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Present Perfect Tense

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Present Perfect Tense

  1. 1. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE By : Mochamad Ilham Yahya Muhamad Sidiq Maulana Muhammad Rizky Yusuf Rizky Tri Mulyana Reza Dafa Fahlevi
  2. 2. We use the present perfect tense to talk about actions that started in the past and continue to the present or have been completed at some point in time in the past, but the effect is still ongoing.. Present Perfect Tense e.g. I have grown flowers for three years. 2013-nowNow is 2016.
  3. 3. We form the present perfect tense with have / has + verb 3 / past participle. Present Perfect Tense I You We They have eaten an apple. He She It John has eaten an apple.
  4. 4. Present Past Present perfect do be write Irregular verbs Present Perfect Tense did have / has done wrote have / has written was/were have / has been Present Past Present perfect paint move tidy Regular verbs painted moved tidied have / has painted have / has moved have / has tidied
  5. 5. e.g. (a) Ben is eating a chicken leg. (b) Ben has eaten a chicken leg. Example (1) We use the Present Perfect tense to show the result of an action.
  6. 6. Already / Yet Have you eaten the apples yet? (question) Yes, I’ve already eaten the apples. (positive) ‘Already’ goes in the MIDDLE of the sentence. In the Present Perfect Tense, we use already with positive (yes) sentences.
  7. 7. Already / Yet Have you eaten the apples yet? (question) ‘Yet’ goes at the END of the sentence or question. No, I haven’t eaten the apples yet. (negative) In the Present Perfect Tense, we use yet with questions or negative (no) sentences.
  8. 8. ______ Mary _______ her homework _____?Has done yet Already / Yet e.g. do Yes, she _________________her homework.has already done
  9. 9. ______ Ben _______ his hamburger_____ ? No, he ___________________ his hamburger _______ . Has eaten yet hasn’t / has not eaten Already / Yet e.g. eat yet
  10. 10. Once / Twice How many time have you given flowers to the pop star ? (question) I’ve given flowers to a pop star once only. ‘once’ goes at the END of the sentence. or I’ve given flowers to a pop star only once. In the Present Perfect Tense, we use once /twice to express frequency.
  11. 11. Ever / Never Have you ever celebrated the Cheung Chau Bun Festival ? (question) No,I’ve never celebrated the Cheung Chau Bun Festival. (answer) In the Present Perfect Tense, we use ever (question) and never (answer) to express frequency.
  12. 12. 2 (sweep) ________ Sally and Joe ________ the floor _______ ? No, they____________ the floor _____ . 1 (do) ________ Mum ________ the washing _______ ? Yes, she _______________ the washing. Has done yet has already done Have swept yet haven’t swept yet Practice
  13. 13. We use the present perfect tense with since and for to say how long an action has lasted. Present Perfect Tense I have played the piano since 2013. I have played the piano for three years.
  14. 14. Since We use since with the present perfect tense to refer to the starting point of an action. I have studied at this school since 2013. (2013 is a point of time, not a period of time.) Now 2016 starting time 2013 Present Perfect Tense
  15. 15. For We use for with the present perfect tense to refer to a period of time. I have studied at this school for five years. (‘Three years’ is a period of time, not a point of time.) Now 2016 starting time since 2013 period of time (for three years) Present Perfect Tense
  16. 16. Practice (1) Use since or for. 1. I have had piano lessons _____ ten years. 2. Peter has collected stamps _____ 2013. 3. Amy has grown flowers _____ last month. 4. My brother has played football _____ two years. 5. John and Jenny have been friends _____ eight months. 6. They have done ballet _____ 2013. 7. My father has driven his car _____ 1996. for for for since since since since
  17. 17. How long …? How long have done ballet? collected stickers? learnt the piano? has you he she done ballet collected stickers learnt the piano since for 2013. one year. I He She have has
  18. 18. How long have these children done their hobbies? paint pictures, 2013 A: How long have you painted pictures? B: I have painted pictures since 2013.
  19. 19. grow flowers, six months A: How long have you grown flowers? B: I have grown flowers for six months.
  20. 20. make handicrafts, March A: How long have you made handicrafts? B: I have made handicrafts since March.
  21. 21. play the violin, five years A: How long have you played the violin? B: I have played the violin for five years.
  22. 22. Kate do karate, last month A: How long ___________________ ? B: She _____________________________ . has Kate done karate has done karate since last month
  23. 23. James collect coins, two years A: How long _____________________ ? B: He _______________________________ . has James collected coins has collected coins for two years
  24. 24. Shirley collect seashells, last summer A: How long ____________________________? B: She ________________________________ . has Shirley collected seashells has collected seashells since last summer
  25. 25.  actions that happened in the past  actions that started in the past and continue to the present  actions that have just finished e.g. I sang yesterday. e.g. I’ve sung for two hours. e.g. I’ve just sung a famous song. Past Tense & Present Perfect Tense Past Tense Present Perfect Tense
  26. 26. Past Tense Present Perfect Tense  We know the specific point of time of the action. e.g. I drew a picture last night.  We do not know the time of the action. e.g. I’ve already drawn a picture. Past Tense & Present Perfect Tense
  27. 27.  verb - 1 word e.g. I started playing the violin in 2013.  verb - 2 words e.g. I’ve played the violin since 2013. Past Tense Present Perfect Tense  Hint words: yesterday, last night, last Sunday, last year, ago, in 2013  Hint words: since, for, already, just, yet, ever Past Tense & Present Perfect Tense
  28. 28. Practice (2) e.g. I _______ a dress two weeks ago. (make)made 1. I ______________ in Hong Kong since 1990. (live) 2. My parents _______ our house in 2013. (buy) 3. Miss Lee ___________ at my school for two years. (teach) 4. Tom _______ his uncle one month ago. (visit) 5. Polly and Dolly __________ friends since last year. (be) 6. The baby __________ for four hours. (sleep) have lived bought has taught visited have been has slept

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