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NCVO webinar: UK Civil Society Almanac 2020: What the latest data tells us

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Slides from a webinar broadcast on 9 July 2020

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NCVO webinar: UK Civil Society Almanac 2020: What the latest data tells us

  1. 1. THE UK CIVIL SOCIETY ALMANAC 2020 What can the latest data tell us about charities’ challenges now and the future? 9 June 2020 | #ncvoAlmanac
  2. 2. SPONSOR’S INTRODUCTION Richard Maitland Partner and Head of Charities Sarasin & Partners
  3. 3. THE LATEST DATA AND WHAT IT MEANS FOR THE SECTOR Topics we will cover • Size and scope of the sector • Income and income sources • Assets and reserves • Staff • Volunteers
  4. 4. WHAT IS THE ALMANAC?
  5. 5. ALMOST 20 YEARS OF DATA ON CHARITY FINANCES, WORKFORCE AND VOLUNTEERING
  6. 6. SIZE AND SCOPE OF THE SECTOR
  7. 7. POLL 1: Based on the Almanac definitions, how big is your organisation?
  8. 8. Data - 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 Number of voluntary organisations, 2000/01 to 2017/18 166,952 171,074 163,392 THE NUMBER OF ORGANISATIONS HAS REMAINED RELATIVELY STABLE OVER THE PAST FIVE YEARS
  9. 9. THE MAJORITY OF ORGANISATIONS ARE SMALL WITH INCOME OF LESS THAN £100K 81 15 3 0.4 0.034 14 28 31 23 5 14 28 29 24 2 11 30 28 28 Micro and small Medium Large Major Super-major Number Income Spending Assets Proportion of number of organisations, income, spending, assets by size, 2017/18 (%) Data
  10. 10. THE MAKE-UP OF THE SECTOR IS CHANGING BUT THE REAL PICTURE IS MORE COMPLEX Data Share of total income by size of organisation, 2000/01 to 2017/18 (%) 0 20 40 60 80 100 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16 2016/17 2017/18 Micro, small and medium Large Major and super-major 0 10 20 30 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16 2016/17 2017/18 Income by size of organisation, 2000/01 to 2017/18 (£bn, 2017/18 prices)
  11. 11. DOES SIZE MATTER? Different sized charities will face different challenges Large • Still vulnerable to economic shocks • Higher operating costs and larger liabilities Small • Volatile income and short-term funding • Blurring between governance and operations Implications
  12. 12. Implications
  13. 13. INCOME AND INCOME STREAMS
  14. 14. POLL 2: For the current financial year, what changes are you expecting for your total income compared to your initial budget?
  15. 15. INCOME IS GROWING, BUT MORE SLOWLY THAN IN PREVIOUS YEARS Data Total income, 2000/01 to 2017/18 (£bn, 2017/18 prices) £53.5bn 0 10 20 30 40 50 60
  16. 16. THE PUBLIC IS DRIVING OVERALL INCOME GROWTH Data Breakdown of income by source over time, 2000/01 to 2017/18 (£bn, 2017/18 prices) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 The public Government Voluntary sector Investment Private sector National Lottery
  17. 17. GOVERNMENT INCOME AS A PROPORTION OF TOTAL INCOME IS AT ITS LOWEST POINT Data Income from government as total amount and as proportion of the sector's total income, 2000/01 to 2017/18 (£bn, %, 2017/18 prices) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 0 5 10 15 20 25 Amount (£bn) As porportion of total income (%) 29% 37%
  18. 18. HOW CAN CHARITIES PLAN FOR FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY? Financial impact will differ depending on income profiles Latest NCVO / IoF / CFG / PWC survey: • Trading income 72% lower than expected • Voluntary income 14% lower than expected Implications
  19. 19. HOW MIGHT SPENDING DECISIONS CHANGE? Implications Source: CAF UK Giving
  20. 20. ASSETS AND RESERVES
  21. 21. POLL 3: How many reserves do you have in terms of months of spending?
