1
11111111
LGBTI PUBLIC
OPINION POLL
WESTERN BALKANS
JUNE/JULY 2015
1 © 2015 Ipsos.
2 © 2015 Ipsos.
METHODOLOGY
3
GENERAL POPULATION
Implementation: Research conducted in June 2015.
Sample framework: General population, adults 18+
Sam...
4
LGBTI COMMUNITY – Online Survey
Implementation: Research conducted at the end of June and early July 2015.
Sample framew...
5
LGBTI sample – percentage of activists
LGBTI POPULATION, WESTERN BALKANS 2015
26 28 24
9
23
9
44 39
52
52
42
61
10
6
14
...
6 © 2015 Ipsos.
LGBTI
SOCIAL PERCEPTIONS
7
Level of knowledge about the LGBTI community
GENERAL POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015
Gay Lesbians Bisexuals Transgender ...
8
LGBTI people see themselves as most discriminated
LGBTI POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015
63
40
81
57
51
41
18
31
10
24
15...
9
Psychological abuse and verbal harassment:
General perceptions vs. LGBTI reality do not match
36 32
13
42
30 30
76 72 81...
10
Perpetrators of psychological and verbal abuse
LGBTI POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015
16 17 18
24
17
36
15
42
12
20 31
2...
11
Physical violence:
General perceptions vs. LGBTI reality somewhat match
29 29
11
29 25 22
32
15
29 27 28
23
Alb B&H Kos...
12
Main perpetrators of physical violence
LGBTI POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015
Which of the following groups were the mai...
13
Discrimination:
General perceptions vs. LGBTI reality do not match
28 23
11
25 22 23
65
51
67
54 49 51
Alb B&H Kos Mac ...
14
Main areas of discrimination
LGBTI POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015
39 36
29
36 37
24
19 19
14
24
6
19
10 12
5
7
5 5
13
...
15
If their child were LGBTI, most would try to “cure” them.
GENERAL POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015
6
8
3
5
8
12
11
18
22...
16
When discovering a friend or neighbor to be LGBTI,
most would stop communication
GENERAL POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 201...
17
“Well, me, for example, I don’t have a problem with public displays, nor them walking
the streets, anything, but it wou...
18
On average, one in 10 people personally interacts with
someone whom they know to be LGBTI
GENERAL POPULATION/WESTERN BA...
19
Personal contact reduces prejudice and stereotypes
GENERAL POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015
Now I am going to read to yo...
20
Serbia: Increased visibility not raising tolerance,
suggesting potential lag time
GENERAL POPULATION/SERBIA 2014 AND 20...
21
15 18
73
51
88
69
7
203
10
Western Balkans average
Those who personally interact with LGBTI
persons
A strong majority r...
22
Support for marriage-related rights to LGBTI couples—
except adoption. Interaction boosts support.
GENERAL POPULATION/W...
23 © 2015 Ipsos.
LGBTI
POLITICAL INCLUSION
24
Economy and unemployment are top issues
GENERAL POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015
In your opinion, what is the most impor...
25
Most voters would not vote for a political party that
supports LGBTI rights
GENERAL POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015
58
...
26
Serbia’s ruling party did not lose support in allowing the
2014 Belgrade Pride Parade to take place
GENERAL POPULATION/...
27
LGBTI people vote in numbers lower than general turnout
LGBTI POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015
Did you vote on last held...
28
31
16
14
20
27
21
69
84
86
80
73
79
Alb
B&H
Kos
Mac
Mne
Srb
Yes No
LGBTI people are open to entering politics
LGBTI POP...
29
LGBTI POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015
76
69 71
45
67
59
24
31 29
55
33
41
Alb B&H Kos Mac Mne Srb
Pride Parades are not...
30
Please rank the top three reasons which would motivate you to support a Pride Parade?
LGBTI POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS ...
