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Smart City Lessons for a Small Town | Dave Zelenok

How can you bring your community into the 21st century and develop a strong future? Professional Engineer Dave Zelenok of HR Green answers these questions by diving into current trends and outlooks in infrastructure and technology.

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Smart City Lessons for a Small Town | Dave Zelenok

  1. 1. 1 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen The Future Isn’t What It Used to Be… Positioning your Agency for an Unimaginable Future April 9, 2019 Dave Zelenok, PE Gov’t Services Mgr DZelenok@HRGreen.com
  2. 2. 2 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen  Impact of Technology on Infrastructure  Emerging technologies –  Utilities, Fiber Optics & Municipal Broadband  Smart Cities - Street lights, Signals, Infrastructure  The Real Impact of Driverless Cars & Technology  Secondary Consequences  What can you do today to position for the future? TONIGHT’s DISCUSSION…
  3. 3. 3 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen  Impact of Technology on Infrastructure  Emerging technologies –  Utilities, Fiber Optics & Municipal Broadband  Smart Cities - Street lights, Signals, Infrastructure  The Real Impact of Driverless Cars & Technology  Secondary Consequences  What can you do today to position for the future? TONIGHT’s DISCUSSION…
  4. 4. 4 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen First – A Little Background… Example: No New “Fortress Malls,” Replaced by “Urban Centers” – No Driving Needed Residential + Recreation + Retail 12% of ALL retail is now on-line Q: What ELSE IS DYING?
  5. 5. 5 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen •Fortress Malls? •Road Widening Projects? •Privately Owned Vehicles? •Car Ownership - Car Dealers? •Parking Garages & Lots •Mass Transit (Yes, $1B Light Rails)? •Gasoline Stations? •Traffic Signals (Really!) •Three-car garages – who needs to own 3 cars? •Congestion– profound changes R.I.P R.I.P R.I.P R.I.P The END of the LINE… Say GOODBYE to: 2040
  6. 6. 6 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen •Electric DRIVERLESS CARS •Sensors Everywhere: “V2V” & “V2I” •5G Telecom – Cell Towers every 300’ •Street lights Reimagined •Streets without Traffic Signals •Fiber, Fiber Everywhere Say Hello To:
  7. 7. 7 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen Autonomous – Self-Driving - Driverless
  8. 8. 8 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen So – WHAT’s the BIG DEAL? Transit – 5% (maybe) Carpooling – 5 % (maybe) Telecommuting – 10-20% (maybe) Driverless Capacity – 300 (yes) 300%
  9. 9. 9 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen So – WHAT’s the BIG DEAL? Transit – 5% (maybe) Carpooling – 5 % (maybe) Telecommuting – 10-20% (maybe) Driverless Capacity – 300 (yes) 300%
  10. 10. 10 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen Has This Ever Happened Before - ?
  11. 11. 11 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen Has This Ever Happened Before - ? Complete Modal Transformation: 12 Years Infrastructure – Catching up 100 years Cell Phone – SMART Phone 10th Anniversary – June 2017
  12. 12. 12 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen Has This Ever Happened Before - ? Complete Modal Transformation: 12 Years Infrastructure – Catching up 100 years Cell Phone – SMART Phone 10th Anniversary – June 2017Think 2040 is a long time in the future? The “Soup Nazi” debuted 23 years ago
  13. 13. 13 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen Has This Ever Happened Before - ? Complete Modal Transformation: 12 Years Infrastructure – Catching up 100 years Cell Phone – SMART Phone 10th Anniversary – June 2017Think 2040 is a long time in the future? The “Soup Nazi” debuted 23 years ago
  14. 14. 14 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen Are just roads affected? Quick “DEEP DIVE:” PARKING GARAGES ~50% increase in capacity
  15. 15. 15 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen Are just roads affected? Quick “DEEP DIVE:” PARKING GARAGES ~50% increase in capacity Q: Who wants to pay for parking when you can send your car to run an errand for you: OR - Park itself in the neighborhood OR - Go for a joyride – CLOG the FREEWAY(?) With the demand dropping for parking garages –  Should downtowns stop investing in them?  Should you stop building parking garages with slanted floors and low ceilings?  Can your parking garage be repurposed into condos or retail? Do You Have a Plan – Is It “Futureproofed?”
  16. 16. 16 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen Examples of real time alerts to city departments  Stolen vehicle on a corridor  Signal malfunction  Abnormal vehicle congestion  Obstruction on the road (tree falls tornado)  Unusually large crowd  Gunshots  Water leak from aging pipeline  Carbon monoxide levels, indicating a fire  Flood warning  Rain event = 1 Sec “all red” on traffic Signals: reduced accidents  Citizens don’t care about General City Wide Alerts  Citizens do care about conditions at kids’ school: self-defined data & alerts Sensors Dashboards Action“Fog” Cloud
  17. 17. 17 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen Examples of real time alerts to city departments  Stolen vehicle on a corridor  Signal malfunction  Abnormal vehicle congestion  Obstruction on the road (tree falls tornado)  Unusually large crowd  Gunshots  Water leak from aging pipeline  Carbon monoxide levels, indicating a fire  Flood warning  Rain event = 1 Sec “all red” on traffic Signals: reduced accidents  Citizens don’t care about General City Wide Alerts  Citizens do care about conditions at kids’ school: self-defined data & alerts Sensors Dashboards Action“Fog” Cloud
  18. 18. 18 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen What Are Others Doing – and Why?
