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Monitoring of OpenNebula installations

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The complexity of a typical OpenNebula installation brings a special set of challenges on the monitoring side. In this talk, I will show monitoring of a full stack of from the physical servers to storage layer and ONE daemon. Providing an aggregated view of this information allows you see the real impact of a certain failure. I would like to also present a use case for a “closed-loop” setup where new VMs are automatically added to the monitoring without human intervention, allowing for an efficient approach to monitoring the services a OpenNebula setup provides.

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Monitoring of OpenNebula installations

  1. 1. MONITORING OPENNEBULA OpenNebulaConf 2013 © Florian Heigl fh@florianheigl.me There will be some heresy.
  2. 2. Hi! That‘s me! UnixSysadmin / freelance consultant. Storage virtualiztion monitoring HA clusters Backups (if you had them) Bleeding edge software (fun but makes you grumpy)
  3. 3. What else? •  Created first embedded Xen Distro (and other weird things) •  Training: Monitoring, Linux Storage (LVM, Ceph...) •  On IRC @darkfader, on Twitter @FlorianHeigl1 Making monitoring more useful is <H1> for me. reap the benefits!
  4. 4. OpenNebula My love: •  Abstraction / Layering (oZones, VNets, Instantiation) •  Hypervisor abstraction (write a Jail driver and a moment later it could set up FreeBSD jails) •  Something happens if you report a bug. My hate: •  Feature imparity •  Complexity „spikes“ •  Unknown states •  Scheduler
  5. 5. We‘ve all run Nagios once? Not new: •  Systems and Application Monitoring •  Nagios But: •  #monitoringsucks on Twitter is quite busy •  Managers still unhappy?
  6. 6. Interruption How come there were no checks for OpenNebula? •  Skipped a few demos •  Added checks so I can actually show *something* •  https://bitbucket.org/darkfader/nagios/src/
  7. 7. Monitoring Systems •  Keep an eye out for redundancy •  monitor everything. EVERYTHING. monitor! •  But think about „capacity“ •  I don‘t care if my disk does 200 IOPS (except when i‘m tuning my IO stack) •  I do care if it‘s maxed! •  My manager doesn‘t care if it‘s maxed?
  8. 8. Monitoring Applications •  We know how to monitor a process, right? Differentiate: •  Checking software components I don‘t care if a process on one HV is gone. Nor does the mananger, nor does the customer. •  End-to-End checks Customers will care if Sunstone dies. Totally different levels of impact!
  9. 9. Monitoring Apps & Systems Chose strategy: •  Every single piece (proactive, expensive) •  Something hand-picked (reactive) Limited by resources, pick monitoring functionality over monitoring components. Proactively monitoring something random? Doesn‘t work.
  10. 10. Examples •  This is so I don‘t forget to give examples for the last slide. •  So, lets go back.
  11. 11. Dynamic configuration •  You might have heard of Check_MK and inventory. Some think that‘s it. •  But... sorry... I won‘t talk (a lot) about that. •  We‘ll be talking about dynamic configuration •  We‘ll be talking about rule matching •  We‘ll be talking about SLAs
  12. 12. Business KPIs •  „Key Performance Indicators“ •  Not our kind of performance. •  I promise there is a reason to talk about this Were you ever asked to provide •  Reports and fancy graphs •  What impact a failure is going to have As if you had a damn looking glass on your desk, right?
  13. 13. The looking glass •  Assume, we know how to monitor it all. •  Let‘s ask what we‘re monitoring.
  14. 14. Top down, spotted. •  [availability] •  [performance] •  [business operations] •  [redundancy]
  15. 15. Ponder on that: •  All your aircos with their [redundancy] failed. •  Isn‘t your cloud still [available]? •  Your filers are being trashed by the Nagios VM, crippling [performance]. Everything is still [available], but cloning a template takes an hour. •  Will that impact [business operations]?
  16. 16. Ponder on that too: Assume you‘re hosting a public cloud. How will your [business operations] lose more money: 1.  A hypervisor is no longer [available] and you even lose 5 VM images 2.  Sunstone doesn‘t work for 5 hours Disclaimer: Your actual business‘ requirements may differ from this example. J
  17. 17. Losing your accounting... „das ist ganz schlecht. dadurch funktioniert eine ganze Reihe von Dingen nicht mehr. z.B. Strom u. Traffic-Accounting im RZ, Anlage und Verwaltung von Domains etc. das müssen wir ganz schnell fixen, sonst können wir !nichts abrechnen! da nichts geloggt wird, nix anlegen und nichts nachsehen.“ Very recent example:
  18. 18. That KPI stuff creeps back •  All VMs are running, Sunstone is fine. Our storage is low util, lot of capacity for new VMs •  => [availability] [redundancy] [Peformance] is A+ •  But you have a BIG problem. •  You didn‘t notice, because you „just“ monitored that every piece of „the cloud“ works. •  Customers are switching for another provider! •  Couldn‘t you easily notice anyway?
  19. 19. Into: Business •  VM creations / day => revenue •  User registrations / day => revenue •  Time to „bingo point“ for storage Those are „KPIs“. Talk to boss‘s boss about that. You could: •  Set alert levels for revenue •  Set alert levels for customer aquisitions •  Set alert levels on SLA penalties
  20. 20. Starting point
