6. Action Verbs
A verb that shows action is called an action verb.
The action verb tells what its subject does.
The action can either by physical or mental.
Physical Action: The farmer feeds the
Mental Action: He likes the red rooster best.
7. Linking Verbs
A linking verb links its
subject to a word in the
Linking verbs express a
condition or a state of
The cow is blue.
8. Linking Verbs
There are nine common linking verbs:
is seem was
To remember these linking verbs, use this
All boys in school work.
am be is seem was
are being were
9. Helping Verbs
A helping verb helps a main verb express action or
precise shades of meaning.
The combination of one or more helping verbs is
called a verb phrase.
11. Helping Verbs
Other things to keep in mind:
•Not every sentence will have a
helping verb with the main verb.
•When you see an "ing" verb such
as "running", be on the lookout for
a helping verb also.
12. Helping Verbs
•Sometimes there is another word which
separates the helping verb from the main
verb. One common example is "not.”
The boy could not find his socks.
The helping verb is could and the main verb is find.
13. Helping Verbs
•A sentence may contain up to three
helping verbs to the main verb.
•An example would be:
The dog must have been chasing the cat.
The helping verbs are: must, have, and been; the
main verb is chasing.
15. As to form verbs only have four forms. We can say that the verb has
three inflectional suffixes (-d, -s, -ing).
Vbase or V, which is the base form of the verb, the dictionary form
which is used to indicate:
Live now, pay later.
•The simple present tense of the indicative (except the 3rd person
They live in London.
•The infinitive because it is accompanying a modal verb
They must live happily now.
Vs form, which is used to represent the third person singular.
He lives in a small apartment.
16. Ved form which indicates:
•The regular or irregular simple past tense of all the verbs
He lived here last year.
•The regular or irregular past participle of all verbs
He has lived here for a while.
Ving form which represents:
•The present participle
He is living here with us.
Living here is good for the health.
17. Another classification of verb according to form is the division of:
Single word verbs
Call, sleep, eat, dream
Call on, eat up, make up
The phrasal verbs are classified by most grammarians as separable
and non separable. Another subclassification of the phrasal verbs is
that of the prepositional verbs, which are those composed of the
verb and a preposition.
Prepositional verbs: Sleep in, look at
18. Regular and irregular verbs
The regular verbs are those that form their past participle
(Ved) by adding the morpheme d.
Jump – jumped
Look - looked
Have – had
The irregular verbs are those that do not form their past or
past participle with the d morpheme.
Write - wrote
19. Dynamic and stative verbs
Dynamic verbs are those that readily accept, because of their meaning, the
use of Ving.
•These verbs denote an actual action or expression or process done by
the subject. They mean an action which can be seen or physically felt.
Be, drink, smoke, jump
Stative verbs are those that cannot be normally used in the continuous
form. They are called non-continuous verbs.
•These verbs refer to the state of the subject or the situation of the
subject. They tell us about the state of mind of the subject, or the
relation between the subject and the object.
Love, look like, remember, seem
20. Mixed verbs. These verbs have more than one meaning. Some
meanings behave like non-continuous verbs (stative verbs), while
other meanings behave like continuous verbs (dynamic verbs).
To have, to appear, to see, to feel, to look…
I have a dollar now. (I possess a dollar.) non-continuous verb
I am having fun now. (I am experiencing fun now.) continuous
Dynamic and stative verbs (cont.)
21. Subject – Verb Agreement
The subject and verb in a clause should always
agree in number.
Joey walks. (singular subject/singular verb)
Joey and Maggie walk. (plural subject/plural verb)
She runs. (singular subject/singular verb)
They run. (plural subject/plural verb)