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Cartoons Book about Ethics at Work: Part 2

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Part 2 of my new and free book with 75 cartoons is now available! You can download and read it here. I hope you like (some of) the cartoons and that you will use them to discuss ethical issues at your work. The paperback of the full book with 150 cartoons is available at Amazon US, UK, Germany, France, Japan, and Spain.
Happy regards,
Muel

Veröffentlicht in: Unterhaltung & Humor
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Cartoons Book about Ethics at Work: Part 2

  1. 1. Catalogue I-Z Muel Kaptein ETHICISMS AND THEIR RISKS: 75 new cartoons about ethics at work
  2. 2. Serious Preface
  3. 3. Ethics with a Smile (1/5) Ethics is a critical reflection on moral values, norms, and behavior. Cartoons can be a powerful tool for this reflection: they can be used to describe and challenge morality in a visual and humoristic way. In this manner, cartoons function as ethics with a smile.
  4. 4. Ethicisms (2/5) This book contains 75 cartoons. Each cartoon refers to a distinctive and fundamental view about ethics in the workplace. I call these ethicisms because they are all nouns that end with the suffix –ism. Words that end in -ism describe how we think and how we perceive things. Ethicisms relate to the moral theories, doctrines, and ideologies that we follow.
  5. 5. The Importance of Ethicisms (3/5) The ethicisms that we follow are important for what ethics means to us, how we apply ethics, and how we expect others to behave. We cannot understand or change morality without understanding ethicisms.
  6. 6. A Catalogue of Ethicisms (4/5) This book is a catalogue of ethicisms, presented alphabetically, from I to Z. The other 75 ethicisms, from A to I, have been published earlier this year. I present a short definition and a typical risk of each ethicism. The risk is reflected in the cartoon. I would like to thank John Körver for, based on my sketches, drawing the cartoons.
  7. 7. Free to Share (5/5) The purpose of this free e-book is to help one discover, hopefully with a smile, one’s own ethicisms and the risks they bring. You may also share the cartoons with others to address ethical issues in a disarming manner. Enjoy and happy reflections!
  8. 8. The view that one ought to promote and impose one’s morality on others to gain control over their morality. A risk is that the morality of others is suppressed. 76. Moral imperialism MuelKaptein
  9. 9. The view that one should only pay attention to ethics after incidents. A risk is that ethics does not get preventive attention. 77. Moral incidentalism MuelKaptein
  10. 10. The view that different moral views conflict with each other and that they cannot be reconciled. A risk is that conflicting norms that can and should be reconciled are kept conflicting. 78. Moral incompatibilism MuelKaptein
  11. 11. The view that ethical norms, concepts, and theories are all equal and on a par with each other. A risk is that every norm is tolerated. 79. Moral indifferentism MuelKaptein
  12. 12. The view that individual interests and rights are paramount and that the individual person is of supreme value. A risk is that people ignore their duties toward others. 80. Moral individualism (also personalism and claimism) MuelKaptein
  13. 13. The view that given its universal relevance, ethics should be everywhere. A risk is that ethics gets integrated into everything and thus becomes invisible and unrecognizable. 81. Moral integrativism MuelKaptein
  14. 14. The view that motives and intentions are the objects of moral evaluation. A risk is that unethical behavior is neutralized by claims of having good intentions. 82. Moral intentionalism MuelKaptein
  15. 15. The view that every ethical norm is a matter of interpretation. A risk is wrong interpretations. 83. Moral interpretivism MuelKaptein
  16. 16. The view that our intuitive awareness of what is right or good forms the foundation of our ethical knowledge. A risk is that people misuse their intuition. 84. Moral intuitionism MuelKaptein
  17. 17. The view that one can understand only the morality of one's own culture and not that of other cultures. A risk is that criticism from people of other cultures is dismissed. 85. Moral isolationism MuelKaptein
  18. 18. The view that in cases of doubt regarding moral matters the more liberal course should always be followed. A risk is that freedom is expanded at the expense of moral norms. 86. Moral laxism MuelKaptein
  19. 19. The view that individuals should be left free to determine their own ethical choices because they are individually or collectively capable of doing so. A risk is that management shifts the ethical responsibility to the employees. 87. Moral liberalism (also libertarianism) MuelKaptein
