10. 1. Normal
HAD + PAST TENSE VERB
1. When I arrived at the cinema the film had started.
1. She had gone out
11. 2. Interrogative
Create at least 5 questions based on prompts.
1. The Internet was invented in 1973.
Had + subject + been + verb + when + a date
Q1. Had the Internet been invented when you were born?
12. 3. Negative
Respond to the previous five historical events with things that
had not happened yet.
had not + been + past tense verb
1. The Internet hadn’t been invented when I was born.
13. 4. Short
● Great for answers to questions
yes or no, + pronoun + had or had not
Had the iPhone been invented when you were born?
No, it hadn’t.
● Your turn: Take turns asking each other questions in
pairs and answer with short answer.
17. Exercise A
A- Put the verbs in brackets into the past perfect
1. I had lived (live) in Portugal for two years when the
revolution broke out.
2. Her parents found out that she __________(hide)
18. Exercise B
A- Write sentences in the past perfect continuous
1. She looked upset. ( her daughter /cry/for hours)
Her daughter had been crying for hours.
2. He had a fever. (he/walk/in the rain)
19. A- Write sentences in the past perfect continuous form.
3. Claire got burnt. (she/use/the oven)
4. The firefighters were exhausted. (they/ fight/ that fire/for hours.
5. She got the first prize. (she / practise / every day / for weeks)
6. Jane was very angry. (she and her boyfriend /quarrel)
7. They called the police. (someone / watch / their house).
8. We felt distant. ( we / argue / a lot)
9. Everybody was afraid. (the wind / blow/ very hard / and the waves were enormous)
WRITE 5 questions in the PCC to ask their partner.
Example: Had you been drinking the water in Cartagena when
you got sick? (eating, drinking, exercising, etc.)
Your partner will ask you their questions. You will respond,
preferably in the negative.
Example: No I had not been drinking the water in Cartagena
when I got sick.
22. Check for understanding
On a fresh ½ sheet of paper write:
1. one question in the past perfect interrogative
2. one sentence in the past perfect continuous
Include the past simple in both answers.
The best way to grasp the past perfect is to understand that we’re dealing with two events that took place in the past, but one before the other, not simultaneously. Draw a timeline on the board. Mark lines for different hours and tell students this is what happened yesterday. Write down a series of events that took place yesterday and mark them in their corresponding place in the timeline:
I left the school at 6pm.
My husband started preparing dinner at 6 and finished at 7.
I got home at 7:15
Say, “When I got home, my husband had finished preparing dinner.” Show your students how the past perfect tense is formed, and make sure they understand one past event took place before another past event.
Use this graph to mark more times and things that had been completed.
Complete #2 with students
A: Had the United States been attacked by terrorists when you were in…(colegio, primary school, etc.)?
Then have them complete the rest independently.
Respond to the previous five historical events with things that had not happened yet.
complete #2 with the class
have them complete the rest independently
Ask students to give you questions. Reply with short answers.
Then do some together, where students ask each other in front of the group.
Finally release them for Your Turn.
students complete the rest
Students complete the rest independently
Students will come up with 5 questions to ask their partner.
Come up with 1 as a class. Then students write the rest themselves.
DO #1 TOGETHER.
Students complete the rest independently.