Selection is a process in which the candidates are selected by means of
various tests in pre determined numbers ,out of large number of
It is a negative process because in this , efforts are done to reduce the
no. of applicants &
Selection is a process
Applicants shortlisted- most suitable candidates selected for the right
3. PROCESS OF SELECTION
Reception of applications
4. RECEPTION OF APPLICATIONS
• Purpose of pre- screening is to reduce a potentially large candidate
pool to a more manageable number.
• Screening is conducted by HR executives in the companies.
• It is a sorting process.
5. PRELIMINARY INTERVIEW
• In Preliminary interview, interviewer asks general questions.
• In Preliminary interview the applicant is given the job details
• Interview is taken by HR manager or Senior HR executive to shortlist
the right candidates.
• Communication skills is tested in interview.
• Various other skills like behavioural, Knowledge, English proficiency is
6. APPLICATION BLANK
• Application form is to be filled by candidates which contains basic
data as follows:
• Personal information- name, address , languages speak, parent`s
• Educational qualification- how much % you got, which university
• Work experience- job profile, company name, how much salary you
• Salary expectations
• References- In order to check the background of the candidates, co.
ask for references.
7. SELECTION TESTS
• Various selection tests has been taken by various companies as per their
requirement for job.
• Aptitude tests( decision making skills, mental ability,analysing skills)- these
are the tests which assess the potential & abilty of a candidate. It is a
common test taken by all companies.
• Intelligence Tests(Logical reasoning ability, data interpretation skills, Basic
language skills )- tis test measures the numerical skills& reasoning abilities .
These abilities become important in decision making.
• Personality tests (Emotional ability, interpersonal skills, ability to behave &
work in group)- in this, the emotional ability is tested. This test judges the
ability to work in a team, interpersonal skills, how he handles conflicts &
judge his motivational skills.
• Performance Tests (knowledge skills, speed & accuracy for Job like Typist &
data entry operators)- this test judges & evaluates the acquired knowledge
& experience of the individual ,checks his or her speed or accuracy in
performing a job.
• Simulation Test- It measures the ability of the person to face various
problems while at work.
• Graphology Test- designed to analyse the handwriting of n individual .
It is said that the individual’s hand writing can reveal the degree of
energy, spontaneity, emotional make-up,elements of balance & control
( Example: Big letters- Domination)
• Interest Tests- designed to measures an individual’s activity
preferences. These test will suggest what type of jobs may be satisfying
to the employees. They help them in selecting occupations of their
10. EMPLOYMENT INTERVIEW
Interviews can be conducted by HR manager or by a panel of interviewers who are experts.
Various questions ask to the candidates to check whether he or she fits to the job perfectly.
Behavioural questions-Asking about past performance to predict future behaviour
Problem solving questions- ask to solve problems, generally related to your field
Personal Questions based on family & education
TYPES OF QUESTIONS THOSE GENERALLY ASK
• Open questions:
• Good for starting (to get candidates to talk)
• Probing questions:
• To get further details to ensure getting all the information needed
• Closed questions:
• To clarify a point of fact
• The reply is a single word or brief sentence
• Hypothetical questions (in situational based interviews): how candidates would respond
in a situation
• Questions about motivation:
• Best achieved by inference: career, achievements, triumphing over disadvantages, spare time
TYPES OF QUESTIONS INTERVIEWER GENERALLY ASKS
11. • Capability questions:
• To establish, what candidates know, what skills they possess etc.
• Continuity questions:
• To keep the conversation going, to encourage
• Play-back questions: test the interviewer’s understanding
TYPES OF INTERVIEW
12. REFERENCE & BACKGROUND ANALYSIS
Reference check is done to check the honesty about the candidate &
information provided by the candidate is right or wrong.
• It reveals fraud candidates
• It verifies the accuracy of the information
• Discourages candidates who hide something.
13. PHYSICAL EXAMINATION
• Candidates has to submit medical certificate issued by medical
professional like doctor. Medical certificate certifies that the
candidate is physically fit to work in a co.
• It includes medical examination or clinical examination of the selected
person in order to know whether he is physically fit or not
• It is a process in which a medical professional investigates the body of
a patient for signs of infectious disease.
14. JOB OFFER
A job offer is an invitation which is given to the candidate who is
finally selected for the job. The job offer contains the details of your
employment contract like a date by which the appointee must report
on duty, salary & job designation.
Job offer is made through letter of appointment
Two reasons for giving job offer:
• Need a time to obtain relieving certificate from the previous employer
• A new job requires movement to another city which means considerable
preparation & time
15. EMPLOYMENT CONTRACT
• An employment contract is a written legal document that lays out
binding terms & conditions of employment between an employee &
employment contract generally covers :
An overview of
Paid holidays, paid vacation
Paid sick leave, paid time off (PTO)