  20. 20. The view that people have the right to behave badly when they are treated badly (as redress) or when they have done good things (as compensation). A risk is that unethical behavior is bought with a good deed. 88. Moral licencism (also vigilantism) MuelKaptein
  21. 21. The view that we bear the greatest responsibility toward those who are closest to us. A risk is the ignorance of interests that are further from us in terms of awareness, distance, and time. 89. Moral loyalism (familiarism and nepotism) MuelKaptein
  22. 22. The view that the world is evil. A risk is that all evil is tolerated or even committed by oneself. 90. Moral malism MuelKaptein
  23. 23. The view that ethics can and should be managed. A risk is exaggerated and too rigorous management. 91. Moral managerialism MuelKaptein
  24. 24. The view that morality is relevant but not very important. A risk is that ethics is only applied to minor but not to major issues. 92. Moral marginalism MuelKaptein
  25. 25. The view that the market, through the principle of supply and demand, determines what is ethical and unethical. A risk is that without a market for ethics there is no ethics. 93. Moral marketism MuelKaptein
  26. 26. The view that because products possess intrinsic goodness, companies have the duty to produce the products (and the consumers have the duty to buy them). A risk is that other moral assumptions of the economic system are blindly accepted. 94. Moral materialism MuelKaptein
  27. 27. The view that morality should be measurable because only then does it exist. A risk is that the focus is on measurement and on what is being measured and not on what it means. 95. Moral measurism MuelKaptein
  28. 28. The view that the world tends to become morally better. A risk is the denial of threats that make the world morally worse. 96. Moral meliorism MuelKaptein
  29. 29. The view that one has to rescue the ethics of others by saving them from evil. A risk is that one becomes intrusive. 97. Moral messianism MuelKaptein
  30. 30. The view that ethics should get some attention but only in a limited way. A risk is that ethics gets too little attention. 98. Moral minimalism MuelKaptein
  31. 31. The view that the ethics of others is superior to one’s own. A risk is the devaluation of one’s own ethics. 99. Moral modestyism MuelKaptein
  32. 32. The view that management should have broad moral autonomy. A risk is that supervising functions regarding management (such as compliance, risk and audit) have a very marginal role. 100. Moral monarchism MuelKaptein
  33. 33. The view that there is unity with one superseding value, goal, or principle. A risk is the neglect of true dilemmas. 101. Moral monism MuelKaptein
  34. 34. The view that the function of ethics is to prescribe what people should (not) do. A risk is that ethics is being prescribed too much. 102. Moralism (also prescriptivism) MuelKaptein
  35. 35. The view that one should approach issues and other persons in a simple and innocent way in order not to become suspicious and anxious. A risk is that there is too much faith on the goodness of others. 103. Moral naivism MuelKaptein
  36. 36. The view that the pursuit of vainglorious and egoistic gratification is to some extent morally desirable. A risk is of becoming smug. 104. Moral narcism (or narcissism) MuelKaptein
  37. 37. The view that only natural laws and forces (as opposed to supernatural or spiritual ones) govern the world so that moral claims are ultimately about features and facts of human beings, human nature, and human societies. A risk is that ‘ought’ (what should) is derived from ‘is’ (what is given in nature). 105. Moral naturalism MuelKaptein
  38. 38. The view that ethics is a negative concept, understood in terms of pain, costs, limitations, and restrictions. A risk is the focus on not behaving unethically instead of also performing ethical actions. 106. Moral negativism MuelKaptein
  39. 39. The view that completely rejects ethics because any talk of an objective morality is incoherent and baseless. A risk is the attempt to behave as unethically as possible. 107. Moral nihilism MuelKaptein
  40. 40. The view that the naming of things defines reality. A risk is that by using euphemisms wrong practices are made less wrong, neutral, or even good. 108. Moral nominalism MuelKaptein
  41. 41. The view that moral norms are based on the reality of human nature and are mind-independent. A risk is that subjective opinions are dismissed. 109. Moral objectivism (constituted by moral universalism, moral realism, and moral absolutism) MuelKaptein