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NDI Public Opinion Poll in the Balkans on LGBTI Communities

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Young, educated and urban residents in six countries in the Balkans show measurable support for LGBTI rights, but most respondents to a regional poll released by NDI today do not believe that LGBTI people should be able to live openly based on equal rights. The poll is a guidepost and a call to action to LGBTI groups seeking equal rights for their communities. NDI conducted the research as part of its commitment to more inclusive political processes, wherein all segments of society are able to influence decisions affecting their well being.

The poll reveals low levels of knowledge about the groups comprising the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex communities, and a correspondingly high degree of resistance to conferring equal rights and opportunities based on sexual orientation and gender identity. At the same time, poll respondents roundly disavow physical violence against LGBTI members of society. And for certain demographic groups, among them young and urbanized citizens, there is a small and perhaps growing acceptance of LGBTI rights.

The research was conducted over the summer of 2015 in Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia.

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  • FOR NDI MARKO: Verbally comment on PERCENT of right answers only – slide that was eliminated.
    Albania 8%, BIH 4%, Kosovo less then 1%, Macedonia 1%, Montenegro 6% and Serbia 7%.
  • COMMENT: Same situation was in Montenegro with Milo Djukanovic and ruling part around 2014 Pride Parade
  • LIMITATION: General population is face to face while LGBTI is online (online community always shows less participation in election – younger, more educated etc etc), General population is representative sample and LGBTI convenient sample
  • NDI Public Opinion Poll in the Balkans on LGBTI Communities

    1. 1. 1 11111111 LGBTI PUBLIC OPINION POLL WESTERN BALKANS JUNE/JULY 2015 1 © 2015 Ipsos.
    2. 2. 2 © 2015 Ipsos. METHODOLOGY
    3. 3. 3 GENERAL POPULATION Implementation: Research conducted in June 2015. Sample framework: General population, adults 18+ Sample type: Three-stage stratified random representative sample First stage: The territory of polling stations Second stage: Households (SRSWoR – random steps) Third stage: Respondents within households (Kish grid) Sample size: Serbia: 1025 Macedonia: 1044 Bosnia and Herzegovina: 1052 Kosovo: 1221 Albania: 1044 Montenegro: 1050 Research type: Field survey – Face to face; average interview length 25 min Post-stratification: By gender, age and region Error margins: ±1.4 % with the incidence of 5% ±2.8 % with the incidence of 25% ±3.3 % with the incidence of 50%
    4. 4. 4 LGBTI COMMUNITY – Online Survey Implementation: Research conducted at the end of June and early July 2015. Sample framework: Online LGBTI Population Sample size: Serbia: 180 Macedonia: 237 Montenegro: 78 Bosnia & Herzegovina: 67 Kosovo: 21 Albania: 72 Sample type: Convenient sample Research type: Online questionnaire—average response time 20 min LGBTI FOCUS GROUPS Implementation: August 2015. Group number: 3 in each country (2 with general population and 1 with LGBTI population) Location: Belgrade, Podgorica, Pristina, Sarajevo, Skopje, Tirana
    5. 5. 5 LGBTI sample – percentage of activists LGBTI POPULATION, WESTERN BALKANS 2015 26 28 24 9 23 9 44 39 52 52 42 61 10 6 14 8 14 12 19 27 10 30 21 19 Alb B&H Kos Mac Mne Srb No, but I would like to Not currently but I used to be No Yes
    6. 6. 6 © 2015 Ipsos. LGBTI SOCIAL PERCEPTIONS
    7. 7. 7 Level of knowledge about the LGBTI community GENERAL POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015 Gay Lesbians Bisexuals Transgender Transexuals Intersexuals 60 46 49 51 79 80 58 45 44 50 79 80 47 35 38 42 64 59 34 25 33 34 54 43 49 52 36 30 27 38 29 36 27 28 22 29Alb B&H Kos Mac Mne Srb From a list of certain social groups, please indicate if you consider them part of LGBTI group.
