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Present Perfect Tense

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Present perfect Tense
Present perfect Tense
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Present Perfect Tense

  1. 1. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
  2. 2. Use of the present perfect tense  Recent events  Personal experience  Express actions that started in the past and continue to the present
  3. 3. Regular – Irregular verb  For regular verb, we should add “ED” , • Finish = finished • Study= studied • Walk = walked  For irregular verb, we should the participle form ( V3), • Eat = eaten • Break = broken • Buy = bought
  4. 4. Affirmative I We You They Have + V3 Examples 1. I have worked in this company so far. 2. They have cooked the meal .Let’s eat. 3. We have read a lot of books . 4. The children have eaten ice cream.
  5. 5. She He It Has + V3 Examples 1. Ahmet has seen this film a few time. 2. Selma has bought the ticket . 3. My father has had a new car lately. 4. She has cleaned the kitchen.
  6. 6. Negative I We You They Haven’t + V3 Examples 1. We haven’t seen any good films so far this year. 2. They haven’t visited their grandparents this week. 3. We haven’t eaten at that restaurant many times.
  7. 7. She He It Hasn’t + V3 Examples 1. Jack hasn’t ridden on a horse in his life. 2. It hasn’t rained a lot this year. 3. She hasn’t visited them frequently.
  8. 8. Interrogative I We + You + V3 They Have Examples 1. Have you done your homework ? Yes, I have / No, I haven’t 2. Have they ever been to London ? Yes they have / No, they
  9. 9.  Has + She He + It V3 Examples 1. Has she completed her task? Yes, she has / No, I hasn’t 2. Has the secretary written the email yet? Yes the secretary has No, the secretary hasn’t
  10. 10. Time expressions Since = “ den beri ” ( “since” den sonra daima bir zaman adı gelir .)  Last week , last summer , one o’clock , 1992 etc. Examples 1. I have lived in this city since 2003. I like here a lot. 2. It hasn’t rained since last winter
  11. 11. For = “ den beri ” ( “since” den sonra daima bir zamansüresi gelir.)  Two hours , three days , four weeks, six months , ten years etc.  Examples 1. I haven’t seen my cousin for a long time. 2. Japanese people have consumed green tea for centuries.
  12. 12. Ever = Hiç ( soru cümlelerinde kullanılır) Examples 1. Have you ever been to France? 2. Why haven’t I ever heard of him? 3. Have you ever had nighmares?
  13. 13. Never = hiç ( olumsuz cümlelerde kullanılır) Examples 1. I have never been to Italy . 2. She has never eaten fish in her life. 3. We have never told a lie.
  14. 14. Already = Şu anda , Bu durumda , Konuştuğumuz anda ( olumlu cümlelerle kullanılır ) Examples 1. I have already eaten today . 2. She has already seen this movie .
  15. 15. Yet = Henüz ( soru ve olumsuz cümlelerde kullanılır. Cümle sonunda yer alır ) Examples 1. Has she come yet ? 2. He hasn’t called me yet. 3. I haven’t bought it yet .
  16. 16. Just = Henüz bitmemiş işi ifade eder. Examples 1. I have just come home. 2. They have just started working . 3. She has just answered the question.
  17. 17. Lately= “son zamanlarda” Examples 1. That chicken hasn't laid any eggs lately. 2. I haven't slept well lately. 3. You seem to be much more optimistic lately
  18. 18. Recently= “yakın zamanda “ Genelde cümlenin sonuna gelir Examples 1. I haven’t seen her recently . 2. Have You spoken to Mert recently? 3. He has been working a lot recently. 4. Has he lost some weight recently?
  19. 19. Been  “gidip gelmek, bulunmak” Examples 1. I have been to İstanbul quite a few times. 2. Have you ever been abroad? 3. Sorry I am late. I have been to the bank.
  20. 20. Gone  “halen orada” Examples 1. Sally isn’t here. She’s gone to the shopping centre. 2. I can’t find the cat. Where has it gone? 3. ‘Where are they?’ ‘They have gone to İstanbul.’

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