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Solid waste full presentation

  2. Introduction
  3. • The increasing number of municipal waste management has become the biggest environmental problems in Malaysia • In average, one Malaysian will generates at least 0.85-1.5 kg per person per day. It is actually quite a lot if we compare it with other countries. In Unites States of America, based on the statistics from Environmental Protection Agency United States, in 2013, individual waste generation of 4.40 pounds (1.99kg) per person per day
  4. • In Malaysia, statistics that has been released by Solid Waste Corporation Management (SWCorp), only 2% of the waste are recycled, only about 42% is incinerated or chemically treated, and the rest 56% dumped into land to decompose or not to be decomposed • In Malaysia, with a population of over 29 million in 2012 generates approximately 25,000 metric tonnes of domestic waste per day
  6. Birth defects and reproductive disorders • The rate of congenital anomalies was not significantly higher in exposed compared with unexposed communities • only some subgroups of congenital anomalies, specifically facial cleft and renal dysplasia, were more frequent in the exposed communities
  7. Cancer • Several geographical comparison studies have investigated cancer mortality and incidence around waste sites. • particularly for gastrointestinal, oesophageal, stomach, colon and rectal cancer.
  8. neurological disease. • solid waste can produce certain chemicals that will release undesired chemical like cyanides, mercury, and polychlorinated biphenyls which are highly toxic. • Those chemical are poisoning and exposure of that chemical can lead to disease or death. In fact, direct exposure can lead to diseases through chemical exposure as the release of chemical waste into the environment leads to chemical poisoning. • They will experience Nausea and vomiting
  9. Respiratory and skin diseases or symptoms • Skin and blood infections resulting from direct contact with waste, and from infected wounds. • Intestinal infections that are transmitted by flies feeding on the waste.
  10. Infrastructural Challenges • Many informal settlements are not easily reached by both the division and the private collectors due to the poor road network. • Landlords have not been sensitized on the need to manage solid waste and put up structures without solid waste management disposal sites due to limited land.
  11. Social Economic Challenges • Absence of the culture of sorting waste, by type at generation points in this case households, commercial centers and institutions. • Disposed of in the same land fill. • Not taken positive steps in solid waste management practices like source reduction, re-using, recycling or properly disposing of the portion. • “I don’t care” attitude.
  12. Legal Challenges • Lack of enforcement. • Lack of a deliberate policy to include environmental education both in the school curriculum and outside the formal education system.
  14. • Donate Clothes Instead of throwing away these old clothes donate clothes to people in need or to Goodwill stores, or hold a sale in your garage. • Reduce Food Waste Instead of simply throwing away food, make good use out of it. Even if we kept just a small percentage of our uneaten food and donated it, millions of needy people would be fed. • Eat Healthy Buy healthier foods that don’t require as much disposable waste in the form of packaging. Reuse old shopping bags and containers for maximum efficiency, and better yet, cloth bags. Don’t buy fast food take out as often either.
  15. • Save Leftovers for Next Day Eating leftovers more often will save on money and result in less food waste. Try making it a habit to save the rest of tonight’s food in the fridge for tomorrow’s lunch or dinner. • Buy Things With Less Packaging You can also stock up on food in the freezer. Buy a bunch of food at the same time and store it in the freezer, and don’t buy any more food until the freezer is empty. In addition, buying food in bulk means less packaging and less waste. • Boycott Plastic Water Bottles Not only will you save a boat load of money by switching to reusable glass bottles, you will be throwing a lot less empty water bottles into the trash, which in turn means you won’t contribute to the mountains of bottles in landfills or in the bottom of the ocean. • Just Don’t Buy as Much Stuff Simply buying less stuff will severely cut back on those number of trips all ready. Re-evaluate your priorities. Think about what you need vs. what you want.
  16. • Recycle Don’t just throw away old glass bottles or aluminium cans. Instead, recycle them. Keep a recycle bin in your home to place old soda cans, paper, metal and plastic cups. • Purchase Items Made From Recycled Products Consider buying items made from recycled products so that you can help the environment in making it clean and green. Also, this will set as an example for your friends, family and relatives and they will also start buying items made from recycled products. • Clean Smarter Instead of buying cleaning solutions from market to unclog your drains, use baking soda and vinegar for your cleaning projects. Baking soda has countless uses and neither vinegar nor baking soda willhurt the environment. This way you can avoid all the bottles of cleaners and cans you use.
  17. • Composting Compost is organic materials that has been collected together and decomposed. Composting helps you recycle your kitchen waste and reduces the amount of that is sent to landfills that proves safe for the environment. • Reuse Take an old shopping bag with you while going out for shopping and use empty wine or beer bottles into lamps, oil and vinegar dispensers or send them to recycling centers as few of them may be recycled. • Buy rechargeable batteries Rechargable batteries will save you money in the long run. Disposable batteries can prove very harmful for the environment as chemicals inside the batteries can leak. • Buy Items Packaged in Recycled Cartons Buy products that are packaged in recycled cartons and reuse those cartons. Similarly, old newspapers make great packaging material. This helps to promote recycling.
  18. UNETHICAL PROBLEM OF SOLID WASTE • Regulations are based on vested interests State officials work together with such industry officials to expand landfills, increase waste tonnage • Reliance of dying technologies to reduce and recycle waste Less creative towards advancing novel technologies for reducing the toxicity and volume of waste or enhancing recycling
  19. UNETHICAL PROBLEM OF SOLID WASTE• Production of too much waste Companies and producers striving to maximize profits by producing one-time use products without prioritizing on reuse, recycling • Most of the waste is toxic Waste contain toxic chemicals, such as Biphenyl-A (BPA) – often present in plastic toys, but still poorly regulated.
  20. UNETHICAL PROBLEM OF SOLID WASTE • Some of the technologies marked as “green” are not true in actual sense Gasification, pyrolysis burns up waste with little or no oxygen and for this reason; it doesn’t differentiate them from the traditional incinerators which produce energy from burning waste.
  21. SOLUTIONS FOR PROBLEMS • Eco-responsibility – “Reduce, Re-use, Recycle” Help reduce the levels of unsustainable waste that prove problematic in various environments across the globe. • Effective waste disposal and management Implementation of waste disposal plan which must include proper monitoring and regulation of municipal solid and food waste, livestock waste, sewage sludge, clinical waste, and construction waste.
  22. SOLUTIONS FOR PROBLEMS • Waste Diversion Plans Help reduce the levels of unsustainable waste that prove problematic in various environments across the globe. • Improvements of thermal waste treatment Green groups and academicians can explore the possible developments with regards to advanced thermal waste treatment techniques.
  23. SOLUTIONS FOR PROBLEMS • Polluter pays principle and eco-product responsibility The principle will require those who generate waste to pay for the suitable disposal of non- reclaimable materials.
  24. Do's and Don'ts IN SOLID WASTE DO’S • Separate household garbage from recycling and from yard waste. • Set items out no later than 6 a.m. on collection day and no earlier than 5 p.m. the day prior. • Remove empty receptacles by 6 a.m. the day after collection. • Make sure what you set out meets the standards in this guide. • Be sure there is no hazardous waste in your household garbage. • Recycle as much as possible. • Help fight blight and report illegal dumping. DON’Ts • Stack items for collection in front of or immediately next to mailboxes, fire hydrants, utility poles, meters or utility boxes, or overhead utility lines or low hanging tree limbs. • Block sidewalks, driveways, vehicle travel lanes or parking spots. • Discard hazardous waste with household garbage. • Forget to follow the collection standards in this guide. • Contribute to blight by littering or dumping waste illegally.