    8. 8. 8 LGBTI people see themselves as most discriminated LGBTI POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015 63 40 81 57 51 41 18 31 10 24 15 31 7 6 6 5 9 8 7 5 6 6 12 14 20 10 16 Alb B&H Kos Mac Mne Srb Don’t know Other The elderly Religious minorities Children National minorities Women People with psychiatric disabilities The poor People with physical disabilities People with developmental disabilities Roma Sexual minorities (LGBTI) Which of the following groups would you say are the most exposed to discrimination in your country?
    9. 9. 9 Psychological abuse and verbal harassment: General perceptions vs. LGBTI reality do not match 36 32 13 42 30 30 76 72 81 66 54 72 Alb B&H Kos Mac Mne Srb LGBTI Population 2015 General Population 2015 2014 : 57% Thinking about LGBTI persons, how often are they denigrated by family, friends and/or colleagues? Have you personally ever been exposed to psychological abuse due to your SEXUAL ORIENTATION OR GENDER IDENTITY, e.g. cruel jokes and demeaning comments, insults, threats of physical violence, etc.
    10. 10. 10 Perpetrators of psychological and verbal abuse LGBTI POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015 16 17 18 24 17 36 15 42 12 20 31 26 24 10 12 18 19 1224 8 35 11 10 8 6 10 17 9 7 8 77 6 8 2 6 6 58 6 10 9 Alb B&H Kos Mac Mne Srb Other Close relatives Officials in institutions/organisations Public persons Work colleagues Hooligans Friends Family People on the streets/passers by School colleagues Which of the following groups have been the main perpetrators of psychological abuse in most cases?
    11. 11. 11 Physical violence: General perceptions vs. LGBTI reality somewhat match 29 29 11 29 25 22 32 15 29 27 28 23 Alb B&H Kos Mac Mne Srb 2014 : 21% When it comes to physical violence, how often were people suspected or known to belong to the LGBT population exposed to physical violence of by family, friends, schoolmates, colleagues and/or strangers? LGBTI Population 2015 General Population 2015 Have you personally ever been victimized by PHYSICAL violence due to YOUR SEXUAL ORIENTATION OR GENDER IDENTITY?
    12. 12. 12 Main perpetrators of physical violence LGBTI POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015 Which of the following groups were the main perpetrators of physical violence in most cases? 39 40 17 29 45 43 30 19 32 29 13 30 21 14 17 16 14 5 22 50 11 9 17 517 8 5 4 Alb B&H Kos Mac Mne Srb Other Close relatives Public persons Work colleagues Officials in institutions/organisations Friends Family School colleagues Hooligans People on the streets/passers by
    13. 13. 13 Discrimination: General perceptions vs. LGBTI reality do not match 28 23 11 25 22 23 65 51 67 54 49 51 Alb B&H Kos Mac Mne Srb 2014 : 52% How often do you believe that people receive worse treatment than others because they belong to the LGBTI population? Have you personally ever been exposed to discrimination due to your sexual orientation or gender identity? LGBTI Population 2015 General Population 2015
    14. 14. 14 Main areas of discrimination LGBTI POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015 39 36 29 36 37 24 19 19 14 24 6 19 10 12 5 7 5 5 13 5 8 5 13 24 10 5 10 9 6 5 11 10 7 10 6 13 17 10 20 16 18 Alb B&H Kos Mac Mne Srb Other Judiciary Access to public services Health services Military Employment advancement Education and professional development Social protection Political engagement Police protection Employment Based on your personal experience, in which areas are LGBTI people most frequently discriminated?
    15. 15. 15 If their child were LGBTI, most would try to “cure” them. GENERAL POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015 6 8 3 5 8 12 11 18 22 8 11 15 10 5 7 12 10 44 41 58 47 48 12 11 9 10 9 7 12 7 15 8 11 7 6 2 6 3 2 1 10 42Alb B&H Kos Mac Mne Srb I would support him/her completely Don't know I would accept it but I would try to make sure that no one else finds out that except our family I would try to help him/her – to find a cure for that I would stop communicating with him/her I would made him/her leave our family house I would use physical punishment If you would find out that your child is a homosexual (previously mentioned LGBTI person), how would you react?