  42. 42. The view that it is acceptable to intentionally keep others in ignorance. A risk is that others are prevented from making good decisions by and for themselves. 110. Moral obscurantism MuelKaptein
  43. 43. The view that it is acceptable or even a duty to oppose norms that are proposed by others. A risk is that even good norms are opposed. 111. Moral obstructionism MuelKaptein
  44. 44. The view that it is acceptable to take advantage of any circumstances, with little regard for principles. A risk is that ethics is sacrificed when it is advantageous. 112. Moral opportunism MuelKaptein
  45. 45. The view that humans only behave ethically when they are compelled and coerced to do so. A risk is harsh enforcement. 113. Moral oppressivism MuelKaptein
  46. 46. The view that it is acceptable to entrust ethical responsibility to others, such as experts and specialists. A risk is that one avoids one’s own responsibilities. 114. Moral outsourcism MuelKaptein
  47. 47. The view that the highest value is peace. A risk is that people will ignore ethical issues that might disturb the peace. 115. Moral pacifism MuelKaptein
  48. 48. The view that one should not take important ethical decisions and actions alone. A risk is that one involves others in unethical actions. 116. Moral partnerism (also co- makerism) MuelKaptein
  49. 49. The view that there are no overriding moral principles that are applicable in every case but that moral judgements are made on a case-to-case basis. A risk is that each particular case has its own selective morality. 117. Moral particularism MuelKaptein
  50. 50. The view that moral perfection is the highest value. A risk is that people suggest that they are flawless and completely honorable. 118. Moral perfectionism (also punctualism and utopianism) MuelKaptein
  51. 51. The view that moral judgements depend on an individual's context or point of view and that there are many equally valid moral opinions about any given topic. A risk is that people may have a positive opinion about unethical behavior. 119. Moral perspectivism (also polylogism) MuelKaptein
  52. 52. The view that reality and the universe are essentially malevolent and evil and that true ethics is unattainable. A risk is that this is used as a justification for doing bad things. 120. Moral pessimism (with pejorism as severe pessimism) MuelKaptein
  53. 53. The view that there are several equally correct and yet incompatible fundamental values that in many cases cannot be objectively ordered in terms of importance. A risk is that decision- making becomes impossible when one is pulled from all sides. 121. Moral pluralism MuelKaptein
  54. 54. The view that norms should be made understandable for and in the interest of the “little man”, such as the simple employee. A risk is that morality is made too popular. 122. Moral populism MuelKaptein
  55. 55. The view that emphasizes the practical value and application of ethics. A risk is that the lack of attention to reflection. 123. Moral pragmatism MuelKaptein
  56. 56. The view that a simple and natural morality is best. A risk is that morality is not adequate for current or complex issues. 124. Moral primitivism MuelKaptein
  57. 57. The view that ethics is personal and private. A risk is that people are not supposed to use their conscience at work. 125. Moral privatism MuelKaptein
  58. 58. The view that one behaves ethically as long as one sticks to procedural norms. A risk is the denial of substantial norms. 126. Moral proceduralism (also processism) MuelKaptein
  59. 59. The view that making profit is the highest moral value because it is the means for serving the interests of others. A risk is that other values are violated. 127. Moral profitism MuelKaptein
  60. 60. The view that ethics can be programmed. A risk is that there is no room for the unexpected. 128. Moral programism MuelKaptein
  61. 61. The view that severe changes in morality are needed. A risk is very frequent and big changes. 129. Moral radicalism MuelKaptein
  62. 62. The view that moral truths and standards are knowable a priori just through clear reasoning and independent thinking. A risk is the moral feeling is deactivated. 130. Moral rationalism MuelKaptein
  63. 63. The view that moral propositions refer to objective facts, independent of the human mind and opinion. A risk is that ethics becomes impersonal and remote. 131. Moral realism (also normalism and normism; part of cognitivism) MuelKaptein
  64. 64. The view that unethical behavior is not problematic as long as people regret it. A risk is that unethical behavior is easily perpetrated given the idea one will regret it afterwards. 132. Moral regrettism MuelKaptein
  65. 65. The view that conceptions of morality are relative to the person or group holding them. A risk is that universal moral norms are denied. 133. Moral relativism MuelKaptein
