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### Symmetrical Balance

1. S Y M M E T R I C A L B A L A N C E
2. Composition
3. Composition is the arrangement of the elements of art and the principles of design within a given work of art. Composition is important because it makes the artwork seem more organized and easier to see and understand. There are different ways to compose an artwork, but they all are used to make the art easier to view. In this composition, all the characters are all in a row along a table with a figure in the center. Each person is doing their own thing, but the composition puts them all in a line, so it is a smoother picture to look at. Imagine if all the characters were acting like they are but they weren’t in a line. Would the picture feel as organized and calm as it does now? Why?
4. Elements of Art
5. Elements of art are the basic components or tools of visual communication and include line, space, shape/form, value, color, and texture. Artists manipulate these seven elements, mix them in with principles of design, and compose a piece of art. Not every work of art contains every one of these elements, but at least two are always present. Also, knowing what the elements of art are enables us to describe what an artist has done, analyze what is going on in a particular piece, and communicate our thoughts and findings using a common language.
6. Balance
7. Balance is the arrangement of the elements, in a work of art, to create a sense of things being equal. The three types of balance are Symmetrical, Radial, and Asymmetrical. In this example, the painting shows Asymmetrical balance because there are objects on both sides of the painting to make sure there isn’t too much weight (or things to look at) on one side and not the other. Look at the trees on the left side of the painting. That puts a lot of weight on that side. The artist balanced the painting by putting a big yellow moon on the other side. Imagine what the painting would look like without the moon balancing the trees. And because the objects in the painting are identical on both sides, it’s
8. Symmetry
9. Symmetry a way of organizing the parts of a design so that one side copies or mirrors the other. There are two types of symmetry, bilateral and radial symmetry. They are both used to create a balance of visual weight in a picture by putting the same things on each side of an axis (an imaginary line that runs through the middle of the artwork). Radial symmetry is in a circle and has many axis points where things are the same, bilateral has just one.​ Notice in the picture of the cow skull, even though it isn’t identical, you can imagine a line running down the middle of the skull dividing the composition in half. This creates a balance and makes the picture very pleasing to look at.​
10. Bilateral Symmetry
11. Bilateral Symmetry is two- sided symmetry where two halves of a work of art mirror each other completely. In Bilateral Symmetry, each side of the composition is exactly the same (or almost the same) as if you put an axis line down the middle of the composition and everything is the same on both sides. Our bodies even use bilateral symmetry, our arms are the same on each side, legs, eyes, ears, are the same on both sides allowing us to balance ourselves. Look at the building on the right, the Taj Mahal in India, and imagine a line down the middle of the building. Every window, every tower, every bush is the same on the left as it is on the right. This creates a calm and stability to the building, making it seem strong and powerful.
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