    16. 16. 16 When discovering a friend or neighbor to be LGBTI, most would stop communication GENERAL POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015 If you discovered that your friend/acquaintance/colleague or neighbor is an LGBTI person, how would you react? 3 11 3 7 10 14 5 10 14 4 6 7 17 25 8 25 25 32 25 23 30 25 24 20 34 30 33 34 34 26 17 1 13 5 2 0 Alb B&H Kos Mac Mne Srb I would support him/her completely Don't know I would accept it but I would try not to talk about that I would try to help him/her – to find a cure for that I would stop communicating with him/her I would use physical punishment
    17. 17. 17 “Well, me, for example, I don’t have a problem with public displays, nor them walking the streets, anything, but it would be hard for me that my next door neighbors, are, let’s say a gay married couple, and I have a small child and now I need to explain a million things, and a child can’t understand it the right way, and that for sure can impact a child’s development.” (Female participant of FGDs, General population, Serbia) “Another guy I know was the only gay in his village for whom it knew and he had a lot of trouble because he was rejected from the other boys from the fourth and fifth grades. For example, when he comes in a men’s locker room, those boys were yelling at him, telling him that he is in the wrong locker room, and that he should go to the girls’ locker room. Peers or peer violence is the biggest problem.” (Male participant of FGDs, General population, Albania) Focus Groups Discussion quotes on Social Inclusion GENERAL POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015
    18. 18. 18 On average, one in 10 people personally interacts with someone whom they know to be LGBTI GENERAL POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015 Do you personally interact with any person whom you know to be LGBTI? 18-29, educated, urban 8 10 3 10 13 18 92 91 97 90 87 82 Alb B&H Kos Mac Mne Srb Yes No
    19. 19. 19 Personal contact reduces prejudice and stereotypes GENERAL POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015 Now I am going to read to you some statements and I would like you to tell me to which extent you agree with each of them: 58% 58% 54% 52% 50% 49% 45% 25% 25% 19% 78% 85% 50% 47% 77% 41% 51% 31% 24% 12% 13% 63%I don’t have anything against homosexuals, but they shouldn't exhibit their sexual orientation outside of their homes. Homosexuality has existed always, it is not a phenomenon that has been made up recently Homosexuality is a sickness If homosexuality was normal the Church / your religious community would approve it Homosexuals are citizens as much as everybody else In a normal family a child can't become a homosexual Tolerance of differencies have gone to other extreme and now members of minorities have more rights than the rest If it were not imposed by the West, there would be no homosexuals in our country Transgender persons work only in prostitution Homosexuals are no better than criminals and should be severely punished It is quite right to physically punish the homosexuals General Population average for Western Balkans Personally interact with LGBTI persons
    20. 20. 20 Serbia: Increased visibility not raising tolerance, suggesting potential lag time GENERAL POPULATION/SERBIA 2014 AND 2015 Personally interact with LGBTI persons 38% 25% 20% 4% 3% 38% 38% 25% 28% 7% 4% 37%If homosexuality was normal the Church / your religious community would approve it Homosexuality is a sickness If it were not imposed by the West, there would be no homosexuals in our country In a normal family a child can't become a homosexual Homosexuals are no better than criminals and should be severely punished It is quite right to physically punish the homosexuals 2014 2015 To which extent you agree with the following?: 530 000 citizens 950 000 citizens
    21. 21. 21 15 18 73 51 88 69 7 203 10 Western Balkans average Those who personally interact with LGBTI persons A strong majority rejects same-sex marriage GENERAL POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015  Completely acceptable  Mainly acceptable  Mainly unacceptable  Completely unacceptable Is it acceptable for LGBTI couples to get married?
