2. First Day of Class
• Fire Drill Procedures
• Medical Team/Crisis Response Team
• Bathroom Sign-out
• Assign Books
3. Unit 1 Overview
How does sociology view and think about society?
You will need to be able to “Do” the following:
• Explain origins of sociology
• Explain the difference between the three major theoretical
perspectives in sociology.
• Analyze sociological research through a seven step research
process and an ethical perspective.
4. You will need to be able to “Understand” the
• Sociology is a social science that looks at human society.
• Social upheaval in Europe during the 1700-1800’s led to
the development of the academic discipline of sociology.
• Sociology employs three major theoretical perspectives—
functionalism, conflict theory, and interactionism.
• Sociologists use several approaches to conducting
research, all sociologists follow a seven step research
process, ,and sociologists are bound by ethical guidelines.
5. Unit 1 Outline
Concept 1: Examining Social Life
Concept 2: The Development of Sociology
Concept 3: Modern Perspectives
Concept 4: Conducting Sociological Research
6. Examining Social Life
EQ: What is sociology?
How does sociology differ from the other
7. Lesson 1: Sociology and The Social Sciences
Brainstorm the following questions:
1) What are social sciences?
2) What is sociology?
After directed, discuss and explore using textbook (pg 5)
9. Sociology and Other Social Sciences
Compare and Contrast Sociology and the Other Social Sciences
using textbook pages 5 & 6.
12. Sociological Perspective
• Sociology can help you gain a
new perspective on yourself and the world
• This new view involves looking at social life
in a scientific, systematic way rather than
depending on common-sense explanations
usually found in the media.
• You can look beyond commonly held
beliefs to the hidden meanings behind
13. Sociological Perspective Cont.
It can also be said that “sociological
perspective can help you find an
acceptable balance between your
personal desires and the demands of
your social environment.”
• Identify one area in your life where you
experience this tension.
• Write it down and raise your hand when
14. Case Study: Tattoos
Read with a Purpose
Highlight the following from the article:
• Old norms
• Reasons given for subgroups to get them (assigned)
15. Sociological Imagination
C. Wright Mills described the sociological
“the capacity to range from the most impersonal
and remote [topics] to the most intimate features
of the human self—and to see the relations
between the two.”
1) What does this mean?
2) Why would Mills think that all good sociologists
need to possess this?
16. The Development of Sociology
EQ: How did sociology develop?
Activator: Discuss Key Factors/Events that led
• Emile Durkheim
• Max Weber
• W.E. B. Du Bois
17. The Development of Sociology
• Using the section The Development of Sociology on p. 9,
create a web outlining the major factors that led to sociology
becoming a distinct a field.
18. Effects of the Industrial Revolution
1. Farms/cottage industry gives way to large scale
2. Factories replaced the home
3. Growth of factories resulted in the growth of cities
4. Rapid growth of urban population produced many
• Housing shortages
• Difficulty adapting to impersonal urban life
5. Political movements (Revolutions)
19. Key Contributors to Sociology
20. Early European Scholars
• Founder of sociology
• Coined the term sociology
• Scientific method to study social
• Studied social order/change
• Established the focus of
sociological study- marriage/family,
race, education, and religion
• Translated Comte’s work
• Scholars should advocate for
21. Early European Scholars
Adopted biological model
Society is a set of interdependent parts
Influenced by Darwin
Social change is a natural occurrence
Social ills shouldn’t be corrected
Survival of the fittest-Social Darwinism
• Society is influenced by economy
• Conflict between haves and havenots. (bourgeoisie v. proletariat)
• Led to the development of 1 major
23. American Scholars: Jane Addams
18 Nationalities living in the area
$9.44 Average weekly wage for garment workers
12 Hours per day worked by garment workers
$1.25 Average daily wage for laborers
17-32 Weeks per year laborers were unemployed
$8.47 Average monthly rent
Answer the question
on pg. 13 in the
24. American Scholars
• First African American to earn a
doctorate at Harvard
• First empirical community studies
in the U.S.
• Helped found the NAACP
26. Modern Perspectives
EQ: How do the three theoretical perspectives
differ in terms of their levels of analysis?
27. Functionalist Perspective
• AKA Structural Functionalism
• Views society as a set of interrelated parts that work
together to produce a stable social system
• Society is held together through consensus
• Views the elements of society in terms of their function
Function = positive consequences for society’s stability
Dysfunction = negative consequences for society’s stability
Manifest function = intended consequence of an element
Latent function = unintended consequence of an element
28. Conflict Perspective
• Focus is on the forces that promote competition and change
• Competition over scarce resources is the basis of social
• Power/Wealth are in limited supply
• Power dynamics between those in control and those who are
• Once a group obtains power, it uses its power to create a
system to keep them in power
• men/women, different age groups, or racial groupings
• Conflict leads to social change
• Topics of interest: family, racial relationships, workplace
30. Interactionist Perspective
• AKA Symbolic Interactionism
• Focus is on how individuals interact with one another in
• How do individuals respond to one another?
• Interested in the meanings that individuals attach to their own
actions and to the actions of others.
• Interested in the role that symbols play
• Symbol: anything that represents something else. Ex. Words,
• Ex. American flag, bald eagle, Fourth of July, Uncle Sam
• Topics: child development, relationships with small groups and
31. Symbolic Interactionism
1. Symbolic interaction theory analyzes society by addressing the
subjective meanings that people impose on objects, events, and
2. Subjective meanings are given priority because it is believe that
people behave based on what they believe and not just on what is
3. Thus, society is thought to be socially constructed through human
4. People interpret one another’s behavior and it is these
interpretations that form the social bond.
EX. Studies find that teenagers are well informed about the
risks of tobacco, but they also think that smoking is cool, that
they themselves will be safe from harm, and that smoking
projects a positive image to their peers. So, the symbolic
meaning of smoking overrides that actual facts regarding
smoking and risk.
• Locate a media article on a
• Discuss the social issue in
terms of Sociological
• Articulate how each
perspective would view
the issue from your article.
• Compose a small
paragraph for each of the
44. Methods of Sociological Research
In pairs, complete the chart below. Use p.24-27 in the textbook.
Collect data on attitudes
and opinions. (Interviews
Large amount of
documents from the past.
Content: counting the
amount of times a idea, word
or symbol appears.
Observe behavior in actual
social setting either from a
distance or while involved.
Sample needs to be
random. Bias of
response is a potential
Historical: Allows for
time periods and
trend study. Content:
Behavior not changed
Experiment Using controlled
conditions to gather data
Variable can be
Setting may not