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An Introduction To Community Medicine
(Basic Definitions)
Community Medicine
Community Medicine is the new branch of medicine recently added with a concept to provide
health all of the community as it is the basic right of the community. Community Medicine may
be defined as;
“Community Medicine is a system of delivery of comprehensive health care to the people by a
health team in order to improve the health of community.” (WHO Definition)
“Community Medicine may be in other words, the science of application of technical knowledge
and skills to delivery of health care to a community, designed in collaboration with related
professions as well as human and social sciences on the one hand and community on the
other.”
Community Medicine is concerned with health and disease in a defined community with a goal
to mark out the health problems and needs of people in a community (community diagnosis)
and then to plan, implement and evaluate the effectiveness of health care system.
Let’s have a brief concept of some terms before going forward i-e Community, Medicine,
Health, Disease etc.
What Is Community?
“The Community is a large number of individuals living together in defined geographical area
and having common interests, goals & ways of life.”
What Is Medicine?
“Medicine is the branch of science that deals with diagnosis, treatment and maintenance of
health.”
What Is Comprehensive Health Care?
“Comprehensive Health Care is the provision of personal & impersonal health services to the
community for the prevention of disease, cure of illness, prevents disability & economic
insecurity & dependency associated with illness.”
What Is Personal Health Services?
“Personal Health Services are those which directly affect the health of individuals.” Examples
are provision of maternal and child health services, occupational health & school health
services etc.
What Is Impersonal Health Services?
“Impersonal Health Services are those services which indirectly affect the health of individuals.”
Examples are provision of pure water supply, proper sanitation system, drainage & housing etc.
What Is Preventive Medicine?
“Preventive Medicine is the science & art of preventing disease, prolonging life & promoting
physical & mental health and efficiency.”
What Is Science?
“Science means to know.” It is concerned with knowing facts and principles.
What Is Art?
“Art is the application of principles of science.”
What Is Social Medicine?
“Social Medicine is the study of man in his total environment which may be physical, biological
& socio-economic environment respectively.”
What Is Health?
“Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely an absence
of disease or infirmity.”
It is the study of the relationship b/w variations in man’s environment.
Note: - Health is a fundamental human’s right.
What Is Disease?
“Disease is the condition of the body or its some part or organ of the body in which its functions
are disturbed or deranged (Psychosocial/Psychological dysfunction).”
The following are included in the study of community medicine;
The Knowledge of Termed As
Population to be served Demography
Patterns of Health and disease Epidemiology
Collection, compilation and analysis of data Biostatistics
Behavioral factors and their effect on Health Behavioral sciences
Control and prevention of diseases Preventive Medicine
The food people eat Nutrition
Environmental factors and their effects on
Health
Environmental Health
Delivery of Health Care Health Administration and Planning
What Is Illness?
“Illness is the subjective state of the person who feels not being well.”
What Is Sickness?
“Sickness is the state of social dysfunction.”
For detail study of each topic, please go to community medicine & click to find respective
details.
Feedback us http://mukhdoom.com for more data & info.
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An Introduction To Community Medicine (Basic Definitions) | SurgicoMed.com

  • 1. An Introduction To Community Medicine (Basic Definitions) Community Medicine Community Medicine is the new branch of medicine recently added with a concept to provide health all of the community as it is the basic right of the community. Community Medicine may be defined as; “Community Medicine is a system of delivery of comprehensive health care to the people by a health team in order to improve the health of community.” (WHO Definition) “Community Medicine may be in other words, the science of application of technical knowledge and skills to delivery of health care to a community, designed in collaboration with related professions as well as human and social sciences on the one hand and community on the other.” Community Medicine is concerned with health and disease in a defined community with a goal to mark out the health problems and needs of people in a community (community diagnosis) and then to plan, implement and evaluate the effectiveness of health care system. Let’s have a brief concept of some terms before going forward i-e Community, Medicine, Health, Disease etc.
  • 2. What Is Community? “The Community is a large number of individuals living together in defined geographical area and having common interests, goals & ways of life.” What Is Medicine? “Medicine is the branch of science that deals with diagnosis, treatment and maintenance of health.” What Is Comprehensive Health Care? “Comprehensive Health Care is the provision of personal & impersonal health services to the community for the prevention of disease, cure of illness, prevents disability & economic insecurity & dependency associated with illness.” What Is Personal Health Services? “Personal Health Services are those which directly affect the health of individuals.” Examples are provision of maternal and child health services, occupational health & school health services etc.
  • 3. What Is Impersonal Health Services? “Impersonal Health Services are those services which indirectly affect the health of individuals.” Examples are provision of pure water supply, proper sanitation system, drainage & housing etc. What Is Preventive Medicine? “Preventive Medicine is the science & art of preventing disease, prolonging life & promoting physical & mental health and efficiency.” What Is Science? “Science means to know.” It is concerned with knowing facts and principles. What Is Art? “Art is the application of principles of science.” What Is Social Medicine? “Social Medicine is the study of man in his total environment which may be physical, biological & socio-economic environment respectively.” What Is Health? “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely an absence of disease or infirmity.” It is the study of the relationship b/w variations in man’s environment. Note: - Health is a fundamental human’s right.
  • 4. What Is Disease? “Disease is the condition of the body or its some part or organ of the body in which its functions are disturbed or deranged (Psychosocial/Psychological dysfunction).” The following are included in the study of community medicine; The Knowledge of Termed As Population to be served Demography Patterns of Health and disease Epidemiology Collection, compilation and analysis of data Biostatistics Behavioral factors and their effect on Health Behavioral sciences Control and prevention of diseases Preventive Medicine The food people eat Nutrition Environmental factors and their effects on Health Environmental Health Delivery of Health Care Health Administration and Planning
  • 5. What Is Illness? “Illness is the subjective state of the person who feels not being well.” What Is Sickness? “Sickness is the state of social dysfunction.” For detail study of each topic, please go to community medicine & click to find respective details. Feedback us http://mukhdoom.com for more data & info. Like us @ https://www.facebook.com/StairsOfSuccess