In this presentation, Chittrieta introduces the topic of IoT, current applications of IoT and associated trends. Chittrieta's interest lies in application of IoT on the shop floor in the manufacturing vertical.
Name : Chittrieta Gorain
Email : email@example.com
Twitter : @ChitGorai
College/University : C.V.R College of
Year/Semester : 3rd Year, 2nd Semester
Branch : Electronics and Instrumentation
Internet of Things
Internet of Things. What does it
‘The Internet of Things’ is a term that describes how uniquely identifiable computer devices
interact with each other. These devices are feature sensors that relay valuable information
through the internet.
The Internet of Things describes a world in which everyday objects are connected to a network
so that data can be shared. But it is really as much about people as the inanimate objects. Many
millions of us already carry ‘smart’ phones, but a phone is not smart. It helps its user to make
smarter decisions. Smartphones are only the beginning. In the future we will carry sensors that
measure our health and how we move around the environment in which we live. These will help
us to socialize and navigate the world in ways that we can barely imagine.
In the early 2000s, this vision required major technology improvements. After all, how would we
connect everything on the planet? What type of wireless communications could be built into
devices? What changes would need to be made to the existing Internet infrastructure to support
billions of new devices communicating? What would power these devices? What must be
developed to make the solutions cost effective?
The Internet of Things is well upon us, proven by the massive strides taken by leading
technological companies across the world. Mobility, Internet, and the cloud have established
their presence into the daily lives of enterprises, businesses, and people.
This has resulted in numerous opportunities for manufacturers and software companies to
cement their presence as the enablers of this transformational phenomenon. Hardware in the
form of sensors and software in the form of services are the driving factors for Internet of
The Internet of Things has the potential to have a greater impact on society than the first
There are more connected objects than people on the planet. The networks and data that
flow from them will support an extraordinary range of applications and economic
opportunities. However, as with any new technology, there is the potential for significant
challenges too. In the case of the Internet of Things, breaches of security and privacy have the
greatest potential for causing harm.
It is crucial that the scientists, programmers and entrepreneurs who are leading the research,
development and creation of the new businesses implement the technology responsibly.
Trends in Internet of Things
Application in 3D Printing
o As the Internet of Things or IoT becomes popular in mainstream consciousness, connected objects
and devices are the Holy Grail for most companies and researchers. Researchers at Microsoft may
have taken the first step in building an IoT ecosystem for 3D printing.
o This means that you can introduce all sorts of information in multiple formats into an object during
its production process. Users can integrate URLs into an object during the production process.
These URLs can be used for further processing or instructions when that object encounters other
3D printed objects.
o The applications of this technology are wide-ranging. For example, mobile robots are constrained
in their motion and object detection currently. This is due to the complexity of negotiating their
way around objects of varying sizes and complexity. Scientists say it would be difficult for robots to
detect power receptacles. A 3D printed ecosystem, where each object contains significant
information about other objects, will help improve the robot ecosystem.
• Application in Wi-Fi Connectivity
o Like the mobile revolution, IoT will create new companies and new categories. The importance of
IoT expands beyond “pure play” enablers, as the market begins to take shape and continues to
evolve, we expect a similar ecosystem of software vendors to develop.
o It and other products are very much needed since the success of the sector depends on
outstanding battery life and low device costs.
o Texas Instruments and MediaTek have launched new offerings aimed at making it easier to build
Internet of Things devices with Wi-Fi connectivity.
o TI expanded its portfolio with two new modules, which promise to help add Wi-Fi connectivity
without requiring any network experience. A similar promise came from The MediaTek
development platform which helps with all aspects of small-scale product development.
o Wi-Fi isn't the only network technology that's evolving to become more IoT-friendly. Cellular
networks and so-called low-power, wide-area network technologies and even satellites are all part of
the connectivity puzzle.
o The new chips will compete for inclusion in the billions of wearables, smart meters, vehicles and
other devices that are expected to connect to networks over the next decade.
• Future trends on IoT in the next five years
o In the manufacturing industry
o This existing base of “Things” – industrial devices, PLC and facility control systems, critical facility
infrastructure, really any mechanical system that operates or supports a critical business process can
provide important information that allows a deeper understanding of the business as a whole.
Enterprises that choose not to include data from these devices as part of their business analytics
strategy could find themselves at great risk of falling behind the competition or suffering a severe
setback because of lack of insight into operations, performance, safety and security.
o Connected devices like connected humans
o With the resurgence of messaging systems built specifically for connected devices,
human readable machine data interchanges will revolutionize the ways that humans
interact with devices and devices interact with each other. IoT data transport and storage
mechanisms could also closely align with current email and instant messaging systems,
something that will improve IoT security and accessibility. In addition, this would allow
central repositories for unstructured, message-based machine data that will provide
incredible insight into the performance of the connected devices and the humans that
interact with them.
Efficiency and Safety of the employees
o Factories and plants that are connected to the Internet are more efficient, productive and smarter than
their non-connected counterparts.
o The connected enterprise has more to offer than sped up processes and a better understanding of
what’s going on in a factory. It’s also making the workplace safer for employees.
o Sine-Wave, a company that focuses on technological solutions for businesses, has created a customized
IoT program that resulted in increased safety and communication in mines. According to their website,
they designed a browser-based application that allows users to communicate with the workers,
operators, and machines in the mine, as well as “see a real-time view of all activities underground
including custom mapping of each mining operation.” By knowing what’s going on in the underground
mines in real time, users can avoid safety hazards and respond to emergencies quickly.
• Manufacturing using PLCs
o The Internet of Things has already set in motion the idea of a fourth industrial revolution, a new
wave of technological changes that will decentralize production control and trigger a paradigm
shift in manufacturing
o The development and adoption of the Internet of Things (IoT) is a critical element of smarter
manufacturing. Though manufacturing companies have been implementing sensors and
computerized automation for decades, the sensors, Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC) and PC-
based controllers and management systems are largely disconnected from IT and operational
systems. These systems are organized in hierarchical fashion within individual data silos and often
lack connections to internal systems. There are several reasons for these legacy structures,
including significant security issues. These legacy structures differ from the open, highly
connected IP network structures that play such a large role in the value propositions of IoT.
Opportunity if Internship is
I would like to expand my research on the use of Internet of Things on
the shop floor.
I would also want to know how the efficiency of manufacturing could
be increased and also how the speed is enhanced.
Create a cross platform between various hardware and software
components for the betterment of an industry.