  22. 22. INVESTMENT ASSETS HAVE RECOVERED BUT GROWTH IS SLOWING DOWN Data Nets assets and investments assets, 2000/01 to 2017/18 (£bn, 2017/18 prices) 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 Total net assets Investment assets
  23. 23. THE SECTOR’S RESERVES HAVE GROWN BACK TO PRE-FINANCIAL CRISIS LEVELS OF 2008 Data Reserves over time, 2000/01 to 2017/18 (£bn, 2017/18 prices) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 £63.5bn£63.2bn
  24. 24. LEVELS OF RESERVES DIFFER NOTABLY ACROSS DIFFERENT SUBSECTORS Data Level of reserves as months of spending by subsector, 2017/18 71 36 15 13 12 10 8 8 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 4 3 2 Research Grant-making foundations Religion Housing Development Playgroups and nurseries Environment Health Law and advocacy Social services Scout groups and youth clubs Education International Umbrella bodies Employment and training Culture and recreation Parent-teacher associations Village halls
  25. 25. HEADING TOWARDS FINANCIAL FRAGILITY? • Reduction in income from investments • Use of reserves to cover operational costs Implications
  26. 26. STAFF
  27. 27. POLL 4: What changes are you expecting for your paid workforce in the coming 6 months?
  28. 28. THE SECTOR’S WORKFORCE HAS REACHED 900,000 FOR THE FIRST TIME Data Number of employees in the voluntary sector, September 2009 to June 2019 0 250,000 500,000 750,000 1,000,000 909,088
  29. 29. OVER A THIRD OF THE VOLUNTARY SECTOR WORKFORCE ARE EMPLOYED IN SOCIAL WORK ACTIVITIES Data Proportion of voluntary sector employees by subsector, June 2019 (%) 37 1212 9 6 24 Social work Residential care Education Membership Human health Other
  30. 30. CHARITIES HAVE A HIGHER PROPORTION OF PART-TIME EMPLOYEES THAN OTHER SECTORS Data 63 71 75 37 29 25 Voluntary Public Private Full-time Part-time Work pattern by sector, June 2019 (%)
  31. 31. THE NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES IS LIKELY TO DECREASE Implications
  32. 32. VOLUNTEERING
  33. 33. POLL 5: Have your volunteers been able to continue volunteering?
  34. 34. LEVELS OF VOLUNTEERING HAVE REMAINED STABLE Data Formal volunteering rates, 2001 to 2018/19 (%) 0 10 20 30 40 50 Once a month (old survey) Once a year (old survey) Once a month Once a year 36% 22%
  35. 35. PEOPLE AGED 65–74 ARE THE AGE GROUP MOST LIKELY TO VOLUNTEER ON A REGULAR BASIS Data Proportion of people formally volunteering by age group, 2018/19 (%) 35 29 40 36 39 31 21 15 22 22 28 24 16 to 24 25 to 34 35 to 49 50 to 64 65 to 74 75 and over At least once in the last year At least once a month
  36. 36. THE WAY IN WHICH PEOPLE VOLUNTEER HAS CHANGED Implications
  37. 37. PRACTICAL SUPPORT
  38. 38. EFFECTIVE LEADERSHIP • NCVO webinars on board leadership during the pandemic and key things trustees need to focus on • NCVO’s governance wheel FINANCIAL SUPPORT AND MANAGEMENT • Government guidance for voluntary and community organisations • Webinars and training • Financial difficulty and insolvency guidance What next? PRACTICAL SUPPORT
  39. 39. PRACTICAL SUPPORT INVESTMENTS • Sarasin’s Compendium of Investment What next?
  40. 40. PRACTICAL SUPPORT What next? MANAGING AND SUPPORTING YOUR WORKFORCE • Blog: How to support employee wellbeing during coronavirus • Webinar: Practical considerations for managing and supporting staff • Upcoming webinar: How to manage operational change INVOLVING VOLUNTEERS • Keeping volunteers engaged during coronavirus • Webinar: Volunteering in a pandemic – lessons from voluntary organisations • Guidance on involving volunteers during covid-19 NCVO Knowhow
  41. 41. Q & A

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