning with the thumb (pollex)  Each finger (except the thumb) has three phalanges – distal, middle, and proximal  The thumb has no middle phalanx Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 18
  19. 19. Bagian Anatomi UNHAS Figure 7.2169a
  20. 20. 2. EXTREMITAS INFERIOR (Ossa Membri INFERIOR) 1. CINGULUM EXTREMITAS INFERIOR 2. EXTREMITAS INFERIOR LIBERAE Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 20
  21. 21. Cingulum Membri Inferior Os coxae : • Os ilium • Os ischium • Os pubis Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 21
  22. 22. • Femur • Tibia • Fibula • Ossa tarsalia • Ossa metatarsalia • Ossa phalanges Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 22
  23. 23.  Attach to axial skeleton by pelvic girdle  2 hip bones (os coxae)  Fusion of ilium, ischium, and pubis Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 23 Know the landmarks that are studied in lab!
  24. 24.  Femur  Largest, longest, strongest bone in body  Runs medially to bring knee closer to center of body weight  Weight from pelvis is transferred to femur  Serves as site of muscle attachment  Walking http://www.fysiowBeabgi.ann lA/nsaetormvii cUeNH/AaSnatomie/bovenbeen/femur.jpg24
  25. 25.  Patella – kneecap  Sesamoid bone  Short bone formed within a tendon  Lies within tendon of quadriceps  Leg is the part of the lower limb between knee and ankle Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 25
  26. 26.  Tibia  Medial  “Shinbone”  2nd to femur in size and strength  Weight transmitted from femur to tibia  Muscle attachment  Fibula  Lateral  Stabilization of ankle  Muscle attachment Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 26
  27. 27.  Tarsus (posterior ½ of foot)  7 tarsal bones  Talus - ankle  Articulates with tibia/fibula  Calcaneous – heel  Carries talus  Attachment for calcaneal tendon  Cuboid  Navicular  Medial cuneiform  Intermediate cuneiform  Lateral cuneiform Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 27
  28. 28.  Metarsus  5 metatarsals  Phalanges  14 phalanges  Arches of Foot (3)  Transverse  Medial longitudinal  Lateral longitudinal  Form half-dome  ½ weight to heel  ½ weight to head of metatarsals Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 28
  29. 29.  Columna Vertebralis  Costae  Sternum  Cranium Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 29
  30. 30. PENDAHULUAN  Ruas-ruas tulang belakang  Discus intervertebralis  Terdiri dari 33 buah: 7 Vertebra cervicalis 12 Vertebra thoracalis 5 Vertebra lumbalis 5 Vertebra sacralis 4 Vertebra coccygeus Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 30
  31. 31. Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 31
  32. 32.  Vertebrae : •Corpus •Arcus td pediculus dan lamina •Processus spinosus •Processus transverses •Processus articularis  Foramen vertebralis Canalis vertebralis (dilalui Medulla spinalis) Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 32
  33. 33. Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 33
  34. 34.  Anterior Lordosis  Posterior Kyphosis  Samping Scoliosis Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 34
  35. 35.  corpusnya kecil,berbtk segiempat  Foramen vert. Berbtk segitiga  Proc. Transversus berlubang For. Costotransversarium  Proc. Spinosus pendek & bercabang dua Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 35
  36. 36.  Ukuran corpus sedang, anterior lbh rendah dibdg posteriornya  For. Vert. Bulat  Processus spinosus panjang & runcing  Terdpt Fovea costalis pd Proc.transv & Corpus vert. Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 36
  37. 37.  Corpus besar, btk ginjal melintang, dorsal > ventral  Proc. Spinosus besar dan pendek  Terdpt proc. Mammilaris  Terdpt proc. Accessorius Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 37
  38. 38. • Td. 5 ruas vertebrae Os Sacrum • Berbtk segitiga, basis di cranial, apex di caudal • Facies pelvicum & facies dorsalis • Foramina intervertebralis • Crista sacralis media • Terdpt hiatus sacralis Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 38
  39. 39. Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 39
  40. 40.  Ada 4 ruas Os coccygeus Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 40
  41. 41.  Vert. Cervicalis I (= ATLAS)  Vert. Cervicalis II (= EPISTROPHEUS) Corpusnya membentuk dens epistropheus  Vert. Cervicalis VII (=VERT.PROMINENS)Proc.spinosus lbh panjang yang dapat dilihat dan diraba dari luar  Vert. Sacralis bersatu membtk Os sacrumAntara vert. Lumbalis V dan basis ossis sacri terdapat PROMONTORIUM (tonjolan discus intervertebralis ke ventral) Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 41
  42. 42. Terdiri dari : • Annulus fibrosus • Nucleus fibrosus • Berfungsi sbg Shock absorbers • Letak : diantara 2 corpus vert. Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 42
  43. 43. • 12 pasang • Melekat pd vert.thoracalis ke sternum • 3 kelompok: 1.Costa Vera (costa I-VII) 2.Costa Spuria (costa VIII-X) 3.Costa Fluctuantes (costa XI-XII) Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 43
  44. 44. • Manubrium sterni • Corpus sterni • Processus xiphoideus (=proc. Ensiformis) • Bersama costa membentuk SKELETON THORACIS Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 44
  45. 45. Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 45
  46. 46.  NEURO CRANIUM  VISCERO CRANIUM (SPLANCNO CRANIUM) Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 46
  47. 47. Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 47
  48. 48. Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 48
  49. 49. Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 49
  50. 50. Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 50
  51. 51. Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 51
  52. 52. • Os occipitale (1) • Os temporale (2) • Os parietale (2) • Os frontale (1) • Os sphenoidale (1) • Os eithmoidale (1) Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 52
  53. 53. • Os maxilla (2) • Os mandibula (1) • Os Zygomatica (2) • Os nasalis (2) • Os lacrimale (2) • Os vomer (1) • Os palatinae (2) • Os concha nasalis inferior (2) Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 53
  54. 54.  BASIS CRANII  CALVARIA CRANII Os Eithmoidalis Os Frontalis Os Temporalis Os Occipitalis Os Shenoidalis Os Frontale Os Parietale Os Temporale Os Occipitalis Bagian Anatomi UNHAS 54

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