    22. 22. 22 Support for marriage-related rights to LGBTI couples— except adoption. Interaction boosts support. GENERAL POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015 Please indicate whether or not you think it acceptable LGBTI people to exercise the following based on cohabitation with their partners? 32% 30% 30% 29% 29% 10% 67% 59% 60% 58% 51% 57% 26% 39% The right of LGBTI people to visit their patner in hospital or prison The right of LGBTI people to health insurance based on their partner’s insurance The right of LGBTI people to be treated as next of kin in the event of partner’s incapacity or death The right to automatically inherit their partner’s possessions in the event of their partner’s death The right to legal action related to division of property & assets should their partnership be dissolved The right of LGBTI people to inherit partner’s pension in the event of their partner’s death The right of LGBTI people to adopt children General Population average for Western Balkans Personally interact with LGBTI persons
    23. 23. 23 © 2015 Ipsos. LGBTI POLITICAL INCLUSION
    24. 24. 24 Economy and unemployment are top issues GENERAL POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015 In your opinion, what is the most important problem that your country is facing at this moment, the problems that you personally are the most concerned about? Average Albania Bosnia- Herzegovina Montenegro Kosovo Macedonia Serbia Unemployment 47 49 55 40 54 35 45 Economy 8 11 5 6 9 10 8 Corruption 7 10 6 7 16 1 4 Low living standard 5 2 2 10 5 13 General poverty 4 4 7 4 5 4 Domestic politics 3 5 3 1 9 2 Criminal 3 6 3 4 3 1 3 Health care system 2 3 1 1 1 3 2 Political affairs & conflicts 2 1 5 4 Pensions 1 2 3 1 3
    25. 25. 25 Most voters would not vote for a political party that supports LGBTI rights GENERAL POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015 58 52 60 61 49 47 18 15 10 17 20 17 8 16 18 5 10 14 10 10 9 12 13 14 5 6 3 6 8 8 Alb B&H Kos Mac Mne Srb I wouldn’t vote for sure for that party I probably wouldn’t vote for that party Don't know I would probably vote for that party I would vote for sure for that party If a party focuses on the most important problem in your country and also says it wants to protect and promote the rights of LGBTI citizens, would you vote for that party?
    26. 26. 26 Serbia’s ruling party did not lose support in allowing the 2014 Belgrade Pride Parade to take place GENERAL POPULATION/SERBIA 2014 24% 26% 26% 26% 27% 46% 48% 47% 54% 47% 14-Jul 14-Aug 14-Sep 14-Oct 14-Nov SNS A. Vučić Which party would you vote for if elections were held this weekend?
    27. 27. 27 LGBTI people vote in numbers lower than general turnout LGBTI POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015 Did you vote on last held Parliamentary election? LGBTI voters: Male (except in B&H), aged 20-30, high school graduates, students, college graduates 81 75 74 81 71 70 68 69 52 62 59 58 Alb B&H Kos Mac Mne Srb General Population LGBTI Population
    28. 28. 28 31 16 14 20 27 21 69 84 86 80 73 79 Alb B&H Kos Mac Mne Srb Yes No LGBTI people are open to entering politics LGBTI POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015 Would you personally stand as a candidate in your party/municipality/city/country?
    29. 29. 29 LGBTI POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015 76 69 71 45 67 59 24 31 29 55 33 41 Alb B&H Kos Mac Mne Srb Pride Parades are not helping improve the position of LGBTI community Pride Parades have improved the position of LGBTI community Most LGBTI persons in the region, except Macedonia, see Pride as helping LGBTI communities Which statement do you personally agree more?
    30. 30. 30 Please rank the top three reasons which would motivate you to support a Pride Parade? LGBTI POPULATION/WESTERN BALKANS 2015 38 12 24 37 35 24 14 48 5 32 14 17 26 13 24 15 4 11 7 7 29 4 19 26 13 15 19 9 12 17 3 4 3 17 6 Alb B&H Kos Mac Mne Srb A larger number of LGBTI organizations supported the organization of a Pride Parade More organizations, not engaged in LGBTI rights, supported the organization of a Pride Parade There were some other additional Parade programmes also during the year Prominent national politicians stood at the head of a Pride Parade The State guaranteed the security of all of the participants of a Pride Parade More people come forward and publicly supported a Pride Parade Safety and solidarity cited as key to Pride participation

    ×