  66. 66. The view that morality is constructed from or consists of our sensations. A risk is that objective morality is denied. 134. Moral sensationalism (or sensualism) MuelKaptein
  67. 67. The view that due to some specific characteristics of the business context, business ethics prescribes different norms than general ethics. A risk is that business ethics loses its ethics. 135. Business ethics separatism (of secessionism and segregatism) MuelKaptein
  68. 68. The view that focuses excessively on doing good deeds in the short term. A risk is that this kind of attention to ethics cannot be sustained. 136. Moral short-termism MuelKaptein
  69. 69. The view that the particular circumstances deserve to be given more weight in ethical decision- making than general or universal moral norms. A risk is that ethics becomes too flexible. 137. Moral situationalism MuelKaptein
  70. 70. The view that all claims to moral knowledge should be doubted or actively rejected. A risk is that one disagrees offhand with any moral norm. 138. Moral skepticism (with pyrrhonism as total or radical skepticism) MuelKaptein
  71. 71. The view that people should try to evade responsibilities as much as possible (by diving like a submarine). A risk is that no one takes responsibility for unethical practices. 139. Moral subism (also hypegiaphobiaism) MuelKaptein
  72. 72. The view that right and wrong is determined by what someone happens to think or feel is right or wrong (thereby denouncing objectivity). A risk is that unethical behavior is not objectionable as long as the perpetrators act in accordance with what they think or feel is right. 140. Moral subjectivism (part of cognitivism; and consists of irrationalism, nihilism, and emotionalism) MuelKaptein
  73. 73. The view that there are certain traits (such as age, race or social class) the possession of which makes one superior than those who do not have them, and hence makes it acceptable for the former to dominate, control and subjugate the latter. A risk is smugness. 141. Moral supremacism (with sexism as an element; also known as moral chauvinism and sectarianism) MuelKaptein
  74. 74. The view that morality is or should be presented in symbols that stand for morality. A risk is exclusive focus on symbols and ignoring actual behavior that is contrary to morality. 142. Moral symbolism MuelKaptein
  75. 75. The view that attempts to unify seemingly inharmonious moral principles, standards, and opinions. A risk is that real dilemmas are ignored. 143. Moral syncretism MuelKaptein
  76. 76. The view that one’s primary moral responsibility is to execute one’s task or function. A risk is that other norms are ignored. 144. Moral taskism MuelKaptein
  77. 77. The view that morality should govern everything a person does. A risk is that individual preferences are undermined. 145. Moral totalitarianism (close to authoritarianism) MuelKaptein
  78. 78. The view that a particular moral belief is superior to and should triumph over all other beliefs. A risk is that other beliefs are humiliated. 146. Moral triumphalism MuelKaptein
  79. 79. The view that some ethical norms apply to all individuals in the same situation. A risk is that there is no room for individual ethics. 147. Moral universalism (opposed to moral nihilism and relativism) MuelKaptein
  80. 80. The view that a behavior is ethical if it produces the most benefits (utility) for all persons involved (“the greatest good for the greatest number”). A risk is injustice in the distribution of benefits. 148. Moral utilitarianism (version of consequentialism) MuelKaptein
  81. 81. The view that character is the ground for evaluating and developing ethics. A risk is the ignorance of ethical norms and their consequences. 149. Moral virtueism (also Aristotelianism and Neo- Aristotelianism) MuelKaptein
  82. 82. The view that the individual will is the fundamental power in the universe for realizing ethical behavior. A risk is that the context that facilitates moral behavior is ignored. 150. Moral voluntarism MuelKaptein
  83. 83. I hope you have liked (some of) the cartoons. Interested in the other 75 cartoons? See: https://www.slideshare.net/MuelKap tein/cartoons-book-about-ethics-at- work-ethicisms-and-their-risks
  84. 84. More books Click here to download for free Click here to download for free Click here to download for free Click here to download for free Click here to download for free Order here for bookstore E-mail at KPMG: click here Email at RSM Erasmus University: click here Personal website: click here LinkedIn: click here Scientific publications: click here SlideShare: click here More information

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