  21. 21. Into: Business •  VM creations / day => revenue •  User registrations / day => revenue •  Time to „bingo point“ for storage Those are „KPIs“. Talk to boss‘s boss about that. You could: •  Set alert levels for revenue •  Set alert levels for customer aquisitions •  Set alert levels on SLA penalties
  22. 22. Into: Availability •  Checks need to be reliable •  Avoid anything that can „flap“ •  Allow for retries, even allow for larger intervals •  „Wiggle room“ •  Reason: DESTROY any false alerts •  Invent more End2End / Alive Checks Nagios/Icinga users: •  You must(!) take care of Parent definitions
  23. 23. Example: Availability •  checks that focus on availability •  Top Down to •  „doesn‘t ping“ •  Bonded nic •  missing process Aggregation rules: •  „all“ DNS servers are down •  bus factor is „too low“ •  Can your config understand the SLAs?
  24. 24. Into: Performance •  Constant, low intervals •  One thing measured at multiple points •  Historical data and prediction the future •  Ideally, only alert based on performance issues •  Interface checks, BAD! •  one alert for two things? link loss,BW limit, error rates •  => maybe historical unicorn/s? •  => loses meaning
  25. 25. Example: Performance Monitoring IO subsystem •  Monitoring Disk BW / IOPS / Queue / Latency! •  Per Disk (xxx MB/s, 200 / 4 / 30ms)! •  Per Host (x GB/s, 4000 / 512 / 30ms)! •  Replication Traffic % Disk IO % Net IO! Homework: Baseline / Benchmark Turn into „Power reserve“ alerts, aggregate over all hosts. •  Nobody ever did it. •  Nobody stops us, either
  26. 26. Capacity? They figured it out. Screenshot removed.
  27. 27. Capacity? Turn some checks into „Power reserve“ alerts. Nobody ever did it. Nobody stops us, either. Example: one_hosts summary check. aggregate over all hosts.
  28. 28. Into: Redundancy Monitor all components, sublayers making them up. Associate them: •  Physical Disks •  SAN Lun, Raid Vdisk, MD Raid volume •  Filesystem... Make your alerting aware. Make it differentiate...
  29. 29. Example: Redundancy Why would you get the same alert for: •  Broken disk in a raid10+HSP under a DR:BD volume? •  A lost LUN •  A crashed storage array What are your goals •  for replacing a broken disk that is protected •  for MTTR on a array failure => you really need to adjust your „retries“
  30. 30. Create rules to bind them •  An eye on details •  Relationships •  Impact analysis •  Cloud services: Constantly changing platform ⇒  Close to impossible to maintain manually ⇒  Infra as Code is more than a Puppet class adding a dozen „standard“ service checks.
  31. 31. Approach 1.  Predefine monitoring rulesets on expectations 2.  Externalize SLA info (thresholds) for rulesets 3.  Create Business Intelligence / Process rulesets that match on attributes (no hardwire of objects) 4.  Use live, external data for identifiying monitored objects 5.  Handling changes: Hook into ONE and Nagios 6.  Sit back, watch it fall into place.
  32. 32. Predefine rules ONEd must be running on Frontends Libvirtd must be running on HV Hosts KVM must be loaded on HV Hosts Diskspace on /var/libvirt/whatever must be OK on HV Hosts Networking bridge must be up on HV Hosts Router VM must be running for networks
  33. 33. Externalize SLAs •  IOPS reserve must be over <float>% threshold •  Free storage must be enough for <float>% hours‘ growth plus snapshots on <float>% of existing VMs •  Create a file with those numbers •  Source it and fill the gaps in your rules simply at config generation time
  34. 34. Build Business aggregations ONEd must be running on Frontend Libvirtd must be running on HV Hosts KVM must be loaded on HV Hosts Diskspace on /var/libvirt/whatever must match SLA on HV Hosts Networking bridge must be up on HV Hosts Router VM must be running for networks -> Platform is available
  35. 35. Live data •  ONE frontend nodes know about all HV hosts •  All about its ressouces •  All about its networks •  So lets source that. •  Add attributes (which we do know) automatically •  The rules will match on those attributes for _vnet in _one_info[vnets].keys():! checks += [([ „one-infra“ ], „VM vrouter-%s“ % vnet )]!
  36. 36. We can haz config! •  Attributes == Check_MK host tags •  Check_MK rules made on attributes, not hosts etc. •  Rules suddenly match as objects are available •  Rules inherit SLA data •  Check_MK writes out valid Nagios config => The pieces have fallen
  37. 37. Change... happens •  We now have a fancy config. But... Once Nagios is running, it‘s running. •  How will Check_MK detect new services (i.e. Virtual Machines)? •  How will you not get stupid alerts after onehost delete •  How will a new system be added into Nagios automatically? Please: don‘t say crontab! Use Hooks!
  38. 38. How do I use this OpenNebula Marketplace: •  Would like to add preconfigured OMD monitoring VM •  Add context: SSH info for ONE frontend •  Test, poke around, ask questions, create patches
  39. 39. Join? Questions? •  Thanks! Ask questions - or do it later J •  fh@florianheigl.me
  40. 40. Monitoring 3 Monitoring Sites •  Availability •  Capacity •  Business Processes Use preconfigured rulesets ...that differ. Goal: Nothing hardcoded
  41. 41. Monitoring Different handling: Interface link state -> Availability Interface IO rates -> Capacity Rack Power % -> Capacity Rack Power OK -> Availability Sunstone: Availability Business Processes
  42. 42. Interface 1.  HOOK injects services (or hosts) 2.  Each monitoring filters applicable 3.  Rulesets immediately apply to new objects •  Central Monitoring to aggregate (...them all)