  19. 19. 19 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen What Are Others Doing – and Why?
  20. 20. 20 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen Cellular Trends – LTE to 5G Think: B&W to COLOR TV SMALL CELLS: DOWNTOWN Porcupines!?!? • A Transmitter on Every Block per provider: 3 Miles to 300 FEET • 5G will require fiber optics into each transmitter Fiber solutions can: Create revenue Control aesthetics Abandon the mega sites?
  21. 21. 21 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen VAIL: Street lighting & FREE Wi-Fi
  22. 22. 22 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen Imagine Your Future – Should Your Downtown Look Like a PORCUPINE? Courtesy – City of Centennial
  23. 23. 23 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen Imagine Your Future – Should Your Downtown Look Like a PORCUPINE? Courtesy – City of Centennial DOWNTOWN Houston: ACTUAL small cell APPLICATIONS By four wireless entities. Hundreds of applications ~10 Blocks, 20 YES 20 - TOWERS
  24. 24. 24 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen It’s “Just” a (Very Important) Streetlight  Agencies: Purchasing Streetlights  Owning will reduce costs  More important: asset value  Even more savings: LED  Lighting at the Next Level  “Smart” Streetlights  5G Cellular Enabled Small Cells  Digital Signage  Sensors & Counters  Events / Wayfinding * Graphic by IntelliStreets, Inc. “ACORN” Light
  25. 25. 25 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen LED’s – reduce power expenses by 50%+ But – power often < 20% of total expenses Cities now municipalizing lighting, Paying separately for energy Up-front capital and conversion costs  R.O.I.s ~ 5-10 years MILLIONS in cost savings possible – Re-purposing street lights: Conduit Most Valuable! Traffic signals, utilities and public broadband! Street Light Municipalization Streetlights… From Cost to Revenue Source
  26. 26. 26 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen How do you get there? Where are you going anyway?  Area-wide audio system  Technology interpretive displays  Imaginative smart lighting  Programmable signage  Business district wayfinding  Temperature  Air quality  Smoke  Leaking pipelines EXPERIENCE SENSORS Sooooo….. How can you Get SMART?!?!
  27. 27. 27 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen So – IF Smart Cities are Inevitable What Can YOUR DOWNTOWN do TODAY? 1. FIBER OPTICS = the common thread 2. Lacking Today 3. Under Your Control 4. You Can Do TODAY 5. Low Cost, High Impact 6. 20 to 1 returns (?) 7. PLAN – PLAN – PLAN!
  28. 28. 28 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen So – IF Smart Cities are Inevitable What Can YOUR DOWNTOWN do TODAY? 1. FIBER OPTICS = the common thread 2. Lacking Today 3. Under Your Control 4. You Can Do TODAY 5. Low Cost, High Impact 6. 20 to 1 returns (?) 7. PLAN – PLAN – PLAN!
  29. 29. 29 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen #1: Short Term: Update Your Public Policies • Develop fiber friendly policies • Develop co-location program • Consider street light municipalization • Review your street cut program • Create revenue recovery systems • End city subsidization of street cutters • Apply revenues to new program • Update your management systems - • New underground requirements • Every inch of every utility should be mapped in 3D in your GIS at no expense to the city • Small Cell Regulations = #1 PRIORITY!
  30. 30. 30 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen #2: Intermediate: Create Community Fiber Identify fiber-related assets:  GIS layers, records, conduits, strands, agreements, splice points, vaults, etc.  Look for abandoned infrastructure  Identify underutilized capacity  AGAIN: DEFINE OWNERSHIP OF EVERYTHING IN YOUR STREETS • Identify community partners and seek mutual benefit • Leverage Federal/Local grant programs • E-Rate (School/Libraries) • Healthcare Connect Fund (Medical) • RUS (Electric Providers) • CDBG Funding • State DOT Fiber
  31. 31. 31 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen •Facilitate private sector competition and consumer choice •Exploring making some public assets available to private sector •Encourage internet-based economic development, job creation, new business start-ups and entrepreneurs •Encourage the private sector to invest •Franchise Agreements •Encourage new private sector providers •Facilitate access in public places •Monetize access to connectivity assets •Consider Legal Exemption, Analysis of Alternatives, gig-city 3 Step Program: LONG-TERM
  32. 32. 32 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen •Facilitate private sector competition and consumer choice •Exploring making some public assets available to private sector •Encourage internet-based economic development, job creation, new business start-ups and entrepreneurs •Encourage the private sector to invest •Franchise Agreements •Encourage new private sector providers •Facilitate access in public places •Monetize access to connectivity assets •Consider Legal Exemption, Analysis of Alternatives, gig-city 3 Step Program: LONG-TERM Sooooo….. How can you Get SMART?  PLAN NOW  “FUTUREPROOF” YOUR DOWNTOWN!
  33. 33. 33 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen Final Thoughts – Did we cover everything?
  34. 34. 34 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen Final Thoughts – Did we cover everything?
  35. 35. 35 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen Final Thoughts – Did we cover everything? The FUTURE is – Not what it “used to be” PS - It arrives tomorrow! Q: How’s your schedule?
  36. 36. 36 DCI Colorado – IN THE GAME - Aspen The Future Isn’t What It Used to Be… Positioning your Agency for an Unimaginable Future April 9, 2019 Dave Zelenok, PE Gov’t Services Mgr DZelenok@HRGreen.com

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