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5.5 the spread of hellenistic culture

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5.5 the spread of hellenistic culture

  1. 1. The Spread of Hellenistic Culture Chapter 5, Section 5
  2. 2. Hellenistic Culture in Alexandria ► Cultural Blending  Result of Alexander’s Policies—a new vibrant culture  Hellenistic culture —Greek blended with Egyptian, Persian, Indian culture ► Trade and Cultural Diversity  Alexandria —Egyptian city become the center of Hellenistic civilization
  3. 3. Hellenistic Culture in Alexandria (cont.) ► Alexandria’s Attractions  Lighthouse, called the Pharos , stands over 350 feet tall  Museum contains art galleries, a zoo, botanical gardens, dining hall  Library holds masterpieces of ancient literature; supports scholars
  4. 4. Science and Technology ► Alexandria’s Scholars  Scholars preserve Greek and Egyptian learning in the sciences ► Astronomy  Astronomer Aristarchus proves sun is larger than Earth  Proposes planets revolve around sun; not accepted for 14 centuries  Eratosthenes uses geometry to calculate Earth’s circumference
  5. 5. Science and Technology ► Mathematics and Physics  Euclid —mathematician; his work Elements is the basis for courses in geometry.  Archimedes —scientist and mathematician ►He accurately estimated the value of pi ( π). ►He explained the law of the lever. ►He invented the Archimedes screw —a pump which raised water from one level to another. ►He invented the compound pulley for lifting objects.
  6. 6. Philosophy and Art ► Stoicism and Epicureanism  Zeno founds Stoic school of philosophy which promoted virtuous and simple lives.  Epicurus believes people should focus on what the senses perceive. ► Realism in Sculpture  Colossus of Rhodes —Hellenistic bronze sculpture over 100 feet tall.  Sculptors move to non-classical, natural forms; real people.

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